Weilheim in Upper Bavaria
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Upper Bavaria|
|Height :||563 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||55.49 km 2|
|Residents:||22,571 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||407 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||82362|
|Area code :||0881|
|License plate :||WM, SOG|
|Community key :||09 1 90 157|
|LOCODE :||DE WHOM|
|City structure:||16 parts of the community|
City administration address :
82362 Weilheim i.OB
|Mayor :||Markus Loth ( citizen for Weilheim )|
|Location of the city of Weilheim in Upper Bavaria in the Weilheim-Schongau district|
Weilheim in Oberbayern (officially: Weilheim i.OB ) is the district town of the Upper Bavarian district of Weilheim-Schongau . Weilheim is one of the most important places in the Pfaffenwinkel in the Bavarian Oberland and has been a regional center since March 1, 2018.
Geography and geomorphology
Weilheim is embedded in the landscape of the Bavarian Alpine foothills between Munich in the north and Garmisch-Partenkirchen in the south. The Ammer , a left tributary of the Isar, flows through the city .
Weilheim is located in a basin that was excavated from the underground by the repeated advances of the Isar-Loisach glacier in the last 2.6 million years ( Quaternary ) and is also responsible for the formation of the Ammersee , which was once significantly larger and in the South to Weilheim.
In particular, the advance of the glaciers in the Würm glacial period , which began 115,000 years ago and ended around 15,000 years ago, has strongly shaped today's landscape of the region and of the entire northern Alpine foothills . For example, the “Gögerl” south of Weilheim was created when the glacier retreated around 18,000 years ago at the heights of Weilheim and deposited rubble and rocks on its sides for several hundred years ( lateral moraine ).
The Weilheimer Moos, in turn, was created (like the Murnauer Moos ) by the sand and clay particles that were brought into the excavated, water-filled basin by the original bunting after the glacier had melted. While the Ammersee silted up more and more as a result of this entry, the lake clays still prevent the water near the surface from seeping away and thus create the basis for the Weilheimer Moos moorland .
Until the 18th century
The oldest traces of human settlement date from the Bronze Age , grave finds date from the Late Roman Age. The name Weilheim is interpreted as a home with the Roman villas (country estates). But there are several other theories for the origin of the place name. The current Upper Bavarian area came into Roman hands under the general Drusus . The Romans built the " Via Raetia " in 200 AD , which led over the Brenner Pass to Augsburg . This Roman road ran over the Weilheim area. Around 476, the Romans retreated south and the Bavarians came to the area.
The first documentary mention of the village "Wilhain" at that time comes from a document dated April 16, 1010 by King and later Emperor Heinrich II of Bamberg , who in 1010 grants Polling monastery ownership of an estate in Weilheim. From around 1080 nobles in Weilheim can be traced; they were feudal men of the Andechs-Meranians and died out around 1312. From 1236 there was a palisade fence as a forerunner of the city wall . Around 1328, the Munich patrician Ludwig Pütrich the Elder enabled the establishment of the Heilig-Geist- Spital outside the city walls through foundations . A city award was named after him. In the Middle Ages, Weilheim was hit by several severe fires. When a plague epidemic broke out in Munich in 1521 , the Bavarian dukes Wilhelm IV and Ludwig temporarily resided in Weilheim. From the end of the 16th century, handicrafts were in bloom in Weilheim, especially the Weilheim sculpture school (which existed until the 18th century). Well-known representatives from this period are Georg Petel , Hans Krumpper , Hans Degler , Bartholomäus Steinle , Christof Angermair and Johann Sebastian Degler . In 1611 a Trifthof on the Ammer was set up for the Holztrift , where tree trunks were connected to make rafts so that they could be brought further into the Amper by water . In 1639 the Franciscan monastery of St. Joseph was moved to the Schmiedtor due to a shortage of priests.
19th and 20th centuries
As part of the secularization in 1802, the Franciscan monastery in Weilheim was closed. In a serious fire disaster in the Upper City on May 3, 1810, 120 houses burned after a lightning strike and two people were killed. The former Franciscan monastery burned down in 1825, after which a joint building for the Heilig-Geist-Spital and a hospital was built on today's Münchner Straße. On October 1, 1869, the first local daily newspaper, the " Weilheimer Tagblatt ", appeared. Between 1872 and 1874 three city gates were demolished, first the Upper Gate in 1872, the Schmied Gate in 1873 and finally the Pöltner Gate in 1874. An air raid in World War II on April 19, 1945 killed 24 people and destroyed the station .
With around 10,750 inhabitants, just over half of the population was Roman Catholic in the 2011 census . There were around 3,850 Protestant residents and around 6,530 people who were non-denominational or who belonged to another religious community.
The city belongs to the diocese of Augsburg in the diocesan region of Weilheim-Oberland, dean's office Weilheim-Schongau . The city parish churches are Mariä Himmelfahrt and Sankt Pölten for the southern city area. There is also the Heilig-Geist-Spital-Kirche and other smaller churches. In the district of Deutenhausen there is the branch church of St. John the Baptist , in Marnbach the parish church of St. Michael and in Unterhausen the parish church of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary. All five Catholic parishes are connected as a parish community in Weilheim.
The Evangelical Lutheran Church is represented by the parish Apostle Church and the Weilheim deanery. It stretches from Lake Starnberg to the Zugspitze . The Apostle Church is known in the region for the new organ . In 2016, three new bells - named after the apostles Paul , Peter and John - were inaugurated.
The Free Evangelical Community of Weilheim has existed since 1993 and is part of the Federation of Free Evangelical Congregations in Germany .
Between 1988 and 2018 the city grew from 17,602 to 22,477 by 4,875 inhabitants or by 27.7%.
|Party / list||2020 election||Election 2014||2008 election||Election 2002|
(citizens of Weilheim)
|Free voters / FW Weilheim||6.3||2||12.40||4th||-||-||-||-|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||19.9||6th||11.20||3||8.3||2||5.7||2|
|UWV / BP||-||-||-||-||3.2||1||3.6||1|
The first mayor has been Markus Loth (B. f. W. - citizen of Weilheim) since 2002 , the second mayor is Angelika Flock (CSU), the third mayor is Alfred Honisch (Bündnis90 / Die GRÜNEN)
coat of arms
An open city gate with three towers can be seen on the coat of arms of the city of Weilheim. It was given to the city around 1320 by Emperor Ludwig the Bavarian . From the time before, a coat of arms on the north side of the town hall shows a quarter moon with three stars.
Because home has with the French city of Narbonne , a city partnership . This originated from an incident in 1965 when French scouts from Narbonne camped near Weilheim and were surprised by the flood . Citizens of Weilheim helped and this resulted in friendly contacts in the French city, which were consolidated with the signing of a partnership document in 1971 in Narbonne and 1974 in Weilheim. This partnership has been celebrated on the initiative and organization of the Weilheim trade association since 1988 with the "French Week" on the first weekend of July of the year on Weilheim's Marienplatz. The “Bavarian Week” takes place every two years in the twin town of Narbonne. The respective festivals are accompanied by corresponding high-ranking delegations from the respective twin city.
Furthermore, the city of Weilheim has long had a partnership with a minehunter of the German Navy ( Frankenthal class 332 ), which was baptized with the name "Weilheim". The predecessor boat of the same name, christened on February 4, 1958 and now decommissioned, can be viewed in the Naval Museum in Wilhelmshaven . The proposal for a ship sponsorship came about at the suggestion of the then Defense Minister Franz Josef Strauss and was very well received by the city of Weilheim. One of the two anchors of this ship is located near the old city wall and can be viewed there.
Economy and Infrastructure
Weilheim has a low unemployment rate due to the fact that several medium-sized companies have headquarters. These include Bremicker Verkehrstechnik , a major manufacturer of traffic signs . The WTW Wissenschaftlich-Technische Werkstätten GmbH is also located here . The company was founded in 1945 by Karl E. Slevogt and is now a global manufacturer of products for water analysis. The Zarges company was founded in Stuttgart in 1933 as the first light metal construction company in Europe and moved to Weilheim before the war began. K & L Ruppert is a major textile trading company in southern Germany. In the southwest is the Trifthof commercial and industrial area with numerous shops and wholesalers. The Kreisboten-Verlag Mühlfellner is based in Weilheim. To the north there are industrial settlements in the Öferl and Paradeis industrial areas.
The Dachsbräu , which has existed since 1879, is the last Weilheim brewery. The Weilheim satellite ground station of the German Aerospace Center is located in Lichtenau, 3.5 km southwest of the Raisting earth station .
The station Weilheim (Oberbay) forms a railway junction with five platforms. It is located on the electrified railway line from Munich via Garmisch-Partenkirchen to Mittenwald and Innsbruck . Weilheim is also the starting point for a Pfaffenwinkel train designated route over Peißenberg to Schongau and the Ammersee Railway via Geltendorf by Mering and Augsburg . Regular operation is carried out every hour. The station was put into operation on February 1, 1866.
The federal highway 2 leads via Starnberg to Munich. It goes south via Murnau to Garmisch-Partenkirchen. It is also called Olympiastraße because it was completed in two lanes on the occasion of the 1936 Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen. The federal highway 472 leads only a few kilometers south of the city from Schongau towards Bad Tölz . The next motorway junction is Seeshaupt on the A 95 , about 20 kilometers to the east.
As a railway junction, Weilheim has numerous schools: There are two primary schools (Ammerschule and Hardtschule) in the city, a middle school (Wilhelm-Conrad-Röntgen-Hauptschule), a business school (Oberbayern business school), a secondary school as well as a grammar school and a vocational school. The second educational path is represented by a technical college and vocational college. Weilheim also has an agricultural school, a special needs school, an adult education center and the vocational training and technology center of the Munich Chamber of Crafts.
The state and municipal institutions and offices of Weilheim are the city museum, town hall, district youth council, district office, adult education center , library, music school, city theater , office for food, agriculture and forestry , state building office, water management office , police inspection , district court , tax office , surveying office , employment office with BIZ (Career information center) and a chamber of the Munich Labor Court . The prison was dissolved in the 1980s and converted into the music school.
Sports life in Weilheim is predominantly contested by the clubs, including TSV 1847 Weilheim with a good 4300 members and its long history steeped in tradition in a leading position. In over 20 departments you can practice a wide variety of sports , from leisure to competitive sports . The club's soccer team plays in the district class . There are also smaller clubs such as POST SV Weilheim, ESV Weilheim, Svl Weilheim and the sports clubs in the individual districts. The Weilheim chess club was promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga in 2017 . The Alpine Club and Friends of Nature also offer opportunities for sporting activities. The largest climbing hall in the Bavarian Oberland with approx. 800 m² climbing area is located in the district town. In Weilheim there is a tennis club and three commercial providers of tennis , squash and badminton . Several dance and ballet studios such as the Klangfabrik, Taumtanz, Suse Ryck and Christine Reiner also fall into the commercial sector . There are also many playgrounds and football fields throughout the city. There is also a small football stadium, a place for pétanque and a BMX track. A natural open-air swimming pool on Lake Dietlhofer and an indoor swimming pool in Jahnstraße invite you to swim , numerous hiking and cycling trails as well as inline skating tours round off the wide range.
Culture and sights
The area in and around Weilheim is the birthplace of many bands on the indie scene . Examples are The Notwist , 13 & God , Tied & Tickled Trio , Console , Technical Yawn and Lali Puna . The internationally renowned jazz musician Johannes Enders also comes from Weilheim. The political-satirical cabaret "Zeit-Lupe", which appears throughout Germany and was founded by Harald Gandt in 1998, is based in Weilheim. The old Weilheim prison was converted and expanded as a music school.
The composing contemporary of Mozart, Anton Koppaur (1745–1804), a Weilheimer whose main job was city clerk, was a classic. The Weilheim Chamber Orchestra has been performing classical music for over 40 years with a spring and autumn concert. The Weilheim Chamber Orchestra won the 1998 and 2010 Culture Prize (for its participation in the “Weilheim Passion”). Since 2017, the Weilheim Chamber Orchestra has also regularly organized so-called children's concerts for primary school students. In 2019 over 1400 children took part in 4 performances.
In May 2012, Weilheim was the venue for the 11th Bavarian State Music Festival.
The city wall and the moat, which is now accessible as a park, have been preserved in parts. With the exception of the bombing of the station, there was no war damage. The city museum , also called the Museum of the Pfaffenwinkel , is located in the old town hall on Marienplatz. The museum has existed since 1882 and the move to the current building took place in 1966. The main items on display are sculptures, furniture and handicrafts, paintings, exhibits from the prehistory and early history of the region and customs. An annual crib and two originally furnished rural bedrooms are also on display. There are exhibitions with changing artists in the foyer of the museum.
One of the gems of the city is the parish church of the Assumption of Mary by Hans Krumpper , built in the Mannerist style in the transition from the Renaissance to the Baroque , with stucco from the Wessobrunn School and frescoes by Elias Greither the Elder, which are considered incunable of Baroque ceiling paintings in southern Germany. The church houses Germany's largest baroque monstrance, the Wurzel-Jesse monstrance by Joseph Anton Kipfinger . At Marienplatz, the central point of the city, there is a statue of Mary on the Marian column, which was erected by I. Degler. There is also the cemetery church of St. Salvator and Sebastian with frescoes from 1441. The Holy Trinity Hospital Church with the citizens' home was built in the classicist style in 1826/27 according to plans by the architect Leonhard Schmidtner .
The Weilheimer Tagblatt building is an important total work of art by the BMW works architect Eduard Herbert, who was a partner in the office of Prof. OOKurz & Herbert from Munich. With the pictures and decorations of the important Werdenfels Freken painter Heinrich Bickel and the wall paintings of the Mindelheim painter Max Beringer in the newspaper sales hall, it was redesigned under the formative influence of the Weilheim city architect Moritz Glück into a central building on the former Schmiedtor. The building, which is acutely threatened by demolition, is a nationally significant example of the Munich architecture school between tradition and the new objectivity of early modernism. A well-founded application for a monument by BauKulturfreunde Weilheim was rejected by the general curator Mathias Pfeil in 2015.
Hirschberg am Haarsee Castle , in the Weilheim district of the same name, was completed in 1909 in Art Nouveau Baroque style. After changing uses, including as a guest house for the Reich Foreign Ministry during World War II and then for agencies of the Federal Republic of Germany, the castle is privately owned.
Important events are the "French Week" organized annually by the Weilheim trade association since 1988 on the first weekend in July, the Weilheim folk festival from Ascension Day to Whit Monday , organized by the Vita e Cultura Italiana Weilheim e. V. has been staging the "Italian Week" and the Oberland exhibition every two years on the first weekend in September since 2007 at the beginning of October. On the last weekend in September, the largest electric car rally, eRUDA, will take place on Marienplatz. There are also five large markets spread over the year. These are the Gallimarkt (second Sunday in October), the Andreasmarkt (last Sunday in November), the Christmas market (in the first week of Advent), the Palm Market (on the Sunday before Palm Sunday) and the Johannimarkt (last Sunday in June).
In the past, Weilheim owned the Bräuwastl, a brewery of national importance. In addition, beer was produced at Oberbräu in the Upper City . Nowadays, the Dachsbräu was the only brewery to establish itself . Its top-fermented wheat beer in particular is known far beyond the country's borders.
According to municipal regulation, the city Weilheim can be a particularly outstanding personalities of Public Service Medal , the Golden Ring of Honor of the city or the honorary citizenship lend. The prerequisite for the award of the citizen medal is a meritorious work for the good or reputation of the city and the citizens. The city awards the Golden Ring of Honor for special achievements in the fields of art and science, business, social affairs or public life, if they have increased the city's well-being or reputation. In addition, a culture prize, a literature prize from the grammar school, a Ludwig Pütrich prize for generous donations to the city, a social prize and an environmental prize are awarded here.
The city's greatest award is honorary citizenship, which is bestowed for extraordinary services to the city and its citizens as well as for outstanding achievements in the fields of art and science, the economy, social affairs or public life. The city also ensures that there are never more than 25 of the honored personalities at the same time.
in the year
|Carl August Bohaimb||1882||City pastor, Weilheim chronicler|
|Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen||1909||Discoverer of the rays named after him. He bequeathed his fortune to the city and had a hunting lodge here on Krottenkopfstrasse. 5 adjacent to his hunting area "Am Gögerl"|
|Franz Ritter von Hipper||1916||Born in Weilheim, the last commander of the High Seas Fleet of the Imperial Navy in the First World War . A street in the city center is named after him.|
|Eusebius Weber||1921||Former Mayor|
|Johann Miller||1929||Fire chief|
|Johann Rid||1946||He lived from 1876 to 1966, was a teacher, city archivist and Weilheim chronicler|
|Johann Bauer||1988||Former mayor, in office from 1958 to 1988|
|Klaus Rawe||2002||Former Mayor|
sons and daughters of the town
- Konrad V. Ayrenschmalz (around 1425 - 1492), abbot of the Benedictine monastery at Tegernsee
- Hans Krumpper (around 1570–1634) sculptor, plasterer
- Georg Petel (1601 / 02–1634), sculptor
- Leonhard Schmidtner (1800–1873), architect
- Franz von Hipper , since 1916 Ritter von Hipper (1863–1932), naval officer, most recently admiral in the Imperial Navy during World War I.
- Philipp Kremer (1886–1965), engineer and university professor
- Wilhelm Eduard Schmid (1893–1934), music critic and poet and victim of the so-called Röhm putsch
- Max Gossner (1894–1973) fighter pilot in the First World War, officer in the Second World War, Ministerialrat in the Federal Republic of Germany
- Joseph Panholzer (1895–1973), politician ( Bavarian Party , BSP ), Bavarian State Secretary, Member of the State Parliament , party chairman of the Bavarian Party and BSP
- Wilhelm Emanuel Süskind (1901–1970), author and journalist
- Erica Schwarz (1905–1983), writer
- Helmut Knözinger (1935–2014), physical chemist and university professor
- Robert Maximilian Helmschrott (* 1938), composer
- Herbert Mayr (* 1947), chemist and university professor
- Karl Flock (* 1953), Everest climber
- Helmut Hornung (* 1959), author (German Youth Literature Prize), chairman of the community college in Weilheim
- Ulrich Huttner (* 1965), ancient historian
- Markus Acher (* 1967), singer, guitarist and composer
- Johannes Enders (* 1967), jazz saxophonist
- Richard Oehmann (* 1967), author, musician and puppeteer
- Martin Gretschmann , musician
- Markus Loth (* 1968), politician, mayor of Weilheim
- Micha Acher (* 1971), musician
- Katja Huber (* 1971), writer
- Bernhard Bayer (* 1979), chess player
- Andreas Görlitz (* 1982), national soccer player and musician
- Sebastian Betz (* 1985), basketball player
- Fanny Chmelar (* 1985), ski racer
- Caja Schöpf (* 1985), freestyle skier
- Felix von Bredow (* 1986), actor
- Julian Pajzs (* 1987), jazz musician and film composer
- Maximilian Nagl (* 1987), motocross athlete
- Thomas Müller (* 1989), national soccer player
- Dominik Bittner (* 1992), ice hockey player
- Simon Mayr (* 1995), ice hockey player
Other personalities associated with the city
- Johannes Aelbl (1552–1621 (?)), Theologian
- Hans Degler (1564–1635), sculptor
- Edmund Kammel (1846–1914), pharmacist and tour book author for cyclists
- Alfred Kremer (1895–1965), painter
- Hans Karl von Mangoldt-Reiboldt (1896–1971), lawyer, banker and manager, German ambassador to the OEEC in Paris, lived with his wife Ursula von Mangoldt-Reiboldt on his estate in Weilheim.
- Friedrich Denk (* 1942), writer and critic of the spelling reform, was a high school teacher in Weilheim
- Michael Holm (* 1943), musician and singer, lives and works in Weilheim
- Walter Grasskamp (* 1950), author and professor of art history, lives in Weilheim
- Mario Thaler , music producer and recording studio operator
- Hans Appel (1950–2012), parish priest in Weilheim 1989–2008, renovator of the parish church and initiator of the bells of Weilheim (2004)
- Iris Hundertmark (* 1974), owner of a pharmacy in Weilheim
- Christian Lübbers (* 1977), ENT doctor with practice in Weilheim
Weilheim is the birthplace of remote dialing technology . On May 16, 1923, the first network group with self-dialing remote service was set up here, thus taking the first step towards a cross-local telephone network without human switching services.
In Weilheim there was one of the first non-monastic pharmacies in Bavaria, which was opened in 1561; in its place is the city pharmacy today. In addition, the apple variety Roter Weilheimer was named after the city, it is a cross between the two varieties Roter Berlepsch and Roter Eiser .
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- Cf. Joachim Heberlein: Weilheim as a cosmopolitan city of telecommunications. In: Weilheimer Tagblatt, weekend edition from 17./18. May 2008, Local, p. 9.
- Roter Weilheimer . In: berleis.de . Retrieved March 22, 2018.