Duchy of Haynau

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The Duchy of Haynau was established in 1248 as part of the Duchy of Liegnitz . It existed until 1453. It was also used for a time as the personal treasure of Brieger duchesses. The place of residence was the city of the same name Haynau (today Chojnów in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship in Poland).


After the division of the Duchy of Silesia in 1248, the area of ​​Haynau came to the Liegnitz line of the Silesian Piasts . From 1291 to 1297 it was held by Duke Heinrich III of Glogau . occupied. In 1297, Duke Bolko I von Schweidnitz , as guardian of the sons of his brother Heinrich V von Liegnitz and Breslau, had the Haynau area returned to them.

As the first "Duke of Haynau" was Heinrich IX. , a son of Duke Henry VIII. Thereafter, the castle served as a residence for other family members. In 1446 Duke Heinrich X. Haynau pledged to Duke Heinrich IX of Glogau . In 1451 Duke Johann I fled to Haynau when the Liegnitzers did not recognize him as sovereign. From 1545 Duke Friedrich III resided . in Haynau, who was deposed as Duke of Liegnitz two years later and in 1559. In 1546/47 he rebuilt the burnt down ducal castle and converted it into a renaissance castle. Over the portal of the castle there are busts of him and his wife Katharina († 1586), daughter of Duke Heinrich V of Mecklenburg . Friedrich's son Heinrich XI. lived in Haynau during his deposition from 1576 to 1580 and then Heinrich's brother Friedrich IV until 1596 .

After Frederick IV's death, who died in 1596 without descendants, Liegnitz inherited his cousin from the Brieger line, Duke Joachim Friedrich , who reunited the Duchy of Liegnitz with the Duchy of Brieg . He assigned Friedrich's widow Anna von Württemberg Haynau as personal belongings. Even after her death in 1616, the castle was used as a widow's residence.


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