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District office Kanchanadit

Amphoe ( Thai อำเภอ [ ʔāmpʰɤ̄ː ], also written amphur ) are the second highest administrative units , among the provinces ( Changwat ) , in Thailand . In German they can be referred to as rural districts, districts or districts. The administrative authority of the districts is called Thi wa kan Amphoe ( ที่ว่าการ อำเภอ , English District office ).


Thailand had a total of 796 Amphoe and 81 King Amphoe until 2007, which were combined to 877 Amphoe in August 2007. In December 2009 the 878th Amphoe was established. The amphoe is divided into tambon ( Thai ตำบล - communes), which in turn is divided into Muban ( Thai หมู่บ้าน - villages). The 50 city ​​districts of Bangkok are called Khet ( เขต ) and are administratively on the same level as Amphoe, they are often incorrectly referred to as Amphoe.

Amphoe and Khet are the administrative units to which, with a few exceptions, the postal codes of Thailand refer.

An amphoe is headed by a district chief (or district administrator, Thai นายอำเภอ - Nai Amphoe ), who is appointed by the Ministry of the Interior . The official is subordinate to the governor of the respective province.

Number and size of the amphoe

The number of amphoes in a province varies, from the smallest province with three amphoes to the 50 city districts of Bangkok. The size and number of inhabitants are also different: the area with the smallest population is the area Ko Kut ( Trat Province ) with only 2118 inhabitants, while the area Mueang Samut Prakan ( Samut Prakan Province ) has 460,141 inhabitants. In terms of area, the Khet of Bangkok are the smallest - Khet Samphanthawong has z. B. only 1.4 km² - while the amphoe in the sparsely populated mountain regions can be larger than elsewhere entire provinces - Amphoe Umphang ( province Tak ) with 4,325.4 km² is the largest.


Usually the names of the amphoe are unique, but in some cases the names written differently in Thai script are translated into Latin letters with the same name due to inadequacies in Romanization ( see: Thai script ). The name Amphoe Chaloem Phra Kiat is an exception : to celebrate the 50th throne jubilee of King Bhumibol Adulyadej , five new districts were created in 1996, all of which were given the same name. Chaloem Phra Kiat ( Thai เฉลิมพระเกียรติ ) literally means "to exalt the glory (of the king)".

King Amphoe

By 2007 there were 796 amphoe and 81 so-called king amphoe (Thai: กิ่ง อำเภอ , sub or semi-districts), a name for newly established districts that did not yet have full amphoe status. The component king has nothing to do with the English word for king, but is Thai for branch (place) . New circles split off from larger circles were often initially set up as King Amphoe and after some time raised to Amphoe. King Amphoe are often referred to as a sub district in English , even if they are administratively not part of a district.

The King Amphoe was - like the Amphoe - directed by a district official ( Hua Na King Amphoe , Thai หัวหน้า กิ่ง อำเภอ )

On May 15, 2007, the Thai government decided to raise all 81 King Amphoe to full Amphoe status in order to unify the administration. With the publication in the Royal Gazette "Issue 124 chapter 46" on August 24, 2007 this decision officially entered into force.

Administration building

The administration of a district is located in a building called Thi wa kan amphoe ( ที ว่า การ อำเภอ ), which is also the center of the district. Distance information on street signs is calculated relative to the location of this building. It is usually located in the most densely populated part of the district, so it is easy to get to for the majority of the population. The registry office is usually also located in the administration building .

See also

Web links

Commons : District offices of Thailand  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Friedrich W. Fuhs: Agrarian constitution and agricultural development in Thailand . Steiner-Verlag, Wiesbaden 1985, p. 128
  2. a b c Wolf Donner: Thailand - Spatial structures and development . Scientific regional customers, Volume 31.Scientific Book Society, 1989, p. 43.
  3. ^ Volker Grabowsky : Population and State in Lan Na. A contribution to the population history of Southeast Asia. Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden 2004, p. 7.
  4. Karl-Heinz Pfeffer, Sekson Yongvanit: Khon San-a case study on natural potential and agricultural colonization in northeast Thailand . (PDF) In: Geographica Helvetica , Volume 59, 2004, Issue 1, p. 54.
    Reinhard Schützdeller: Secondary Effects of Mining Projects, with Special Consideration of Empirical Studies in the Mae Moh Lignite Mine in Thailand, Nomos, 1984, p. 145.
  5. Department of Provincial Administration ( Memento from July 31, 2012 in the web archive )
  6. Maha Sila Viravong: A biography of Chao Maha Uparat Phetsarat . In: Prince Phetsarat: A Life for Laos . Lit Verlag, 2003, p. 58
  7. แถลง ผล การ ประชุม ค รม. ประจำ วัน ที่ 15 พ.ค. 2550 (Thai) , Manager Online. 
  8. พระราชกฤษฎีกา ตั้ง อำเภอ ฆ้องชัย ... และ อำเภอ เหล่า เสือ โก้ ก พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๐ . (PDF) In: Royal Gazette . 124, No.  46 ก , August 24, 2007, pp. 14-21.