Franz Maximilian Kaňka
Franz Maximilian Kaňka (Czech: František Maximilian Kaňka ; born August 9, 1674 in Prague ; † July 14, 1766 , ibid) was an architect of the classicist Baroque in Bohemia .
Franz Maximilian's parents were the Prague builder Veit (Czech: Vít) Kaňka (* 1650 in Prague, died 1727 there) and his wife Katharina. Around 1700 he married Ludmilla Rozmiller (1674-1736), with whom he had two daughters and two sons. After Ludmilla's death in 1737 he married Katharina Mala von Tulechov († 1774), who gave birth to a daughter and two sons. Son Johann Nepomuk became a well-known lawyer and composer.
Franz Maximilian's brothers were also artistically active:
- Andreas (1681–1734) was a painter and gilder
- Anton (* 1684) was a goldsmith and
- Johann Wenzel (* 1685) was a builder.
Kaňka's training took place in the construction business of his father, Veit Kaňka, in whose studio he worked on designs from a young age. Around 1700 he became self-employed as a builder, primarily for the landed gentry in Bohemia , but also built numerous church buildings in Prague and Bohemia, as well as secular buildings as a rather conservative artist at the height of the Baroque in Bohemia with great importance for Prague palace construction.
On behalf of Landgrave Fürstenberg , he drafted the plans for the town church in Donaueschingen . He realized his building projects according to his own and other people's designs and also worked on joint designs with other builders and the architects Giovanni Battista Alliprandi , Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer , Johann Blasius Santini-Aichl , Matthias Bernhard Braun and Wenzel Lorenz Reiner , with whom he was also friends together.
He received his commissions mainly from the Bohemian nobles, but also from monasteries and other church institutions. In 1708 he entered the service of the Czernin family from and to Chudenitz . The noble families Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn , von Vrtba , Counts von Mansfeld , Trauttmansdorff , Kinsky and Waldstein gave him building contracts.
Kaňka's architecture, which he enriched with decorative accents such as gables, portals and towers, was moderate-conservative. In addition, he should have had a secure feeling for the integration of a building into the given environment.
Together with the painter Michael Wenzel Halbax (also Halwachs and the like) (1661–1711) and the sculptor Franz Preiss (* around 1660, died in Prague in 1712), he made the unsuccessful attempt in 1709 to found an art academy in Prague. Emperor Charles VI. appointed him court architect in 1724. The then "German Society for Science, Art and Literature" in Prague named the "Kanka Foundation" after him.
- Clementinum : astronomical tower , mirror chapel and library room (1723–1724)
- Carolinum: renovation work (1715-1718)
- Old town of Prague : Benedictine convent at the Niklaskirche ( together with Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer )
- New Town of Prague : Augustinian Church (1737–1741)
- Prague Castle : Castrum doloris in St. Vitus Cathedral for Hermann Jakob Czernin von Chudenitz (1710)
- Prague Castle : Johann Nepomuk Chapel in the Basilica of St. George (around 1715)
- Palais Czernin : reconstruction with the monumental staircase (1717–1733)
- Vtrba Palace: plans for the terrace garden ( Vtrbovská zahrada )
- Vinoř Castle ( Prague-Vinoř ) (1719–1723)
- Zbraslav Castle : Convent building (based on plans by Santini-Aichl )
- Karlskrone Palace : construction management (based on plans by Santini-Aichl )
- Liběchov Castle : reconstruction for Johann Joachim Pachta von Reihofen (1725–1730)
- Jemniště Castle : Castle for Franz Adam von Trautmannsdorf (1724)
- Konopiště chateau : The chateau was rebuilt in Baroque style for Jan Josef of Vrtba
- Kuttenberg : Johannes von Nepomuk Chapel (1734–1754)
- Leitomischl : Piarist church to find the cross (started by Alliprandi )
- Litomyšl Castle : Reconstruction in the classicism style
- Prusing , reconstruction of the church Jakobus d. Ä (1722)
- Schönhof Palace : Baroque transformation (1720–1724)
- Třebíč Monastery : restoration of the monastery church (1725–1737)
- Veltrusy Castle : Baroque castle for Count Wenceslaus Chotek von Chotkow
Outside of Bohemia
- Vienna : Johannes von Nepomuk Chapel at the Czernin Garden Palace (1709–1712)
- Donaueschingen : Design for the city church (1724)
- Karl M. Swoboda (Ed.): Barock in Böhmen, Prestel Verlag Munich, 1964, Kanka Fransisek Maximilian, pp. 11, 41, 49, 50, 51, 138, 318
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Kanka, the family . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 10th part. Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1863, p. 438 ( digitized version ).
- Jitka Klingenberg: Kanka, Franz Maximilian. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 11, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1977, ISBN 3-428-00192-3 , p. 103 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Heribert Sturm Biographical lexicon on the history of the Bohemian countries. Published on behalf of the Collegium Carolinum (Institute) Volume II, R.Oldenbourg Verlag Munich 1984 ISBN 3-486-52551-4 , p. 99 f., Kanka, Franz Maximilian, with further references.
- Joachim Bahlcke , Winfried Eberhard, Miloslav Polívka (eds.): Handbook of historical places . Volume: Bohemia and Moravia (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 329). Kröner, Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-520-32901-8 .
- P. Macek, P. Vlček, P. Zahradník: František Maxmilián Kaňka “in regno Bohemiae aedilis famosissimus”. Umění 40, Prague 1992.
|SURNAME||Kaňka, Franz Maximilian|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Kaňka, František Maximilian|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||bohemian architect|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 9, 1674|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Prague|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 14, 1766|
|Place of death||Prague|