|Coordinates||41 ° 18 ′ N , 13 ° 59 ′ E|
|height||612 m slm|
|Residents||3,340 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||108 inhabitants / km²|
|Patron saint||Anthony of Padua|
Roccamonfina is an Italian commune ( comune ) with 3340 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in the province of Caserta in Campania . It is part of the Comunità Montana Monte Santa Croce . The municipality is located about 37.5 kilometers northwest of Caserta in the Parco Regional di Roccamonfina-Foce Garigliano on the plain of the eponymous, now extinct volcano.
The earliest settlement is difficult to date. The footprints of Homo heidelbergensis in petrified lava ( Ciampete del Diavolo ) found near the community bear witness to a very early settlement. The Ciampete del Diavolo (footprints of the devil) got their name from the fact that only the devil could have been able to walk through the lava without suffering. The imprints are believed to be 350,000 years old and come from beings that were barely 1.50 in height. The volcano was probably still active at this time.
The Aurunkers and Ausons settled here from the 5th or 4th century BC . A permanent place seems to have existed from the 3rd century AD. The current settlement is not older than the 10th century.
The Museo MAGMA (Museo Arti Geosito Monti Aurunci) is located in the Roccamonfina Congress Palace . It houses collections of contemporary art.
- ↑ Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- ↑ David Perlman, Stone Age human tracks found: Three people were rushing down side of a volcano near Naples , San Francisco Chronicle, March 13, 2003, accessed June 6, 2007.
- ↑ Museo Magma. (No longer available online.) Osservatorio Artistico, archived from the original on October 31, 2016 ; accessed on October 31, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.