|Historical region :||Great Wallachia|
|Time zone :||EET ( UTC +2)|
|Area :||40.73 km²|
|Residents :||155,383 (October 20, 2011)|
|Population density :||3,815 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||110xxx|
|Telephone code :||(+40) 02 48|
|License plate :||AG|
|Structure and administration (as of 2016)|
|Community type :||Municipality|
|Mayor :||Constantin-Cornel Ionică ( PSD )|
|Postal address :||St. Victoriei nr. 24
loc. Piteşti, jud. Argeș, RO-110017
Pitești [ piˈteʃtʲ ] (German obsolete Pitesk ) is a town in Argeș County in the historic Great Wallachia region in Romania . It is about 120 kilometers west of Bucharest . The Argeş River flows through Piteşti .
At the time of the Roman Empire , the region of today's city belonged to the Roman province of Moesia inferior (Lower Moesia ); Numerous archaeological finds date from this period. Piteşti itself was first mentioned in a document on May 20, 1388 under the rule of the Wallachian prince Mircea cel Bătrân . This makes the city one of the oldest settlements in Wallachia, along with Câmpulung , Curtea de Argeș , Brăila and Slatina . It is attested as a city in 1510. From 1512 to 1521, Neagoe Basarab built a royal residence here. Nevertheless, Pitesti developed slowly at first. In 1780 the city had about 1250 inhabitants in 250 houses. In the second half of the 19th century, industrial development began, which was promoted by the unification of Wallachia and Moldavia to Romania in 1859 and the connection to the railway network in 1872.
Under the rule of communist dictator Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej prisoners from 1949 to 1951 by the secret service Securitate forced in Pitesti to another torture to kill or Communists to educate . This became known as the " Piteşti Experiment ".
In 1824 there were about 5,000 inhabitants in Piteşti, in 1859 about 7,000. In 1930 19,532 residents were registered, including about 17,200 Romanians , 500 Hungarians , 400 Roma and 250 Germans . In the 2002 census, around 167,000 of the 168,458 inhabitants identified themselves as Romanians, 800 as Roma and 150 as Hungarians.
In 2011 155,383 people were registered, of whom 145,870 were Romanians, 834 Roma, 100 Hungarians, 42 Turks , 39 Germans, 37 Greeks , 35 Italians , 33 Armenians , 13 Lipovans , Serbs and Jews , 6 each Tschangos and Chinese , 5 Macedonians , 4 Ukrainians and 8,333 others or no ethnic information.
In Pitești there is a large plant of the automobile manufacturer Automobile Dacia, which belongs to the Renault group, and a plant of the automobile supplier Dräxlmaier . South of the city is the Arpechim oil refinery , which belongs to the Petrom oil company .
Piteşti has rail connections to Bucharest , Roşiorii de Vede , Craiova , Curtea de Argeş and Câmpulung . There are regular buses to almost all major cities in the country. The Drum național 7 runs through the city at which the DN65 and DN73 end. Piteşti is so far the end point of the Romanian Motorway 1 leading from Bucharest . This corresponds to European roads 70 and 81 .
- Trivale Monastery (15th century)
- Sfântul Nicolae church
- Sfântul Gheorghe Church
- Art gallery
- District Museum
- Dimitrie Brătianu (1818-1892), Prime Minister (1881)
- Ion C. Brătianu (1821-1891), Prime Minister (1876-1888)
- Ion Antonescu (1882–1946), Prime Minister (1940–1944), Marshal and Chief of Staff of the Army
- Josef Juncker (1889–1938), legal and church historian
- Armand Călinescu (1893–1939), Prime Minister (1939)
- Sebastian Papaiani (1936–2016), actor
- Nicolae Dobrin (1947-2007), football player
- Mihai Zamfir (* 1955), soccer player
- Constantin Stancu (* 1956), football player
- Ilie Bărbulescu (1957-2020), football player and coach
- Iulian Păcioianu (* 1970), bobsledder
- Ruxandra Dragomir Ilie (* 1972), tennis player and sports official
- Joana Cotar (* 1973), politician
- Adrian Neaga (* 1979), soccer player
- Nicolae Dică (* 1980), soccer player and coach
- Andrei Mărgăritescu (* 1980), football player
- Adrian Dragoș Iordache (* 1981), football player
- Marian Oprea (* 1982), triple jumper
- Smiley (* 1983), real name Andrei Tiberiu Maria, singer
- Bogdan Stancu (* 1987), football player
- Cristian Tănase (* 1987), football player
- 2011 census in Romania ( MS Excel ; 1.3 MB)
- elections 2016 in Romania ( MS Excel ; 256 kB)
- Website of the city, accessed on September 6, 2009 ( Memento from July 17, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Vladimir Tismaneanu: Stalinism for all seasons. A political history of Romanian communism (= Societies and culture in East-Central Europe. Vol. 11). University of California Press, Berkeley CA et al. 2003, ISBN 0-520-23747-1 , p. 36.
- Map of the 1930 census, accessed September 6, 2009
- 2002 census, accessed September 6, 2009
- Dräxlmaier ar putea concedia 800 de angajati la Pitesti, desi anunta investitii de 150 mil. Euro in Romania. Angajatii afectati before primi 12 salarii compensatorii
- Smiley at libertatea.ro accessed on August 28, 2016 (Romanian)