Elisabeth (sometimes also Elisabeth ) is a female given name .
Origin and meaning of the name
The Greek personal name Ἐλισάβετ " Elisabet " (the biblical person and mother of John the Baptist in Lk 1.5 EU ) comes from Hebrew . The Septuagint gives with Ελισαβεθ Elisabet the name occurring only in Ex 6,23 EU אֱלִישֶׁבַע 'älîšæva' , German 'Elischeba ' again. Elischeba is a nominal sentence name, consisting of subject and predicate. Subject and at the same time theophoric element is אֱל 'äl "God", predicate is the noun שֶׁבַע šæva' "Abundance". Hebrew, as found in personal names, preserves an older language level than Bible Hebrew. This is expressed in the fact that the -î- which is attached to the first noun is probably not an ending of the 1st person singular (“my God”), but a functionless connecting vowel and possibly a remnant of an old one Case ending. The name therefore means "God is abundance". Compare the personal names can Bathsheba (בַּת-שֶׁבַע asked saeva ' "daughter of fullness") and Jehosheba (יְהֹושֶׁבַע jəhôšæva' or יְהֹושַׁבְעַת jəhôšav'at " YHWH is wealth"), which were also supported by women.
The name Elisabeth was very popular in Germany in the late 19th and early 20th centuries; until the 1920s it was among the ten most frequently given girl names of the respective year. Its popularity then gradually waned, reaching a low point in the early 1980s. Since then the name has been used more frequently.
For more days see below, with holy Elisabeth
- Betty, Betti , Bettina , Bettine, Betsi, Betzi
- Elisabetha, Elisa , Elise , Ella , Elle, Elly , Elsa , Elsabe, Elsbe, Elsbeth , Else , Elsi , Elli, Eli, Elina
- Ilsa, Ilsabe, Ilse , Ilsebill (from the fairy tale Vom Fischer and his wife ), Ilsabein
- Liesa, Lieschen, Liese , Liesel , Liesi, Lis, Lisa , Lisabeth, Lisbeth , Lisette, Lise, Lisi , Lisl, Lissa, Lissi, Lissy , Lieserl, Liesl
- Lila, Liliane , Lilian , Lilli , Lili , Lilly
- Sisi , Sissi
- Sabeth (from Homo Faber or the radio play of the same name by Günter Eich )
- Telse ( Dithmarschen ), also Elseke, Elsk, Elska, Elsike
In or from other languages
- Bess, Beth, Betsy , Eliza , Elize, Ellie, Elsie, Libby, Lissy , Liz, Liza (English)
- Bethan (Welsh)
- Eliso , (Georgian)
- Elizabeth (English)
- Els (Dutch; Estonian)
- Else , Lisbet , Elisabet, Elisabeth (Danish)
- Liis (Estonian)
- Liisa (Finnish)
- Élisabeth, Isabelle , Isabeau (French)
- Elisavet / Ελισάβετ, Elsa / Έλσα, Eliza / Ελίζα (modern Greek)
- Ilisipat (Greenlandic)
- Lizzamma (Indian)
- Elisabetta (Italian / Rhaeto-Romanic)
- Isabella (Italian)
- Elizabeta (Croatian)
- Elizabete (Albanian)
- Elizabete, Ilze (Latvian)
- Ilza (Sorbian)
- Liesbeth (Dutch)
- Lieken, Lüke, Lücken (Low German)
- Elżbieta (Polish)
- Elisabete (Portuguese)
- Isabel (Portuguese / Spanish)
- Jelisaveta (Елизавета) (Russian)
- Elisabet (Swedish)
- Jelisaveta (Јелисавета) (Serbian)
- Alžbeta , Betka, Beta, Betuška, Betinka, Betuša, Betina (Slovak)
- Hilžbjeta, Hilža (Sorbian)
- Alžběta , Eliška, Líza, Bětka, Běta, Bětuška, Betynka, Bětuše, Betyna (Czech)
- Elizabet (Turkish)
- Erzsébet (Hungarian)
- Telsa (Frisian)
Saints and Blessed with the name Elisabeth
- January 4: Elisabeth Anna Bayley Seton (1774–1821), founder of the Sisters of Charity
- June 19: Elisabeth von Schönau (1129–1164), Benedictine in Schönau
- July 4: Elizabeth of Portugal (1271–1336), Queen of Portugal
- July 5 (Russian Orthodox): Elisabeth von Hessen-Darmstadt (1864–1918) , martyr, German princess, wife of Sergei A. Romanow
- September 23rd: Elizabeth , mother of John the Baptist
- November 19: Elisabeth of Thuringia (1207–1231), Landgrave of Thuringia
- November 9: Elisabeth Catez, Elisabeth of the Trinity (1880–1906), Carmelite and mystic
Noble named Elisabeth
Overview (explanations of terms for several people):
- Elisabeth of Bavaria
- Elisabeth of Brandenburg
- Elisabeth of Braunschweig
- Elizabeth of England
- Isabelle (Elisabeth) of France
- Elisabeth of Hanau
- Elisabeth of Hesse
- Isabella (Elisabeth) of Castile
- Elisabeth (Isabella) of Austria / Habsburg / Austria
- Elizabeth of Savoy
- Isabella (Elisabeth) of Spain
- Elizabeth Tudor
- Elisabeth of Hungary
- Elizabeth of York
Empresses and queens
- Isabella of England (1214–1241), Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, wife of Frederick II.
- Elisabeth von Braunschweig (HRR) (1230–1266), Roman-German queen, wife of Wilhelm of Holland
- Elisabeth of Carinthia, Gorizia and Tyrol (1262-1313), Queen of the Holy Roman Empire, Duchess of Austria and Styria, wife Albrecht I.
- St. Elizabeth of Aragón , Isabel (1271–1325), Queen of Portugal
- Elisabeth Richza of Poland (1286 / 88–1335), Queen of Bohemia and Poland, wife of Wenceslaus II and Rudolf I.
- Viola Elisabeth von Teschen (1290-1317), Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, wife of the Premyslid Wenceslaus III.
- Elisabeth of Bohemia (1292–1330), Queen of Bohemia, wife of John of Luxembourg
- Elisabeth von Aragón , Isabel (1300 / 2–1330), Queen of the Holy Roman Empire, Duchess of Austria and Styria, wife of Frederick the Fair
- Elisabeth of Poland , Elżbieta Łokietkówna (1305–1380), Queen of Hungary, Croatia and Dalmatia, regent of Poland, wife of Charles I Robert
- Elisabeth of Pomerania (around 1345–1393), Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, wife of Charles IV.
- Isabeau (1370–1435), Queen of France
- Elisabeth of Luxembourg (1409–1442) , Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, Queen in Bohemia, wife Albrecht II.
- Elisabeth von Habsburg (1437–1505), Queen of Poland, wife Casimir IV. Jagiełło
- Elizabeth of York (Queen) (1466–1503), Queen of England, wife of King Henry VII.
- Elisabeth of Spain of Aragon and Castile and Trastámara (1470–1498), Queen of Portugal, wife of Manuel I.
- Isabella of Austria (1501–1526), Queen of Denmark and Norway, wife of Christian II.
- Elisabeth of Austria (1526–1545) , Queen of Poland, wife of Sigismund II August
- Elizabeth I of England (1533–1603), Queen of England
- Elisabeth von Valois (1545–1568), Queen of Spain, wife of Philip II.
- Elisabeth of Austria (1554–1592) , Queen of France, wife of Charles IX.
- Elisabeth Stuart (1596–1662), Queen of Bohemia, wife of the Winter King Friedrich V.
- Élisabeth de Bourbon (1602–1644), Queen of Spain and Portugal, wife of Philip IV.
- Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1691–1750), Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, wife of Karl VI.
- Elisabeth (Russia) (1709–1762), Tsarina of Russia
- Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (1715–1797), Queen of Prussia, wife of Friedrich II.
- Elisabeth von Württemberg (1767–1790) , Empress of the Germans, wife of Franz II.
- Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria (1801–1873), Queen of Prussia, wife of Friedrich Wilhelm IV.
- Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary Sisi (1837–1898), Empress of Austria, Queen of Hungary, wife of Franz Joseph I.
- Elisabeth zu Wied , Carmen Sylva (1843–1916), Queen of Romania, wife of Karl I.
- Elisabeth Gabriele in Bavaria (1876–1965), Queen of Belgium, wife of Albert I.
- Elisabeth of Romania (1894–1956), Queen of the Hellenes (Greece), wife George II.
- Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Queen Mum (1900–2002), Queen of the United Kingdom
- Elizabeth II of Great Britain (* 1926), Queen of the United Kingdom and head of state of several Commonwealth Realms
Other regents and wives
- Elisabeth of Kiev (* 1025; † after 1066), princess of the Kievan Rus and the wife of the Norwegian king Harald Hardråde
- St. Elisabeth of Thuringia (1207–1231), Landgrave of Thuringia
- Elisabeth von Habsburg (1285–1352) , Duchess of Lorraine, wife of Friedrich IV.
- Elisabeth von Virneburg († 1343), Duchess of Austria, wife of Heinrich the Merry
- Elisabeth von Niederbayern (* around 1305, † 1330), the first wife of Otto the Happy
- Elisabeth of Bavaria (1306–1334) , Duchess of Austria, Styria and Carinthia, wife of Otto the Merry
- Elisabeth von Namur (* around 1330; † 1382), by marriage Electress of the Palatinate
- Elisabeth (Sponheim-Kreuznach) (1365–1417), the last countess of the front county of Sponheim and countess of Vianden
- Elisabeth von Kleve (around 1378 – after 1439), Duchess of Bavaria-Ingolstadt, wife of Stephan III.
- Elisabeth of Lorraine (around 1395–1456), regent of Nassau-Saarbrücken, pioneer of the German prose novel
- Elisabeth von Brandenburg (1403–1449) , by marriage Duchess of Liegnitz and Duchess of Teschen
- Elisabeth von Brandenburg (1425–1465) , by marriage Duchess of Pomerania
- Isabelle de Bourbon (1437–1465), Duchess of Burgundy, wife of Charles the Bold
- Elisabeth of Denmark, Norway and Sweden (1485–1555), Electress of Brandenburg, wife Joachim I.
- Elisabeth of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Kulmbach (1494–1518), by marriage Margravine of Baden
- Elisabeth of Hesse (1503–1563) , by marriage successively Duchess of Zweibrücken and Countess Palatinate of Simmern
- Elisabeth von Brandenburg (1510–1558) , Margravine of Brandenburg, Duchess of Braunschweig-Lüneburg a. a.
- Elisabeth von Hessen (1539–1582) , by marriage Electress of the Palatinate
- Elisabeth von Anhalt (1563–1607) -Zerbst, Electress of Brandenburg Johann, wife of Johann Georg
- Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain and Portugal, Isabel de Austria y Valois (1566–1633), governor of the Netherlands, wife of Albrecht VII.
- Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg (1580–1653), Duchess of Stettin-Pomerania
- Elisabeth von Hessen-Kassel (1596–1625) (1596–1625), by marriage Duchess of Mecklenburg
- Elisabeth Marie von Münsterberg-Oels (1625–1686), Duchess of Münsterberg von Oels
- Elisabeth Amalie of Hessen-Darmstadt (1635–1709), by marriage Duchess of Neuburg and Jülich-Berg and Electress of the Palatinate
- Elisabeth Charlotte von der Pfalz (1652–1722), Duchess of Orléans, wife of Philip I, see Lieselotte von der Pfalz
- Elisabeth Sophie Marie of Schleswig-Holstein-Norburg (1683–1767), by marriage Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Plön and Duchess of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel
- Elisabeth Dorothea of Hessen-Darmstadt (1676–1721), by marriage Landgravine of Hessen-Homburg
- Elisabeth of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover (1770–1840), Landgrave of Hessen-Homburg, wife of Friedrich VI.
- Elisabeth von Anhalt (1857–1933) , Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of Adolf Friedrich
- Elisabeth von Hessen-Darmstadt (1864–1918) , through marriage to Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrowitsch, a member of the imperial family of Russia
More high nobility
- Elisabeth von Braunschweig (Holstein-Rendsburg) (1367–1404), wife of Gerhard VI. (Holstein-Rendsburg)
- Elizabeth of York (1444–1503 / 04) , Duchess of Suffolk, daughter of Richard Plantagenet
- Elisabeth Báthory (1560–1614), Erzsébet Nádasdy, the blood countess, Hungarian countess
- Sophie Elisabeth von Mecklenburg (1613–1676), daughter of Johann Albrecht II.
- Anna Elisabeth Luise von Brandenburg-Schwedt (1738–1820), wife of Prince Ferdinand of Prussia
- Elisabeth Christine Ulrike von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1746–1840), Princess of Prussia, wife of the future King Friedrich Wilhelm II.
- Elisabeth of Prussia (1815–1885), by marriage Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt
- Elisabeth Franziska Maria of Austria (1831–1903), Princess of Modena, wife of Ferdinand Karl, then wife of Karl Ferdinand
- Elisabeth Amalie of Austria (1878–1960), wife of Prince Alois von und zu Liechtenstein
- Elisabeth Petznek , Red Archduchess (1883–1963), wife of Prince Otto zu Windisch-Graetz
- Elisabeth Franziska of Austria-Tuscany (1892–1930), wife of Georg von Waldburg zu Zeil and Trauchburg
- Elisabeth of Denmark (1935–2018), Princess of Denmark
- Elisabeth of Belgium (* 2001), Belgian princess, daughter of King Philippe of Belgium
- Elisabeth von Schneckenburg , abbess of the Fraumünster monastery in Zurich in 1255
- Elisabeth von Matzingen († 1340), from 1308 to 1340 princess of the Fraumünster monastery in Zurich
- Elisabeth von Künsberg (1425–1484), abbess of the Himmelkron monastery from 1460 to 1484
- Elisabeth von Weida (1460 / 1461–1532), Abbess of Gernrode
- Elisabeth von Bergh-s'Heerenberg (Elisabeth von Bergh or Elisabeth von Berg; 1581–1614), abbess of the Essen monastery
- Elisabeth von der Pfalz (1618–1680) , also Elisabeth von Herford, abbess of the Herford women's monastery
- Elisabeth von Sachsen-Meiningen (1681–1766), abbess of the imperial monastery of Gandersheim
- Elisabeth Baumeister-Bühler (1912–2000), German sculptor and medalist
- Elisabeth Bergner (1897–1986), Austro-British actress
- Elisabeth Bronfen (* 1958), German literary scholar, professor of English
- Elisabeth Flickenschildt (1905–1977), German actress
- Elisabeth Gehrer (* 1942), Austrian politician
- Elisabeth Görgl (* 1981), Austrian ski racer, world champion
- Elisabeth Kappaurer (* 1994), Austrian ski racer
- Elisabeth Kopp (* 1936), Swiss politician, first female federal councilor, federal vice-president
- Elisabeth Kübler-Ross (1926–2004), Swiss-American physician and death researcher
- Elisabeth Lanz (* 1971), Austrian actress
- Elisabeth Moses (1894–1957), German-American art historian
- Elisabeth Niejahr (* 1965), German journalist and book author
- Elisabeth Oestreich (1909–1994), German middle-distance runner
- Elisabeth Pähtz (* 1985), German chess grandmaster, youth world champion
- Elisabeth Reisinger (* 1996), Austrian ski racer
- Elisabeth Seitz (* 1993), German gymnast
- Elisabeth Selbert (1896–1986), one of the 4 " mothers of the Basic Law "
- Elisabeth Svantesson (* 1967), Swedish politician
- Elisabeth Volkmann (1936–2006), German actress
Use in art
- Image: Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci
- Book: Elisabeth. A story that does not end with the marriage of Marie Nathusius , 1858
- Film: Elizabeth about Queen Elizabeth I of England from 1998
- Piano piece: For Elise by Ludwig van Beethoven
- Song: If Elisabeth didn't have such beautiful legs , music by Robert Katscher
- Song: Hear my song, Elisabeth (also Elisabeth serenade )
- Song: Sad Lisa from Cat Stevens
- Musical: Elisabeth about Empress Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary by Michael Kunze and Sylvester Levay , first performed in 1992
- Musical: Elisabeth - The legend of a saint , about Saint Elisabeth of Thuringia , musical of the year 2007
- Theater: Eliza Doolittle , flower girl, main character in the play Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw and the musical My Fair Lady based on it
- Elisabeth Bridge, clarification of terms on bridges
- Elisabethkirche , definition of churches
- Elisabethkloster , definition of monasteries
- Liesl, nickname of the police building on Rossauer Lände in Vienna, formerly Elisabethpromenade
- Berlin-Lichtenberg: Evangelical Hospital Queen Elisabeth Herzberge
- Berlin-Tiergarten: Evangelical Elisabeth Clinic, Lützowstrasse 24–26
- Bochum: St. Elisabeth Hospital Bochum
- Bonn: St. Elisabeth, part of the Bonn Community Hospital
- Damme (Dümmer): St. Elisabeth Hospital Damme
- Essen: Elisabeth Hospital Essen
- Frankfurt am Main: St. Elisabethen Hospital
- Freiburg im Breisgau: St. Elisabeth Hospital (closed at the end of 2012)
- Geilenkirchen: St. Elisabeth Hospital Geilenkirchen
- Grevenbroich: St. Elisabeth District Hospital Grevenbroich
- Gütersloh: Sankt-Elisabeth-Hospital Gütersloh
- Halle: St. Elisabeth Hospital Halle (Saale)
- Heidelberg: Sankt Elisabeth Clinic
- Iserlohn: St Elisabeth Hospital Iserlohn
- Jülich: St. Elisabeth Hospital (Jülich)
- Kassel: Elisabeth Hospital Kassel
- Cologne: St. Elisabeth Hospital Cologne-Hohenlind
- Leipzig: St. Elisabeth Hospital Leipzig
- Ravensburg: St. Elisabeth Hospital (Ravensburg)
- Recklinghausen: Elisabeth Hospital Recklinghausen
- Salzgitter: St. Elisabeth Hospital in Salzgitter
- Volkmarsen: St. Elisabeth Hospital in Volkmarsen
- Hohenems: Empress Elisabeth Hospital Hohenems
- Wien-Landstrasse: St. Elisabeth Hospital Vienna
- Vienna-Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus: Kaiserin-Elisabeth-Spital
in the United States:
- Girls secondary school St. Elisabeth , Friedrichshafen
- Elisabeth School Marburg
- Elisabeth High School in Halle
Badge of honor
- Elisabeth Cross (Romania) , a Romanian order of women
- Elisabeth Order , an Austrian order of women
- Elizabeth Cross , a British Order
- Order of St. Elisabeth , a Bavarian order of women
- Elisabeth-Theresien-Orden , an Austrian order
- Order of Saint Elizabeth , a Portuguese order
- Sisters of Mercy of St. Elisabeth
- Cellitinnen to St. Elisabeth
- Congregation of the Sisters of St. Elisabeth
- Elisabethfehn , part of the municipality of Barßel
- Elisabethgroden , part of the municipality of Wangerland
- Elisabeth-Vorstadt , part of the municipality of Salzburg , named after Empress Elisabeth
- Elisabethstadt as the German name of the Romanian city Dumbrăveni
- Elisabethstadt as the German name of the VII. Budapest district Erzsébetváros
- Elizabeth Island near Komarno in Slovakia
- Elisabeth (ship, 1815) , first Russian steamship
- Elisabeth (ship, 1858) , paddle steamer on the Traunsee
- Kaiserin Elisabeth (ship, 1890) , small cruiser of the Austro-Hungarian Navy
- Empress Elisabeth, temporarily the name of a passenger ship on the Danube, today Rosa Victoria
- RMS Queen Elizabeth , Cunard White Star Line passenger ship
- RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 , Cunard Line passenger ship
- Queen Elizabeth, Cunard Line passenger ship
- SMS Elisabeth (1868–1904), warship of the North German Confederation and later of the Imperial Navy
- A sailing ship that exploded on the Rhine in 1895, see Elisabeth explosion
- Duchess Elisabeth (ship, 1902) , government yacht of the Imperial Governorate of Cameroon
- Elisabethenflut , several storm surges in the Netherlands
- Zeche Elisabeth , former hard coal mine in Dortmund
- Villa Elisabeth , several houses in Germany
- Art. אֱלִישֶׁבַע, In: Wilhelm Gesenius : Hebrew and Aramaic Concise Dictionary on the Old Testament , 18th edition 2013, p. 65.
- Martin Noth : The Israelite personal names in the context of the common emitic naming , Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1928, p. 146.237.
- Hans Rechenmacher : Old Hebrew personal names. Münster 2012, p. 117.199.
- Elisabeth Sandmann (Ed.): The Elisabeth Book: A Name - 25 Special Women , Elisabeth Sandmann Verlag, Munich 2014, ISBN 978-3-938045-88-6 .
- Hans Bahlow : Deutsches Namenlexikon - Family and first names according to origin and meaning explained Keysersche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich 1967, p. 118.