Army group Beseler
As Army Group Beseler (AOK Beseler) a large association and the associated command authority of the German army during the First World War (1914-1918) was designated. It comprised several army or reserve corps as well as numerous special troops.
When the Belgian armed forces evaded the area of the Antwerp fortress before the German offensive at the end of August 1914, the advancing German troops initially passed them. Only a few German troops initially stayed behind to observe the fortress. Only after the Battle of the Marne (September 5–12, 1914) did the Supreme Army Command make further troops available.
These were on September 27, 1914 under the unified command of the commanding general of III. Reserve Corps General of the Infantry Hans von Beseler combined to form the Beseler Army Group . The army group was directly subordinate to the Supreme Army Command and was independent in carrying out the attack on Antwerp . After the fortress was captured on October 10, 1914, the troops of the army group were again distributed to other sections of the front.
A similar situation occurred on the Eastern Front about a year later . The attack on the Russian fortress Novogeorgiewsk was to begin there at the end of July 1915 . For this purpose, on July 21, 1915, another Beseler army group was set up under the general who had proven himself at Antwerp. The battle for the fortress lasted from August 4 to August 20, 1915 (→ Siege of Novogeorgiewsk ). After the fortress fell, the army group was disbanded on August 24th. Beseler's attack group included the Dickhuth Corps and the 14th Landwehr Division of the XVII. Reserve Corps .
- Hermann Cron : History of the German Army in the World War 1914–1918 , Military Publishing House Karl Siegismund, Berlin 1937 ( History of the Royal Prussian Army and the German Imperial Army 5).
- The highest command posts of the army on www.deutsche-kriegsgeschichte.de (as of June 2, 2010)
- Hermann Cron: History of the German Army in World Wars 1914–1918 , Berlin 1937, p. 84.
- Max Schwarte : Der deutsche Landkrieg , Leipzig 1933, p. 193.