José Maria Eça de Queiroz

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Eça de Queiroz, 1882
Assinatura Eça de Queirós.png
Os Maia's book by José Maria Eça de Queiroz.

José Maria Eça de Queiroz (also Queirós ) (born November 25, 1845 in Póvoa de Varzim , † August 16, 1900 in Paris ) was a Portuguese writer and diplomat.

Eça de Queiroz studied law at the University of Coimbra from 1861 to 1866 ; towards the end of this period his first literary works appeared in the Gazeta de Portugal . In 1867 he established himself as a lawyer in Lisbon . On the occasion of the opening of the Suez Canal , he traveled to the Middle East in 1869. From 1870 he held an administrative office; In 1872 he switched to the diplomatic service and represented Portugal as consul in Havana , Newcastle (from 1874), Bristol (from 1878) and Paris (from 1888).

Eça de Queiroz took on influences from romanticism , realism and naturalism ; he admired French literature , especially Honoré de Balzac and Gustave Flaubert . Early on, critics pinned him the label of a "Portuguese Zola ". Eça de Queiroz developed a light, ironic, urban narrative tone; his style is characterized by short sentences, in complete contrast to the rhetorical tradition of Portuguese literature. His social criticism is directed at the hereditary, monetary and official nobility, from which he himself comes, and especially the clergy ; the most important means of his criticism is a sometimes sarcastic humor. Several of his works describe main characters who, despite the best conditions, fail to make something of their lives.

With his novel O primo Basílio (German: Vetter Basilio ) he achieved world fame; The story of the young Luísa is one of the great love and seduction novels of the 19th century and is literarily on an equal footing with Theodor Fontane's Effi Briest , Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary , Tolstoy's Anna Karenina or Clarins La Regenta (German: The President ).


  • O Crime do Padre Amaro. (1875, The Crime of Father Amaro ) describes the destructive effects of celibacy in a poor character priest, along with fanatical reactions in a provincial town. (German, inter alia, in Aufbau-Verlag, Berlin 1957)
  • A Tragédia da Rua das Flores . (1877/78, published posthumously 1982), postage 1982.
  • O primo Basílio. (1878) is a satire on romantic love. German: Vetter Basilio , Insel Taschenbuch Nr. 2924, 2003, ISBN 3-458-34624-4 , German also under the title Treulose Romane , Nördlingen: Greno 1988, series Die Other Bibliothek , ISBN 978-3-89190-243-1 .
  • O Mandarim. (1880, The Mandarin)
  • A Relíquia. (1887, Die Reliquie ) The heiress sends the useless main character on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land; The narrative highlight is a dream travel back in time to Jerusalem at the time of Jesus' crucifixion. The novel shows strong similarities with The Memoirs of Judas by Ferdinando Petruccelli della Gattina and some scholars accused Eça de Queiroz of plagiarism.
  • Os Maias . (1888, Die Maias) is considered to be Eça de Queiroz 'main work and tells the decline of an aristocratic family.
  • A Ilustre Casa de Ramires. (1900): ironically ironizes a weak provincial intellectual who tries to write about a heroic ancestor. English: The famous house of Ramire. Piper series 1990, No. 1140, ISBN 3-492-11140-8 .
  • A cidade e as Serras. (posthumously 1901) Criticism of urban hypercivilization and declaration of love for the Portuguese landscape. German: Stadt und Gebirg , Manesse Bücherei, 3rd edition 1988, ISBN 3-7175-1754-6 .
  • José Matias. (three stories: The Hanged Man 1895, José Matias 1897, Adam and Eve in Paradise 1897), Manesse Library, 1991, ISBN 3-7175-8177-5 .
  • A capital. 1925 (posthumously).
    • The capital Dt. by Rudolf Krügel. Structure, Berlin 1959


  2. ^ Cláudio Basto: Foi Eça de Queirós um plagiador? Maranus, 1924, p. 70.

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Wikisource: José Maria Eça de Queiroz  - Sources and full texts
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