Freiberg Mulde

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Freiberg Mulde
Freiberger Mulde in Conradsdorf with a bridge from 1501

Freiberger Mulde in Conradsdorf with a bridge from 1501

Water code EN : 542
location Czech Republic , Germany
River system Elbe
Drain over Mulde  → Elbe  → North Sea
Headwaters near Moldava ( Czech Republic )
50 ° 42 ′ 26 ″  N , 13 ° 40 ′ 18 ″  E
Source height approx.  850  m above sea level NHN
muzzle near Sermuth (union with the Zwickauer Mulde ) coordinates: 51 ° 9 '37 "  N , 12 ° 47' 53"  E 51 ° 9 '37 "  N , 12 ° 47' 53"  E
Mouth height 132.4  m above sea level NHN
Height difference approx. 717.6 m
Bottom slope approx. 5.8 ‰
length 124 km
Catchment area 2981 km²
Discharge at the Erlln
A Eo gauge : 2980 km².
Location: 1.5 km above the mouth
NNQ (09/16/1982)
MNQ 1961–2012
MQ 1961–2012
Mq 1961–2012
MHQ 1961–2012
HHQ (08/13/2002)
2.7 m³ / s
6.63 m³ / s
35.7 m³ / s
12 l / (s km²)
332 m³ / s
1660 m³ / s
Left tributaries Münzbach , Kleinwaltersdorfer Bach , Pitzschebach , Striegis , Zschopau
Right tributaries Gimmlitz , Bobritzsch
Medium-sized cities Freiberg , Döbeln
Small towns Nossen , Roßwein , Leisnig , Colditz
Communities Rechenberg bee mill

The Freiberger Mulde , also called the Eastern Mulde , after the source Moldavský potok ( Moldauer Bach ), is the right, 124 km long source river of the Mulde , whose catchment area of 2,981 km² lies in the Czech Republic and Germany (central Saxony ). With a water flow of 35.3 m³ / s, it is larger than the other source river, the Zwickauer Mulde (or Western Mulde ) with a water flow of around 26.4 m³ / s, which is, however, the longer source river.


Mulde source
Freiberg Mulde near Großvoigtsberg

The Freiberg Mulde rises in the Czech Republic on the main ridge of the Eastern Ore Mountains two kilometers southeast of Moldava as Moldavský potok (Moldauer Bach) at an altitude of 850  m above sea level. NN between the mountain tops Sklařský vrch ( Glaser-Berg ) and Oldřišský vrch ( Walter-Berg ). The source is only 2.5 kilometers from the source of the Wild Weißeritz and only one kilometer from the headwaters of the Flöha .

Flowing in a westerly direction, it reaches German territory after about five kilometers and forms a short stretch of the Czech-German border. Holzhau , the first German town on the river, lies at an altitude of approx. 600  m above sea level. NN , Rechenberg-Bienenmühle at an altitude of about 545  m above sea level. NN . The valley is deepened by 150 to 200 m compared to the surrounding heights and initially turns gradually to the northwest and then almost exactly north. The Chemnitzbach and the Zethaubach flow in Mulda from the left, and the Gimmlitz from the right in Lichtenberg . The valley is steep and narrow in the further course; between Freiberg and Halsbrücke it is still sunk almost 100 m into the plateau of the Ore Mountains , which gradually descend to the north . In the old mining landscape of the Ore Mountains around Freiberg, the Mulde Valley is home to numerous cultural monuments , especially of a technical nature. The steep slopes are almost completely occupied by natural mixed forest. After the Mulde has passed Weißenborn , Muldenhütten and Hilbersdorf , it reaches its nickname Freiberg .

Confluence at Sermuth

Below Freiberg and Halsbrücke , the Münzbach and at Großschirma the Kleinwaltersdorfer Bach reach the water from the left. From the right, the Bobritzsch flows southeast of Siebenlehn . After the sharp bend westwards at Nossen and the tributary of the Pitzschebach from the Zellwald, the Mulde Roßwein and Döbeln flows through and receives the Striegis as the first major tributary .

Its largest tributary , the Zschopau, more than doubles its water flow, flows into Schweta . The now stately river passes Leisnig and merges in the Colditz district of Sermuth with the Zwickauer Mulde to form the United Mulde .


Hammer bridge
Freiberger Mulde near Neuhilbersdorf

There is geological evidence that the lower valley of the Freiberg Mulde traces an earlier course of today's Elbe , which it took along the edge of the ice during older ice ages .

With the Hammerbrücke , the Alte Conradsdorferbrücke and the Altväterbrücke there are culturally and historically remarkable overpass structures from the 16th century on the Freiberg Mulde.

The Freiberger Mulde sub-route of the Mulderadweg runs along the course of the river .


  • Hydrological manual. (PDF; 115 kB) Part 2 - Area Codes. Free State of Saxony - State Office for Environment and Geology, p. 18 , accessed on December 25, 2017 .
  • Hansjörg Küster : The Elbe. Landscape and history . Chapter 12: Die Mulde , 1st edition, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-406-56209-9 .
  • Thomas Böttger: The Mulde - A journey through pictures along the fastest river in Europe. Bildverlag Böttger GbR, Witzschdorf, 2009, ISBN 978-3-937496-26-9
  • International Commission for the Protection of the Elbe: The Elbe and its catchment area - a geographical, hydrological and water management overview , Chapter 4.6 - The Mulde, no year, published after 2002 in digital form

Web links

Commons : Freiberger Mulde  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Freiberger Mulde  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Report of the independent commission of the Saxon state government flood catastrophe 2002 ( Memento of the original from August 16, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF file; 882 kB) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. ^ German Hydrological Yearbook Elbe Region, Part I 2012. (PDF) State Office for Flood Protection and Water Management Saxony-Anhalt, p. 140 , accessed on November 3, 2018 (from:
  3. The mean discharge of the Zwickauer Mulde estuary is determined from the values ​​of the level Wechselburg 1 (Zwickauer Mulde) and indirectly Golzern 1 (Mulde) and Erlln (Freiberg Mulde). For the intermediate catchment area below Wechselburg, the area discharge was determined from the water level data and multiplied by the catchment area of ​​the Zwickau Mulde below the Wechselburg 1 water level.