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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Cloppenburg
Map of Germany, position of the city of Cloppenburg highlighted

Coordinates: 52 ° 51 '  N , 8 ° 3'  E

Basic data
State : Lower Saxony
County : Cloppenburg
Height : 39 m above sea level NHN
Area : 70.63 km 2
Residents: 35,451 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 502 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 49661
Area code : 04471
License plate : CLP
Community key : 03 4 53 004
City structure: 11 localities

City administration address :
Sevelter Strasse 8
49661 Cloppenburg
Website :
Mayor : Wolfgang Wiese ( CDU )
Location of the city of Cloppenburg in the district of Cloppenburg
Landkreis Ammerland Landkreis Diepholz Landkreis Emsland Landkreis Leer Landkreis Oldenburg Landkreis Osnabrück Landkreis Osnabrück Landkreis Vechta Landkreis Wesermarsch Oldenburg (Oldenburg) Barßel Bösel Cappeln (Oldenburg) Cloppenburg Emstek Essen/Oldenburg Friesoythe Garrel Lastrup Lindern (Oldenburg) Löningen Molbergen Saterlandmap
About this picture

Cloppenburg ( Low German Cloppenborg ) is the district town and at the same time the largest city in the district named after it Cloppenburg in Lower Saxony .



Cloppenburg is located in the Oldenburger Münsterland between Osnabrück and Oldenburg . Outside the city center, eleven localities belong to the urban area: Ambühren , Bethen , Emstekerfeld , Galgenmoor , Kellerhöhe, Staatsforsten , Stapelfeld , Sternbusch , Schmertheim and Vahren .

Basement height

Interior view of the Church of St. Marien in Kellerhöhe

Kellerhöhe is a " colony " founded at the beginning of the 20th century on the outskirts of the town of Cloppenburg, in which the land was made arable for agriculture and cattle breeding . The church of the Catholic parish of St. Marien Hoheging-Kellerhöhe-Bürgermoor , built in 1923, is located at the intersection of the three colonies Hoheging , Kellerhöhe and Bürgermoor, which belonged to the municipality of Krapendorf until 1933 , but are now divided into three different political communities .

Natural structure

The city of Cloppenburg is located in the main natural unit " Cloppenburger Geest " or in the sub-unit "Cloppenburger Lehm-Geest". This is also the main catchment area from the Soeste to Cloppenburg. This natural spatial unit is characterized as a weakly undulating ground moraine area, whose predominantly loamy soils (gley-like brown earth ) are mostly covered by a thin layer of floating or drifting sand and, due to the accumulation of surface water in poorly permeable subsoil ( boulder clay ), are fresh to moist, and occasionally wet in hollows.

To the west of Cloppenburg, between the villages of Bühren and Schmertheim, the subunit of the "Cloppenburger Sand-Geest" borders. The border to the Cloppenburger Lehm-Geest cannot be clearly drawn in a straight line. The Cloppenburger Sand-Geest represents, according to Meisel, a "predominantly sandy, slightly undulating ground moraine area , which in places has larger dune fields and is only divided by individual narrow, flat-moor-filled lowlands. [...] A lot of the soils formerly oaks -Birkenwälder wore long been verheidet [...] grassland only comes into the narrow valleys before, formerly alder - swamp forests contributed ".


The name

The origin of the name is not entirely clear, but it has two possible causes:

  1. The name is part of the mdl. Kloppen what a knock, beat, beat in terms of the formation of the medieval fortress is to be set.
  2. English place names such as Clopton, Clapton or Clophill are related to the Low German word clop = mountain, hill. Street names are quite revealing in this regard. There is a mountain road near the St. Andreas Church. However, this area belongs to Krapendorf, which only became part of Cloppenburg in 1855. The St. Andreas Church, Cloppenburg's city church, on the border with Krapendorf, is built on the highest point of the city, to which the Krapendorfer Bergstrasse leads up.

The name Cloppenburg was first mentioned in a document in 1297.

Prehistory and early history

A long-distance path leads through the area of ​​the city of Cloppenburg , which is said to have existed as early as the Bronze Age and which leads from the Netherlands over the Ems and Weser to the Lüneburg Heath . The section of the path in the area of ​​the municipality of Emstek and the city of Cloppenburg was called Herzog-Erich-Weg by the population after 1563 . Until recently, the street called Herzog-Erich-Ring formed the southern development boundary of the city of Cloppenburg.

middle Ages

Cloppenburg originally grew out of two settlement cores, which differed in age and history.

There are first written records from 819 about the older settlement Krapendorf, which grew on the Geestrand ; the Krapendorf parish was founded by the mission cell in Visbek . After Charlemagne built nine mission districts from 780 AD to Christianize the conquered Saxons, Abbot Gerbert Castus - the apostle of the Oldenburger Münsterland - founded the first parishes in the area from the Visbek mission cell . One of these was the Krapendorf parish church in Lerigau . The Counts of Tecklenburg built the Cloppenburg fortifications near the settlement of Krapendorf on the Soeste lowland in order to finally secure sovereignty in this area. On October 20, 855, Krapendorf and Visbek came to the Corvey Monastery .

The ruins of Cloppenburg Castle . The district court in the background

Around 1100, after more than a hundred years of rule in Mecklenburg , the tenth of the church in Croppendorf became the property of Münster as a result of frequent feuds between the Counts of Tecklenburg and the bishops of Münster and Osnabrück. Around 1150 Kroppendorf appears in the directory of the Corvey patronage churches . Around 1200 the main courtyard, curia Gropendorf, appears in the property register of the Corvey monastery. On January 5, 1297, a deed documented the exchange of land that Count Otto III. von Tecklenburg had the Cloppenburg Castle built on a farm in Hemesburen (Hemmelsbühren) .

On June 18, 1393, the bishops and the cities of Münster and Osnabrück concluded an alliance to siege the Cloppenburg, which was conquered that same year. On December 28, 1396, Bishop Dietrich von Osnabrück ceded his share in Cloppenburg to the Bishop of Münster, Otto IV von Hoya .

On October 25, 1400, Count Nikolaus II of Tecklenburg renounced rule, office and castle. In the peace treaty of 1400 between Münster and Tecklenburg, the areas around Cloppenburg and Friesoythe were incorporated into the Duchy of Münster as the Cloppenburg office. Despite its geographical location between Hamburg and Osnabrück, it still belongs to the diocese of Münster. On March 9, 1411, the Burgflecken, which was built between 1400 and 1411, was granted soft image rights (city-like freedoms and privileges) by the Bishop of Münster . On January 5, 1435, the bishop of Münster granted Cloppenburg city ​​rights with its own jurisdiction and a city coat of arms with the image of St. Paul .

In 1435, the church in Krapendorf was destroyed by the Osnabrückers, but this did not affect the importance of Krapendorf, as it was quickly rebuilt. Before 1450, the fortification of the city of Cloppenburg with ramparts and moats was completed. Despite the spatial proximity, Krapendorf was not included in the fortification. In 1537 Wilke Steding , builder of the Stedingsmühlen estate , became Drost von Cloppenburg.

1500 to 1800

Religious dispute

On July 6th, 1543, Bishop Franz von Münster and Osnabrück introduced the evangelical creed. In 1600 the city school was built with Latin and German lessons. In 1613 the Catholic creed was reintroduced.

Thirty Years' War

In 1622 Count von Mansfeld invaded the Lower Monastery of Münster and occupied Cloppenburg. In the further course of the war, imperial, Danish and Swedish troops were in Cloppenburg. In 1623 Tilly set up camp in Bethen near Cloppenburg. A fire in 1638 destroyed 61 houses. Not until 1650 did the last Swedish troops withdraw.

St. Andrew's Church
Prince-Bishops of Galen

Through a contract dated September 19, 1667, the Prince-Bishop of Münster, Christoph Bernhard von Galen , acquired the spiritual sovereignty over the Niederstift, which Osnabrück had until now. In 1668 the new town chapel and town hall were inaugurated by Prince-Bishop Christoph Bernhard von Galen, who had also donated the high altar for the chapel (town chapel and town hall until 1892 in Osterstraße in front of the König drugstore). In 1668 the prince-bishop awarded the city two annual markets "for the promotion of non-profit commercial businesses". The inauguration of the Bethen Chapel of Mercy took place in 1669 by Christoph Bernhard von Galen.

In a major fire in Cloppenburg in 1716, the castle buildings, the Richthaus (now Heukamp ) and the Krapendorfer Tor were destroyed . In 1728 the new construction of the St. Andreas Church in Krapendorf was completed. In 1769 it received three new altars, which the sculptor Johann Heinrich König from Münster (Westphalia) had made around 1769, as well as a new pulpit (restored in 1963). The new tower of the church was completed in 1789.

1800 to 1900

Cloppenburg 1805

After the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803, Cloppenburg became part of the Duchy of Oldenburg . In 1805 the castle tower was blown up and the office building was built. From 1811 to 1814, under Napoleon, the place was the seat of a canton in the arrondissement Quakenbrück of the Département de l'Ems-Supérieur .

Cloppenburg had around 1,600 inhabitants when in 1855 the patch of Krapendorf was separated from the rural community of Krapendorf and was united with the castle town of Cloppenburg to form one municipality . Since then, Cloppenburg has grown into a medium-sized town with now over 30,000 inhabitants, which until 1933 was still completely surrounded by the (rural) municipality of Krapendorf, which in 1855 still included Garrel (municipality that became independent in 1872), Sevelten and Lüsche . The inauguration of the Evangelical Church took place in 1857 and that of the Cloppenburg Hospital in 1863. In 1864 the agricultural school and the higher citizen school were founded . The weekly paper for the city and office of Cloppenburg was published in September 1864 . The Cloppenburger Nachrichten , which had existed since 1878, was taken over by the Wochenblatt in 1882 , which was renamed the Münsterländische Tageszeitung in 1906 and still exists under this name today.

In 1878, at the suggestion of the Catholic chaplain Carl Ludwig Niemann, the Liebfrauenschule Cloppenburg was founded, which was sponsored by Our Dear Women .

In 1891 the St. Joseph Church was inaugurated and in 1893 the new town hall on Langen Strasse. In 1892 the old town chapel and the town hall were demolished.

The development of the railway network for the transport of agricultural goods and products was of central importance for the economic development of the area, which is characterized by subsistence farming . This made Cloppenburg the traffic junction of the Oldenburg Münsterland . The direct connection to the Rhenish-Westphalian industrial districts promoted agro-economic development; it contributed significantly to the importance of the city as a market and trading center in southern Oldenburg and was the starting point for the internal development of the offices of Cloppenburg and Friesoythe. The expansion of trade and traffic meant that after the First World War , Cloppenburg became “the trading metropolis of the Münsterland and beyond”.

Since 1900

The city of Cloppenburg in the 1930s

In 1909 the district court was built on the former castle grounds. In 1914 the Real-Progymnasium (now Clemens-August-Gymnasium Cloppenburg ) was founded, which was inaugurated in 1917. On November 10, 1918, a workers' council was also formed in Cloppenburg .

Heinrich Ottenjann began building a local history museum in 1922. In 1927 the pilgrimage church and the warrior memorial church were built in Bethen. 1929 was the so-called "peasant uprising" in Sevelten ("Eberborg story"). The Münsterlandhalle was built around 1929/30 and was expanded in 1959. During the Oldenburg regional reform of 1933, most of the rural community of Krapendorf was incorporated into the city of Cloppenburg. However, some districts of Krapendorf were ceded to neighboring communities: Resthausen and Stalförden to the community of Molbergen, Warnstedt and Nutteln to the community of Cappeln and Kneheim to the community of Lastrup.

German Empire 1933 to 1945

In 1934 the history of the open-air museum Museumsdorf Cloppenburg began with the groundbreaking as an extension of the local history museum founded in 1922 .

Cross fight memorial at the market

The mass rally of 1936 in the Münsterlandhalle on the cross fight in the Oldenburger Münsterland was a protest action by the population and led to the withdrawal of the cross decree . In 1937 the city celebrated the topping-out ceremony for the new town hall.

Cloppenburg National Socialists set the Cloppenburg synagogue on fire in 1938 during the so-called November pogroms .

On February 5, 1940, two trains collided near Cloppenburg. Eleven people died and 31 others were injured.

On April 10, 1945, an air raid caused severe damage to around 150 buildings. According to contemporary witnesses, around 200 people were killed. British and Canadian troops occupied the place on April 13, 1945. The Quatmannshof in the museum village was destroyed.

After 1945

In 1956 the new building for the vocational school on Museumsstrasse was completed. 1959 was the consecration of the St. Augustine Church , since 1964 the third parish church. In 1960 the new district office was handed over on the former castle grounds. In 1960 an educational organization was founded. 1962 was the festive handover of the restored Quatmannshof by Federal President Heinrich Lübke . In 1963, the Spreda plant in Emstekerfeld was built with a 76 meter high plant tower, which later became a symbol of the city as the Pfanni tower.

In 1964 the city had 16,281 inhabitants, of which 12,752 were Catholic and 2,898 Protestant. There were 2467 apartment buildings.

In 1967 the St. Bernhard Church was inaugurated in Emstekerfeld , in 1968 that of the new St. Josefs Church and in 1970 the St. Pius Stift as an old people's home and nursing school. The indoor pool opened in 1973, the outdoor pool in 1974. The old St. Joseph Church ( Little Church ) had to be demolished in 1973. In 1974 the special school and the dual gym in the school center on Cappelner Damm were completed. The central bus station was rebuilt in 1975, and in 1976 the Cardinal von Galen Folk High School , now the Stapelfeld Catholic Academy, was completed. The pilgrimage church in Bethen was founded in 1977 by Pope Paul VI. elevated to a minor basilica . In 1978, the Lange Straße pedestrian zone was opened.

In 1978 the Weser-Ems administrative district was formed as part of the regional reform.

The Eberborg Fountain was inaugurated in 1979. In 1983, in the presence of the regional rabbi Henry G. Brandt, the memorial for the former Jewish community in Cloppenburg was opened to the public. In 1984 the castle tower in the city park was uncovered and partially restored. The new town hall was inaugurated in 1997. In 2010 the four previously independent cath. Parishes of St. Andrew , St.Augustinus , St. Bernard and St. Joseph to the new city parish of St. Andrew merged.

Population statistics

The district of Cloppenburg, together with the neighboring district of Vechta, is known for its above-average birth rate in Germany. With an average of 1.9 children per woman, followed by the Vechta district with an average of 1.6 children per woman, the Cloppenburg district takes the top position nationwide. The reasons given for this are the classic distribution of roles between men and women in the conservative region and the comparatively high number of Russian-German resettlers in the area, who tend to have a higher birth rate. Every fifth inhabitant of the city comes from a late repatriate family .

Population development of Cloppenburg.svg Population development of Cloppenburg - from 1871
Population development of Cloppenburg. Above from 1473 to 2017. Below an excerpt from 1871. The value for 1816 includes the population of Krapendorf
1473 about 250 inhabitants
1609 00.380 inhabitants
1662 00.215 inhabitants
1762 00.408 inhabitants
1808 00.598 inhabitants
1816 01,461 inhabitants (including Krapendorf)
1964 16,281 inhabitants
1977 20,789 inhabitants
1982 22,088 inhabitants
2000 30,353 inhabitants
2010 32,655 inhabitants
2011 34,157 inhabitants
2014 34,313 inhabitants
2016 34,216 inhabitants
2017 34,581 inhabitants

Denomination statistics

The Cloppenburg population belongs to 46.2% of the Roman Catholic and 20.6% of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. 32.2% of the population belong to other or no religious groups. As of December 31, 2018


Town hall of Cloppenburg
City council election 2016
(in %)
Gains and losses
compared to 2011
 % p

City council

The council of the city of Cloppenburg consists of 38 council women and councilors. This is the specified number for a municipality with a population between 30,001 and 40,000 inhabitants. The council members are elected for a five-year term by local elections. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.

The full-time mayor Wolfgang Wiese (CDU) is also entitled to vote in the city council.

The results of the last local council elections were as follows:

Political party 11th September 2016 September 11, 2011 September 10, 2006
CDU 43.38% 15,908 16 seats 47.02% 16.207 17 seats 57.6% 17,931 21 seats
SPD 25.64% 9,404 10 seats 21.60% 7,448 8 seats 18.45% 5,746 7 seats
UWG 10.03% 3,678 4 seats 13.87% 4,784 5 seats 12.01% 3,739 4 seats
Green 7.90% 2,900 3 seats 12.07% 4.163 4 seats 8.89% 2,768 3 seats
FDP 4.15% 1,522 2 seats 3.28% 1,133 1 seat 3.03% 945 1 seat
IBC 3.09% 1,136 1 seat - - - - - -
LEFT 3.02% 1.108 1 seat 0.90% 313 - - - -
CENTER 2.75% 1.010 1 seat 1.21% 419 1 seat - - -
voter turnout 49.44% 47.67% 45.15%

After the 2016 election, four parliamentary groups sit in the city council, as the UWG and FDP have merged to form a joint parliamentary group. Left, center and IBC each represent a single candidate.


In the mayoral election on May 25, 2014, Wolfgang Wiese from the CDU prevailed. Compared to the mayoral election of 2006, Wiese lost around 700 votes (eleven percent).

Applicants Political party May 25, 2014
Wolfgang Wiese CDU 52.60% 6078
Stefan Riesenbeck SPD 47.39% 5477
voter turnout 46.12%

List of previous mayors

Representatives in the Land and Bundestag


Cloppenburg is represented in the state electoral district 67 Cloppenburg . In the Lower Saxony state parliament ( legislature to 2013) are represented


In the German Bundestag , Bundestag constituency 33 Cloppenburg-Vechta , Franz-Josef Holzenkamp (CDU) from Emstek was again directly elected in the 2009 Bundestag election .

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the city of Cloppenburg combines the coat of arms of the diocese of Münster : red bar on a golden shield; the image of the patron saint of the Münster monastery: Saint Paul with book and sword; and a characteristic of Bishop Heinrich von Moers , who, as sovereign at the time, gave Cloppenburg the coat of arms: three blue baristeles .

Town twinning

Since 1989 there has been a twinning with the French city of Bernay in Normandy (approx. 12,000 inhabitants, around 150 kilometers west of Paris).

Culture and sights

  • Museum village of Cloppenburg
  • Cultural center "Kulturbahnhof" in the converted west wing of the Cloppenburg train station
  • City park with the district court (Art Nouveau building) and foundations of the Cloppenburg
  • baroque St. Andrew's Church (18th century)
  • Pedestrian zone with bronze sculptures "Dialog" by sculptor Norbert Marten on the "Stadtmitte" square and Eberborg fountain (by sculptor Peter Lehmann ) at the beginning of the pedestrian zone
  • 80 meter high tower on the former Pfanni factory site , erected in 1963
  • between 1985 and 1993 the Cloppenburg Art Prize was awarded every second year . 1985 (painting) and 1987 (music): Region Weser / Ems, Bremen; 1989 (literature): nationwide; 1991 (sculpture): Lower Saxony, Bremen and the Bernay / Normandy region (twin town); 1993 (music): nationwide and in the Bernay / Normandy region.


The musical culture in Cloppenburg is shaped by a total of 13 local choirs, the symphonic wind orchestra of the fire brigade band from 1884 and the firefighters' march .

The city of Cloppenburg also houses the music school of the district of Cloppenburg as a public and non-profit institution. The Cloppenburg Children's Choir and the national chamber music ensemble BrassEvolution are affiliated with the district music school. The Ensemble Klangkunst , a professional chamber orchestra from Cloppenburg, is also known nationwide.

In 2007 the classical concert Winds & Voices attracted national attention, which was considered one of the highlights of the Cloppenburg cultural summer . Over 300 musicians from eight different choirs and the fire brigade band ensured a special concert experience.

Economy and Infrastructure

The 76 meter high " Pfanni Tower" (2002)


The once purely agriculturally oriented wide area surrounding the district town has now become a powerful economic area. Unemployment is below average in Germany and particularly in Lower Saxony.

With more than 300 years of tradition as a market town, the centrally located Cloppenburg has developed into one of the most important transshipment points for agricultural products. In addition to the food industry, a number of large companies and a solid, competitive small and medium-sized industry have established themselves thanks to targeted economic development measures.


The federal autobahn 1 runs east past Cloppenburg (exit 63 "Cloppenburg"), the BAB 29 can also be reached in about 15 minutes.

The federal highway 69 leads from the motorway exit Cloppenburg to Diepholz , the federal highway 72 connects Cloppenburg with the North Sea coast ( Norddeich ) and the federal highway 213 leads from Delmenhorst via Cloppenburg into the Netherlands . Cloppenburg is the intersection of the B 72 and the B 213, which unite with one another in the motorway-like bypass road.

At the western end of the four-lane bypass road Cloppenburg in the course of the federal roads 213 and 72, the federal road 68 connects to the south ( Quakenbrück / Osnabrück ).

Cloppenburg train station

Cloppenburg's train station is on the Oldenburg – Osnabrück line of the NordWestBahn , on which the RE 18 (Wilhelmshaven - Osnabrück) runs every hour . Another rail link leads to Friesoythe . It is used exclusively by museum or freight trains. The Cloppenburg – Vechta and Cloppenburg – state border railway lines have been closed and dismantled.



Catholic Academy Stapelfeld (Heimvolkshochschule) in the
Stapelfeld district

Numerous educational and cultural institutions offer a wide range of training and further education opportunities:

  • a school kindergarten
  • seven elementary schools
  • three high schools
  • two high schools ( Liebfrauenschule Cloppenburg and Clemens-August-Gymnasium )
  • two vocational schools
  • two special schools
  • a music school
  • three adult education institutions
  • 13 other educational institutions and schools
  • two public libraries


The St. Josefs Hospital, which is a Catholic institution, was founded in 1863.


  • Cloppenburg has a Roman Catholic influence. 40.94% of the people from Cloppenburg are Catholic, 33 years ago it was 68%.
    • St. Andreas, Sevelter Str. 4
    • St. Andrew's Church, Baroque hall from 1728, Kirchhofstrasse 1
    • St. Augustine from 1959, Bahnhofstrasse 62
    • St. Josef Church, Wall Gardens
  • Evangelical Lutheran Church Cloppenburg, Ritterstrasse
  • Christ Congregation Cloppenburg, Alter Emster Weg 3
  • Russian Orthodox Congregation of Saint Seraphim von Sarov, Brookweg 26
  • Free Christian Hope Center, Ostring 18


  • BV Cloppenburg : The men's team of BVC plays in the Landesliga Weser-Ems in the 2019/20 season, the women's team played in the 1st women's Bundesliga in the 2013/14 season.
  • TV Cloppenburg from 1892: In addition to the largest performance departments handball and volleyball, there are the departments badminton, judo, karate, freerunning, parcours, square dance, children's dance and children's gymnastics. The largest department is the fitness area. There are also senior sports and rehab sports options.
  • The grass track races that used to take place were known nationwide.
  • Motorsport club Cloppenburg with speedway races.


Born in Cloppenburg

Associated with Cloppenburg

  • Heinrich Ottenjann (1886–1961), founder of the museum village Cloppenburg - Lower Saxony open-air museum
  • Ernst Henn (1909–1945), chaplain in Cloppenburg, resistance fighter against National Socialism
  • Jupp Derwall (1927–2007), soccer player, 1949 for BV Cloppenburg, coach of the German national soccer team
  • Wilfried Körtzinger (* 1933), artist, from 1967 to 1996 art teacher at the Clemens-August-Gymnasium in Cloppenburg
  • Jan Käter (* 1937), motorcycle track racer
  • Manfred Zapatka (* 1942), actor, Abitur at the Clemens-August-Gymnasium Cloppenburg 1962
  • Hubert Gelhaus (* 1950), teacher at the Clemens-August-Gymnasium and author
  • Gabriele Groneberg (* 1955), SPD politician, from 2002 to 2009, 2012 to 2013 and from 2014 to 2017 member of the German Bundestag
  • Artjom Gilz (* 1987), actor, grew up in Cloppenburg and graduated from high school.
  • Lena Gercke (* 1988), photo model and mannequin


The plot of the crime novel 'Novemberblut' (Leda-Verlag) and the fantasy novel 'Trauerwelten' (Isensee-Verlag) by Tomas Cramer are set in Cloppenburg.

In 2017 a 141 gram heavy meteorite was found near Cloppenburg . It belongs to class H4-5 of the common chondrites . The meteorite with the official name "Cloppenburg" lay on a cairn on which farmers collected disturbing stones from a potato field.

See also


  • Hubert Gelhaus : The political-social milieu in Südoldenburg from 1803 to 1936 , 4 volumes. Verlag BIS - Library and Information System of the University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg 2001, ISBN 3-8142-0770-X ( full text in OOPS of the Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg).
  • Margit and Günter Kneifel: Cloppenburg in old pictures. Heinz Holzberg Verlag, Oldenburg 1988, ISBN 3-87358-317-8 .
  • O. A .: Red flag flutters over the town hall. Workers' council in Cloppenburg only existed for a short time in 1918 . NWZ January 15, 2009 ( ).
  • Helmut Ottenjann : Building history of the castle and town of Cloppenburg. A contribution to urban core research . In: Oldenburg Yearbook . Vol. 65 (1966), Part 1, pp. 61-87 ( ).
  • Helmut Ottenjann, Christoph Reinders-Düselder, Karl-Heinz Ziessow: Cloppenburg and the Volksbank. The history of a bank as reflected in urban development. Self-published by Museumsdorf, Cloppenburg 1995, ISBN 3-923675-52-6 .
  • City of Cloppenburg (ed.): Contributions to the history of the city of Cloppenburg. Volume 1, Cloppenburg 1985.
  • City of Cloppenburg (ed.): Contributions to the history of the city of Cloppenburg. Volume 2: Cloppenburg after 1900 - a city in transition. Cloppenburg 1988.

Web links

Commons : Cloppenburg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Cloppenburg  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  2. Heinz-Josef Lücking: Ecological evaluation of the Soestetal between Cloppenburg and Stedingsmühlen (LK Cloppenburg, Northwest Germany) from the point of view of nature conservation with special consideration of the vegetation, water quality and the ecomorphological water status. BSH / NVN naturspecial report, issue 21, 1995, ISBN 3-923788-29-0 . (Diploma thesis in geography at the Justus Liebig University, Giessen, 1992).
  3. Federal Agency f. Regional studies u. Raumforschung (Ed.), Sofie Meisel: The natural space units on sheet 70/71 Cloppenburg / Lingen. Self-published, Bonn-Bad Godesberg 1959, p. 27.
  4. ^ Sofie Meisel: The natural space units on sheet 70/71 Cloppenburg / Lingen. 1959, p. 28.
  5. ^ Jürgen Udolph : Yearbook Oldenburger Münsterland 2002.
  6. Michael Bönte: Abbot Gerbert Castus - A missionary from the second row. Church site ((former) online newspaper of the Münster diocese). October 29, 2004 ( Memento of May 3, 2015 in the Internet Archive ). Retrieved from the web archive on October 3, 2017.
  7. Official district of Oldenburg ( Memento of the original from August 15, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Retrieved October 11, 2013. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  8. ^ Hubert Gelhaus: The political-social milieu in Südoldenburg. Volume 1, p. 322 ff.
  9. ^ Hubert Gelhaus: The political-social milieu in Südoldenburg. Volume 1, p. 333.
  10. ^ Hubert Gelhaus: The political-social milieu in Südoldenburg. Volume 2, p. 31 ff.
  11. Oldenburg law for the simplification and cheaper administration of April 27, 1933.
  12. ^ Martin Weltner: Railway disasters. Serious train accidents and their causes. Munich 2008. ISBN 978-3-7654-7096-7 , p. 15.
  13. Deutschlandradio: Russians on the flat country.
  14. Cloppenburg our city facts and figures , accessed on August 11, 2019
  15. a b Overall results of the city council election on September 11 , 2016, accessed on January 29, 2017.
  16. a b Overall results of the city council election on September 11 , 2011 , accessed on January 29, 2017.
  17. ^ Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on January 29, 2017.
  18. KDO election portal: Mayoral election 2014
  19. KDO election portal: Mayoral election 2011
  20. Website of the German Bundestag: Archive link ( Memento of the original from August 2, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  21. ^ Spiegel Online:
  22. Pastoral Plan St. Andreas 2019
  23. ^ Cloppenburg. Meteoritical Bulletin, accessed June 5, 2020 .
  24. Space Balls: a meteorite called "Cloppenburg"., accessed on June 5, 2020 .