Möngke Timur

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The Khan Möngke Timur ( Mongolian ᠮᠦᠨᠺᠬᠲᠡᠮᠦᠷ Mengu-Timur , * in the 13th century; † 1280 ) ruled the Golden Horde between 1267 and 1280.

Toqoqan's son and grandson Batu came to power after the death of his great-uncle Berke . He was confirmed as Khan by Kubilai Khan in 1267 , even if that should not have had any practical significance. Although not known as a great personality, Möngke Timur Khan was successful in a number of ways. In its day, the Golden Horde was a great power.

First he interfered in Central Asia , where his predecessor Berke had been robbed of his influence in Bukhara by the Tschagatei . The Chagatai Khan Boraq (r. 1267-1271) was defeated and had to agree to a settlement on the Kuriltai on Talas in 1269. At this meeting, Qaidu , Boraq and Möngke Timur's ambassadors formed an alliance against Kubilai Khan and the Ilkhan .

However , Möngke Timur stayed out of the subsequent war, which ended in 1270 with a decisive defeat of Boraq against the Ilchan Abaqa . Only in 1279/80 did he take to the field against the Ilchan.

Möngke Timur converted to Islam with part of his army in 1272 and renewed the political-economic alliance with the Mamluk Empire in Egypt . During his reign, settlement activity in the lower Volga region increased through the protection of landowners and tenants, and urban culture expanded. The growing economic importance of this region was reflected in coinage from the 1270s onwards.

The Khan died of blood poisoning in 1280. After his death, his brother Tuda Möngke became the next Khan, but next to him Tulabugha and Noqai are also referred to as rulers. There were repeated power struggles, which only Möngke Timur's son Tokta could end in 1299.

predecessor Office successor
Berke Khan Khan of the Golden Horde
Tuda Möngke