Johann I (Liegnitz-Lüben)

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Johann I (also Johann von Lüben ; * 1425 ; † after November 21, 1453 ) was 1441–1446 Duke of Lüben , 1441–1453 Duke of Ohlau and 1449–1453 Duke of Liegnitz .

Origin and family

Johann came from the Silesian Piast family . His parents were Duke Ludwig III. and Margarete († 1454/55), daughter of the Opole duke Bolko IV.

In 1445 Johann married Hedwig († 1471), then fifteen years old, daughter of Duke Ludwig II of Liegnitz. The marriage had the only son Friedrich I.


After his father's death in 1441, Johann inherited Lüben and Ohlau , while Haynau and Goldberg fell to his younger brother Heinrich X. At the same time they took over the paternal claim to the inheritance of Duke Ludwig II of Liegnitz and Brieg , who died in 1436 and who was a stepbrother of their grandfather Heinrich IX. was. Due to a lack of money, they sold Lüben to Heinrich IX in 1446 . von Glogau and pledged Haynau.

Although Johann had married Ludwig II's daughter Hedwig in 1445 and the continuation of the family branch was assured with the birth of his son Friedrich I in 1446, he was able to claim the Liegnitz in 1449 after the death of Ludwig II's widow Elisabeth von Brandenburg administered as personal treasures, not enforced. As with Ludwig's death in 1436, the Bohemian king demanded the reversion of the duchy in 1449, as it was not possible to confirm an inheritance contract concluded in 1420 between the Liegnitz and Lüben family branches from the Bohemian sovereign. The Liegnitzer patriciate and the city council used the legally unresolved situation to submit themselves directly to the Crown of Bohemia and thus to achieve the status of a royal city . Therefore, they rejected Johann, who now considered himself the legal successor to his mother-in-law Elisabeth, and his homage. Because of the conflict he fled to Haynau in 1451.

After Johann's brother Heinrich died in 1452, Johann, whose wife Hedwig and her son Friedrich had been expelled from the city, fought for his rights with weapons near Waldau, northwest of Liegnitz, but was defeated by his opponents. In addition to a fine, he had to formally waive his rights on September 19, 1452. Although he did not give up his hope, he died a year later. The Liegnitz feudal dispute , which went back to the year 1436, dragged on until 1469. In that year Johann's son Friedrich I became the rightful Duke of Liegnitz.


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