Ludwig III. (Liegnitz-Lüben)

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Ludwig III. (also Ludwig III. von Ohlau ; * before 1405; † June 18, 1441 ) was from 1420 to 1423 together with his older brother Wenzel III. Duke of Ohlau and Nimptsch , which he then ruled alone. He was also Duke of Lüben and Haynau from 1431 to 1441 .

Origin and family

Ludwig III. came from the Silesian Piast family . His parents were Duke Heinrich IX. († 1417/20) and Anna († 1403), daughter of Duke Przemislaus I.

In 1426 he married Margarete († 1454/55), a daughter of the Opole Duke Bolko IV. The sons came from the marriage


After the death of his father in 1419/20, Ludwig III inherited. together with the middle brother Wenceslaus III. Ohlau and Nimptsch, while Lüben and Haynau fell to the oldest brother Ruprecht II . In the same year he paid homage to his sovereign, the Bohemian King Sigismund , whom he also supported in the fight against the Hussites .

After the death of his brother Wenzel III., Who died without heirs, Ludwig inherited his share in 1423, so that he now ruled Ohlau and Nimptsch alone. In 1431, after the death of his eldest brother Ruprecht, who also left no heirs, Lüben and Haynau also fell to him, so that the possessions left by their father were united in his hand. In 1435 he was able to recapture Haynau and Nimptsch from the Hussites. In the same year he joined a Landfriedensbund , but it was unsuccessful.

As early as 1420, the three brothers signed an inheritance contract with Duke Ludwig II of Liegnitz , who was a stepbrother of their father, which they confirmed in 1424 through mutual contingency homage. The contract was intended to secure all property for this branch of the family. Since they had neither the contract nor the eventual homage confirmed by their Bohemian sovereign, after Ludwig II's death in 1436, who died without male descendants, protracted inheritance disputes occurred, which triggered the Liegnitz feudal dispute that lasted until 1469 .


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