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Elisabeth (sometimes also Elisabeth ) is a female given name .

Origin and meaning of the name

The Greek personal name Ἐλισάβετ " Elisabet " (the biblical person and mother of John the Baptist in Lk 1.5  EU ) comes from Hebrew . The Septuagint gives with Ελισαβεθ Elisabet the name occurring only in Ex 6,23  EU אֱלִישֶׁבַע 'älîšæva' , German 'Elischeba ' again. Elischeba is a nominal sentence name, consisting of subject and predicate. Subject and at the same time theophoric element is אֱל 'äl "God", predicate is the noun שֶׁבַע šæva' "Abundance". Hebrew, as found in personal names, preserves an older language level than Bible Hebrew. This is expressed in the fact that the -î- which is attached to the first noun is probably not an ending of the 1st person singular (“my God”), but a functionless connecting vowel and possibly a remnant of an old one Case ending. The name therefore means "God is abundance". Compare the personal names can Bathsheba (בַּת-שֶׁבַע asked saeva ' "daughter of fullness") and Jehosheba (יְהֹושֶׁבַע jəhôšæva' or יְהֹושַׁבְעַת jəhôšav'at " YHWH is wealth"), which were also supported by women.

The Vulgate gives the name in the Old Testament as Elisabe and in the New Testament as Elisabeth , the Samaritan Pentateuch as ' Ēlīšābā .


The name Elisabeth was very popular in Germany in the late 19th and early 20th centuries; until the 1920s it was among the ten most frequently given girl names of the respective year. Its popularity then gradually waned, reaching a low point in the early 1980s. Since then the name has been used more frequently.

name day

For more days see below, with holy Elisabeth



In or from other languages

  • Bess, Beth, Betsy , Eliza , Elize, Ellie, Elsie, Libby, Lissy , Liz, Liza (English)
  • Bethan (Welsh)
  • Eliso , (Georgian)
  • Elizabeth (English)
  • Els (Dutch; Estonian)
  • Else , Lisbet , Elisabet, Elisabeth (Danish)
  • Liis (Estonian)
  • Liisa (Finnish)
  • Élisabeth, Isabelle , Isabeau (French)
  • Elisavet / Ελισάβετ, Elsa / Έλσα, Eliza / Ελίζα (modern Greek)
  • Ilisipat (Greenlandic)
  • Lizzamma (Indian)
  • Elisabetta (Italian / Rhaeto-Romanic)
  • Isabella (Italian)
  • Elizabeta (Croatian)
  • Elizabete (Albanian)
  • Elizabete, Ilze (Latvian)
  • Ilza (Sorbian)
  • Liesbeth (Dutch)
  • Lieken, Lüke, Lücken (Low German)
  • Elżbieta (Polish)
  • Elisabete (Portuguese)
  • Isabel (Portuguese / Spanish)
  • Jelisaveta (Елизавета) (Russian)
  • Elisabet (Swedish)
  • Jelisaveta (Јелисавета) (Serbian)
  • Alžbeta , Betka, Beta, Betuška, Betinka, Betuša, Betina (Slovak)
  • Hilžbjeta, Hilža (Sorbian)
  • Alžběta , Eliška, Líza, Bětka, Běta, Bětuška, Betynka, Bětuše, Betyna (Czech)
  • Elizabet (Turkish)
  • Erzsébet (Hungarian)
  • Telsa (Frisian)

Well-known namesake

In the Old Testament an Elishheba is the wife of Aaron and thus ancestor of the priestly family ( 2 Mos 6,23  EU ).

At the beginning of the Gospel according to Luke there is - in a Greek form - Elizabeth , the wife of the priest Zacharias , the mother of John the Baptist ( LukeEU ).

Saints and Blessed with the name Elisabeth

Saint Elizabeth:

Blessed Elisabeth:

Noble named Elisabeth

Overview (explanations of terms for several people):

Empresses and queens

Other regents and wives

More high nobility


Other namesake

Use in art

Further naming



in Germany:

in Austria:

in the United States:


Badge of honor


Place names

Ship names



  • Art. אֱלִישֶׁבַע, In: Wilhelm Gesenius : Hebrew and Aramaic Concise Dictionary on the Old Testament , 18th edition 2013, p. 65.
  • Martin Noth : The Israelite personal names in the context of the common emitic naming , Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1928, p. 146.237.
  • Hans Rechenmacher : Old Hebrew personal names. Münster 2012, p. 117.199.
  • Elisabeth Sandmann (Ed.): The Elisabeth Book: A Name - 25 Special Women , Elisabeth Sandmann Verlag, Munich 2014, ISBN 978-3-938045-88-6 .
  • Hans Bahlow : Deutsches Namenlexikon - Family and first names according to origin and meaning explained Keysersche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich 1967, p. 118.

Web links

Wiktionary: Elisabeth  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Statistics on "Popular first names"
  2. In large numbers at least in church registers north of Bielefeld in the 18th and 19th centuries. verifiable
  3. Musical: Elisabeth - The legend of a saint