from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Złotoryja coat of arms
Złotoryja (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Lower Silesia
Powiat : Złotoryja
Area : 11.50  km²
Geographic location : 51 ° 8 ′  N , 15 ° 55 ′  E Coordinates: 51 ° 8 ′ 0 ″  N , 15 ° 55 ′ 0 ″  E
Height : 276 m npm
Residents : 15,564
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Postal code : 59-500 to 59-501
Telephone code : (+48) 76
License plate : DZL
Economy and Transport
Next international airport : Wroclaw
Gminatype: Borough
Surface: 11.50 km²
Residents: 15,564
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Population density : 1353 inhabitants / km²
Community number  ( GUS ): 0226021
Administration (as of 2013)
Mayor : Robert Pawłowski
Address: pl. Orląt Lwowskich 1
59-500 złotoryja
Website : www.zlotoryja.pl

Złotoryja [ zwɔtɔˈrɨja ] ( German  Goldberg i. Schlesien ) is a city in the Polish Voivodeship of Lower Silesia . It is the capital of the Powiat Złotoryjski and has about 16,000 inhabitants. The city belongs to the Euroregion Neisse .

Geographical location

The city is located in Lower Silesia on the right high bank of the Katzbach ( Kaczawa ) at the transition between the Silesian plain and the Sudetes , about 20 kilometers southwest of Legnica ( Liegnitz ). The Bober-Katzbach foothills extend to the south .


Old town with town hall and ring
Fragment of the old city fortifications

Goldberg is the oldest documented city foundation in Silesia under German law and received Magdeburg city charter in 1211 from Duke Heinrich I the Bearded from the Silesian line of the Piasts , who also became King of Poland in 1232. Gold was panned in the old river bed of the Katzbach (today Kaczawa ) as early as the 12th century . The city got its name from gold mining.

Around 1244 a monastery of the Franciscan order founded in 1210 was built in the city ; From 1274 it was the main monastery of Custody Goldberg in the Saxon Franciscan province ( Saxonia ). The convent was abolished between 1526 and 1530 as a result of the Reformation . In 1704 Bohemian Franciscans came to Goldberg, who had to give up their monastery in 1810 in the course of secularization .

Against the hegemonic claim of the reunified Poland, various piastic princes submitted to the feudal sovereignty of Bohemia, including the region around Goldberg in 1329. In 1348, the King and later Emperor Charles IV incorporated Silesia into the lands of the Bohemian Crown . Silesia became part of the Holy Roman Empire, initially under Luxembourg and from 1526 under Habsburg sovereignty. At that time Goldberg was an important city u. a. also for education, for example Albrecht von Wallenstein attended the Protestant Latin school that Friedrich II. von Liegnitz had founded and established by Valentin Friedland -Trozendorf. After the First Silesian War , Goldberg and Silesia left the Bohemian crown lands in 1742 and fell to Prussia .

Around 1900 Goldberg had a Protestant and a Catholic church, a Progymnasium , a district court, a number of different manufacturing plants, a brewery and fruit growing.

Until the end of the Second World War Goldberg belonged to the district Goldberg in the administrative district Liegnitz of the Prussian province Silesia of the German Empire .

Towards the end of World War II , Goldberg was captured by the Red Army in the spring of 1945 and soon afterwards, along with almost all of Silesia, was placed under Polish administration by the Soviet occupying power . The local German population, unless they had fled towards the end of the war, was subsequently expelled by the local Polish administrative authority .

Population development

year Residents Remarks
1890 6,437 including 5,584 Evangelicals, 784 Catholics and 23 Jews
1900 6,516 mostly evangelicals
1933 7,842
1939 7,852

Culture and sights

Former gold mine

The city has around 300 architectural monuments, including:

  • Dolphin fountain
  • former Franciscan monastery
  • Holy Cross Church or St. Nicholas Church
  • historic town houses on the Ring
  • Church of the Nativity of Mary
  • St. Hedwig Church
  • town hall
  • Column chapel
  • Blacksmith's Bastion (Baszta Kowalska)
  • City wall from the 14th century

The Gröditzburg is located in the immediate vicinity of the village .

Rural community

The rural community ( Gmina wiejska ) covers an area of ​​145 km² on which 7071 people lived on June 30, 2019. It belongs to the Euroregion Neisse . The town of Złotoryja does not belong to the rural municipality.

sons and daughters of the town

Twin cities


Web links

Commons : Złotoryja  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
  2. Dieter Berg (Ed.): Traces of Franciscan History. Chronological outline of the history of the Saxon Franciscan provinces from their beginnings to the present. Werl 1999, p.
  3. a b Meyer's Large Conversation Lexicon . 6th edition, Volume 8, Leipzig / Vienna 1907, p. 93.
  4. ^ A b c Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. goldberg.html # ew39goldgoldbergs. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).