Ernst Hahnel

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Ernst Hähnel, photography by Franz Hanfstaengl

Ernst Julius Hähnel (born March 9, 1811 in Dresden ; † May 22, 1891 there ; full name: Ernst Julius Hähnel ) was a German sculptor and professor at the Dresden Art Academy .


Ernst Hahnel in his old age
New gravestone for Ernst Hähnel in the old Catholic cemetery

Hähnel studied architecture at the Dresden Art Academy and went to Munich in 1826 , where he also studied architecture at the Academy of Fine Arts until 1831, but later also studied sculpture. In Munich he met Ernst Rietschel and Ludwig Schwanthaler in 1830 . Hähnel went to Rome in 1831 , where he met Bertel Thorvaldsen , and visited Florence with Gottfried Semper the following year . From 1835 on, Hähnel lived again in Munich and in 1838 was summoned by Semper to Dresden and entrusted with the production of some of the sculptures at the new court opera .

Hähnel created a statue of Ludwig van Beethoven , which was cast in ore by Jacob Daniel Burgschmiet and unveiled in Bonn in 1845 . In 1846, Hähnel completed the four-meter-high statue of Emperor Charles IV next to the Old Town Bridge Tower for the 500th anniversary of Prague University . In 1848, Hähnel became a professor at the Dresden Art Academy and, alongside Ernst Rietschel, subsequently became "the founder of the Dresden sculpture school in the second half of the 19th century." His students included Johannes Schilling , Johannes Benk , Carl Röder , Johannes Hartmann , Artur Volkmann and Christian Behrens .

He worked in Dresden and created numerous reliefs as well as the six sandstone statues of Alexander the Great , Lysipp , Michelangelo , Dante Alighieri , Raffael and Peter von Cornelius for the Old Masters Picture Gallery . He copied his Raphael figure for the Berlin National Gallery and the Leipzig Museum . In 1867 his statue of King Friedrich August II was unveiled in Dresden; four years later the statue of Theodor Körner was placed on Georgplatz in Dresden. In addition, Hähnel created the allegories of architecture and sculpture as the facade decoration of the Dresden Art Academy on the Brühl terrace .

Hähnel also created numerous works throughout Germany and beyond in Europe. The equestrian statue of Karl Philipp zu Schwarzenberg on Schwarzenbergplatz in Vienna comes from him as well as the equestrian statue of Duke Friedrich Wilhelm on the Schloßplatz in Braunschweig . For the Vienna State Opera he made various sculptures, including classical and romantic poetry on grand piano steeds. In 1883 his bronze statue of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was unveiled in Leipzig .

Hahnel's actual area was the ideal sculpture, mainly making portraits . In their idealistic traits, his figures show echoes of ancient figures with a sober demeanor. Hähnel was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Leipzig in 1859 and in 1874 a member of the order Pour le Mérite for science and the arts .

On October 11, 1883, Hähnel became an honorary citizen of his native Dresden. He is shown in the last group of the prince's procession in Dresden.

Hähnel died in Dresden in 1891 and was buried in the Old Catholic Cemetery. The grave was leveled for reasons that were no longer comprehensible; A new tombstone was erected in the original place in April 2016.

Works (selection)


Web links

Commons : Ernst Hähnel  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d Stefan Dürre: Seemanns Lexikon der Skulptur . EA Seemann Verlag, Leipzig 2007, ISBN 978-3-86502-101-4 , pp. 176 f .
  2. Klimpel: Famous Dresdeners. 2002, p. 61.
  3. ^ Gertraude Stahl-Heimann: Dresden cemeteries and their special features . Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung, Heidelberg 1996, p. 53.
  4. ^ Diocese of Dresden-Meißen , E. Meuser: Diocese of Dresden-Meißen. In:, accessed on April 19, 2016 .
  5. Uwe Blümel: Prominent grave reappears after decades. (No longer available online.) In: MOPO24, April 17, 2016, archived from the original on April 28, 2016 ; Retrieved April 19, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  6. Ilse Krumpöck: The images in the Army History Museum. Vienna 2004, p. 65 f.
  7. ^ Art in public space . Information brochure of the state capital Dresden, December 1996.