Polling (near Weilheim)
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Upper Bavaria|
|Height :||567 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||29.21 km 2|
|Residents:||3539 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||121 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||82398, 82380|
|Area code :||0881|
|License plate :||WM, SOG|
|Community key :||09 1 90 142|
|LOCODE :||DE PNG|
|Community structure:||8 parts of the community|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Martin Pape|
|Location of the municipality of Polling in the Weilheim-Schongau district|
- Polling ( parish village ) with Längenlaich ( hamlet ) and Roßlaich (hamlet, zip code 82380)
- Etting (parish village)
- Oderding ( Kirchdorf ) with Grasla (hamlet), Hungerwies ( wasteland ) and Kugelsbühl (hamlet)
Until the church is planted
The first traces of a settlement in the Polling area date from the 4th millennium BC. In the tuff quarries , clay pots and tools from this period repeatedly come to light. Parts of it are also on display in the Polling Local History Museum and in the State Archaeological Collection in Munich .
According to legend, Polling was founded around the year 750. Duke Tassilo III. von Bayern hunted a hind in the area. This suddenly stopped and pawed on the ground. Then three wooden crosses were found there. At this point, built Herzog Tassilo then the Benedictines - and later Augustinian canons pin Polling Abbey .
In the monastery church there is actually a wooden cross, which, according to research, dates from the 9th century at the earliest. According to Benediktbeurer sources, the monastery is said to have been founded by members of the Huosi , a local noble family. The first written evidence comes from the 11th century.
In the spring of 2016 there was a major flood in the place after heavy rainfall.
On May 1, 1978, the previously independent communities Oderding and Etting were incorporated in the course of the municipal area reform.
Between 1988 and 2018 the municipality grew from 2,734 to 3,461 by 727 inhabitants or by 26.6%. The following population figures were achieved in the municipality:
|1961||2061||Of these, 1416 were Polling, 390 Oderding and 255 Etting.|
|1970||2139||Of these, 1469 were Polling, 375 Oderding and 295 Etting.|
Mayor of the municipality of Polling has been Martin Pape (CSU) since May 1, 2020, who replaced Felicitas Betz (Polling community) in the local elections on March 15, 2020. Betz held the office of mayor from May 1, 2014 to April 30, 2020. Predecessors in office were Helmut Böhm and Dominikus Weiß (honorary citizen and former mayor) from 1990 to 2008 from 2008 to 2014.
The following distribution of seats in the 16-member municipal council currently applies:
|Party / list||2020 election||Election 2014||2008 election||Election 2002|
|Electoral community polling||5||7th||8th||3|
|Etting electoral community||2||3||2||2|
|Independent voter list Polling-Etting-Oderding||3||1||1||1|
Coat of arms and flag
After the Second World War , Polling had an oval coat of arms from 1945 to 1950, which showed a doe standing on a cross. On June 15, 1950, the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior gave the municipality the right to use the current coat of arms designed by the graphic artist Rudolf Mussgnug. The blazon reads: "A floating cross in red".
The local council decided on August 10, 1989 to adopt a flag. It shows two stripes in the color sequence red - yellow and should be carried with the coat of arms on top. The government of Upper Bavaria approved the adoption of the flag on May 8, 1990.
Culture and sights
- Former Polling Monastery
- Former Augustinian Canons' Church of the Holy Cross
- Since 1975: Concerts, organized by the Munich Concert Directorate Hörtnagel in the restored library hall in Pollingen
- A painted whale shoulder sheet is in the possession of the Pollinger Heimatmuseum .
- Polling is the fictional Pfeiffering, one of the settings in Thomas Mann's novel Doctor Faustus . The "Dr.-Faustus-Weg" designated in 2007 touches all of the locations mentioned in the novel.
Economy and Infrastructure
Economy including agriculture and forestry
In 1998 there were eight in agriculture and forestry, 230 in manufacturing and 53 in trade and transport at the place of work. In other economic sectors 169 people were employed at the place of work subject to social security contributions. There were 910 employees subject to social security contributions at the place of residence. There was one in the manufacturing sector and eleven in the construction sector. In addition, in 1999 there were 79 farms with an agriculturally used area of 1875 ha. Of this, 373 ha were arable land and 1502 ha were permanent green space.
The municipal tax revenue in 2012 amounted to the equivalent of € 2,668 thousand, of which € 693 thousand (net) was trade tax income.
In earlier times the rich deposits of Pollinger tufa were economically very important. Many buildings in Polling and the surrounding area were built with this tufa as building material. Today only one of the once numerous tuff quarries still exists.
The station was opened in May 1879 and has only been a depot since 1984 . Until the end of passenger traffic, it was still used by 100 to 150 passengers every day. It lies on the Munich – Garmisch-Partenkirchen railway line .
In 1999 the following institutions existed:
- Kindergartens: 160 kindergarten places with 149 children
- Elementary schools: one with nine teachers and 168 students
- Georg Hörtnagel (1927–2020), double bass player and concert agent
Other personalities associated with the place
- Carla Mann (1881–1910), actress and sister of the writers Heinrich and Thomas Mann; died and buried in Polling
- Max Biller: Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon. A guide through the past and present of Polling, Etting, Oderding. Two volumes, Polling parish 1992
- Hans-Michael Körner , Alois Schmid (ed.), Martin Ott : Handbook of historical sites . Volume 7: Bavaria I. Part 1: Old Bavaria and Swabia (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 324). Kröner, Stuttgart 2006, ISBN 3-520-32401-6 .
An extensive bibliographical index of literature on the community is in the Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon , under the entry "Literature" in half volume 2 on pp. 977-1009.
- Entry on the coat of arms of Polling (near Weilheim) in the database of the House of Bavarian History
References and comments
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Polling community in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on September 4, 2019.
- Max Biller: Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon. Polling 1992, half volume 2, p. 1049
- Walter Irlinger: The pre-Roman periods and the early Middle Ages. In: Georg Paula , Stefanie Berg-Hobohm : District of Weilheim-Schongau: Monuments in Bavaria. Karl M. Lipp Verlag, Munich 2003, half volume 1
- Max Biller: Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon. Polling 1992, half volume 2, p. 707
- This version of the founding of the monastery is described in: Max Biller: Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon. Polling 1992, half volume 2, pp. 659-661
- Municipality of Polling. In: Georg Paula, Stefanie Berg-Hobohm: District Weilheim-Schongau. Half volume 1 (Monuments in Bavaria, Volume I.23). Munich, 2003. ISBN 3-87490-585-3 , pp. 271-272
- Land under - Polling a year ago. In: Vis à Vis - the magazine for the Weilheim, Penzberg, Starnberg, Dießen, Murnau region , issue no. 12 from May / June 2017, pp. 28–29
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 595 f .
- Polling municipality. In the district of Weilheim-Schongau . Editor: District Office Weilheim-Schongau 2010, texts: Max Biller (district archivist), Helmut Schmidbauer (district home administrator), pp. 74–75
- Population . In: Max Biller: Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon . Polling 1992, half volume 1, pp. 339-340
- Municipal statistics from Polling , accessed on January 22, 2015
- Local council election Polling 2020. In: polling.de. Retrieved May 27, 2020 .
- Result of the 2014 local elections , accessed on March 18, 2014.
- Weilheimer Tagblatt of March 18, 2014, local section p. 8.
- Max Biller: Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon. Volume II. Municipality of Polling, Polling 1992, , p. 1154.
- Max Biller: Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon. Volume I. Polling municipality, Polling 1992, , p. 445.
- www.pro-bahn.de: Article on the closure of the train station with a reference to: Münchner Merkur from March 16, 1984, accessed on January 22, 2015