The Greek personal name Ἐλισάβετ "Elisabet" comes from Hebrew . The Septuagint gives with Ελισαβεθ Elisabet the name occurring only in Ex 6,23 EU אֱלִישֶׁבַע 'älîšæva' , German 'Elischeba ' again. Elischeba is a nominal sentence name, consisting of subject and predicate. Subject and at the same time theophoric element is אֱל 'äl "God", predicate is the noun שֶׁבַע šæva' "Abundance". Hebrew, as found in personal names, preserves an older language level than Bible Hebrew. This is expressed in the fact that the -î- which is attached to the first noun is probably not an ending of the 1st person singular (“my God”), but a functionless connecting vowel and possibly a remnant of an old one Case ending. The name therefore means "God is abundance". Compare the personal names can Bathsheba (בַּת-שֶׁבַע asked saeva ' "daughter of fullness") and Jehosheba (יְהֹושֶׁבַע jəhôšæva' or יְהֹושַׁבְעַת jəhôšav'at " YHWH is wealth"), which were also supported by women.
According to the Gospel of Luke , she came from the family of Aaron , after whose ancestral mother Elishheba she was named. She was reportedly married to the priest Zacharias . The marriage remained childless for a long time, as Elizabeth was sterile, until the angel Gabriel Zacharias foretold the birth of a son whom he was to name John ( Lk 1,11 ff EU ). Elisabeth is also mentioned at the Visitation of Mary ( Lk 1.39 ff EU ) and at the birth of John ( Lk 1.57 ff EU ).
- Armenian: April 9th
- Coptic: February 10th
- Roman Catholic: September 23
- Orthodox: September 5th , June 24th
- Evangelical: November 5th on the calendar of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod
- Art. אֱלִישֶׁבַע, In: Gesenius. 18th edition 2013 , p. 65.
- Martin Noth : The Israelite personal names in the context of the common emitic naming. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1928, p. 146.237.
- Hans Rechenmacher : Old Hebrew personal names. Münster 2012, p. 117.199.
- Elisabeth in the Ecumenical Lexicon of Saints
- Charles Souvay: Elizabeth . In: Catholic Encyclopedia , Volume 5, Robert Appleton Company, New York 1909.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Mother of John the Baptist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1st century BC Chr.|
|DATE OF DEATH||1st century BC BC or 1st century|