Christoph August Tiedge

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Christoph August Tiedge by Carl Mayer
Memorial plaque on the house at Brüderstraße 13, in Berlin-Mitte
Grave of Elisa von der Reckes and Christoph August Tiedges in the Inner Neustädter Friedhof in Dresden.
Commemorative inscription "In memory of Tiedge the singer of Urania" on the tied rock near the Neurathen castle

Christoph August Tiedge (born December 14, 1752 in Gardelegen , † March 8, 1841 in Dresden ) was a German poet .


Tiedge was the eldest son of the principal of the scholarly city school in Gardelegen and his wife. He studied law in Halle and in 1781 accepted a position as private tutor.

In 1788 Tiedge moved to Halberstadt , where he became secretary to Canon von Steder four years later. After Steders' death, Tiedge and his family moved to the vicinity of Quedlinburg . After the death of Frau von Steder in 1797, he lived alternately on trips in Halle and Berlin. From 1805 to 1808 he accompanied the writer Elisa von der Recke through Germany, Switzerland and Italy. From 1819 Tiedge stayed in Dresden as its partner.

A great love and friendship bound the two companions even after death. After Elisa von der Recke died on April 13, 1833, Tiedge was able to continue to live in the shared apartment, where nothing could be changed, thanks to her precautionary instigation. He received a not inconsiderable pension and was looked after by the Pappermann family, who were devoted to his benefactor.

A circle of friends who came together every evening provided the poet with diversion and helped him to get over the death of his long-time friend.

Due to an accident in the summer of 1838, the 85-year-old poet's physical and mental condition deteriorated considerably. After taking another bathing trip to Karlsbad in 1840 , he spent the following winter in good shape. Tiedge died on the night of March 8, 1841 after a few evenings before having felt a little unwell.


Tiedge's fame did not last. He never made it out of the shadow of his role models like Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim and others. a. to kick, and his smaller poetic works were known only to a few. Only his main work Urania (Halle, 1801), "a poetic treatment of the Kantian philosophy based on a rationalistic view," made Tiedge's name stay in the memory of many people, but his elegies and mixed poems (Halle, 1803) also celebrated his Time success.

Tiedge and Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven set the poem To Hope (op. 32) from Urania to music in 1804/05 and revised and expanded this song composition in 1813 (op. 94).

“Was there a god? Will he one day fulfill
what the longing promises to cry? Will this enigmatic being reveal itself
before some world judgment
Man should hope! He doesn't ask! "

- CA Tiedge, Urania, To Hope

In addition, Beethoven's songs The Luck of Friendship (op. 88, 1803) and Air cosaque (WoO 158a No. 16, 1816) are based on texts by Tiedge. Beethoven and Tiedge met in Teplitz in the summer of 1811 and since then have had a correspondence from which some letters of friendship from Beethoven have been preserved.

Fonts (selection)

  • Solitude , Leipzig 1792. ( digitized version )
  • Fonts. First volume. Epistles , Göttingen 1796
  • About vanity , Dölle, Halberstadt 1792. ( digitized version )
  • Elegies and mixed poems , Haas, Vienna and Prague 1813. ( digitized version )
  • Fragments from Neander's life , with Elisa von der Recke, Berlin 1804
  • Urania, about God, immortality and freedom , Halle 1804. ( digitized version )
  • Frauenspiegel , Hall 1807. ( digitized version )
  • The Echo or Alexis and Ida. A Ciclus of Songs , Halle 1812
  • Monuments of time . Hartknoch, Leipzig 1814. ( digitized version )
  • Aennchen and Robert or the singing tree , with Christian August Gottlob Eberhard, Halle 1815
  • Elisa von der Recke, born Countess of Medem; biographical sketch and characteristics , Leipzig 1818. ( digitized version )
  • Anna Charlotte Dorothea, last Duchess of Courland . Brockhaus, Leipzig 1823. ( digitized version )
  • Faith, unbelief and superstition of our time with Eduard Köhler, Dresden 1825
  • To the Germans. Words of warning on the occasion of the latest events in Constantinople , Nuremberg 1826. ( digitized version )
  • The Greeks in battle with the barbarians . Brockhaus, Leipzig 1826. ( digitized version )
  • Consecration of a noble soul with Friederike Voigt, Dresden 1826
  • Walks through the market of life . Renger, Halle 1835. ( digitized volume 1 ), ( volume 2 )
  • CA Tiedge's entire works 1 , Leipzig 1841
  • Life and poetic legacy , Leipzig 1841. ( Digitized Volume 1 ), ( Volume 2 ), ( Volume 3 ), ( Volume 4 )
  • Addendum , Dresden 1864


Web links

Wikisource: Christoph August Tiedge  - Sources and full texts
Commons : Christoph August Tiedge  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Beethoven House Bonn