Bundesstrasse 72

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Template: Infobox high-ranking street / Maintenance / DE-B
Bundesstrasse 72 in Germany
Bundesstrasse 72
 European Road 233 number DE.svg
Course of the B 72
Basic data
Operator: GermanyGermany Federal Republic of Germany
Start of the street: North
( 53 ° 37 ′  N , 7 ° 10 ′  E )
End of street: Emstek
( 52 ° 49 ′  N , 8 ° 13 ′  E )
Overall length: 132 km

State :

Development condition: two-lane
Norddeich ferry port 2010 8.jpg
Bundesstrasse 72 in Norddeich
directly at the ferry terminal
Course of the road
State of Lower Saxony
Aurich district
port Norddeich ferry terminal
(to Norderney and Juist ) Symbol: ferry Symbol: ferry
Locality North OT Norddeich
Bypass North bypass 
Bypass Marienhafe bypass 
Locality Südbrookmerland OT Georgsheil B210
Locality Südbrookmerland OT Moordorf
Locality Aurich B210
flow Ems-Jade Canal
Locality Großefehn OT Holtrop
Locality Großefehn OT Mittegroßefehn
Locality Großefehn OT Bagband B436
District of Leer
Locality Hesel B436
Junction (3)  Filsum A28 E22
Motorway junction Filsum
flow Jümme
Motorway junction Velde
flow Said Ems
District of Cloppenburg
Start of expressway Beginning of the motor road
Motorway junction Straps B438
Motorway junction Ramsloh
Motorway junction Scharrel
flow 4 × Said Ems
Motorway junction Sedelsberg B401
flow Coastal channel
Motorway junction Friesoythe
flow Soeste
Motorway junction Friesoythe-East
Expressway end End of the highway
Locality Friesoythe OT Thüle
Locality Garrel OT Petersfeld
Start of expressway Beginning of the motor road
Locality Garrel OT Varrelbusch
Motorway junction Cloppenburg -NorthB213 E233
Motorway junction Cloppenburg- Bethen B213
Motorway junction Cloppenburg-Ost
flow Soeste
Motorway junction Emstek-West
Motorway junction Emstek- East
Expressway end End of the highway
Locality Emstek OT Bühren
Junction (63)  Cloppenburg A1 E37 B69 E233

The federal highway 72 (abbreviation: B 72 ) - in the vernacular of the region also known as the "Ostfriesen-Highway" - is a German federal highway . It runs through Lower Saxony from the North Sea coast near Norddeich to Emstek to the Cloppenburg junction of federal motorway 1 .


The federal road 72 begins as a normal country road directly in the Norddeich harbor on the access ramps of the island ferries to Norderney next to the long-distance platform Norddeich Mole of the Deutsche Bahn. Coming from this flooded area of ​​the North Sea, it first overcomes its dike. Immediately behind it a descent leads to the island parking lot. Then it bypasses the city of Norden and a little later Marienhafe without any cultivation . From Georgsheil to Aurich it runs on a common route with the federal road 210 , as well as between Bagband and Hesel with the federal road 436 . In these areas it is run as a normal country road with through-roads. Nevertheless, the former section is the one with the highest traffic load on the federal highway.

From the Filsum junction of the A 28 , it functions for the first time as a motor road in the 2 + 1 system , in which the directions of travel have two lanes alternating for approx. 1.5 km, while the other direction is only a single lane. From Friesoythe to Varrelbusch it runs as a normal country road, from there until shortly before the entrance to the European route 233 again in the 2 + 1 system . On the Europastraße, it bypasses Cloppenburg as a motor road and a four-lane yellow motorway and then switches to the 2 + 1 system again until it ends at the Cloppenburg junction of federal motorway 1 in Emstek .


Before the construction of the federal highways in north-west Lower Saxony (around 1970 the federal highway 1 was only completed), the federal highway 72 began in Schneiderkrug , where it branched off from the federal highway 69 ( Vechta - Oldenburg , predecessor of the federal highway 29 ). The section between Schneiderkrug and the Cloppenburg junction of the A 1 is now assigned to the B 69.

Unlike today, there were no bypass roads on the B 72 until 1968, so that the federal road had through-roads through Emstek, Cloppenburg, Friesoythe , the villages of the Saterland as well as Potshausen , Stickhausen and Filsum . Originally the B 72 ended in Georgsheil , as today's section of the B 72 to Norddeich was assigned to the Bundesstraße 70 .

In 1968 the first bypass road was completed in the course of the federal highway 72, namely the Friesoyther bypass. The route bypassing the Emstek between the federal autobahn 1 and Cloppenburg-Bethen initially had (like all bypass roads in the course of the B 72 in their early years) only one lane in each direction, but the maximum speed limit was increased to 120 km / h, which is right in Germany was rare. However, since there were serious accidents, particularly in the area of ​​the long curve between Emstek-Ost and Emstek-West, this was soon revoked and a ban on overtaking was even issued. The section between Emstek and Cloppenburg was rebuilt from summer 2006 to spring 2007.

The plan published in 1972 to extend Bundesstraße 72 beyond Schneiderkrug to Sulingen was abandoned in 1976 , mainly because of the associated route (large areas of bog would have been cut through).

Until July 7, 2009, the federal highway 72 ran through the inner city of Norden and its Norddeich district, which it now bypasses on a route free of cultivation.

Since November 2011, the traffic management between Varrelbusch has been extended to the 2 + 1 system until shortly before the slip road to Europastraße 233 .


Changes in the Aurich and Südbrookmerland area

B70, B 72 and B 210 plan diagram

In this section, the B 72 runs on the same route as the B 210 . The current Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan approved by the Federal Cabinet provides for the following changes:

  • South bypass of the B 72 and north bypass of the B 210 for Aurich. Together, these bypasses form a south-west-north three-quarter ring around the city, which connects the three incoming and outgoing branches of both federal highways.
  • Südbrookmerland bypass: Presumably this is combined with the Aurich bypass. There would then be no relapse on the old route between these two places. In the proposed variants, the bypass at the Georgsheil traffic junction will revert to the current road layout.
  • Connection to the A 31 : The above combined bypass will also have a powerful direct connection to the A 31 to the Riepe junction. As the new federal highway 70, this will replace the previous route to East Frisia.

The 2 + 1 system is planned for the section from the A 31 to the entrance to the Enercon plant on the B 210 in northern Aurich . The connections to the existing road network are largely made with motorway-like junctions. The overall project is being re-run at the Lower Saxony State Authority for Road Construction and Transport under the working title of Bundesstraße 210 .

Expansion between AS Filsum on the A 28 and AS Cloppenburg on the A 1

In this section, some sections are currently in the 2 + 1 system . In the long term, this should be done continuously up to Europastraße 233 . Bridge widening work is in progress. The subsequent European road is to become a four-lane yellow motorway through to the A1 .

See also

Web links

Commons : Bundesstrasse 72  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Emstek - Cloppenburg and Friesoythe - Filsum three stripes; Cloppenburg bypass with four lanes similar to a motorway
  2. BAST: Manual Road Traffic Census 2010 ( Memento from January 3, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  3. http://www.garrel.de/internet/page.php?site=16&id=908001500&rubrik=908000001 ( Memento from February 10, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  4. http://www.strassenbau.niedersachsen.de/portal/live.php?navigation_id=21025&article_id=78680&_psmand=135