Duchy of Longueville

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The Duchy of Longueville was a French fiefdom around the capital Longueville in Normandy .

It emerged as the Longueville lordship , which over time was expanded to include Longueville County and finally to a duchy in 1505, before it expired in 1694 when the last duke died.


Ruins of the Longueville-sur-Scie castle

It was founded by William the Conqueror as a rule for his confidante Gautier Giffard from the noble family Giffard . At the beginning of the 13th century it belonged to William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke , the regent of England .

During the Hundred Years War , Longueville was confiscated by King Philip IV of France and given to his minister Enguerrand de Marigny in 1305 . In 1314 the county was confiscated again and Marigny was executed in 1315.

1319 got Louis , Count of Évreux Longueville. It then belonged to the family of the Counts of Évreux until his grandson, King Charles the Evil of Navarre , had to cede the area to King Charles V of France in 1356 . Charles V gave Longueville to Charles von Artois , the younger son of Robert III. , Pretender in Artois . Charles of Navarre got Longueville back, but had to give it back in 1364.

Charles V donated the county on May 27, 1364 to Bertrand du Guesclin , the Connétable of France , with the county of Tancarville , which until then was under the county of Longueville, made a royal fief and the city of Montivilliers ( Seine-Maritime ) into the Domaine royal was acquired.

During the English occupation of the country, Longueville was owned by Gaston de Foix , Count of Bénauges . King Charles VII gave them to Archibald Douglas and finally to John of Orléans , the Count of Dunois and companion in arms of Joan of Arc , who bequeathed them to his descendants.

In 1505 the barony of Auffay was united with the county, and this was raised to the duchy of Longueville in favor of François II .

After the heirless death of Duke Jean Louis in 1694, Longueville fell back to the crown ( domaine royal ).

Lords of Longueville

Counts of Longueville

Dukes of Longueville

Coat of arms of the Dukes of Longueville from the House of Orléans-Longueville
  • François II. (* 1478; † 1513), his son, in 1491 3rd Count of Dunois, Count of Tancarville and Montgomery, Vice Count of Melun, from May 1505 Duke of Longueville
  • Renée (* 1508, † 1515), 1513 4th Countess of Dunois, Tancarville and Montgomery, daughter of François II.
  • Louis I. , † 1516, brother of François II., 1504–1513 sovereign Count of Neuchâtel etc., 1515 2nd Duke of Longueville, 5th Count of Dunois, Tancarville and Montgomery, 1st Prince of Chatel-Allion, Vice-Count of Melun, Abbeville, Montreuil-sur-Mer etc.
  • Claude († 1524), his son, 1516–1524 3rd Duke of Longueville, 1516 2nd sovereign Count of Neuchâtel, 6th Count of Dunois
  • Louis II († 1537), his brother, 4th Duke of Longueville in 1524, 3rd sovereign Count of Neuchâtel, 7th Count of Dunois etc.
  • François III. († 1551), his son, 5th Duke of Longueville 1537, 4th sovereign Count of Neuchâtel, 8th Count of Dunois
  • Léonor († 1573), his cousin, 6th Duke of Longueville 1551, 5th sovereign Count of Neuchâtel, 9th Count of Dunois
  • Henri I († 1595), his son, 7th Duke of Longueville 1573, 6th sovereign Count of Neuchâtel, 10th Count of Dunois
  • Henri II (* 1595; † 1663), his son, 8th Duke of Longueville 1595, Prince of Neuchâtel , 11th Count of Dunois
  • Jean Louis († 1694), his son, 9th Duke of Longueville 1663–1668, 2nd Prince of Neuchâtel, 12th Count of Dunois
  • Charles Paris († 1672), his half-brother, 10th Duke of Longueville 1668–1672, 3rd Prince of Neuchâtel, 13th Count of Dunois
  • Jean Louis, 2nd time, 1672–1694

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Gauthier Giffard at fmg.ac
  2. Walter Giffard at fmg.ac