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Meeting of Mary and Elizabeth ( Visitation of the Virgin Mary ), painting by Domenico Ghirlandaio

Elisabeth or Elisabeth is the mother of John the Baptist in the New Testament . She is venerated as a saint in some Christian denominations .


The Greek personal name Ἐλισάβετ "Elisabet" comes from Hebrew . The Septuagint gives with Ελισαβεθ Elisabet the name occurring only in Ex 6,23  EU אֱלִישֶׁבַע 'älîšæva' , German 'Elischeba ' again. Elischeba is a nominal sentence name, consisting of subject and predicate. Subject and at the same time theophoric element is אֱל 'äl "God", predicate is the noun שֶׁבַע šæva' "Abundance". Hebrew, as found in personal names, preserves an older language level than Bible Hebrew. This is expressed in the fact that the -î- which is attached to the first noun is probably not an ending of the 1st person singular (“my God”), but a functionless connecting vowel and possibly a remnant of an old one Case ending. The name therefore means "God is abundance". Compare the personal names can Bathsheba (בַּת-שֶׁבַע asked saeva ' "daughter of fullness") and Jehosheba (יְהֹושֶׁבַע jəhôšæva' or יְהֹושַׁבְעַת jəhôšav'at " YHWH is wealth"), which were also supported by women.

The Vulgate gives the name in the Old Testament as Elisabe and in the New Testament as Elisabeth , the Samaritan Pentateuch as ' Ēlīšābā .

Biblical report

According to the Gospel of Luke , she came from the family of Aaron , after whose ancestral mother Elishheba she was named. She was reportedly married to the priest Zacharias . The marriage remained childless for a long time, as Elizabeth was sterile, until the angel Gabriel Zacharias foretold the birth of a son whom he was to name John ( Lk 1,11 ff  EU ). Elisabeth is also mentioned at the Visitation of Mary ( Lk 1.39 ff  EU ) and at the birth of John ( Lk 1.57 ff  EU ).

Memorial days

See also


Web links

Commons : Saint Elizabeth  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files

Individual evidence

  1. Elisabeth in the Ecumenical Lexicon of Saints