Andreas Reischek (ethnographer)
life and work
After his military service, the trained baker became the body hunter of Marius Pasetti von Friedenburg (1841–1913), the youngest son of Florian Pasetti von Friedenburg (1793–1875), head of the office of the Danube Regulation Commission . From 1870 to 1875 he accompanied Pasetti jun. on his travels and acquired extensive knowledge of zoology and botany as an autodidact. In 1875 he went to Vienna, where he worked as a taxidermist and teaching material dealer. The taxidermist and curator of the Upper Austrian State Museum in Linz traveled a total of eight times to New Zealand from 1877 to 1889 . He financed some of these research trips himself. There he explored the Māori kingdom in the center of the North Island , which was forbidden to Europeans at the time. Reischek obtained a special permit and the trust of the Māori king Tawhiao , who honored him with the honorary title Ihaka Reiheke Te Kiwi Rangatira Autiria ( German "Andreas Reischek, the Schnepfenstrauss, Prince of Austria") and honored him with the award of tail feathers of the Huia bird . Reischek's son, the journalist Andreas Reischek junior , always maintained that King Tawhiao's friendly gesture was linked to the bestowal of hereditary chieftainship.
In New Zealand, Reischek completed Ferdinand von Hochstetter's ethnological work , studied Maori culture and made natural history observations. From his travels he brought, among other things, a rich bird collection with 16,000 objects and two mummified Māori corpses. He handed these over to the Natural History Museum Vienna and the Linz Museum Francisco-Carolinum, today's State Museum. The city of Linz granted him citizenship in recognition of his services, and he was elected to the administrative board of the State Museum.
Andreas Reischek's grave is located in the St. Barbara cemetery in Linz.
- In 1903 the Reischekstraße in Linz was named after him. This connects Weißenwolffstrasse with Kaplanhofstrasse.
- Further street names have been made so far in the Upper Austrian communities of Freistadt and Oftering ( Reischekstraße ), in the Lower Austrian Deutsch-Wagram (Andreas Reischek-Gasse) and in the 11th district of Vienna ( Reischekgasse ).
- Awarded the citizenship of the city of Linz
- Andreas Reischek: Dying World - Twelve Years of Researcher Life in New Zealand . FA Brockhaus, Leipzig 1924 (2nd edition).
- Andreas Reischek jun. (Ed.): Dying World. Twelve years of research in New Zealand. Estate of Andreas Reischek (ethnographer), 1924; Aotearoa - land of the long white cloud. Twelve years of research in New Zealand. Reprint, Severus Verlag, Hamburg 2012, ISBN 978-3-86347-222-1 .
- Gerhard Aubrecht: Andreas Reischek (September 15, 1845 - April 3, 1902) - an Austrian ornithologist in New Zealand. Illustrated biographical notes. Linz 1995, 42 pages, PDF on ZOBODAT
- Edmund Guggenberger: My memories of Andreas Reischek. In: Yearbook of the Upper Austrian Museum Association, vol. 103 (1958), pp. 125–129, online (PDF) in the forum OoeGeschichte.at
- Theodor Kerschner: Andreas Reischek. On the 50th anniversary of his death on April 3, 1952 . In: Upper Austrian homeland sheets . No. 1/1952 (Volume VI), Upper Austrian State Museum, Linz 1952, pp. 146–155, online (PDF; 1.1 MB) in the forum OoeGeschichte.at
- H. Peter: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 9, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1988, ISBN 3-7001-1483-4 , p. 56. In:
- Andreas Reischek (jun.): A life for home. On the 50th anniversary of the death of New Zealand researcher Andreas Reischek on April 3, 1952. Yearbook of the City of Linz 1951 (1952) pp. 6–15, online (PDF) in the OoeGeschichte.at forum
- Gabriele Weiss: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 21, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-428-11202-4 , p. 387 f. ( ). In:
- Literature by and about Andreas Reischek in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature by and about Andreas Reischek in the forum OoeGeschichte.at
- Entry on Andreas Reischek (ethnographer) in the Austria-Forum (biography)
- † Ambassador Baron von (on) Pasetti. In: Neue Freie Presse , Afternoon Journal, No. 17492/1913, May 5, 1913, p. 6, top left. (Online at ANNO ). .
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian explorer, ethnographer and ornithologist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 15, 1845|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Linz|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 3, 1902|
|Place of death||Linz|