Charles Drelincourt

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Charles Drelincourt

Charles Drelincourt , Latinized Carolus Drelincurtius (born February 1, 1633 in Charenton near Paris , † May 31, 1697 in Leiden ), was a French physician and anatomist.


The son of the Parisian pastor Charles Drelincourt the Elder (1595–1669) and his wife Marguerite Boldue, daughter of a rich brewer from Biere, came from a large family. Like his older brother and father, he was originally supposed to be a Huguenot pastor. However, an illness in his youth made him want to study medicine. After initial training in Paris, he moved to Saumur . For the Saumur Academy there, Philippe Duplessis-Mornay had received from Heinrich IV founding letters for a college in Saumur in March 1593.

In 1604 the academy opened its doors to enable Protestant noblemen and future French pastors to receive training. But also the Catholic youth were given opportunities for education there. Further studies on law and medicine were not possible on her, but general basics on these topics were also taught on her. Rather, the university's curriculum focused on studying theology, which required an undergraduate degree in philosophy. Drelincourt graduated from the latter, and on September 24, 1650, he acquired the degree of master's degree in philosophy.

After studying anatomy with Jean Riolan the Younger , he went to the University of Montpellier , where on March 2, 1654 he became a medical baccalaureate. On August 18, 1654 he advanced to a licentiate in medicine with the treatise Clarissimum Monspeliensis Apollinis Stadium currente and received his doctorate on August 28, 1654 with the treatise An omnibus putridis febribus venae sectio et purgatio? to the doctor of medicine. Shortly thereafter, he became a doctor to Marshal Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne, and from 1656 to 1658 he was inspector of the medical service of the French army in Flanders.

After his field service he became a doctor in 1659 at the court of the French king Louis XIV. He also set up his own medical practice in Paris. At that time he had married there too. On August 23, 1668, the curators of the University of Leiden appointed him to succeed Johannes Antonides van der Linden as professor of practical medicine, which he assumed on February 18, 1669 with an introductory speech. After the death of Johannes von Horne (1621-1670) he was appointed chair holder and professor of anatomy on December 3, 1670, which activity he began in January of the following year with the speech Praeludium anatomicum .

During that time, the Leiden University Clinic Collegium Medico-Practicum was also under his control . During his tenure he achieved that the corpses of criminals could be used for anatomical lessons. In 1687 he was exempted from anatomical lectures for health reasons because his eyes had suffered from microscopy. His lectures were taken over by Anton Nuck (around 1650–1692) and from then on he read on theoretical medicine, where he developed a particular fondness for Hippocrates. Although Herman Boerhaave valued him as a conscientious lecturer, he was not without controversy in his time. Above all, his observations on the fetuses should be mentioned here. In the years 1679/80, 1688/89 and 1694/95, as rector of the Alma Mater, he also took part in the university's organizational tasks. At the resignation of the first rectorate in 1680 he gave the unusual speech Libitinae Tropaea . He was the personal physician of Willhelm III and Princess Maria .


  • Clarissimum Monspeliensis Apollinis Stadium currente C. Drelincurtio, Caroli filio, Parisio, & Liberalium Artrium Magistro, Doctoratum ambiente anno salutis M. DC. LIV, Quaestio Therapeutica pro prima Apollinari laurea consequenda, proposita ab illustrissimo viro DD Lazaro Riverio Regis Consilaiario & Medicorum Academia Professore dignissimo, sub hac verborum serie: Anomibus putridis Febribus section. & Purgatio. Montpellier 1654, Leiden 1680
  • Questiones quatuor Cardinales, pro suprema Apollinari daphne consequenda, proposita ab illustrissimis viris DD Richero de Balleval. . . & DD Simeone Curtaudo… Quarum veritatem, seriis exactis, triduum integrum mane & vesperi tueri conabitur Carolus Drelincurtius,. . . Medicinae Licentiatus, in inclyto Monspeliensis Apollinis sano. Montpellier
  • Oratio Doctoralis Monspessula, qua Medicos, jugi Dei Operum considertatione atque contemplatione permotos, caeteris hominibus Religioni astrictiores esse demonstrator: atque added impietatis crimen in ipsos jactatum diluitur.
  • De partu octimestri vivaci diatriba. Paris 1662, Leiden 1666, 1668
  • Quaestio Physiologica, an Partus octimestris vitalis? Paris 1664
  • La Legende du Gascon, ou Lettre a M. Poree sur la methode pretendue nouvelle de tailler la Pierre, & deux autres Lettres sur le meme sujet. Leiden 1665, 1674, 1680
  • Quaestio Medica de partu octimestri vivaci. Leiden 1668 ( online )
  • De partu octimestri vivaci diatriba. Leiden 1668 ( online )
  • Oratio, quam super Civitatis & Academiae calamitatibus generatim & paucis, tum super clarissimi viri Johannis van Horne natalibus, vitae institutio, & e vivis excessu, singulatim & plenius, brevibus tamen, anno habuit ineunte 1670. Leiden 1670, 1680
  • Anatomicum Preludium. Leiden 1670, 1672
  • Regii olim in Galliis Medici, nuc vero in Universitate Lugdunensis Professoris Practici & Anatomici, Apologia Medicos sexcentis annis Roma exulasse. Leiden 1671 (article)
  • Apologia medica, Qua depellitur illa calumnia Medicos sexcentis annis Roma exulasse. Leiden 1671 ( online ) 1672 ( online )
  • La Legende du Gascon; ou la Lettre de Charles Drelincourt a M. Leek, sur la Methode, prentendue nouvelle, de tailler de la Pierre. Suffering 1674
  • Libitina trophea, cum appendice ad glandulosos Doctores. Leiden 1680 ( online )
  • Appendix ad Libitina Trophaea. Suffering 1680
  • Oratio super civitatis et Acad. Calamitatibus (...). Leiden 1680 ( online )
  • Experimenta Anatomica, ex vivorum sectionibus petita. Suffering 1681
  • De humani fetus membranis hypomnemata. Leiden 1683, 1685
  • De foeminarum ovis, Tam intra testiculos & uterum quam extra, from Anno 1666 ad retro secula. Suffering 1684
  • Super humani fetus umbilico Meditationes Elenctice. Leiden 1685 ( online )
  • De Humani Fetus Membranis Hypomnemata. Leiden 1685 ( online )
  • De foetuum pileolo, sive galea emmendationes. Leiden 1685 ( online )
  • De Conceptione adversaria. Leiden 1685 ( online )
  • De tunica fetus allantoide meletemata. Leiden 1685 ( online )
  • De conceptu conceptus quibus mirabilia Dei super fetus humani formatione, nutritione atque partione, sacro velo hactenus tecta, systemate felici reteguntur. Leiden 1685 ( online )
  • De foeminarum ovis historiae, atque physicae lucubrationes. 1687 ( online )
  • De foeminarum ovis historicae et physicae lucubrationes. 1687
  • Experimenta Anatomica ex vivorum sectionibus petita per Ernestum Gottfried Heyse. Leiden 1681, 1682, 1684
  • Homericus Achilles Caroli Drelincurtii Penicillo Delineatus, Per Convicia Et Laudes. Leiden 1693, 1694, 1696
  • Opuscula medica, quae reperiri potuere omnia. The Hague 1717 (published by Borhaave)


  • Drelincourt, Carolus a son of the previous one. In: Johann Heinrich Zedler : Large complete universal lexicon of all sciences and arts . Volume 7, Leipzig 1734, column 1419.
  • Christian Gottlieb Jöcher : General Scholar Lexicon, Darinne the scholars of all classes, both male and female, who lived from the beginning of the world to the present day, and made themselves known to the learned world, After their birth, life, remarkable stories, Withdrawals and writings from the most credible scribes are described in alphabetical order. Verlag Johann Friedrich Gleditsch, Leipzig, 1750, Vol. 2, Sp. 216, ( online )
  • August Hirsch , Ernst Julius Gurlt : Biographical lexicon of the outstanding doctors of all times and peoples. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Vienna, Leipzig 1885, Vol. 2, p. 215
  • Evert Dirk Baumann : DRELINCOURT (Charles) . In: Petrus Johannes Blok , Philipp Christiaan Molhuysen (Ed.): Nieuw Nederlandsch Biografisch Woordenboek . Part 7. N. Israel, Amsterdam 1974, Sp. 384–385 (Dutch, / - first edition: AW Sijthoff, Leiden 1927, reprinted unchanged).
  • Abraham Jacob van der Aa : Biographical Woordenboek der Nederlanden. Verlag JJ van Brederode, Haarlem, 1858, vol. 3, p. 518, ( online , Dutch)
  • Antoine Portal: Histoire de l'anatomie et de la chirurgie: contenant l'origine & les progres ces Sciens, avec un Tableau Chronologique des principales Decouverres, & un Catalog des ouvrages d 'Anatomie & de Chirurgie, des Memoires Academiques, des Dissertations inserees dans les Journaux, de la plupart des Theses qui ont ete soutenues dans les Facultes de Medecine de l'Europe. P. Fr. Didot, Paris, 1770, vol. 3, pp. 201 f. ( Online )
  • Jean-Noël Paquot: Memoires pour servir à l'histoire litteraire des dix-sept provinces des Pays-Bas de la Principaute de Liege, et De Quelques Contrees Voisines. de l'Imprimerie académique. Löwen, 1769 vol. 17, p. 318 ( online )

Individual evidence

  1. Barbara I. Tshisuaka: Drelincourt, Charles. In: Werner E. Gerabek , Bernhard D. Haage, Gundolf Keil , Wolfgang Wegner (eds.): Enzyklopädie Medizingeschichte. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2005, ISBN 3-11-015714-4 , p. 323 f.