Höchstadt an der Aisch

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Höchstadt ad Aisch
Höchstadt an der Aisch
Map of Germany, position of the city of Höchstadt ad Aisch highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 42 '  N , 10 ° 48'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Middle Franconia
County : Erlangen-Höchstadt
Height : 295 m above sea level NHN
Area : 70.87 km 2
Residents: 13,551 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 191 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 91315
Area code : 09193
License plate : ERH, HÖS
Community key : 09 5 72 135
City structure: 25 parts of the community

City administration address :
Marktplatz 5
91315 Höchstadt ad Aisch
Website : www.hoechstadt.de
Mayor : Gerald Brehm ( Young List )
Location of the city of Höchstadt ad Aisch in the Erlangen-Höchstadt district
Birkach (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Neunhofer Forst Mark (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Kraftshofer Forst Kalchreuther Forst Geschaidt Forst Tennenlohe Erlenstegener Forst Buckenhofer Forst Nürnberg Nürnberg Landkreis Nürnberger Land Fürth Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim Landkreis Fürth Erlangen Landkreis Ansbach Landkreis Bamberg Landkreis Bamberg Landkreis Forchheim Buckenhof Aurachtal Eckental Heroldsberg Kalchreuth Lonnerstadt Möhrendorf Mühlhausen (Mittelfranken) Oberreichenbach (Mittelfranken) Spardorf Uttenreuth Vestenbergsgreuth Weisendorf Wachenroth Röttenbach (bei Erlangen) Marloffstein Höchstadt an der Aisch Heßdorf Herzogenaurach Hemhofen Großenseebach Gremsdorf Bubenreuth Baiersdorf Adelsdorf Dormitzer Forstmap
About this picture

Höchstadt an der Aisch (officially: Höchstadt ad Aisch ) is a town in the Central Franconian district of Erlangen-Höchstadt .


Geographical location

The former district town lies on the edge of the Steigerwald between the cities of Erlangen and Bamberg . Neighboring communities are (starting in the north clockwise): Hirschaid , Hallerndorf , Adelsdorf , Gremsdorf , Heßdorf , Weisendorf , Uehlfeld , Lonnerstadt , Mühlhausen , Pommersfelden , Frensdorf .

Community structure

The municipality has 25 officially named districts :


Until the 19th century

The place was first mentioned in a document around 800 as "Hohstete". The place name means the elevated dwelling . In the year 1003, Höchstadt (originally a “courtyard”) was mentioned as a gift from Count Ezzilo von Schweinfurt to the Fulda monastery . The city was founded at a prehistoric ford across the Aisch river . In 1380, Höchstadt was granted city rights. As a result, the palisade ring around the city was replaced by three city ​​wall rings. In place of the ford a stone bridge was built at the end of the 14th century, which was first mentioned in 1391 and still exists. In the Thirty Years War , Höchstadt was completely destroyed by the Swedes in 1633 ; it was later rebuilt. Sterpersdorf had been plundered and pillaged in 1632. During the 18th century there was a Capuchin monastery in the village , which the Prince-Bishop of Bamberg promised to strengthen the faith of the Catholic population. The town of Höchstadt an der Aisch was the seat of an upper bailiff's office until the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803 and belonged to the Bamberg Monastery , which was part of the Franconian Empire from 1500 . The place has belonged to Bavaria since 1803.

20th and 21st centuries

During the tenure of Mayor Anton Schell (1951–1978), the city grew continuously through industrial settlements and the development and designation of large building areas in all directions. The number of around 2000 notarized building site purchases during this time is a clear sign of growth. The double motorway connection (1964) brought another strong growth impulse. The population increased threefold compared to the pre-war period. By incorporating 23 districts (1972 and 1978) the area of ​​the municipality increased to over 73 km². In addition to extensive renovation of the old town, an area of ​​around 150 hectares was made available as a residential and commercial area in the north, south and east of the city. Since 2000, an approximately 40 hectare industrial and commercial area near the motorway in the east of the city has been developed.


On January 1, 1972, the communities of Biengarten, Etzelskirchen, Greuth and Zentbechhofen lost their independence and were incorporated. On July 1, 1974, parts of the dissolved community of Schirnsdorf were added. Schwarzenbach and Sterpersdorf as well as the main part of the dissolved municipality Boxbrunn followed on May 1, 1978.

Former district town of Höchstadt an der Aisch

Until the district reform in 1972, Höchstadt an der Aisch was the district town of the district of Höchstadt an der Aisch in the administrative district of Upper Franconia. The district extended from Herzogenaurach to Schlüsselfeld (today the district of Bamberg).

Vehicle registration number

Until the district reform in 1972, vehicles that were registered in the district of Höchstadt an der Aisch had the HÖS license plate. After that, vehicles were given the ERH sign for the Erlangen-Höchstadt district. Since February 2, 2015, the HÖS license plate has also been issued again.


City Councilor and Mayor

The local elections in 2020 , 2014 , 2008 and 2002 resulted in the following allocation of seats in the city council:

CSU SPD Young list from Höchstadt Non-partisan civic bloc Green AfD Citizen List total
2020 8th 3 8th - 3 1 1 24 seats
2014 9 5 10 - - - - 24 seats
2008 9 5 9 1 - - - 24 seats
2002 9 4th 10 1 - - - 24 seats

In addition, the separately elected First Mayor belongs to the local council. In the 2020 local elections, Gerald Brehm (Young List) was confirmed in office with 56.24% of the votes cast in the first ballot.

coat of arms

Coat of arms of Höchstadt an der Aisch
Blazon : “A red battlement wall in silver, covered with a leaning silver shield, inside a red fish rod; Above the wall a crenellated red round tower with a golden arched niche, inside a red armored black lion covered with a silver sloping bar. "

Town twinning

Höchstadt an der Aisch maintains partnerships with the following cities:


The city has several schools and several vocational schools. From 2012 to 2015 there was the Fachoberschule im Aischgrund in Höchstadt , which offered a social and an economic branch. There is also a specialist academy for social education , an adult education center, a municipal music school and an art school.

List of general education schools

school image type of school Number of students School degrees offered Grade levels Branches / language sequence
Anton Wölker Elementary School (with branch in Etzelskirchen) primary school approx. 350 1-4
Höchstadt-Süd primary school primary school about 250 1-4
Don Bosco School Special educational support center approx. 22 classes Secondary school leaving certificate 1-9
Knights of Spix School Middle school about 600 (Qualifying) secondary school leaving certificate, secondary school leaving certificate 5-9 / 10
State secondary school in Höchstadt Realschule Hoechstadt 1.jpg secondary school approx. 1100 Middle school leaving certificate 5-10 Artistic branch; BWR branch; Math branch; French branch;
Hochstadt high school High School Hochstadt Main Entrance Nordbau.jpg high school about 1000 High School 5–12 (13) Scientific, technological and linguistic high school
(English - Latin / French - Italian - Spanish)

Regular events

  • Old town festival
  • Parish fair
  • Theme nights
  • Christmas Market
  • Schlosshof Festival (Hard-Rock Festival)
  • Daycation (Electronic Music Festival with high-ranking artists)

Culinary specialties

There is intensive pond management in the numerous surrounding ponds . The Aischgründer Spiegelkarpfen is a nationally known specialty, which is usually baked or blue (cooked) prepared.

Economy and Infrastructure


  • The federal road 470 runs through Höchstadt / Aisch ; there is still a connection to the A3 motorway with the junctions at Höchstadt-Ost and Höchstadt-Nord.
  • The federal highway 505 begins in Höchstadt . It leads from the Pommersfelden junction of the A 3 to Bamberg and is an important diversion route between the A 73 (Nuremberg-Suhl) and the A 3 (Würzburg-Nuremberg).
  • Until 1984, Höchstadt was connected to the rail network of the German Federal Railroad via the Forchheim – Höchstadt line .


The city has an above-average range of shopping opportunities in direct comparison to other cities of its size in the vicinity. In Höchstadt there are discounters (Aldi, Lidl, Norma and many more), supermarkets (Edeka, Rewe, Kaufland) and drugstores (Rossmann, DM), as well as several nationally known fashion and electronics stores. Since October 2018, the Aischpark Center has been one of the largest Bavarian retail parks (approx. 70,000 m²) in the city.

Established businesses

The most important industrial location is a branch of Schaeffler Technologies GmbH & Co. KG , one of the world's leading manufacturers of roller needle roller bearings . In 1952, operations began in a small barrack with 14 employees. A total of 1700 people are employed at the Höchstadt location.

Culture and sights

Medieval city tower
Medieval Aischbrücke with city palace
Höchst city tower
Badgasse with lock
Castle with town mill
Castle, event hall
Höchstadt, view from the castle
Castle, attic
St. Anna Hospital Church from 1513
Heroes Cemetery
Old Aisch Bridge
Old and new Aischbrücke


  • In the small historic old town stands the Catholic Church of St. George, built at the end of the 14th century, with a clay mount of olives from 1540. A classicist monstrance from the estate of Johann Baptist Ritter von Spix is kept in the church.
  • The town hall, a fountain, a Spix monument and the old town hall with the local history museum are located on the central market square.
  • Birthplace of Johann Baptist Ritter von Spix, which now houses the relevant museum.
    The Spixmuseum, Badgasse 7, is the birthplace of Johann Baptist von Spix. The exhibition in it was largely redesigned in 2019.
  • Höchstadter Castle, a baroque castle of the Bamberg prince-bishops. The building was built in 1713 by Johann Dietzenhofer under Prince-Bishop Lothar von Schönborn.
  • Other sights are the old Aisch bridge, the city tower, the city park (Engelgarten) on the Aisch and the historic city wall.

The Kellerberg

The Höchstadter basement along Staatsstrasse 2763 has a total of 26 entrances. A real labyrinth of tunnels and corridors goes off from these, making it resemble a honeycomb. The cellar system is built on several floors and ramified. Starting from the main gallery, another 218 storage cellars were carved into the rock. The total length of all basement corridors is over 2000 meters. Most of the cellars were created by the local home brewers. A small part of the cellars was carved into the rock by the Höchstadter breweries. There are 22 cellar houses on the Kellerberg. Most of them belong to so-called basement communities.

Fortuna culture factory

The shoe industry, which has existed since the late 19th century, has largely lost its importance. The Fortuna Manz shoe factory moved to the neighboring community in 2004. The building was preserved as an industrial monument and was converted into the Fortuna culture factory . There is a large concert hall, a youth club, a library, cafes, the music school, the adult education center and other facilities. Events such as concerts, cabaret / comedy, readings etc. take place regularly, most of which are organized and carried out by local associations and working groups. High-ranking artists also perform in the Fortuna culture factory. The Lachnacht event series in particular is always staffed by well-known comedians / cabaret artists .

Anthony's Chapel

Antoniuskapelle (Höchstadt an der Aisch), 2009

The district of Antoniuskapelle is located on the Lauberberg. The chapel ( coordinates ) is first mentioned in a document from 1489.


In Höchstadt there are regular culture weeks and culture nights, at which high-ranking artists are also guests. The venue is usually the Fortuna Kulturfabrik . Young & Free, the largest German school festival (2003 well over 40,000 pupils), was developed in Höchstadt and took place in 2003 and 2004 on the Aischwiesen. From 2005 it will take place in different places, such as B. in the Munich Olympic Stadium.

Furthermore, the castle courtyard festival, a folk music festival combined with a medieval market, takes place in the castle courtyard every year.

The Daycation, an electronic music festival with mostly nationally and internationally known acts, has been taking place at the outdoor pool in Höchstadt since 2013.


In Höchstadt an der Aisch one of the last German occurrences of the carnivorous plant species Bremi's water hose that lives in water can be found.


sons and daughters of the town

  • Nikolaus Haas (1779–1855), Catholic clergyman, historian, member of the state parliament and deputy for the assembly of estates
  • Johann Baptist von Spix (1781–1826), German natural scientist
  • Leonhard Romeis (1854–1904), architect and professor at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich
  • Georg Karl Schätzel (1875–1934), member of the Bavarian People's Party (BVP), was Reich Minister for Postal Services from 1927 to 1932 and belonged to three cabinets
  • Alois Reinhardt (* 1961), former national player
  • Florian Höfner (* 1982), jazz musician

Connected with Höchstadt

  • Andreas Schellhorn (1761–1845), poet, linguist and politician, Schellhorn worked as a pastor in the Catholic parish church from 1800


Web links

Commons : Höchstadt an der Aisch  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Höchstadt an der Aisch  - sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Mayor. Municipality of Höchstadt an der Aisch, accessed on August 19, 2020 .
  3. ^ Community of Höchstadt an der Aisch in the local database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on September 27, 2019.
  4. W.-A. v. Reitzenstein, p. 105.
  5. ^ Max Döllner : History of the development of the city of Neustadt an der Aisch up to 1933. Ph. C. W. Schmidt, Neustadt a. d. Aisch 1950, OCLC 42823280 ; New edition to mark the 150th anniversary of the Ph. C. W. Schmidt publishing house, Neustadt an der Aisch 1828–1978. Ibid 1978, ISBN 3-87707-013-2 , p. 426.
  6. ^ Max Döllner : History of the development of the city of Neustadt an der Aisch up to 1933. Ph. C. W. Schmidt, Neustadt a. d. Aisch 1950, OCLC 42823280 ; New edition to mark the 150th anniversary of the Ph. C. W. Schmidt publishing house, Neustadt an der Aisch 1828–1978. Ibid 1978, ISBN 3-87707-013-2 , p. 243.
  7. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 484 .
  8. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 711 and 712 .
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  10. Institute for Municipal Data Processing in Bavaria (AKDB) ( Memento from June 4, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  11. Entry on the coat of arms of Höchstadt an der Aisch  in the database of the House of Bavarian History
  12. helmutkunkel.wordpress.com
  13. Lots of room for Spix in Höchstadt. Retrieved April 22, 2019 .
  14. fortuna-kulturfabrik.de
  15. https://www.hoechstadt.de/willkommen/lernen-sie-uns-kennen/gemeindeteile/antoniuskapelle/