|Coordinates||41 ° 15 ' N , 14 ° 4' E|
|height||196 m slm|
|Residents||11,952 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||135 inhabitants / km²|
|Patron saint||Paride di Teano and Reparata|
Teano is an Italian commune ( comune ) with 11,952 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in the province of Caserta in Campania . The municipality is located about 30 kilometers northwest of Caserta , about 40 kilometers southwest of Isernia and about 48 kilometers north-northwest of Naples .
As Teanum Sidicinum the place was already known in Roman times and the main town of the Sidicins . Coin finds indicate its importance. The ruins that still exist, including an amphitheater with around 10,000 seats. The decline of the Roman Empire also meant the decline of the local region. A Benedictine abbey was established in the 9th century. Frederick II incorporated the area around Sessa Aurunca and Teano into his empire. Later different families ruled the region. The cathedral and fortress of Teano are still of architectural importance today.
In 1710, King Charles of Spain and Naples granted the Field Marshal of the Spanish-Italian troops in Naples, Wirich Graf Daun , the principality of Teano, which had previously been confiscated from the Duchess of Medina-Sidonia . Daun put this fief on hold against a transfer fee, but the title of Prince von Teano , which was also awarded , remained in the Daun family and later passed on to the Pálffy von Erdőd family as their heirs, although it was also led by the Caetani family , which Teano took over in 1750.
In 1860 there was a "handshake from Teano". Giuseppe Garibaldi and Victor Emmanuel II shook hands, so that Victor Emmanuel II later became King of Italy.
The Via Appia was south of Teano, the Via Casilina (today: Strada Statale 6) east of the municipality. The Autostrada A1 runs through the municipality, but there is no junction, instead the Strada Statale 608 connects with the Via Appia (Strada Statale 7) and Caianello . Teanos station is on the Rome – Cassino – Naples line .
- Erchempert (dates unknown: 9th century), led the brotherhood from the monastery of Montecassino to Teano on the run from the Saracens
- Luigi Tansillo (1510–1568), poet who died in Teano
- Wirich Philipp von und zu Daun (1669–1741), Prince of Teano
- Leopold Joseph von Daun (1705–1766), Prince of Teano
- ↑ Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.