|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Upper Franconia|
|Management Community :||Burgebrach|
|Height :||267 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||87.86 km 2|
|Residents:||6934 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||79 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||96138|
|Area code :||09546|
|License plate :||BA|
|Community key :||09 4 71 120|
|LOCODE :||DE XBU|
|Market structure:||27 districts|
Market administration address :
|Mayor :||Johannes Maciejonczyk ( CSU )|
|Location of the Burgebrach market in the Bamberg district|
The market borders (clockwise from the north) on Lisberg , Walsdorf , Stegaurach , Frensdorf , Pommersfelden , Mühlhausen ( Erlangen-Höchstadt district ), Schlüsselfeld , Burgwindheim and Schönbrunn im Steigerwald .
Burgebrach is divided into 27 officially named districts (population figures from June 30, 2019 in brackets):
Until the church is planted
The first name of the place in 1023 was Urbs Ebraha . Emperor Heinrich II gave it to the diocese of Würzburg , which Burgebrach sold to the Bamberg monastery in 1377 . Burgebrach was the original parish for over 40 places in the area. It was granted market rights on August 21, 1472 by the Bamberg Bishop Georg von Schaumburg .
In 1499, at the request of the bishop, three defensive towers had to be built, for which he exempted the town from taxes. Walls were not needed because the swampy meadows and the two Ebrach arms prevented enemy attacks for a long time. Burgebrach was spared in the Hussite War and the Peasants' War . It was not attacked by the notorious Margrave Albrecht Alcibiades until 1550 and plundered and pillaged by the Swedes on February 16, 1632 during the Thirty Years' War . In 1706, extensive contributions in cash and in kind had to be paid to the French .
Before 1972, only the small village of Försdorf belonged to Burgebrach. In the course of the regional reform in Bavaria on January 1, 1972, the communities Grasmannsdorf, Mönchsambach (with Dippach and Wolfsbach), Oberköst (with Hirschbrunn, Küstersgreuth and Tempelsgreuth), Stappenbach, Treppendorf, Untersteuses (with Failshof) and Vollmannsdorf (with Dürrhof, Klemmhof , Krumbach, Manndorf and Schatzenhof) incorporated. On January 1, 1976 the community Mönchherrnsdorf (with Büchelberg and Magdalenenkappel) followed, on January 1, 1978 the community Oberharnsbach (with Unterharnsbach) and on May 1, 1978 the community Ampferbach (with Dietendorf).
The former community of Herrnsdorf had already been renamed Mönchherrnsdorf on December 25, 1868 .
In the period from 1988 to 2018, the market grew from 5121 to 6882 by 1761 inhabitants or by 34.4%.
According to the census on May 9, 2011, 78.8% of the population are Roman Catholic and 11.6% Evangelical Lutheran. 9.6% have another religion or are non-denominational.
First mentioned in 1451, the Burgebrach Jewish community ceased to exist in 1926.
Mayor has been Johannes Maciejonczyk (CSU) since May 1, 2014, who received 58.2% of the votes in one opposing candidate and was confirmed with 97% of the votes in 2020 without opposing candidates.
His predecessor since 1990 was Georg Bogensperger (CSU), who prevailed against Andreas Alt (SPD) in 2008 with 62.18% of the vote. In 2002 he won with 92.89% of the vote without an opponent.
The market council consists of 20 members and the first mayor. The distribution of seats in the 2020/2026 electoral period is as follows:
- CSU 7
- Free voter - non-partisan Christian voter community 3
- Voting community Oberer Grund 3
- WG Oberköst-Hirschbrunn-Treppendorf 2
- Ampferbach-Dietendorfer List 2
- Christian voter community Stappenbach 1
- Voting Community of Untereuses 1
- Community of voters Grasmannsdorf 1
coat of arms
The coat of arms was awarded by Philipp von Henneberg in 1480 , with the castle and a wavy blue bar representing the place name. The coat of arms is emblazoned as follows : A silver castle with a stepped gable above the open gate, a silver crenellated tower with a blue pointed roof on each side, standing in red over a green shield base on a wavy, blue beam.
Culture and sights
- The parish church of St. Vitus was first mentioned in 1154. It combines Gothic and Baroque elements. The construction of the tower began in the 13th century, an extension dates from 1923. In 1730 Abbot Wilhelm Söllner of the Cisterze Ebrach commissioned Balthasar Neumann to design a new building while preserving the tower and choir. However, the abbot rejected the draft as it was too expensive. In the choir room on the right are the donor figures of the Bamberg diocese , Emperor Heinrich and Empress Kunigunde from the school of Veit Stoss .
- On the church square there is a group of Mounts of Olives in a hexagonal sandstone case
- The rectory used to be a prince-bishop's hunting lodge and was redesigned in the neo-renaissance style in 1909
- Of what were once three gates (Baderstor, Veltertor, Oberes Tor) only the latter with the gatehouse from 1720 has been preserved; it serves as the town hall with the attached administration building
- Of the former Windeck Castle on the old elevated road near Ampferbach, only the moat remains. The place is marked with a memorial stone.
- Former district court, later district hospital, now community center
- Sandstone figures of seven saints on the Nikolaibrücke near Grasmannsdorf
- Many small monuments, such as chapels, tortures and wayside shrines
- The parish fair (Kerwa) takes place annually on the Sunday after Michaelmas (29 September), i.e. on the last weekend in September or first October weekend on the fairground.
- Markets are held in Burgebrach every quarter (on the second Sunday in March, June, September and December).
Economy and Infrastructure
Burgebrach has been a middle center since 2018 and has its own hospital, the Steigerwaldklinik Burgebrach. There is also a lot of retail trade. There is also an automotive supplier and a musical instrument and sound technology retailer ( Musikhaus Thomann ), which it claims to be the largest music house in Europe.
In the Burgebrach area there are four more breweries that produce their own beer: the Schwan brewery in Burgebrach, the Herrmann brewery in Ampferbach, the Kaiser brewery in Grasmannsdorf and the Zehendner brewery in Mönchsambach. Two other breweries have their beer produced in another brewery: the Werner brewery in Ampferbach and the Dressel brewery in Stappenbach (closed in 1976). Until 1998 the brewery zur Post brewed in Untereuses and until 1981 the Fischerbräu, also in Untereuses.
State road St 2262 (Schlüsselfeld - Unterhaid) and federal road 22 (Bamberg - Würzburg) run through Burgebrach . The federal motorway 3 can be reached via the Schlüsselfeld or Pommersfelden junctions. Furthermore, the St 2263 begins in the Untereueses district, which leads via Höchstadt an der Aisch to the independent city of Fürth . The St 2279 from Lower Franconia to Bamberg also leads through the municipality as well as the St 2779, a branch. Several district roads cross the community, the BA 29 from Untereuses to Bamberg-Bug with a connection at Pettstadt to the federal highway 505 as well as the BA 33 from Treppendorf to Küstersgeuth, i.e. located entirely within the municipality and the BA 45 from Oberköst to Steppach (Pommersfelden) . Many GVS run through the community. From Oberköst to Decheldorf (municipality of Mühlhausen) the district border is crossed to Middle Franconia .
The Burgebrach station was on the Strullendorf – Ebrach railway line . The line was closed in 2003 and dismantled in 2006. In 2009, the cycle path between Frensdorf and Ebrach was built on the former railway line.
Voluntary fire brigades
There are volunteer fire brigades in Burgebrach, Ampferbach / Dietendorf, Grasmannsdorf, Hirschbrunn / Tempelsgreuth / Küstersgreuth, Mönchherrnsdorf, Mönchsambach / Dippach / Wolfsbach, Ober- / Unterharnsbach, Oberköst, Stappenbach, Treppendorf, Untersteuses and Vollmannsdorf .
Sons and Daughters of the Market
- Franz Anton Bieger (born November 27, 1833 in Burgebrach; † April 23, 1907 in Genderkingen ), village pastor and composer of mainly church works
- Max Döllner (1874–1959), German physician and local researcher
- Heinrich Gareis (1878–1951), German lawyer, police chief of Nuremberg and regional president of Upper Bavaria
- Hans Brodmerkel (1887–1932), German politician, co-founder of the Communist Party of Germany
- Günther Denzler (* 1948), former district administrator of the Bamberg district and incumbent district council president of Upper Franconia
- Hedwig Röckelein (* 1956), professor and historian
- Gerd Bauer (1957–2017), draftsman and modeler, children's book illustrator, cartoonist and comic artist
- Thomas Kügel (* 1959), film and theater actor
- Stefan Kügel (* 1962), German actor, puppeteer, musician, playwright and visual artist
- Thomas Schmauser (* 1972), film and theater actor
- Johann Kaspar Bundschuh : Burgebrach . In: Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Franconia . tape 1 : A-egg . Verlag der Stettinische Buchhandlung, Ulm 1799, DNB 790364298 , OCLC 833753073 , Sp. 494-496 ( digitized version ).
- Nikolaus Haas : History of the Slaven country on the Aisch and the Ebrach rivers, 1819 in Bamberg, Volume 1 ( digitized version ); Volume 2 ( digitized version )
- Hans Reuther: Balthasar Neumann's church buildings . Bruno Hessling Verlag, Berlin 1960, page 51
- Pleikard Joseph Stumpf : Burgebrach . In: Bavaria: a geographical-statistical-historical handbook of the kingdom; for the Bavarian people . Second part. Munich 1853, p. 571-572 ( digitized version ).
- The community on the VG Burgebrach website
- Contributions to the history of Burgebrach
- Foracheim: history of the place and the church
- Burgebrach: Official statistics of the LfStat (PDF; 1.2 MB)
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Mayor / Lord Mayor in municipalities belonging to the district (as of May 1st, 2020). (xlsx) Bavarian State Office for Statistics, accessed on May 31, 2020 .
- Wilhelm Volkert (Ed.): Handbook of the Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 430 .
- Incorporation to Burgebrach on burgebrach-online
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 672 f .
- Entry on the coat of arms of Burgebrach in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- Biographical information on the website of the community of Genderkingen ( Memento of the original from November 1, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.