Luigia Abbadia

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Luigia Abbadia (1850)

Luigia Abbadia (* 1821 in Genoa ; † January 25, 1896 in Milan ) was an Italian opera singer ( soprano ).


Luigia Abbadia was the daughter of the Italian composer and singing teacher Natale Abbadia (1792–1861), who primarily took care of her musical lessons. She received further training from the violinist Bianchi. She had a beautiful, impasto mezzo-soprano voice with such a large range that she could usually sing parts intended for sopranos.

Abbadia made her singing debut at the age of 15 in 1836 as Arsace in Semiramide by Gioachino Rossini and in I Normanni a Parigi by Saverio Mercadante at the Theater of Sassari in Sardinia . Two years later she appeared in Mantua as Agnese de Maino in Beatrice di Tenda by Vincenzo Bellini . In the summer of 1839 she sang at the theater in Brescia , in the fall of 1839 at the Teatro comunale of Bologna and in the next few years at the opera houses of several Italian cities.

On February 11, 1840, Abbadia played Rowena in the world premiere of Il templario by Otto Nicolai at the Teatro Regio in Turin and appeared in the same opera for the first time at La Scala in Milan in the autumn of 1840 . There she enjoyed great popularity with the audience in the following years and sang Giulietta di Kelbar around September 5, 1840 at the fiasco-ending world premiere of Un giorno di regno by Giuseppe Verdi . She also appeared on the stage of La Scala in Milan on October 3, 1840 as Marie in a revised version of La fille du régiment by Gaetano Donizetti , on November 16, 1841 as Delizia at the world premiere of Corrado d'Altamura by Federico Ricci and on November 26 , 1841 December 1841 during the world premiere of Donizetti's Maria Padilla , where she sang the part of Inez Padilla, written especially for her voice by the composer. Abbadia's other roles at La Scala included Elvira in Verdi's Ernani , Emilia in La vestale by Saverio Mercadante, Leonore in Torquato Tasso by Donizetti and the title characters in the operas Saffò by Giovanni Pacini and Alina, regina di Golconda by Donizetti.

When Abbadia appeared in Milan in autumn 1840 as Cuniza in the opera Oberto, Conte di San Bonifacio , the composer Giuseppe Verdi wrote his own cavatina for the singer. In 1840 she was also a member of the ensemble of the Italian opera at the Kärntnertortheater in Vienna and sang the role of Corilla Scortichini in the two-act opera Le convenienze ed inconvenienze teatrali by Donizetti. She also made guest appearances at the Kärntnertortheater in 1841 and 1843. Other highlights of her career as an opera singer are her depictions of Alisa in Donizetti's Lucia di Lammermoor and Angelina in Rossini's La Cenerentola .

Abbadia gave another performance at La Scala in 1846 in the role of Rosmunda in Alboino by Francesco Sangalli . Her performance at Her Majesty's Theater in London in 1848 was not particularly successful . In 1853 she sang the role of Elvira in Verdi's Ernani at the Teatro Ravviati in Pisa . When Achille Lorini made guest appearances in Germany with his opera company from 1860 to 1861, Abbadia was one of their members and performed in several cities, such as Berlin and Hamburg .

After Abbadia had finished her musical stage career in 1870, she founded a singing school in Milan. She managed to train several of her students to become successful opera singers, such as the sisters Sofia and Giulia Ravogli, the contralto Giuseppina Pasqua and the tenor Giovanni Battista de Negri .


Web links


  1. The article on Luigia Abbadia in the Großer Sängerlexikon (4th edition, 1st vol. (2003), p. 2) and The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2nd edition, (2008)) indicate Milan as the place where the opera singer died, Bianca Maria Antolini (MGG, 2nd edition, 1st vol. (Person part), col. 13), however, Rome .
  2. Note recentissime - Sassari . In: Il Pirata . Milan October 24, 1837, p. 4 (Italian, ).