Sao Pedro do Rio Grande do Sul Province

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Unofficial flag of the São Pedro do Rio Grande do Sul Province
Location of the province in the Brazilian Empire, 1889.

The province of São Pedro do Rio Grande do Sul , officially Portuguese Província de São Pedro do Rio Grande do Sul , often shortened as Província Rio Grande do Sul , was a successor to the São Pedro do Rio Grande do Sul ( 1807–1821) formed province of the Empire of Brazil with the capital Porto Alegre .


By decree of October 1, 1821, a provisional government council ( Juntas Provisorias do Governo ) was ordained for each of the provinces . He was at Rio Grande do Sul from February 22, 1822 to March 8, 1824 under three presidents in four different occupations. The first president of the province was João Carlos de Saldanha Oliveira e Daun . On March 8, 1824, José Feliciano Fernandes Pinheiro , Visconde de São Leopoldo, was appointed president. The last president was Justo de Azambuja Rangel in November 1889, after which the office of governor was created for the new states.

According to the constitution published by Emperor Peter I in 1824, the legislature lay with an organ of the General Councils ( Conselhos Gerais ). Provincial assemblies ( Assembléias Legislativas Provinciais ) could only be formed through a constitutional amendment of 1834 . The first legislative period opened on April 20, 1835 with 28 elected members. After the first elections on April 7, 1835, the Farrapen separatist party, Partido Farroupilha , founded in 1832, had a majority , and Antônio Rodrigues Fernandes Braga was the first president of the province to be elected from the assembly .


With the Farrapen Revolution between 1835 and 1845, the area split off from the Empire as República Rio-Grandense , but after the Treaty of Ponche Verde it again formed a province of the Empire and was from November 15, 1889 federal state of the newly proclaimed Republic of Brazil . In 1850, the still current borders were agreed with Uruguay .

Administrative division

At the beginning, the province consisted of five administrative districts, four of which had existed since 1809: 1. Município de Porto Alegre with its seat in Cidade de Porto Alegre ; 2. Município de Rio Pardo with seat in Vila do Rio Pardo (this municipality of pampas and jungle corresponded to about 80% of today's area of ​​Germany); 3. Município do Rio Grande, with its seat in Vila do Rio Grande de São Pedro ; 4. Município de Santo Antônio da Patrulha, with its seat in Vila de Santo Antônio da Patrulha ; 5. Município da Cachoeira, based in Vila da Cachoeira (now Cachoeira do Sul ). In addition, the Província das Missões (Province of Missions) was formed in the border area with Argentina. At the beginning of the Farrapen Revolution in 1835, the Republic of Piratini already had 14 administrative districts known as municipalities; when the state was founded in 1889 there were 61 cities. The current state is divided into 497 municipalities (as of 2016).


Contemporary overall representations

Society, economy, politics

  • Helga Iracema Landgrave Piccolo (Ed.): Coletânea discursos parlamentares. Assembléia Legislativa da Província de São Pedro do Rio Grande do Sul, 1835–1889. 2 volumes. Assembléia Legislativa do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre 1998.
  • Fundação de Economia e Estatística, FEE: De Província de Sao Pedro a Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Censos do RS 1803-1950. Porto Alegre 1981. [PDF; 10.9 MB].

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Decree de 1 do outobro de 1821 Determina provisoriamente a forma de Administração e Politica Militar the Provincias do Brazil. Retrieved January 18, 2017 (Portuguese).
  2. ^ Os Governantes do Rio Grande do Sul. 1737-1999. Retrieved January 18, 2017 (Portuguese).
  3. Constituição política do Império do Brasil , Articles 71-89 ( Dos Conselhos Gerais de Província e suas Atribuições ). Retrieved January 18, 2017 (Portuguese).
  4. David X. Noack: Garibaldi's fight for the Republic of Rio Grande do Sul ,, September 22, 2012, accessed on January 17, 2017.
  5. Fundação de Economia e Estatístia, FEE: De Província de Sao Pedro a Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Censos do RS 1803-1950. Porto Alegre 1981, pp. 33-42. [Accessed January 19, 2017; Portuguese].

Coordinates: 30 ° 2 ′  S , 51 ° 13 ′  W