Reschitza / Reschitz
Решица / Rešica
|Historical region :||Banat|
|Time zone :||EET ( UTC +2)|
|Residents :||73,282 (October 20, 2011)|
|Postal code :||320xxx|
|Telephone code :||(+40) 02 55|
|License plate :||CS|
|Structure and administration (as of 2016)|
|Community type :||Municipality|
|Structure :||Reșița, Câlnic , Cuptoare , Doman , Moniom , Secu , Țerova|
|Mayor :||Ioan Popa ( PNL )|
|Postal address :||Piața 1 Dec 1918, no. 1 A
loc. Reșița, jud. Caraș-Severin, RO-320084
Reșița [ ˈrɛʃit͡sa ] ( German Reschitza or Reschitz , Serbo-Croatian Rešica , Serbian - Cyrillic Решица , Hungarian Resicabánya ) is a city in Romania . It is the administrative seat of the Caraș-Severin County in the Banat Mountains .
Reșița is located in the northwest of the Caraș-Severin County, on the middle reaches of the Bârzava River , in the Dognecea Mountains at the confluence of the Drum național 58B into the Drum național 58 . The city is an important iron and steel district with a traditional ironworks with blast furnaces . Electrical appliances , chemicals , machines and metals are manufactured here. Finds from Neolithic and Roman times prove that the area of the present-day city has been inhabited for a long time. In the 18th century, Reșița became a metalworking center with the construction of a foundry.
The company, which has been run as the Romanian parade steelworks for decades, goes back to the establishment of the privately owned Austrian State Railroad Company in 1855. Until 1918, however, only seven steam locomotives were manufactured in Reșița, and significant locomotive production did not begin until the 1920s. Reșița produced steam locomotives until around 1960, including numerous replicas of German locomotive designs and, as the class 764.4, a modification of the MÁVAG type 70 for forest railways. This series is interesting insofar as numerous examples of this series have been used by museum and tourist railways throughout Europe (including Serbia, Hungary, Austria, the Czech Republic, Great Britain, France and Germany).
Since 2008, the steelworks has been in the sole ownership of TMK Europe GmbH in Düsseldorf, a subsidiary of the Russian TMK , and mainly produces pipe billets that are used to manufacture seamless pipes.
It was not until 1988 that the Reșița tram opened - mainly for reasons of energy savings - and it ran across the valley until 2011. In Resita 21 trams were of the type GT8 the company DUEWAG composed from 1996 Dortmund were taken, in addition trams from Frankfurt .
- Open-air steam locomotive museum with the oldest locomotive built in Reșița (1872)
- History museum with important archaeological exhibits from the field of ore mining and metallurgy.
- The Reșița material ropeway is a symbol of the city.
In 1971 the Institute for Production Engineers was founded in Reșița as a branch of the Polytechnic University of Timișoara . The aim was to meet an acute need of the heavy industry in the Banat Uplands on site: to train production engineers for metallurgy, mechanical engineering and mining, specialists for laboratory analyzes, etc.
20 years later, the independent university "Eftimie Murgu" was founded. The university owes its name to the orthodox pastor and revolutionary of the 1848s, who was involved in the Banat national movement of Romanians. In addition to traditional engineering , management , theology , business administration and accounting as well as public administration are also taught today .
A bribery and sex scandal was uncovered at the university in July 2015. An initially threatened closure of the university does not appear to take place. In contrast, the Ministry of Education approved 437 places for Bachelor and Master’s courses in the 2019/2020 academic year; 510 candidates applied for this in the 2019 summer semester.
sons and daughters of the town
- Max Meier (1863–1919), industrial entrepreneur
- Julius Meier-Graefe (1867–1935), art critic, art researcher
- Alexander Tietz (1896–1978), teacher and writer
- Iosif Stibinger (1922-1949), football player
- Ciprian Foias (1933-2020), mathematician
- Laura Halding-Hoppenheit (* 1942), Romanian-German LGBT and AIDS activist and local politician in Stuttgart
- Sabin Pautza (* 1943), composer and conductor
- Jan Cornelius (* 1950), Romanian-German writer
- Werner Stöckl (* 1952), handball player (World Champion 1974)
- Rolf Bossert (1952–1986), Romanian-German writer
- Teodora Ungureanu (* 1960), gymnast (Olympic champion 1976, Montreal)
- Luminița Dobrescu (* 1971), swimmer
- Cristina Marton (* 1974), Romanian pianist
- Florin Șerban (* 1975), film director
- Cristian Chivu (* 1980), football player
- Daniel Popescu (* 1983), artistic gymnast
- Răzvan Șelariu (* 1983), artistic gymnast
- Cosmin Moți (* 1984), soccer player
- Marius Toba (* 1968), artistic gymnast
- W (ilhelm Otto) Hostmann: The narrow-gauge railway systems of the kk priv. Oester. State railway company owned iron works Reschitza (Hungary) . In: W (ilhelm Otto) Hostmann (Hrsg.), Richard Koch (Hrsg.): Journal for the entire local and tram system: notifications about local railways, especially narrow-gauge railways . First vintage. Bergmann, Wiesbaden 1882, pp. 26-39. - Full text online .
- Elke Hoffmann, Peter-Dietmar Leber and Walter Wolf : The Banat and the Banat Swabians. Volume 5. Cities and Villages , Media Group Universal Grafische Betriebe München GmbH, Munich, 2011, 670 pages, ISBN 3-922979-63-7 .
- 2011 census in Romania ( MS Excel ; 1.3 MB)
- elections 2016 in Romania ( MS Excel ; 256 kB)
- Hostmann: The narrow-gauge railway systems of the kk priv. Oester. State Railway Company owned iron works Reschitza (Hungary) , p. 26.
- kia.hu (PDF; 858 kB), E. Varga: Statistics of the number of inhabitants by ethnicity in the Caraș-Severin district according to censuses from 1880 - 2002
- adz.ro , ADF , Werner Kremm : Three honorary doctors of the 40th anniversary. Education Minister Daniel Funeriu at the "Eftimie Murgu" University in Reschitza , October 17, 2011
- Website UEM Universitatea "Eftimie Murgu" , accessed July 29, 2019
- Werner Stöckl at banaterra.eu
- Teodora Ungureanu at romanian-gymnastics.com
- Marius Moraru in conversation with Luminița Dobrescu, on June 15, 2009 at caon.ro (Romanian)