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Focșani coat of arms
Focșani (Romania)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : RomaniaRomania Romania
Historical region : West Moldova
Circle : Vrancea
Coordinates : 45 ° 42 '  N , 27 ° 11'  E Coordinates: 45 ° 41 '37 "  N , 27 ° 11' 9"  E
Time zone : EET ( UTC +2)
Height : 55  m
Area : 48.15  km²
Residents : 79,315 (October 20, 2011)
Population density : 1,647 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 620xxx
Telephone code : (+40) 02 37
License plate : VN
Structure and administration (as of 2016)
Community type : Municipality
Structure : 2 districts / cadastral municipality: Mândreşti-Moldova , Mândreşti-Munteni
Mayor : Cristi Valentin Misăilă ( PSD )
Postal address : Bul. Dimitrie Cantemir, no. 1
loc. Focșani, jud. Vrancea, RO-620098
Website :
Focșani (red square) - Romania - Neighboring towns: Bârlad , Galați , Brăila , Buzău , Sfântu Gheorghe

Focșani ( / Fok'ʃanʲ / ? / I , German Fokschan , Hungarian Foksány ) is a city in eastern Romania . Audio file / audio sample  

Geographical location

Focşani is located in the historical region of West Moldova , 55 m above sea level on the Milcov River , at the eastern tip of the Carpathian Arc , about 180 km northeast of Bucharest and is the capital of the Vrancea district .


After the area was first settled in antiquity by the Getes and then by the Visigoths , followed by Wallachians and Slavs , it belonged to the Bulgarian Empire ; after its submission by the Byzantines in the 11th century, the Pechenegs and then the Cumans invaded here before the Principality of Moldova was formed around 1350 , with Focşani on the southern border of Wallachia. In 1387 Moldova became dependent on Poland ; at the beginning of the 16th century to that of the Ottomans . After Transylvania fell into the hands of the Habsburgs in the 17th century, Moldova remained a strategically important outpost, with Focșani playing the role of protecting the nearby mouth of the Danube. In 1772 a conference of ambassadors of Russian and Turkish diplomats took place near the city. In the battle of Focşani from August 1st to 3rd, 1789, the Turkish armed forces suffered a heavy defeat against the united Habsburg - Russian troops under the command of Prince Friedrich Josias von Sachsen-Coburg and Alexander Wassiljewitsch Suvorov . Nevertheless, Moldova remained with the Turks until Moldova and Wallachia merged in 1859 to form the state of Romania, which became independent in 1878 with Russian help.

On December 9, 1917, the signing of the armistice between Romania and the Central Powers , the so-called Armistice of Focșani , took place here.


Theater in Focșani

The city has a municipal theater and a folklore museum. Some churches from the 17th century, the mausoleum for the fallen of the First World War and various monuments commemorating the union of Moldavia and Wallachia are worth seeing.

coat of arms

The location on the old Wallachian-Moldovan border is symbolized by a handshake in the city's coat of arms.


The area around Focșani is a traditional wine-growing region. In addition, the textile industry is of some importance.


The city is located on the railway line as well as on the national road that runs along the eastern edge of the Carpathian Mountains from Ploieşti via Bacău to Suceava.

Bust of Ion Mincu in Focșani


sons and daughters of the town

  • Cilibi Moise b. Froim Moise (1812–1870), folk writer
  • Gheorghe Tăttărescu (1818-1894), painter
  • Solomon Schechter (1847–1915) Hebraist, rabbi
  • Ion Mincu (1852-1912), architect
  • Carl Grünberg (1861–1940), constitutional law scholar and sociologist
  • Moriz Scheyer (1886–1949), journalist and writer
  • George Enacovici (1891-1965), composer
  • Leibu Goldstein (1902-1977), writer, under the pseudonym Camil Baltazar known
  • Felicia Antip (1927–2013), writer and journalist
  • Corneliu Ion (* 1951), marksman
  • Mirela Țugurlan (* 1980), artistic gymnast
  • Adrian Voinea (* 1974), tennis player
  • Claudia Prisecaru (* 1997), track and field athlete

Connected to the city

  • Anghel Saligny (1854–1925), designer, studied here in Focșani
  • Gina Gogean (* 1977), artistic gymnast

See also

Web links

Commons : Focșani  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. 2011 census in Romania at
  2. ↑ Mayoral elections 2016 in Romania ( MS Excel ; 256 kB)
  3. Jewish personalities born in Focșani
  4. Catalin Pruteanu: Gheorghe Tăttărescu painted 52 churches , on March 2, 2009 at (Romanian)
  5. Information on Moriz Scheyer at
  6. a b Jewish writers born in Focșani ( Memento of the original from April 18, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  7. Ion Bulei: A really great Romanian on October 13, 2006 at (Romanian)
  8. Gina Gogean at