|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Freiburg|
|County :||Breisgau-Upper Black Forest|
|Height :||447 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||38.99 km 2|
|Residents:||3118 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||80 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||79256|
|Area code :||07661|
|License plate :||FR|
|Community key :||08 3 15 020|
|LOCODE :||DE BQH|
|Community structure:||4 districts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Ralf Kaiser|
|Location of the municipality of Buchenbach in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district|
Buchenbach is a municipality in the southern Black Forest in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald ( Baden-Württemberg , Germany ). It consists of the districts of Buchenbach, Falkensteig, Unteribental and Wagensteig . On December 1, 1971 Buchenbach and Falkensteig had initially merged to form the new municipality of Buchenbach, into which Wagensteig was incorporated on August 1, 1973 and Unteribental on January 1, 1975. In addition, when Burg zu Kirchzarten was incorporated in 1974, the east of the Höllentalbahn railway line of the hamlet of Himmelreich, which had previously belonged to Burg, was incorporated into Buchenbach.
The community is located in the Southern Black Forest Nature Park about twelve kilometers (as the crow flies ) east of Freiburg im Breisgau . There it spreads at the lower end of the Höllental through which the Rotbach flows, in the valley of the Wagensteigbach and in the Unteribental up to the St. Märgener plateau and with the Lindenberg up to the height of St. Peter . A little west of Buchenbach, the two mountain streams unite to form the Dreisam , so that Buchenbach lies at the upper beginning of the Dreisam valley .
The community area is betweenat the end of the Unteribental and at the Roteck.
Buchenbach, with the municipalities of Falkensteig, Unteribental and Wagensteig, which were independent until the 1970s, includes 64 villages, hamlets, Zinken, farms and houses.
The Buchenbach community in the 1970s includes the villages of Buchenbach, Oberdorf and Unterdorf, the hamlet of Wiesneck colony, Zinken Blechschmiede, Diezendobel, Falkensteig (partly also part of the Falkensteig community), Himmelreich and Pfaffendobel, the Meierhäuslehof farmstead and the Wiesneck residential area.
The former municipality of Falkensteig includes the Falkensteig farmstead (partly also part of the Buchenbach municipality), the Engenbach and Shoulderdobel farms, several individual farms and the Höfener Hütte and Webersberg residential areas.
The village of Unteribental and the Zinken Lindenberg and Weberdobel belong to the former municipality of Unteribental. The Zinken Spirzendobel as well as numerous individual farms and houses and residential areas belong to the former municipality of Wagensteig.
In the Falkensteig part of the municipality are the abandoned villages of Bubenstein / Neu-Falkenstein and the abandoned former pilgrimage chapel Schwarzeck.
Buchenbach with Wiesneck
Buchenbach, located in the lower Wagensteig valley, is made up of several hamlet-like settlement areas and a number of individual farms, including the districts of Ober- and Unterbuchenbach and Wiesneck, which was independent until 1837.
Wiesneck is the oldest part of Buchenbach. The Wiesneck Castle located there was first mentioned in a document in 1079 and belonged to the Counts of Haigerloch- Wiesneck. A small town developed around the castle, which was destroyed in 1121 by the competing Zähringers and in 1646 by the French in the Thirty Years' War , which was incorporated into Buchenbach in 1837. After the town fell to Baden under constitutional law , Wilhelm Freiherr von Sickingen also sold the private rights to the town to the Baden state. The settlement is no longer run as an independent district, but belongs to the main town of Buchenbach.
The village of Buchenbach itself, which was first mentioned in 1350, was also an Austrian fiefdom in the hands of various families, with the barons of Sickingen holding the largest share of the manor since 1653 . After belonging to Baden in 1803, Baron Wilhelm von Sickingen sold the Wiesneck fiefdom to the Baden state, in Buchenbach there was still a manorial office . The division of the various farms in Ober- and Unterbuchenbach to different landlords brought with it all sorts of difficulties and disputes, which in the 19th century, after the dissolution of Wiesneck, led to the reorganization of the municipality several times. Today the community with its incorporated districts belongs to the federal state of Baden-Württemberg.
- 1837: Wiesneck
- December 1, 1971: Falkensteig
- August 1, 1973: Wagensteig
- January 1, 1975: Unteribental
- January 1, 1977: Himmelreich east of the Höllentalbahn (part of Burg until June 30, 1974, then from Kirchzarten )
Early 12th century built the Lords of Falkenstein the eponymous Castle Falkenstein , which in 1388 by citizens of the city of Freiburg was destroyed. In the 17th century the area became the property of the Lords of Pfirt and later became part of the Grand Duchy of Baden . An attempt to unite with Buchenbach failed in the 19th century.
In the 19th century, the Fauler brothers ran an ironworks , formerly known as the “Obere Blechschmiede”, which consisted of a rolling mill and a hammer mill , to which an iron foundry was later added. At times up to 400 workers were employed here. In 1872 the business was closed due to lack of profitability and most of the buildings were later demolished.
See also: Ruin Bubenstein
Unteribental is founded around 1120 and is subordinate to the Zähringers . Later it is united with Stegen to form a community. In 1827, however, the place becomes independent again. After Unteribental fell to Baden in 1806 , it was assigned to the Freiburg district. The component "ib" in the name indicates earlier yew stands .
The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result with a turnout of 70.8% (+ 4.8):
|Party / list||Share of votes||G / V||Seats||G / V|
|CDU||41.5%||+ 11.6||6th||+ 1|
|UWG||26.7%||- 10.8||4th||- 1|
|SPD / Greens *||31.8%||- 0.8||4th||- 2nd|
* 2014 only SPD G / V: gains or losses compared to the 2014 municipal election
On February 2, 2020, the mayoral election in Buchenbach took place. In addition to the incumbent Harald Reinhard, three other candidates stood. Ralf Kaiser won the election with 75.2% of the valid votes in the first ballot, whereas the incumbent only got 14.3% of the votes and the other two applicants together achieved a good ten percent. The turnout was 74.0%.
Buchenbach and the neighboring municipalities of Kirchzarten, Oberried and Stegen belong to the Dreisamtal municipal administration association based in Kirchzarten.
coat of arms
Split over a green mountain of three; in front in silver (white) a green beech tree on the front hill of the Dreiberg, behind in red a silver (white) wavy bar. Flag: Green-White (Green-Silver)
Culture and sights
The Catholic parish church of St. Blasius , originally baroque, was renovated in the neo-Gothic style from 1899 to 1901 . In 1967/68 the publisher Theophil Herder-Dorneich built the Our Father Chapel in Ibental . There is a St. Nicholas' Chapel each in Falkensteig and Wagensteig.
The Hansmeyerhof , built in 1620, is one of the oldest Black Forest farms in the valley and is now a museum for rural culture in the southern Black Forest.
Economy and Infrastructure
On the western outskirts of the municipality in Kirchzarten, the Himmelreich train station is located on the Höllentalbahn , which runs every half hour during the day and offers a convenient connection to Freiburg im Breisgau and the Upper Black Forest (alternating from Titisee to Neustadt in the Black Forest or as a three-way train to Seebrugg am Schluchsee ) .
In the west of Buchenbach and through the district Falkensteig runs the federal road 31 ( Breisach - Lindau ), the most important connection to Freiburg im Breisgau and into the Black Forest and Lake Constance . The state road L 128 branches off immediately on the outskirts and leads through the Wagensteig valley via St. Märgen to the Thurner . Between the districts of Buchenbach and Wagensteig, a direct road connection to Thurner branches off with the 4907 district road through Spirzental.
Larger employers are
- Dold Holzwerke GmbH, a sawmill and producer of furniture and hardware store panels with attached wood pellet production , which employs around 200 people;
- the company Siko GmbH , a company for measurement technology that employs around 160 people (2008)
- Wandres GmbH, development and production of innovative brush and ventilation cleaning systems
- the company Widmann Gebäudereinigungs- und Gebäudedienstleistungs GmbH
There is a primary school in Buchenbach called the Sommerbergschule . In the 2015/16 school year it was attended by 105 pupils who were taught in seven classes (three classes 1/2, classes 3 and 4 each in two classes). A branch of the Werkrealschule Dreisamtal is also housed in the school building. Schoolchildren in grades 5 to 7 from Buchenbach and Oberried are taught here.
Since 1958, the Wiesneck district has been home to the Studienhaus Wiesneck educational and meeting place with the Institute for Civic Education Baden-Württemberg eV (formerly the East-West Institute , founded on the initiative of Arnold Bergstraesser .)
In the Wiesneck district there is the Friedrich Husemann Clinic, an anthroposophically oriented clinic for psychiatry and psychotherapy.
- Leo Dold (since January 2, 1993)
- Erwin Dold , entrepreneur (since November 7, 2002), born in Buchenbach and former managing director of Holzwerke Dold GmbH
- Theophil Herder-Dorneich , former head of the Herder publishing house
- Josef Eckmann (since May 7, 1997), mayor and mayor of the formerly independent district of Unteribental
- Hans Matthis (since January 2, 1993), former mayor of Buchenbach
- Oskar Saier , retired Archbishop of Freiburg, born in what is now the Wagensteig district
- Günther Wandres (since November 2, 2002), entrepreneur and former managing director of SIKO GmbH
- Spiritual councilor Pastor Ansgar Kleinhans (since May 17, 2009), Pastor in the Buchenbach community since 1985
- Wendelin Drescher (since March 10, 2012), former mayor of Buchenbach from March 14, 1988 to March 13, 2012
- Bernhard Kraus (since October 28, 2012); Pilgrimage chaplain on the Lindenberg
Medal of Honor holder
- Fritz Fehrenbach (since February 23, 1991)
- Oskar Hog, local history researcher (since July 25, 1997)
- Arthur Faller (since September 11, 2006)
- Helmut Schmälzle (since September 11, 2006)
- Dieter Merkle (since September 11, 2006)
- Alfons Wißler (since September 11, 2006)
- Wolfgang Freiherr Marschall von Bieberstein, holder of the Federal Cross of Merit, lived and died on the Melcherhof in Unteribental, was there and in Buchenbach for many years local councilor and also deputy mayor
- Josef Schuler (since March 2, 2008)
- Helmut Wohleb (since March 11, 2008)
- Rosa Vollmer (since April 26, 2009)
- Rudolf Mäder (since March 5, 2012)
- Josef Faller (since March 9, 2012)
Other personalities associated with the community
- Broder Christiansen (1869–1958), philosopher and linguist, lived for twenty years in his hermitage in Wiesneck, wrote books as a private scholar and ran the Felsen-Verlag there.
- Alfred Döblin (1878–1957), doctor and socially critical writer, received medical treatment in the Husemann Clinic in 1956.
- Friedrich Husemann (1887–1959), doctor and psychiatrist, founded an anthroposophically oriented clinic for psychiatry and psychotherapy in Buchenbach .
- Uli Führe (* 1957), composer, songwriter, freelance music teacher and author, lives in Buchenbach.
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume IV: District Freiburg Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 . Pp. 110-113
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 496 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 508 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 509 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 510 .
- Alexandra Wehrle: District of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald: Falkensteig: Eiben im Höllental: Rare tree is making a comeback. Badische Zeitung, April 22, 2015, accessed on September 27, 2016 .
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg, preliminary results of the 2019 municipal council elections - Buchenbach , accessed on November 11, 2019
- Badische Zeitung Freiburg, February 4, 2020
- Information on the parish church
- Josef Faller: Buchenbach: "We love our band very much". Badische Zeitung, March 21, 2016, accessed on February 17, 2017 .
- Information from the summer mountain school
- Website of the Wiesneck Study House