St. John the Baptist (Deutenhausen)
The Roman Catholic branch church of St. John the Baptist (also St. Johannes Baptist or St. Johann ) is located in the Deutenhausen district of the district town of Weilheim in Upper Bavaria . The listed church belongs as part of the parish of St. Michael Marnbach in the parish community Weilheim to the dean's office Weilheim-Schongau in the diocese of Augsburg . The address is Von-Tuto-Straße 2 .
The essentially Romanesque church was built around 1083. Probably shortly before 1500 the church was rebuilt and painted with frescoes , which were later painted over. In 1938 a small part of it was exposed again. The brick Gothic vault has been preserved in the choir . It was covered with baroque stucco in 1709 . Probably during the renovation work in 1668, the windows were designed in baroque form. A renovation took place around 1695 . Originally the nave had a flat ceiling until 1709, in the course of the Baroque era, a wooden basket arch barrel vault was drawn in and immediately decorated with stucco and the central ceiling fresco. The stucco was probably created by Benedikt Perghofer from Pollingen . In 1747 the church was rededicated . At the same time, the high altar was given its late baroque shape.
In 1788 the tower was raised and given an onion dome. At the turn of the century, the side altars were redesigned in 1800, followed by the pulpit in 1802 . In 1815/1816 the organ was built on the new gallery . Renovations took place in 1798, 1838, 1861 (outside), 1877 (inside), 1938, 1989–1992 and 2010.
In the 18th / 19th In the 19th century, St. John the Baptist with his image of Mary in the high altar was a place of pilgrimage.
Description and equipment
The onion dome is connected to the north of the east facing church with a retracted choir closing on three sides . Its octagonal upper floor is structured by pilasters and curved cornices . The onion hood was covered with wooden shingles until 1855, since then it has been clad with sheet metal. The sacristy is located to the south opposite . The facade is structured in yellow and white. A sign has been added to the west .
The unsigned polychrome nave ceiling fresco (around 1709) shows the Queen of Heaven , flanked by John the Baptist and John the Evangelist . Before the Blessed Mother, the sick and the infirm plead for intercession. The 170 × 170 cm painting was renovated in 1938, changed by repainting in 1965 and largely restored to its original state in 2010.
The baroque high altar is located above the Gothic altar hall made of tuff stone . In the center it shows a Madonna and Child, which was probably made around 1525 in the workshop of Hans Leinberger . Volker Liedke attributed it to Leinberger himself, Georg Lill classified it as a work by the "Master of Deutenhausen". Until the 20th century, the figure was dressed in the respective liturgical color . It was restored in 1929 by the Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation and in 1991/1992 . The silver crowns on the head of Mary and the baby Jesus were added in the baroque era. As in the nave ceiling painting, Maria is flanked by the two Johannes in the high altar. These - like the rest of the altar structure - are certainly attributed to the Weilheim sculptor Franz Xaver Schmädl and date from before 1747. The altar is also decorated with twelve angel figures, silver work of the Annunciation and four baroque reliquary tablets restored in 2009
The early classical altarpiece of the two side altars created Lukas Troger in 1800. The altarpieces painted Sebastian Jaud at the same time. The altars are decorated with figures from the older church furnishings.
The right side altar is dedicated to St. Consecrated to Sebastian . This is shown in the central painting. The extract shows St. Willibald . The figures below are baroque representations of St. Peter and Paul and above late Gothic portraits of St. Elisabeth and two other saints (possibly Johannes and Maria).
The left side altar is dedicated to the Holy Trinity , which is shown in the main painting. In the extract is St. Leonhard can be seen, figuratively depicted are St. Barbara and other saints. At the highest point there is a figure of Christ.
In 1816 the church received an organ from the secularized Polling Monastery , which was built in 1770 by the Eberfinger organ builder Jakob Lindner. After various repairs in the 19th century, u. a. by Max Maerz and Joseph Pröbstl , the instrument was renewed in 1911 by Munich's Alfred Schönle using old registers, including those from other organs. The disposition was:
- Coupling : M / P, super octave coupling
This instrument was in use until 2004, when a new organ with mechanical slider technology and seven stops on a manual and pedal was built into the historic case by Stefan Heiss from Weißenhorn . The Salizional register was partly created using the register from 1911. The current disposition is:
- Pairing : M / P
The pulpit was put together in 1802 using older parts. Next to the pulpit is a classicist framed picture that commemorates the indulgences granted to pilgrims according to a decree by Pope Benedict XIV from 1751.
The choir screen and the front of the gallery consist of balusters that come from the Polling monastery library and came to Deutenhausen after the secularization . The same baluster served the Eglinger Hans Pfister 2007/2008 as the basis for the creation of the new Ambos and Easter candlestick .
The Way of the Cross by the Trostberg painter Bauer was acquired in 1862. There are also several votive tablets from the 18th and 19th centuries in the church . The pews of oak has been made in the first half of the 18th century.
In the sign is a figure of "Christ with the wound on the shoulder" created in the middle of the 18th century and a "Savior resting" (around 1510), possibly by Thomas Krumper.
- Klaus Gast: St. Johann d. Baptist in Deutenhausen. Little church leader through an old church in Pfaffenwinkel in Upper Bavaria. Self-published, Deutenhausen 1997.
- Klaus Gast: On the organ history of Deutenhausen and Marnbach. Self-published, Deutenhausen 2004 (= building blocks for the history of Marnbach and Deutenhausen ).
- Joachim Heberlein, Erwin Reiter: Filial church St. Johannes Baptist in Deutenhausen. In: The churches and chapels in the parish community Weilheim i. IF. Kunstverlag Fink, Lindenberg im Allgäu 2013, ISBN 978-3-89870-850-0 , pp. 56–60.
- List of monuments for Weilheim in Upper Bavaria (PDF) at the Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation. P. 16, accessed on October 3, 2018 (PDF; 1.34 MB).
- Weilheim chapels in focus. In: augsburger-allgemeine.de. August 30, 2007, accessed October 3, 2018 .
- Klaus Gast: Saint John the Baptist in Deutenhausen - church chronicle. In: pfarrei-weilheim.de. 2010, accessed October 3, 2018 .
- Michael Bernhard (Ed.): Organ database Bavaria online. Records 5158-5169. 2009. Retrieved March 2, 2020.