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Thon Buri
Province: Bangkok
Surface: 8.551 km²
Residents: 117,536 (2013)
Population density : 16,231.6 U / km²
ZIP : 10600
Geocode : 1015
Map of Bangkok, Thailand with Thon Buri
Bangkok boroughs

Thonburi ( Thai ธนบุรี ) is one of the 50 districts (Khet) of Bangkok , the capital of Thailand . It is located on the western bank of the Mae Nam Chao Phraya ( Chao Phraya River ).

Until 1971, Thonburi was the name of an independent province that comprised all the districts of what is now Bangkok, west of the Chao Phraya. From 1768 to 1782, during the reign of King Taksin , Thonburi was even the capital of the Siamese Empire, which is why it was also called the Kingdom of Thonburi at that time . His palace was not in today's Thonburi district, but in neighboring Bangkok Yai . In addition to the administrative district of this name, "Thonburi" is still used more generally for the parts of Bangkok located on the western bank of the Chao Phraya. The historic Thonburi train stationabout is not in the actual Thonburi district, but in Bangkok Noi .

Thonburi is bordered by seven other districts, clockwise from the north: Bangkok Yai, Phra Nakhon (on the other bank of the Chao Phraya), Khlong San , Bang Kho Laem (on the other bank of the Chao Phraya), Rat Burana , Chom Thong, and Phasi Charoen .


In 1768 the newly appointed King Taksin made Thonburi his capital after the old capital Ayutthaya was destroyed by the Burmese. From here he consolidated rule over all of Siam.

At that time Bangkok was a small fishing village on the opposite bank of the river, both places were considered by the Europeans as "the place with the two fortresses".

Today's Thonburi district was initially called Amphoe Ratchakhrue (Thai: ราชคฤห์ ), as a temple ( wat ) of the same name was nearby. On July 11, 1916, it was renamed Amphoe Bang Yi Ruea, as the administration was in this khet. Finally it got its current name on April 17th, 1939. At that time it still belonged to Thonburi Province. In 1971, by order of the military junta at the time, this was combined with the former province of Phra Nakhon , east of the Chao Phraya, to form the “capital province of Bangkok-Thonburi” (Changwat Nakhon Luang Krung Thep-Thon Buri) . A year later, this was then transformed into today's special administrative unit Bangkok Metropolis (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon) .

Wat Kalayanimit seen from the river
Santa Cruz Church


Taksin statue in Wat Welurachin
  • Taksin Monument in the middle of the large roundabout Wong Wian Yai ( วงเวียน ใหญ่ ); the portrait was designed by Prof. Silpa Bhirasri and was unveiled on April 17, 1954.
  • Santa Cruz Church - was built on the banks of the Chao Phraya in the late 18th century, when Thonburi had become the capital of the new Siamese Empire. At that time, many Portuguese merchants and missionaries lived in this area.
  • Wat Kalayanimit (also known as "Kanlayanimitr") - large Buddhist temple ( Wat ) on the banks of the Chao Phraya River. The huge seated Buddha in the main Wihan is called Luang Phor Thor , but is called Sam Po Kong by the Chinese population . The largest bronze bell in Thailand is also located on the temple grounds.
  • Wat Intharam Worawihan - Buddhist temple ( Wat ) with many Chinese style elements. This temple was already renovated by King Taksin. His ashes are buried here in a large chedi .
  • Wong Wian Yai station - starting point for a picturesque train excursion parallel to the Khlong Mahachai (which gave the railway line its name) to Samut Sakhon at the mouth of the Mae Nam Tha Chin ( Tha Chin River ) in the Gulf of Thailand (see web links) .


  • The Phra Phutthayotfa Bridge (also called Memorial Bridge ) connects the north of the Thonburi district with the Phra Nakhon district on the " Rattanakosin Island". The Phra Pokklao Bridge was built right next to it to relieve them .
  • The Rama III Bridge connects the south of the district with the Bang Kho Laem opposite
  • Wong Wian Yai train station is located at Wong Wian Yai (large roundabout). From here the suburban railway line called “Mae Klong Railway” leads down to the banks of the Mae Nam Tha Chin near Samut Sakhon .
  • The Silom line (dark green) of the Bangkok Skytrain (BTS) has been running through Thonburi since 2013 . It has three stops in the area of ​​the district: Pho Nimit , Talat Phlu and Wutthakat .


The Rajabhat University of Bansomdejchaopraya and the Rajabhat University of Thonburi are located in the Thonburi district .


The district is divided into seven sub-districts ( Khwaeng ) :

No. Name Khwaeng Thai Pop.
1. Wat Kanlaya  วัด กัลยา น์ 10.112
2. Hiran Ruchi หิรัญ รูจี 13,259
3. Bang Yi Ruea บางยี่เรือ 23,433
4th Bukkhalo บุคคโล 17,749
5. Talat Phlu ตลาดพลู 17,872
6th Dao Khanong ดาวคะนอง 18,411
7th Samre สำเหร่ 16,700

Individual evidence

  1. พระราชกฤษฎีกา เปลี่ยน นาม อำเภอ กิ่ง อำเภอ และ ตำบล บาง แห่ง พุทธศักราช ๒๔๘๒ Royal Gazette, Volume 56, Ed. 0 ก of April 17, 1939, pp. 354–364 (in Thai)
  2. ^ Peter Feldbauer: Megacities. On the role of metropolises in global society. Böhlau-Verlag, 1993, p. 155.
  3. ^ History and Development of Bangkok, King Prajadhipok Institute, Bangkok. Archived from the original on February 23, 2014 ; Retrieved November 28, 2015 (Thai).
  4. Wadee Kheourai: Around Thailand in 99 Days: English for Tourism. Bangkok 1999. p. 31.
  5. Maeklong Railway News 2003-2005 (in English)
  6. ^ Department of Provincial Administration: Population Statistics 2013. Retrieved August 5, 2014 (Thai).

Web links

Coordinates: 13 ° 44 '  N , 100 ° 29'  E