Business Law (Degree)
The study in Business Law has the business law for the subject.
The offer was created as a new legal subject course. However, the students are also instructed in the economic disciplines and key qualifications. The course to become a commercial lawyer in Germany is not a counter-program to the classic legal training , as commercial lawyers with a master’s degree are not admitted to legal traineeship and therefore do not have the qualifications to hold judicial office. In contrast to the classic legal training with its universal orientation, the field of activity of a commercial lawyer is fundamentally specialized in the field of business; In addition, there is definitely the possibility of employment in the public service.
History of the course
The course in business law was offered for the first time in the 1993/1994 winter semester at the Mainz University of Applied Sciences . The course was started for the reasons mentioned above. From the outset, it was planned to develop an interdisciplinary course that would provide students with comprehensive training in (business) legal and economic issues. The focus was not only on comprehensive training in the basics, but also on constant practical relevance and internationalization. Over the years, more and more universities of applied sciences have started corresponding courses leading to a bachelor's or diploma degree. In 1999, the Siegen University of Applied Sciences was the first university in Germany to introduce an independent university course in business law. Followed by other universities, this course can now be taken at both technical colleges and universities. In contrast to the primarily practice-oriented universities of applied sciences, the aim of the universities is an additional, more extensive academic profile. In the 2005/2006 winter semester, there was a broad conversion of the courses to the Bachelor- Master system.
In the course of the changeover, numerous courses have now also been accredited. This ensures that achievements are recognized during stays abroad or that changing study locations is made easier; With the accreditation, the study programs participate in the ECTS system .
Subjects and disciplines
Business law is an interdisciplinary course in the fields of law and economics, which includes additional qualifications such as B. Knowledge of rhetoric and business English is supplemented. The Business Law University Association (WHV), an association of universities that offer business law, has the following mix of requirements for Bachelor's degree programs in business law:
- at least 50% legal content
- at least 25% business and economic content
- Supplementation with additional qualifications such as IT handling, foreign languages , rhetoric, etc.
In addition, there are usually several specializations in the main course that change from university to university. Often these are specializations in economic and legal interface areas such as B. Personnel management and labor law, tax law and auditing, financial services law, corporate management, restructuring and insolvency management or international management.
The typical subjects and contents of the business law degree include: B .:
|Legal subjects||Economics subjects||Supplementary subjects & key qualifications|
|Legal working technique||Basics of business administration||Business and legal English|
|Commercial law||Fundamentals of Economics||business Informatics|
|Civil procedural law||Accounting||communication|
|Economic Constitutional Law||Controlling||rhetoric|
|Commercial administrative law||production||Team training|
|European law||Financial management||presentation|
|Intellectual property law||Human resource management||Negotiation|
|Corporate law||Corporate governance||Interviewing|
|Labor and social law||Lecture / speech|
|Tax law||additional foreign languages|
|Commercial criminal law|
|International business law|
In addition, practical events such as B. seminars, block weeks, excursions, projects or simulation games are integrated. Some of them are also mandatory in the curriculum. In addition to the courses, additional exercises and case studies are often offered.
The “traditional” qualification was the diploma (qualification: Diplom-Wirtschaftsjurist) with a standard study period of 8 semesters , which included a practical semester and the semester in which the thesis is written. Since the 2005/06 winter semester, only the new Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.), Bachelor of Business Law (BBL) or Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) courses have been offered for the most part. The changeover took place as part of the Bologna Process . It is planned that from the winter semester 2007/08 all courses in business law will be completed with a bachelor's degree. In the meantime, numerous universities offer further consecutive master’s degree programs in business law that lead to a Master of Laws (LL.M.), Master of Business Law (MBL) or Master of Science (M.Sc.) degree.
In the meantime, there are also further training courses on the subject of business law in the sub-academic area, which are less extensive and time-consuming than a college or university degree. These are designed as advanced training courses and concentrate on the legal aspects that frequently occur in business dealings. The degrees are IHK certificates or internal certificates.
Compared to traditional law studies
Since the business law course is a legal education tailored to the needs of business, the economically relevant areas of law are linked with content from economics and business administration and completed with many other additional qualifications. The aim is to enable graduates to work in all areas of business. Professions that have legal state examinations as a prerequisite for entry (e.g. legal preparatory service, judge, public prosecutor, lawyer) are not accessible to business lawyers in Germany.
In the business law course, the legal training relates to a narrow selection of economically relevant subjects. Basic legal subjects such as legal philosophy, legal history or legal sociology are often left out or at least only incidentally taught; Furthermore, in-depth knowledge of procedural law and criminal law is largely dispensed with, as this is not part of the core area of business law training. In contrast to a law degree, however, business law courses include a well-founded basic training in economics, which is regularly deepened in the main course through the choice of specializations.
The admission requirement is a certificate that entitles you to study at a university. That is the Abitur or a certificate of the advanced technical college entrance qualification. The course is restricted in admission, therefore places are mostly allocated over a certain average grade ( numerus clausus ). In North Rhine-Westphalia , places for universities of applied sciences are awarded by the University Admissions Foundation. Otherwise, the universities themselves decide on the award. A direct application to the university is usually necessary for a study place at a university. Often, a pre-study internship or completed vocational training is required before starting your studies. In Austria, admission procedures for courses in "Business Law" are possible because the number of places for this course at universities has been limited. Whether or not entrance exams are held at a university depends primarily on whether the number of applicants exceeds the number of places on offer. If this is the case, entrance exams are carried out. For the 2020/21 academic year, 870 places are planned at the Vienna University of Economics and Business for the course "Business Law" (Bachelor).
In the Federal Republic of Germany, the course in business law is now offered as face-to-face or distance learning at over 20 state and private universities, and since 1999 also at some universities.
In Austria, business law is offered at the following universities:
- Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt (in cooperation with the University of Vienna)
- Johannes Kepler University Linz
- University of Innsbruck
- University of Economy Vienna
- University of Vienna (in the form of a university course in "European and International Business Law", which leads to the academic degree Master of Laws - LL.M.)
- University of Salzburg (here still under the name "Law and Economics", this course can be completed both as a bachelor's degree [LL.B.oec.] And as a master's degree [LL.M.oec.])
Business law has been offered at the Vienna University of Economics and Business since the winter semester 2006 in the form of a bachelor's degree . The Business Law course will de facto be the successor to the Business and Law course , which is only offered on a transitional basis at the end of a course that has already started. The course ends with the award of the academic degree Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.).
A Master of Laws (LL.M.) can then be acquired in the master’s program . This authorizes - after fulfilling the other requirements, in particular the further prescribed examinations - to exercise core legal professions (e.g. judge, lawyer or notary).
The University of Klagenfurt has since WS 2019/2020 in cooperation with the University of Vienna , the Master Program in Business Law at. Its degree enables access to core legal professions. One concludes with the academic degree "Master of Laws". A prerequisite for attending the course is a relevant bachelor's degree in law or economics, such as the “Economics and Law” bachelor's degree at the University of Klagenfurt.
The University of Applied Sciences Burgenland offers Legal Management / Business Law as a specialization as part of the Master’s degree in International Business Relations . The four-semester course represents a strongly internationally oriented management education (focus on CEE), is organized part-time and leads to a Master of Arts in Business (MA).
In Switzerland, the course has been offered by the Zurich University of Applied Sciences (ZHAW) for several years .
- Ralf B. Abel: The Diplom-Wirtschaftsjurist (FH) - An alternative to conventional law studies, in: NJW 1998, pp. 3619–3622.
- Kirstin von Elm / Katharina Sekareva: Full steam instead of full lawyer, in: Junge Karriere No. 04/2008, pp. 92-102.
- Rainer Gildeggen / Barbara Lorinser / Barbara Tybusseck: The Bachelor of Business Law as a professional and strategic first academic degree, in: NJOZ 2011, 1353–1359.
- Dieter Krimphove: The business law graduate (FH) or the reform of legal training from below ?, in: ZRP 1996, p. 248ff.
- Sigrid Martin: Technical college training for business lawyers ?, in: ZRP 1993, p. 465ff.
- Thomas Schomerus: Business law at universities of applied sciences - the better legal training ?, in: Betrifft Justiz 2002, pp. 418–424.
- Thomas Schomerus / Ariunaa Zelder: Business law - an innovative course based on the Lüneburg model in Mongolia, in: WiRO 2007, pp. 178–182.
- General information on studying
- Overview of the courses offered in Germany
- Current CHE ranking
- Federal Association of Business Lawyers from Universities of Applied Sciences V.
- Business Law University Association
- Info website for the course
- “Vorsprung durch BWL” - article about the advantage of business law graduates compared to law graduates in azur 2/2006. (PDF file; 3.60 MB)
- ↑ cf. z. B. Job advertisements from March 2010 at the Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA) and the Federal Network Agency
- ↑ Press release: 20 years of commercial law at German universities of applied sciences: A model for success! ( Memento of December 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences , November 20, 2014, accessed on December 4, 2014.
- ↑ Business Law at the University - FH vrs. University
- ↑ http://www.wirtschaftsrecht-fh.de/documents/bachelorstandards.pdf
- ↑ Specialist for business law (IHK). Retrieved December 1, 2017 .
- ↑ Distance Academy Dr. Schmidt: Distance learning business law. Retrieved December 1, 2017 .
- ^ WU (Vienna University of Economics and Business). Retrieved July 3, 2020 .
- ↑ http://www.studienwahl.de/index.aspx?bykapid=78
- ↑ Master's degree in Business Law 09 ( Memento from February 13, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Master of Business Law. In: University of Klagenfurt. Accessed July 3, 2020 (German).
- ↑ Information website on the Burgenland University of Applied Sciences, Master's degree in International Business Relations with a specialization in Legal Management / Business Law