|Bundesstrasse 72 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||
|End of street:||
|Overall length:||132 km|
|Bundesstrasse 72 in Norddeich
directly at the ferry terminal
The federal highway 72 (abbreviation: B 72 ) - in the vernacular of the region also known as the "Ostfriesen-Highway" - is a German federal highway . It runs through Lower Saxony from the North Sea coast near Norddeich to Emstek to the Cloppenburg junction of federal motorway 1 .
The federal road 72 begins as a normal country road directly in the Norddeich harbor on the access ramps of the island ferries to Norderney next to the long-distance platform Norddeich Mole of the Deutsche Bahn. Coming from this flooded area of the North Sea, it first overcomes its dike. Immediately behind it a descent leads to the island parking lot. Then it bypasses the city of Norden and a little later Marienhafe without any cultivation . From Georgsheil to Aurich it runs on a common route with the federal road 210 , as well as between Bagband and Hesel with the federal road 436 . In these areas it is run as a normal country road with through-roads. Nevertheless, the former section is the one with the highest traffic load on the federal highway.
From the Filsum junction of the A 28 , it functions for the first time as a motor road in the 2 + 1 system , in which the directions of travel have two lanes alternating for approx. 1.5 km, while the other direction is only a single lane. From Friesoythe to Varrelbusch it runs as a normal country road, from there until shortly before the entrance to the European route 233 again in the 2 + 1 system . On the Europastraße, it bypasses Cloppenburg as a motor road and a four-lane yellow motorway and then switches to the 2 + 1 system again until it ends at the Cloppenburg junction of federal motorway 1 in Emstek .
Before the construction of the federal highways in north-west Lower Saxony (around 1970 the federal highway 1 was only completed), the federal highway 72 began in Schneiderkrug , where it branched off from the federal highway 69 ( Vechta - Oldenburg , predecessor of the federal highway 29 ). The section between Schneiderkrug and the Cloppenburg junction of the A 1 is now assigned to the B 69.
Unlike today, there were no bypass roads on the B 72 until 1968, so that the federal road had through-roads through Emstek, Cloppenburg, Friesoythe , the villages of the Saterland as well as Potshausen , Stickhausen and Filsum . Originally the B 72 ended in Georgsheil , as today's section of the B 72 to Norddeich was assigned to the Bundesstraße 70 .
In 1968 the first bypass road was completed in the course of the federal highway 72, namely the Friesoyther bypass. The route bypassing the Emstek between the federal autobahn 1 and Cloppenburg-Bethen initially had (like all bypass roads in the course of the B 72 in their early years) only one lane in each direction, but the maximum speed limit was increased to 120 km / h, which is right in Germany was rare. However, since there were serious accidents, particularly in the area of the long curve between Emstek-Ost and Emstek-West, this was soon revoked and a ban on overtaking was even issued. The section between Emstek and Cloppenburg was rebuilt from summer 2006 to spring 2007.
Until July 7, 2009, the federal highway 72 ran through the inner city of Norden and its Norddeich district, which it now bypasses on a route free of cultivation.
Since November 2011, the traffic management between Varrelbusch has been extended to the 2 + 1 system until shortly before the slip road to Europastraße 233 .
Changes in the Aurich and Südbrookmerland area
- South bypass of the B 72 and north bypass of the B 210 for Aurich. Together, these bypasses form a south-west-north three-quarter ring around the city, which connects the three incoming and outgoing branches of both federal highways.
- Südbrookmerland bypass: Presumably this is combined with the Aurich bypass. There would then be no relapse on the old route between these two places. In the proposed variants, the bypass at the Georgsheil traffic junction will revert to the current road layout.
- Connection to the A 31 : The above combined bypass will also have a powerful direct connection to the A 31 to the Riepe junction. As the new federal highway 70, this will replace the previous route to East Frisia.
The 2 + 1 system is planned for the section from the A 31 to the entrance to the Enercon plant on the B 210 in northern Aurich . The connections to the existing road network are largely made with motorway-like junctions. The overall project is being re-run at the Lower Saxony State Authority for Road Construction and Transport under the working title of Bundesstraße 210 .
Expansion between AS Filsum on the A 28 and AS Cloppenburg on the A 1
In this section, some sections are currently in the 2 + 1 system . In the long term, this should be done continuously up to Europastraße 233 . Bridge widening work is in progress. The subsequent European road is to become a four-lane yellow motorway through to the A1 .
- Line-specific route of the Aurich bypass and the connection to the A 31 at OpenStreetMap
- Articles and plans of the Aurich bypass and the connection to the A 31 ( memento of November 26, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) in the Ostfriesischer Nachrichten
- Emstek - Cloppenburg and Friesoythe - Filsum three stripes; Cloppenburg bypass with four lanes similar to a motorway
- BAST: Manual Road Traffic Census 2010 ( Memento from January 3, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- http://www.garrel.de/internet/page.php?site=16&id=908001500&rubrik=908000001 ( Memento from February 10, 2015 in the Internet Archive )