Polling (near Weilheim)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Polling
Polling (near Weilheim)
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of Polling highlighted

Coordinates: 47 ° 49 '  N , 11 ° 8'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Bavaria
County : Weilheim-Schongau
Height : 567 m above sea level NHN
Area : 29.21 km 2
Residents: 3539 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 121 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 82398, 82380
Area code : 0881
License plate : WM, SOG
Community key : 09 1 90 142
Community structure: 8 parts of the community
Address of the
municipal administration:
Kirchplatz 11
82398 Polling
Website : www.polling.de
Mayor : Martin Pape
Location of the municipality of Polling in the Weilheim-Schongau district
Ammersee Landkreis Ostallgäu Landkreis Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Landkreis Garmisch-Partenkirchen Landkreis Starnberg Landkreis Landsberg am Lech Wildsteig Wielenbach Wessobrunn Weilheim in Oberbayern Steingaden Sindelsdorf Seeshaupt Schwabsoien Schwabbruck Schongau Rottenbuch Raisting Prem Polling (bei Weilheim) Penzberg Peiting Peißenberg Pähl Obersöchering Oberhausen (bei Peißenberg) Ingenried Iffeldorf Huglfing Hohenpeißenberg Hohenfurch Habach Eglfing Eberfing Burggen Böbing Bernried am Starnberger See Bernbeuren Antdorf Altenstadt (Oberbayern)map
About this picture
Polling monastery from the south
Polling around 1900
Polling near Weilheim from the west
Polling from the northeast

Polling is a municipality in the Weilheim-Schongau district in Upper Bavaria .


Polling is in the Oberland region . The Ammer flows through the municipality in a south-north direction , the Tiefenbach , a tributary of the Ammer, flows through the town of Polling.

Community structure

The municipality consists of three districts , which correspond to the former municipalities, and has eight officially named municipality parts (the type of settlement is indicated in brackets ):


Until the church is planted

The first traces of a settlement in the Polling area date from the 4th millennium BC. In the tuff quarries , clay pots and tools from this period repeatedly come to light. Parts of it are also on display in the Polling Local History Museum and in the State Archaeological Collection in Munich .

According to legend, Polling was founded around the year 750. Duke Tassilo III. von Bayern hunted a hind in the area. This suddenly stopped and pawed on the ground. Then three wooden crosses were found there. At this point, built Herzog Tassilo then the Benedictines - and later Augustinian canons pin Polling Abbey .

In the monastery church there is actually a wooden cross, which, according to research, dates from the 9th century at the earliest. According to Benediktbeurer sources, the monastery is said to have been founded by members of the Huosi , a local noble family. The first written evidence comes from the 11th century.

The place itself was part of the Electorate of Bavaria and formed a closed Hofmark , whose seat was Polling Monastery until 1803. Together with the monastery, the Hofmark was abolished in 1803 .

With the community edict of 1818 , the community of Polling, which belonged to the Weilheim district court , was established.

In the spring of 2016 there was a major flood in the place after heavy rainfall.


On May 1, 1978, the previously independent communities Oderding and Etting were incorporated in the course of the municipal area reform.

Population development

Between 1988 and 2018 the municipality grew from 2,734 to 3,461 by 727 inhabitants or by 26.6%. The following population figures were achieved in the municipality:

year Residents
1840 1012
1900 1389
1939 1462
1950 2431
1961 2061 Of these, 1416 were Polling, 390 Oderding and 255 Etting.
1970 2139 Of these, 1469 were Polling, 375 Oderding and 295 Etting.
1987 2629
1991 2889
1995 3023
2000 3160
2005 3247
2010 3252
2015 3307



Mayor of the municipality of Polling has been Martin Pape (CSU) since May 1, 2020, who replaced Felicitas Betz (Polling community) in the local elections on March 15, 2020. Betz held the office of mayor from May 1, 2014 to April 30, 2020. Predecessors in office were Helmut Böhm and Dominikus Weiß (honorary citizen and former mayor) from 1990 to 2008 from 2008 to 2014.

Municipal council

The following distribution of seats in the 16-member municipal council currently applies:

Distribution of seats in the municipal council
Party / list 2020 election Election 2014 2008 election Election 2002
Seats Seats Seats Seats
CSU 4th 4th 4th 7th
Electoral community polling 5 7th 8th 3
Etting electoral community 2 3 2 2
SPD - - - 2
Independent voter list Polling-Etting-Oderding 3 1 1 1
Wahlgemeinschaft Oderding 2 1 1 1
Total seats 16 16 16 16

Coat of arms and flag

After the Second World War , Polling had an oval coat of arms from 1945 to 1950, which showed a doe standing on a cross. On June 15, 1950, the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior gave the municipality the right to use the current coat of arms designed by the graphic artist Rudolf Mussgnug. The blazon reads: "A floating cross in red".

The local council decided on August 10, 1989 to adopt a flag. It shows two stripes in the color sequence red - yellow and should be carried with the coat of arms on top. The government of Upper Bavaria approved the adoption of the flag on May 8, 1990.

Culture and sights

See also: List of architectural monuments in Polling (near Weilheim) and List of ground monuments in Polling (near Weilheim)

Economy and Infrastructure

Economy including agriculture and forestry

In 1998 there were eight in agriculture and forestry, 230 in manufacturing and 53 in trade and transport at the place of work. In other economic sectors 169 people were employed at the place of work subject to social security contributions. There were 910 employees subject to social security contributions at the place of residence. There was one in the manufacturing sector and eleven in the construction sector. In addition, in 1999 there were 79 farms with an agriculturally used area of ​​1875 ha. Of this, 373 ha were arable land and 1502 ha were permanent green space.

The municipal tax revenue in 2012 amounted to the equivalent of € 2,668 thousand, of which € 693 thousand (net) was trade tax income.

In earlier times the rich deposits of Pollinger tufa were economically very important. Many buildings in Polling and the surrounding area were built with this tufa as building material. Today only one of the once numerous tuff quarries still exists.


The station was opened in May 1879 and has only been a depot since 1984 . Until the end of passenger traffic, it was still used by 100 to 150 passengers every day. It lies on the Munich – Garmisch-Partenkirchen railway line .


In 1999 the following institutions existed:

  • Kindergartens: 160 kindergarten places with 149 children
  • Elementary schools: one with nine teachers and 168 students


Honorary citizen

Other personalities associated with the place

  • Carla Mann (1881–1910), actress and sister of the writers Heinrich and Thomas Mann; died and buried in Polling


An extensive bibliographical index of literature on the community is in the Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon , under the entry "Literature" in half volume 2 on pp. 977-1009.

Web links

Commons : Polling  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

References and comments

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Polling community in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on September 4, 2019.
  3. ^ Max Biller: Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon. Polling 1992, half volume 2, p. 1049
  4. Walter Irlinger: The pre-Roman periods and the early Middle Ages. In: Georg Paula , Stefanie Berg-Hobohm : District of Weilheim-Schongau: Monuments in Bavaria. Karl M. Lipp Verlag, Munich 2003, half volume 1
  5. ^ A b Max Biller: Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon. Polling 1992, half volume 2, p. 707
  6. This version of the founding of the monastery is described in: Max Biller: Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon. Polling 1992, half volume 2, pp. 659-661
  7. a b Municipality of Polling. In: Georg Paula, Stefanie Berg-Hobohm: District Weilheim-Schongau. Half volume 1 (Monuments in Bavaria, Volume I.23). Munich, 2003. ISBN 3-87490-585-3 , pp. 271-272
  8. ^ Land under - Polling a year ago. In: Vis à Vis - the magazine for the Weilheim, Penzberg, Starnberg, Dießen, Murnau region , issue no. 12 from May / June 2017, pp. 28–29
  9. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 595 f .
  10. ^ Polling municipality. In the district of Weilheim-Schongau . Editor: District Office Weilheim-Schongau 2010, texts: Max Biller (district archivist), Helmut Schmidbauer (district home administrator), pp. 74–75
  11. Population . In: Max Biller: Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon . Polling 1992, half volume 1, pp. 339-340
  12. a b Municipal statistics from Polling , accessed on January 22, 2015
  13. Local council election Polling 2020. In: polling.de. Retrieved May 27, 2020 .
  14. ^ Result of the 2014 local elections , accessed on March 18, 2014.
  15. Weilheimer Tagblatt of March 18, 2014, local section p. 8.
  16. ^ Max Biller: Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon. Volume II. Municipality of Polling, Polling 1992, DNB 930261585 , p. 1154.
  17. ^ Max Biller: Pollinger Heimat-Lexikon. Volume I. Polling municipality, Polling 1992, DNB 930261577 , p. 445.
  18. a b www.pro-bahn.de: Article on the closure of the train station with a reference to: Münchner Merkur from March 16, 1984, accessed on January 22, 2015