University of Linz
|Johannes Kepler University Linz|
|place||Linz , Austria|
|Employee||approx. 3,300 (2019)|
|including professors||approx. 130|
|Annual budget||165.6 million € (2019)|
The University of Linz (full name: Johannes Kepler University Linz , short: JKU ) is the largest of the four universities in the Upper Austrian capital of Linz with over 19,300 students . It is located in the statistical district of Dornach-Auhof in the northeast of the city and is designed as a campus university . The administration is located in Auhof .
The university was opened on October 8, 1966 as a college for social and economic sciences and began teaching two days later. This makes it one of the youngest universities in Austria . On October 1, 1975, it was renamed Johannes Kepler University Linz . The namesake Johannes Kepler taught at the Linz landscape school between 1612 and 1626 as a mathematician .
In the 2018/19 winter semester, 19,219 people studied there on the park campus in the northeast of the city. The electronic student ID (" JKUCard ", until 2018 " KeplerCard ") has existed since 1998 and can be used for many applications (such as library cards , parking cards, student canteen discounts ) and which can also be used as an official photo ID.
In the university ranking carried out in 2005, the degree course in business informatics was rated in the top field throughout Austria. In the Times Higher Education ranking of the world's best young universities, the JKU took 41st place in 2012 and 87th place in 2015. According to this ranking, it was the fifth best young university in the German-speaking region in 2012. It achieved excellent scores in terms of citations, third-party funding and internationality.
The history of the Linz University goes back to the 16th century. From 1574 the Linz country house was used as an Adeliche Landt-Schuele (also a landscape school ). Johannes Kepler taught at this school from 1612 to 1626. As part of the Counter Reformation , he had to leave the city for Regensburg in 1626 because he refused to change to the Catholic faith . After the school was closed, it was combined and continued by the Jesuit order from 1629 onwards with its Latin school, which was founded in 1608. The range of courses is then expanded from philosophical studies to legal and theological ones.
As early as 1669, the Linz grammar school was expanded to include a lyceum for higher studies. In 1777 this was divided into the kk academische Gymnasium (today: Akademische Gymnasium ) and the kk Lyceum . In 1773 the Jesuit order was banned, which led to the closure of his school. Parts of it went up in the Lyceum. Medical training established in 1775 was ended again in 1808. In 1810 the legal and political faculties came to an end. The philosophical faculty is dissolved in 1849; the remaining theological faculty will be handed over to the diocese .
In the following years attempts were made to bring a university to Linz again. Many such attempts and initiatives with different objectives remain unsuccessful. During the Second World War , the plans to establish a technical university became more concrete. In 1943, however, only the provisional operation of an architecture course at the Technical University of Linz at Wilhering Abbey can begin .
1945–1966: founding phase
After the Second World War, efforts are intensified. From 1949 the establishment of a technical university is required. Lectures have been held in the Linz Adult Education Center since 1951. Due to changed market conditions, the desire is slowly changing in the direction of a social and economic university. In 1959 the City of Linz , the Province of Upper Austria and other institutions founded the Board of Trustees for the University of Social Sciences in Linz , which is supposed to advance further planning. The constitution will take place on March 14th. In 1962 the Board of Trustees was converted into the Linz University Fund, which still exists today, by federal law .
The final breakthrough came in 1962 with the passing of a federal law establishing a university for social and economic sciences in Linz . On July 3, 1964, the groundbreaking ceremony took place for the first buildings to be erected on the grounds of Auhof Castle. In 1965 the National Council decided to expand the university to include a technical and natural science faculty (TNF). In the course of this, further buildings are planned and erected, such as the physics building or the 10-storey TNF tower with a T-shaped floor plan, which still characterizes the campus today (originally the chemistry tower ; commissioned in 1977).
The first buildings of the university (today's Kepler building, cafeteria, Juridicum) designed the "planning group university" under the direction of Artur Perotti . In addition to Perotti, this planning group consisted of a total of 8 architects.
The building complex designed by Perotti for the TNF was originally based on Linser's planning principles, which envisaged five towers for five technical and scientific fields of study. Of these five, however, only the chemistry tower was built (see above). The physics building was planned by an already reduced group of architects - also under the direction of Perotti, by the architects Helmut Eisendle and Franz Treml. The college of professors was constituted for the first time on October 19, 1965. The small group of the four professors appointed at the time - Erich Bodzenta (sociology), Ludwig Fröhler (public law), Josef Kolbinger (business administration) and Rudolf Strasser (private law, labor law and social law) - elects Ludwig Fröhler as rector . In 1966 it is decided to set up a law course at the university.
1966 until today: Research and teaching operations
The grand opening takes place on October 8, 1966. As part of a public ceremony on Linz's main square , the governor and the mayor of Linz presented the rector with the keys to the university. The university will then be officially opened by Federal President Franz Jonas . Studies begin just two days later, on October 10th. The initial fields of study are sociology , social economy , economics , business administration and law at the Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences. With social and economic statistics (1968) and business education (1970), further courses of study in this faculty followed shortly thereafter.
Studies at the Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences started in 1969. The first fields of study are technical mathematics , computer science , computer technology and the mathematics-physics teacher training course. In 1970 the study of technical physics is offered for the first time.
In 1975 the law faculty was established as an independent one. Also in this year, the Academic Senate decided to rename the university to Johannes Kepler University Linz , after the name Johannes Kepler had been used unofficially since 1971.
In 1977 , the teacher training course was expanded to include chemistry , and from 1979 the course in industrial engineering and technical chemistry was offered. The Faculty of Social Sciences and Economics was expanded in 1975 to include an attempt at business informatics, which was converted into a regular course in 1985. Commercial science is offered from 1992 . In 1990 the JKU became one of the first universities in the world to begin teaching mechatronics .
In 2000, the business administration, economics and commercial studies are combined under the umbrella of a degree in economics . The teacher training course in computer science and computer science management is being introduced . An inter-university course was established in 2004 together with the University of Salzburg , Molecular Biology . In 2005 the master's degree in Industrial Mathematics followed , which was taught jointly with the TU Eindhoven and the TU Kaiserslautern . The bachelor's degree in commercial law and the master's degree in bioinformatics will be newly established in 2006.
An inter-university bachelor's degree, Biological Chemistry , and since 2010 the associated master’s degree in English have been offered since the winter semester of 2007 . This is a cooperation with the South Bohemian University České Budějovice .
The information electronics course has been offered since the 2008/09 winter semester. From the winter semester 2009/10, a bachelor's degree in plastics technology was added to the range of courses.
The campus has been expanded to include the JKU Science Park in recent years . In 2012, the third and, for the time being, the last part of the building was completed, and a fourth is being planned. The first construction phase had the groundbreaking on May 11, 2007 and was officially opened on October 10, 2009. It has a net area of 14,000 m² and mainly houses the mechatronics institutes that were located off campus on the voestalpine site. In the other buildings, partner companies of the JKU and institutes of other departments of the technical and natural sciences faculty are housed. Furthermore, a new motorway exit Auhof is to be built on the A7 Mühlkreisautobahn , which connects car traffic more directly. With an additional parking garage with 725 parking spaces, a further offer is to be created for motorists.
With the establishment of the LIT (Linz Institute of Technology), an in-depth and extended technical university education is established at the Linz location. In planning are courses of study and research priorities that are increasingly concerned with digitization and an automated world.
The JKU's 364,000 m² campus is located in the Auhof district of the north-eastern Linz district of St. Magdalena . The university buildings are located in a park around a pond.
The campus is directly connected to the Linz AG public transport network by tram lines 1 and 2 and express bus line 77 . On weekdays, trains run every 5 minutes, a journey to the city center ( main square ) takes around 16 minutes and to the main station 23 minutes. Bus 77 only runs a few courses in Morgenspitze around 8 a.m. between the train station and the North University.
The JKU Linz can also be reached via the A7 Mühlkreisautobahn via the Dornach motorway junction about one kilometer away . The planned exit Auhof for an even more direct connection has not yet been implemented (as of 2013).
The cycle route parallel to the north bank of the Danube (dam) helps to reach the university quarter on the north-east edge of the city car-free over a long distance. The streets are crossed with streams. Just 1 km further east is the Pleschinger See, which is freely accessible for swimming .
There are several student residences in the immediate vicinity of the university, including the Franz Jägerstätter student home of the KHG , the Johannes Kepler home , the WIST-Haus , the Julius-Raab international student center and the Dietrich Bonhoeffer Protestant student home . There are around ten other student dormitories spread over the city of Linz, which means that a total of 3100 student dormitories are available to Linz.
The largest gastronomic facility at the JKU is the Mensa Markt , which also operates a full-service restaurant under the name Kepler's . Event and conference rooms are set up on the upper floors of the cafeteria building, while the Linz Uni Inn (LUI) is located in the basement . The cafeteria festivals also take place in the basement. The Café Ch @ t and, since 2012, the Science Café of the cafeteria and the Café Sassi are located at other locations on campus . The Upper Austria. Studentenwerk (Student Center Julius Raab) and the Catholic University Community operate their own cafeterias close to the university. Since November 2015 there is a café-bar, the Teichwerk, directly at the university pond.
Corporate branches on campus
A branch of the Thalia bookstore is located directly on campus , and its range is geared towards study content. The student body also operates the “ÖH-Shop”, a business that focuses on stationery and learning materials. There are also branches of Raiffeisenlandesbank Oberösterreich and Sparkasse Oberösterreich on the university campus . In 2019, a SPAR branch was opened on the university campus.
Rescue service supply
In the basement of the management center there is a branch office of the Red Cross , the Linz-Nord branch , which provides rescue services to the north of Linz and thus also to the JKU campus. In addition, a first responder system was installed in 2019 : If a rescue vehicle is sent to the JKU, voluntary first responders who are already on campus are also alerted, who will take over the first aid until the rescue equipment arrives.
Faculties and fields of study
The Johannes Kepler University Linz today consists of four faculties and a total of 122 institutes, eight of which are not assigned to a specific faculty (as of 2016).
Faculty of Social Sciences and Economics (SoWi)
In terms of the number of students and graduates, the SoWi Faculty is the largest faculty at the JKU. It consists of a total of 33 institutes and offers the following fields of study:
- Doctoral studies in social and economic sciences
- Social economy (bachelor's and master's degree)
- Sociology (Bachelor's and Master's degree)
- Statistics (bachelor's and master's degree)
- Business informatics (bachelor's and master's degree)
- Business Education (Diploma)
- Economics (bachelor's degree)
- Global Business (master's degree)
- General Management (Master’s Degree (Optional MBA))
- Economics (master’s degree)
- Management and Applied Economics (master’s degree)
Faculty of Science and Technology (TNF)
- → Main article: Technical and natural science faculty at the JKU Linz
The TN faculty currently has 59 institutes. The range of courses includes:
- Doctoral studies in technical sciences
- Doctoral studies in natural sciences
- Bioinformatics (bachelor's and master's degree)
- Computer science (bachelor's and master's degree)
- Electronics and information technology (bachelor's and master's degree)
- Plastics technology (bachelor's degree, several master's degree)
- Teacher training for mathematics, physics, chemistry, computer science and computer science management
- Mechatronics (Bachelor's and Master's degree)
- Molecular Biology (Bachelor's and Master's degree)
- Biological Chemistry (Bachelor's and Master's degree)
- Technical chemistry (bachelor's and master's degree)
- Polymer Chemistry (master's degree)
- Industrial engineering - technical chemistry (master’s degree)
- Technical mathematics (bachelor's degree, several master's degree)
- Technical physics (bachelor's degree, several master's degree)
Faculty of Law (Re)
The Re Faculty currently consists of 21 institutes and offers five fields of study:
- Doctoral studies in law
- Degree course in law (as a face-to-face or multimedia course)
- Bachelor's degree in commercial law (together with the Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences)
- Master's degree in law and economics for technicians
- Master's degree in tax sciences
Medical Faculty (MED)
The human medicine course has been offered since autumn 2014.
- Human medicine (Bachelor's degree, together with the Medical University of Graz)
- Human medicine (master’s degree)
Humanities and cultural studies as well as interdisciplinary fields of study
- Doctoral studies in humanities and cultural studies
- Cultural Studies (Bachelor's degree)
- Political Education (Master’s Degree)
- Web Sciences (master’s degree)
Distance learning centers
The JKU maintains several distance learning centers in Austria, which supervise the courses of the distance university in Hagen and offer the possibility of completing the university entrance examination with distance learning elements. The Center for Distance Learning Austria is currently represented with study centers at the following locations: Bregenz, Linz, Saalfelden, Rottenmann, Villach and Vienna. (Entry) advice for distance learning at the Fernuni Hagen is offered at all study centers and information is provided about fields of study and requirements.
The study centers offer supporting courses for distance learning and face-to-face events at the Fernuni Hagen. Oral exams can also be taken as video conference exams in a study center. Written exams (exams) can be taken in the relevant study centers in Austria.
Since winter semester 2010/11, it has also been possible for those with professional qualifications to start studying at the Fernuni Hagen.
Together with TU Graz , the JKU operates the Rottenmann University Center with its own range of courses (corporate information management, geographic information technology, geographic information management). The JKU also offers face-to-face courses outside of Linz as part of the multimedia study service in social and economic sciences.
The Linz University Library is the largest academic library in Upper Austria. It consists of the main library, the Juridicum library (faculty library for law) as well as several specialist libraries and holdings at institutes, but is also open to the public. Media corresponding to the faculties of law, social and economic sciences as well as technology and natural sciences are acquired and largely made available to the public.
Energy Institute at the Johannes Kepler University
The Energy Institute at the Johannes Kepler University Linz is an interdisciplinary research institution with the legal form of an association that deals with economic, legal and technical aspects of energy topics. The three departments of the institute (energy industry, energy law, energy technology) deal with various, interdisciplinary topics in the energy research field. The Energy Institute focuses on the economic consideration of energy policy issues, current issues of Austrian energy law, measures to increase energy efficiency, the analysis of electricity security, basic research in the field of green biorefineries and the development of second-generation biogenic fuels such as lignocellulosic ethanol made from straw .
Association structure and financing
The members of the association consist of the Johannes Kepler University Linz and private energy-related companies.
The energy institute is financed from contributions from the association's members and from the proceeds from third-party funded projects. These projects, which originate from national and European research programs, offer the possibility of cooperation with other research institutions, such as the Institute for Electrical Systems at the TU Vienna , the Wegener Center for Climate and Global Change and other institutions.
The club members of the Energy Institute are divided into ordinary and extraordinary: Province of Upper Austria , Energie AG , Linz AG , the Upper Austrian gas grid GmbH, Energiesparverband, Commerce Upper Austria
Extraordinary members are RA Haslinger Nagele & Partner, KPMG , RA Beurle-Oberndorfer-Mitterlehner, RA Saxinger Chalupsky Weber & Partner, Sparkasse OÖ
Management and scientific staff
The Energy Institute at Johannes Kepler University employs around 20 people. The individual departments are headed by Friedrich Schneider (economy), the managing director Horst Steinmüller (technology), and Andreas Hauer (law).
Tasks and projects
Application and contract research in the field of energy as well as national and international research projects are the main areas of responsibility of the Energy Institute at Johannes Kepler University. Doctoral students and post-doc employees from various research areas form the scientific core of the Energy Institute. In addition to energy research, an important focus is on the training of scientists in the fields of energy management, energy law and energy technology.
The Energy Institute sees it as its task to contribute to the current political energy discussion. This is done in close cooperation with public institutions, other scientific institutes (such as the Johannes Kepler University Linz ) and companies such as energy suppliers. Projects in the field of security of supply, energy efficiency, social and legal aspects of the topic of energy as well as environmental and energy technology represent the main area of responsibility.
Since 2008, the research and training activities of the Energy Institute have been supplemented by the “Energy Management” course, which ends with the award of a Master of Science (MSc).
Fields of activity
Economics and business analyzes in the field of energy are handled by the Department of Energy Economics .
Technological aspects of biogenic fuels as well as life cycle analyzes of various energy and environmental processes are the main areas of responsibility of the energy technology department . Research into technologies for the production of amino and lactic acids from biogenic raw materials is carried out by the Energy Institute in a test facility (Green Biorefinery Utzenaich).
The legal facets of energy and environmental issues represent the field of activity of the department for energy law .
The university council , in some ways comparable to a supervisory board , is made up of people who are not members of the university. He mainly has control functions over processes at the university. The most important operational task is the election of the rector from a three-person proposal by the Senate.
From March 1, 2018 to February 28, 2023, the University Council is composed as follows: Heinrich Schaller (Chair), Michael Tissot (Deputy Chair), Julius Stieber , Gerhard Roiss , Sabine Urnik, Katharina Lehmayer, Kornelia Waitz-Ramsauer, Markus Hengstschläger , Elisabeth Engelbrechtsmüller-Strauss
In a previous term of office, the University Council included:
- Chair: Heinrich Schaller
- Deputy Chair: Eva Belabed
- Josef Falkinger
- Markus Hengstschläger
- Katharina Lehmayer
- Günter Rübig
- Gabriele Sachs
- Julius Stieber
- Andrea Wesenauer
The Senate is made up of university members. Hanspeter Mössenböck is currently the chairman . The following groups of people send representatives to the twenty-six-member Senate:
- University professors: 13 people
- University assistants: 6 people
- general university staff: 1 person
- Students: 6 people.
Meinhard Lukas has held this office since October 1, 2015 .
- 1965–1967 Ludwig Fröhler
- 1967–1968 Adolf Adam
- 1968–1970 Rudolf Strasser
- 1970–1971 Gerhard Derflinger
- 1971–1972 Kurt Rothschild
- 1972–1974 Hans Bach
- 1974–1977 Helmut Paul
- 1977–1979 Rudolf Wohlgenannt
- 1979–1981 Peter Oberndorfer
- 1981–1983 Ernst Rudolf Reichl
- 1983–1985 Karl Vodrazka
- 1985–1987 Hans Dolinar
- 1987–1989 Hans Knapp
- 1989-1991 Ernest Kulhavy
- 1991–1996 Johannes Hengstschläger
- 1996–2000 Franz Strehl
- 2000-2007 Rudolf G. Ardelt
- 2007–2015 Richard Hagelauer
- Vice Rector for Teaching and Students: Stefan Koch
- Vice Rector for Innovation and Researchers: Christopher Lindinger
- Vice Rector for Research, Gender and Diversity: Alberta Bonanni
- Vice Rector for Finance: Christiane Tusek
- Vice Rector for Medicine: Elgin Drda
- Category: Honorary holders, professors and graduates of the University of Linz
- The JKU Linz has a 9% stake in the Polymer Competence Center Leoben .
- List of universities in Austria
- Johannes Kepler University: History. Retrieved March 17, 2020 .
- City government Linz: Universities / colleges. Retrieved March 17, 2020 .
- Johannes Kepler University , accessed on March 17, 2020
- City government Linz: Universities / colleges. Retrieved March 17, 2020 .
- University 2005 - Information Systems ( Memento from August 28, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- University of Linz among the top 50 of the "young universities"
- Rudolf Lehr, Landeschronik Oberösterreich , Christian Brandstätter Verlag Vienna, 1987, p. 122
- Lyzeum Linz ( Memento from February 27, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), article in Upper Austria. State Archives
- History of Wilhering Abbey at stiftwilhering.at. Archived from the original on March 31, 2010 ; Retrieved April 14, 2013 .
- History of Wilhering Abbey on the Abbey High School homepage. Retrieved April 14, 2013 .
- Timetable of the Ministry of Education about the education system in Austria. Archived from the original on February 19, 2008 ; accessed on March 14, 2013 .
- Rudolf Lehr, Landeschronik Oberösterreich , Christian Brandstätter Verlag Vienna, 1987, p. 392
- Federal law of July 5, 1962 on the establishment of the Linz University Fund. StF: Federal Law Gazette No. 189/1962
- Federal law of July 5, 1962, which amends the University Organization Act. BGBl. 188/1962.
- Federal law of June 30, 1965, with which the University Organization Act is again amended. BGBl. 195/1965.
- Archive of the University
- A university of a new kind - 40 years of the JKU ( page no longer available , search in web archives )
- jku.at: Teacher training at the TN faculty
- Cross Border Life Science Education
- JKU Science Park is (for the time being) finished
- A center for "innovations in coffee" ( Memento from November 26, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Construction of the Science Park right on schedule ( Memento from January 15, 2013 in the web archive archive.today )
- LIT (Linz Institute of Technology) website of the university. Retrieved February 27, 2019 .
- jku.at - student dormitories. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013 ; Retrieved April 13, 2013 .
- For ten years a new building of a student residence before completion
- Snack app: Spar opens at JKU Digital-Markt. Retrieved October 15, 2019 .
- Information event: Ambulance & First Responder at the JKU. Retrieved May 1, 2020 .
- Linz Legal Studies - Homepage
- Rottenmann University Center
- Multimedia Service SoWi
- JKU Energy Institute: Members & sponsors. Retrieved March 14, 2013 .
- jku.at University course postgraduate energy management law-technology-economy. Retrieved April 14, 2013 .
- derStandard.at: University councils are almost complete now . Article dated April 30, 2018, accessed May 2, 2018.
- University Council of the University of Linz . Retrieved May 2, 2018.
- Members of the JKU University Council
- team. Retrieved October 15, 2019 .
- Franz Strehl (Ed.): Johannes Kepler University Linz , University Press Trauner, Linz.