5th Army (German Empire)
The 5th Army / Army High Command 5 (AOK 5) was a large unit and the associated command authority of the German army during the First World War (1914-1918). It comprised several army or reserve corps as well as numerous special troops.
Commander in chief
Chief of Staff
As on August 2, 1914 German Empire , the mobilization took place, were from the eight existing Army Inspections eight armies formed. One of them was the Army High Command 5 in Koblenz . The units of the 5th Army gathered in the Saarbrücken - Luxembourg area . In August 1914 the army consisted of the following units:
The 5th Army , together with the 4th Army, formed the middle group of the German Western Army, which, according to the Schlieffen Plan , was intended for the offensive against France. At the end of August 1914, both armies fended off an advance by the French army on the Meuse and the Ardennes (→ Battle of Neufchâteau and Battle of Longwy ) and then pushed the opposing troops back behind the Aisne . When the German right wing armies ( 1st and 2nd Army) withdrew as a result of the defeat in the Marne Battle at the beginning of September 1914 , the 4th Army also had to be withdrawn. The 5th Army therefore remained in the positions it had reached before Verdun . Here the front froze in trench warfare . Since February 21, 1916, the 5th Army was heavily involved in the Battle of Verdun . In 1918, the troops of the large association were involved in the battle of St. Mihiel and the Meuse-Argonne offensive , among other things .
- Hermann Cron: History of the German Army in the World War 1914–1918. Siegismund, Berlin 1937 ( History of the Royal Prussian Army and the German Imperial Army 5).
- Field newspaper of the 5th Army. 1915–1918 ( LLB Detmold )
- The highest command posts in the army. on deutsche-kriegsgeschichte.de (as of April 16, 2010)
- Hermann Cron: History of the German Army in World Wars 1914–1918 , Berlin 1937, p. 396
- Hermann Stegemann: History of the war . Vol. 1, Stuttgart / Berlin 1917, p. 103
- Hermann Cron: History of the German Army in World Wars 1914–1918 , Berlin 1937, p. 77