Calendar overview 1108
|Philip I of France from the Capetian dynasty dies.||Ludwig the Fat , faces an uprising by the barons.|
|1108 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||556/557 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1651/52 (southern Buddhism); 1650/51 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||470/471 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||486/487 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||501/502 (August 10-11)|
|Jewish calendar||4868/69 (September 7th / 8th)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1418/19 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1419/20 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1164/65 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- King Baldwin I concludes a ten-year armistice with Tugtakin , the ruler ( Atabeg ) of Damascus . Before that, his troops regularly made bloody raids on Christian territory. The rulers probably also agree to the ceasefire because attacks and counterattacks by Christians disrupt trade, which is lucrative for both sides.
- Bohemond I , Prince of Antioch , and the Byzantine Emperor Alexios I conclude the Treaty of Devol with the aim of making Antioch a vassal state of the Byzantine Empire .
- May 29th : The Almoravids conquer the small town of Uclés , east of Toledo . However, the city's citadel holds out, and King Alfonso VI. of León , Castile and Galicia sends an army under Álvar Fáñez to free the trapped. The Almoravids defeat the Christian army at the Battle of Uclés, and all leaders, including Sancho, Alfonso's only son, are killed. Then the Christians give up Cuenca and Huete .
- August 3 : Louis the Fat is crowned King of France as the successor to Philip I. At this point in time, Ludwig was already facing the uprising of a broad opposition against him by the barons.
City foundations and first documentary mentions
- The city of Vladimir is founded.
- The East Hessian town of Langenselbold was first mentioned in a document when Count Dietmar von Selbold-Gelnhausen founded a Premonstratensian monastery.
- Hainhausen, now part of Rodgau / Hessen , is mentioned for the first time in a document as the location of a moated castle belonging to the Lords of Hagenhausen.
- Oldenburg is also mentioned for the first time as "Aldenburg" and Bad Überkingen as "Urbaricho".
Exact date of birth unknown
- Baldwin IV , Count of Hainaut († 1171 )
- Berenguela of Barcelona , Queen of Castile and León († 1149 )
- Bohemond II , Prince of Antioch and Prince of Taranto († 1130 )
- Derbforgaill , known as "Helena of Ireland" († 1193 )
Born around 1108
Date of death secured
- March 7th : Gundulf , bishop and builder (* 1023 or 1024 )
- May 21st : Gerard of Rouen , Lord Chancellor and Archbishop of York
- 29 May : Sancho Alfónsez , heir to the throne of Léon-Castile (* around 1093 )
- May 29th : García Ordóñez , Castilian nobleman
- July 29th : Philip I , King of France (* 1053 )
- September 24th : Uto von Kyburg , Abbot of St. Blasien
- October 29 : Berengar von Vornbach , first abbot of the Vornbach monastery in Neuhaus am Inn
Exact date of death unknown
- May: Gervaise von Bazoches , French crusader and Prince of Galilee
- Gerhard I. , Count of Vaudémont (* around 1057 )
- Guido von Rochefort , Seneschal of France
- Tamim ibn Ziri , ruler of the Zirids in Ifriqiya