Gustav Adolf Haggenmacher
In 1865 Haggenmacher came - against the wishes of his parents - as an adventurer to Egypt and in 1866 went on to Khartoum . In 1869 he came to Sawakin and Massaua . In 1872 he finally joined Werner Munzinger , the governor of the Viceroy of Egypt in Massaua, and in 1874 was appointed his deputy in Kassala . In 1872, as an Egyptian commissioner, he brought a collection of Sudanese products to Vienna for the World Exhibition (1873).
On behalf of the Khedive he made a trip to the Somal countries and in 1875 a second to Galabat. Officially, he was engaged in geographic exploration, in fact he was gathering information about expansion opportunities for Egypt. In Munzinger's government he became head of the secret service. He accompanied Munzinger on his expedition through the land of the Afar in order to annex the area around Awsa for Egypt. On the run after a lost battle, he perished from exhaustion.
Adolf Haggenmacher reported on his trip to Somaliland in Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen (supplementary booklet 47, 1876).
- Friedrich Ratzel: Haggenmacher, Adolf . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 49, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1904, p. 704.
- Johann Valentin Keller-Zschokke, Adolf Haggenmacher , Aarau 1903
- Nold Halder: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 7, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1966, ISBN 3-428-00188-5 , p. 492 f. ( ). In:
- W. Smidt: "Haggenmacher, Gustav", in: Encyclopaedia Aethiopica , Vol. 2, Wiesbaden 2005
- Alex Capus , sky striker . Twelve portraits, Albrecht Knaus Verlag, Munich, 2008. ISBN 978-3-8135-0314-2
- Thomas Huonker : Haggenmacher, Adolf. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Literature by and about Gustav Adolf Haggenmacher in the catalog of the German National Library
|SURNAME||Haggenmacher, Gustav Adolf|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Swiss African explorer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 3, 1845|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Lauffohr near Brugg|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 19, 1875|
|Place of death||Awsa , Ethiopia|