Friedrich II. (Braunschweig-Lüneburg)

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Frederick II the Pious , watercolors on vellum , 1720

Friedrich II. , The Pious (* 1418 ; † March 19, 1478 in Celle ) Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg , was Prince of Lüneburg from 1434 to 1457 and from 1472 to 1478 .


After the death of his father Bernhard , he and his brother Otto took over the government in the Principality of Lüneburg. Their rule was marked on the one hand by extensive construction work on the Celle Castle, and on the other hand by numerous reforms that improved the legal situation of the farmers in relation to the landlords. After his brother died in 1446, Friedrich continued to run the government alone. In 1452 he had a monastery built on the "Heylig Kreuz" and brought Franciscans to Celle. In 1457 he handed over the government to his son Bernhard and retired to the monastery , but in 1471, after the death of his second son Otto V , he had to leave it again and take over the government for his 3-year-old grandson Heinrich . Friedrich was buried in the church of the Franciscan monastery he founded in Celle.


On September 14, 1430, Friedrich II. Magdalene (1412–1454), daughter of Elector Friedrich I of Brandenburg , married and had three children with her:


  • Christa Geckler: The Celle dukes - life and work 1371–1705. Georg Ströher, Celle 1986, ISBN 3-921744-05-8
predecessor Office successor
Bernhard Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg,
Prince of Lüneburg

Bernhard II.
Otto V. the Victorious Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg,
Prince of Lüneburg

Henry the Middle