Christian Jakob from Schneider

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Johann Christian Jakob von Schneider (born August 9, 1772 in Berlin ; † March 11, 1829 in Marne ) was a German writer and publisher.


Christian Jakob Schneider was born as the son of a royal Prussian senior building officer , who died on February 6, 1772 before his birth. His mother died in 1775. After his mother's death, he was raised by the mother and sister of the Berlin church council Gebhard.

He attended the Parochial Free School (comparable to an elementary school ) in Berlin and then went to the Friedrichwerdersche Gymnasium under the rector Friedrich Gedike . In 1793 he came to the Joachimsthaler Gymnasium to the rector Johann Heinrich Ludwig Meierotto .

In 1794 he began studying aesthetics and theology at the University of Halle and finished this in 1798. Later he stayed in Weißenfels , Naumburg , Freiburg , Philippseich , Darmstadt and Elze near Hanover . Since that time he has also been active as a writer and published under his real name and under the pseudonym Julius Stendro , later also singer from Marne and often signed with C. v. S .

In 1799 he went to the Danish military service, which he left again in 1801 to live in Itzehoe , Kiel and Glückstadt . During his service, he could have received the title of nobility, because at that time the personal title of nobility was linked to the position of every Danish officer. From 1802 to 1804, together with Friedrich von Sengespeik (pseudonym: Fritz Bürger ), he published the Schleswig Holstein magazine for all classes for the dissemination of real principles and true enlightenment .

Together with the Marner rector Matthias Harmsen (1762–1843) he published the magazine Der Freund des Landmannes in 1805 , which ceased its publication in 1807. This magazine was probably the farmer's first specialist newspaper in Schleswig-Holstein .

In Glückstadt he founded a bookstore, which he gave up again in 1810 and returned to Danish military service in the same year. In 1816 he was retired with the rank of lieutenant. He settled in Marne and became an improviser in 1818 (based on Hans Christian Andersen's novel Der Improvisator , this is a person who lives by appearing as a speaker and singer, an artist who publicly declaims or argues about any topic against admission and on demand ) and made his improvised appearances on the stage in Rostock , Warnemünde and Gadebusch in Mecklenburg in 1826 .


In Hans Christian Andersen's novel The Improviser , an orphan is described who is taken in by a wealthy foster family after the early death of his mother and receives a well-founded literary education in a Jesuit college . In the course of his life, the fictional character learned to make the best of difficult circumstances and therefore decided to become an improviser.

Works (selection)

  • Hildesheimer Volksblatt for the promotion of domestic happiness and morality . Hannov. 1798. Various articles.
  • Romantic look back at the past, or my hike north . A true story by Julius Stendro. Kiel 1801.
  • Schleswig-Holstein magazine for all stands to spread real principles and true enlightenment . 1802-1804.
  • Human life in its interesting circumstances. Presented in short stories by Julius Stendro . Hamburg and Mainz 1804.
  • August von Heidenthal . A story. Leipzig 1804.
  • Schnapps Bohnenbart, the Siegfried of our day . Hamburg 1805.
  • The lieutenant. A painting from the entanglement of human life . By Julius Stendro. Hildesheim 1805.
  • Udallo's children, or luck, misfortune, human madness . Glückstadt 1806.
  • Everyday stories . Altona 1806.
  • Betty Reinhard, how she lived and loved . Glückstadt 1808.
  • Conrad Medardus emergency right, how he lived, acted, died . Glückstadt 1808.
  • Golgotha ​​and Tabor. Magazine for the most important needs of our time . Altona 1805.
  • What has Buonaparte to hope, to fear Moreau? 1805.
  • What consequences will result from the fact that the young peasant should remain in the garrison as a soldier for two years? Hamburg 1805.
  • First lesson in the history of the fatherland . Glückstadt 1807. (remains unfinished.)
  • The farmer's friend. A weekly for the farmer in the Duchy of Schleswig and Holstein . 1805.
  • Vierstädter novelty season . Volumes 1-24. 1806.
  • Diversity . A monthly. 2 volumes. 1827.
  • The officer . 1810 (published jointly with Friedrich von Sengespeik).
  • The good soldier . Hamburg 1810.
  • Non-profit leaves for ditmarsen . 2 vol. 1815.
  • Patriotism. Speech at the Danish festival on January 28, 1815 . Husum 1815.
  • The preachers according to their dignity and worth. In addition to the first announcement of a new church for friends of religion and religiosity . Itzehoe 1818.
  • Contribution to the non-profit entertainment paper (to the Itzehoeer Wochenblatt) . Hamburg 1810.
  • Various articles ( Itzehoeer Wochenblatt 1829. No. 13; Altonaer Merkur 1818. p. 2334; Eiderstedter and Ditmarser Bote August 1818 .; Schweriner frank evening paper 1826)

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Franz Brümmer: Deutscher Dichter-Lexicon, p. 310 . H. Hugendubel, 1876 ( [accessed on March 21, 2018]).
  2. ^ New Nekrolog der Deutschen, 7th year, 1st part, pp. 242–244 . Voigt, 1831 ( [accessed on March 21, 2018]).
  3. ^ Schneider, Christian Jacob von - Dithmarschen-Wiki. Retrieved March 21, 2018 .