Höchstadt an der Aisch
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Middle Franconia|
|Height :||295 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||70.87 km 2|
|Residents:||13,551 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||191 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||91315|
|Area code :||09193|
|License plate :||ERH, HÖS|
|Community key :||09 5 72 135|
|City structure:||25 parts of the community|
City administration address :
91315 Höchstadt ad Aisch
|Mayor :||Gerald Brehm ( Young List )|
|Location of the city of Höchstadt ad Aisch in the Erlangen-Höchstadt district|
The former district town lies on the edge of the Steigerwald between the cities of Erlangen and Bamberg . Neighboring communities are (starting in the north clockwise): Hirschaid , Hallerndorf , Adelsdorf , Gremsdorf , Heßdorf , Weisendorf , Uehlfeld , Lonnerstadt , Mühlhausen , Pommersfelden , Frensdorf .
The municipality has 25 officially named districts :
Until the 19th century
The place was first mentioned in a document around 800 as "Hohstete". The place name means the elevated dwelling . In the year 1003, Höchstadt (originally a “courtyard”) was mentioned as a gift from Count Ezzilo von Schweinfurt to the Fulda monastery . The city was founded at a prehistoric ford across the Aisch river . In 1380, Höchstadt was granted city rights. As a result, the palisade ring around the city was replaced by three city wall rings. In place of the ford a stone bridge was built at the end of the 14th century, which was first mentioned in 1391 and still exists. In the Thirty Years War , Höchstadt was completely destroyed by the Swedes in 1633 ; it was later rebuilt. Sterpersdorf had been plundered and pillaged in 1632. During the 18th century there was a Capuchin monastery in the village , which the Prince-Bishop of Bamberg promised to strengthen the faith of the Catholic population. The town of Höchstadt an der Aisch was the seat of an upper bailiff's office until the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803 and belonged to the Bamberg Monastery , which was part of the Franconian Empire from 1500 . The place has belonged to Bavaria since 1803.
20th and 21st centuries
During the tenure of Mayor Anton Schell (1951–1978), the city grew continuously through industrial settlements and the development and designation of large building areas in all directions. The number of around 2000 notarized building site purchases during this time is a clear sign of growth. The double motorway connection (1964) brought another strong growth impulse. The population increased threefold compared to the pre-war period. By incorporating 23 districts (1972 and 1978) the area of the municipality increased to over 73 km². In addition to extensive renovation of the old town, an area of around 150 hectares was made available as a residential and commercial area in the north, south and east of the city. Since 2000, an approximately 40 hectare industrial and commercial area near the motorway in the east of the city has been developed.
On January 1, 1972, the communities of Biengarten, Etzelskirchen, Greuth and Zentbechhofen lost their independence and were incorporated. On July 1, 1974, parts of the dissolved community of Schirnsdorf were added. Schwarzenbach and Sterpersdorf as well as the main part of the dissolved municipality Boxbrunn followed on May 1, 1978.
Former district town of Höchstadt an der Aisch
Until the district reform in 1972, Höchstadt an der Aisch was the district town of the district of Höchstadt an der Aisch in the administrative district of Upper Franconia. The district extended from Herzogenaurach to Schlüsselfeld (today the district of Bamberg).
Vehicle registration number
Until the district reform in 1972, vehicles that were registered in the district of Höchstadt an der Aisch had the HÖS license plate. After that, vehicles were given the ERH sign for the Erlangen-Höchstadt district. Since February 2, 2015, the HÖS license plate has also been issued again.
City Councilor and Mayor
|CSU||SPD||Young list from Höchstadt||Non-partisan civic bloc||Green||AfD||Citizen List||total|
In addition, the separately elected First Mayor belongs to the local council. In the 2020 local elections, Gerald Brehm (Young List) was confirmed in office with 56.24% of the votes cast in the first ballot.
coat of arms
|Blazon : “A red battlement wall in silver, covered with a leaning silver shield, inside a red fish rod; Above the wall a crenellated red round tower with a golden arched niche, inside a red armored black lion covered with a silver sloping bar. "|
Höchstadt an der Aisch maintains partnerships with the following cities:
The city has several schools and several vocational schools. From 2012 to 2015 there was the Fachoberschule im Aischgrund in Höchstadt , which offered a social and an economic branch. There is also a specialist academy for social education , an adult education center, a municipal music school and an art school.
List of general education schools
|school||image||type of school||Number of students||School degrees offered||Grade levels||Branches / language sequence|
|Anton Wölker Elementary School (with branch in Etzelskirchen)||primary school||approx. 350||1-4|
|Höchstadt-Süd primary school||primary school||about 250||1-4|
|Don Bosco School||Special educational support center||approx. 22 classes||Secondary school leaving certificate||1-9|
|Knights of Spix School||Middle school||about 600||(Qualifying) secondary school leaving certificate, secondary school leaving certificate||5-9 / 10|
|State secondary school in Höchstadt||secondary school||approx. 1100||Middle school leaving certificate||5-10||Artistic branch; BWR branch; Math branch; French branch;|
|Hochstadt high school||high school||about 1000||High School||5–12 (13)||Scientific, technological and linguistic high school
(English - Latin / French - Italian - Spanish)
- Old town festival
- Parish fair
- Theme nights
- Christmas Market
- Schlosshof Festival (Hard-Rock Festival)
- Daycation (Electronic Music Festival with high-ranking artists)
Economy and Infrastructure
- The federal road 470 runs through Höchstadt / Aisch ; there is still a connection to the A3 motorway with the junctions at Höchstadt-Ost and Höchstadt-Nord.
- The federal highway 505 begins in Höchstadt . It leads from the Pommersfelden junction of the A 3 to Bamberg and is an important diversion route between the A 73 (Nuremberg-Suhl) and the A 3 (Würzburg-Nuremberg).
- Until 1984, Höchstadt was connected to the rail network of the German Federal Railroad via the Forchheim – Höchstadt line .
The city has an above-average range of shopping opportunities in direct comparison to other cities of its size in the vicinity. In Höchstadt there are discounters (Aldi, Lidl, Norma and many more), supermarkets (Edeka, Rewe, Kaufland) and drugstores (Rossmann, DM), as well as several nationally known fashion and electronics stores. Since October 2018, the Aischpark Center has been one of the largest Bavarian retail parks (approx. 70,000 m²) in the city.
The most important industrial location is a branch of Schaeffler Technologies GmbH & Co. KG , one of the world's leading manufacturers of roller needle roller bearings . In 1952, operations began in a small barrack with 14 employees. A total of 1700 people are employed at the Höchstadt location.
Culture and sights
- In the small historic old town stands the Catholic Church of St. George, built at the end of the 14th century, with a clay mount of olives from 1540. A classicist monstrance from the estate of Johann Baptist Ritter von Spix is kept in the church.
- The town hall, a fountain, a Spix monument and the old town hall with the local history museum are located on the central market square.
- Höchstadter Castle, a baroque castle of the Bamberg prince-bishops. The building was built in 1713 by Johann Dietzenhofer under Prince-Bishop Lothar von Schönborn.
- Other sights are the old Aisch bridge, the city tower, the city park (Engelgarten) on the Aisch and the historic city wall.
The Höchstadter basement along Staatsstrasse 2763 has a total of 26 entrances. A real labyrinth of tunnels and corridors goes off from these, making it resemble a honeycomb. The cellar system is built on several floors and ramified. Starting from the main gallery, another 218 storage cellars were carved into the rock. The total length of all basement corridors is over 2000 meters. Most of the cellars were created by the local home brewers. A small part of the cellars was carved into the rock by the Höchstadter breweries. There are 22 cellar houses on the Kellerberg. Most of them belong to so-called basement communities.
Fortuna culture factory
The shoe industry, which has existed since the late 19th century, has largely lost its importance. The Fortuna Manz shoe factory moved to the neighboring community in 2004. The building was preserved as an industrial monument and was converted into the Fortuna culture factory . There is a large concert hall, a youth club, a library, cafes, the music school, the adult education center and other facilities. Events such as concerts, cabaret / comedy, readings etc. take place regularly, most of which are organized and carried out by local associations and working groups. High-ranking artists also perform in the Fortuna culture factory. The Lachnacht event series in particular is always staffed by well-known comedians / cabaret artists .
The district of Antoniuskapelle is located on the Lauberberg. The chapel () is first mentioned in a document from 1489.
In Höchstadt there are regular culture weeks and culture nights, at which high-ranking artists are also guests. The venue is usually the Fortuna Kulturfabrik . Young & Free, the largest German school festival (2003 well over 40,000 pupils), was developed in Höchstadt and took place in 2003 and 2004 on the Aischwiesen. From 2005 it will take place in different places, such as B. in the Munich Olympic Stadium.
Furthermore, the castle courtyard festival, a folk music festival combined with a medieval market, takes place in the castle courtyard every year.
The Daycation, an electronic music festival with mostly nationally and internationally known acts, has been taking place at the outdoor pool in Höchstadt since 2013.
sons and daughters of the town
- Nikolaus Haas (1779–1855), Catholic clergyman, historian, member of the state parliament and deputy for the assembly of estates
- Johann Baptist von Spix (1781–1826), German natural scientist
- Leonhard Romeis (1854–1904), architect and professor at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich
- Georg Karl Schätzel (1875–1934), member of the Bavarian People's Party (BVP), was Reich Minister for Postal Services from 1927 to 1932 and belonged to three cabinets
- Alois Reinhardt (* 1961), former national player
- Florian Höfner (* 1982), jazz musician
Connected with Höchstadt
- Andreas Schellhorn (1761–1845), poet, linguist and politician, Schellhorn worked as a pastor in the Catholic parish church from 1800
- Johann Kaspar Bundschuh : Höchstadt . In: Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Franconia . tape 6 : V-Z . Verlag der Stettinische Buchhandlung, Ulm 1804, DNB 790364328 , OCLC 833753116 , Sp. 695-696 ( digitized version ).
- Georg Daßler (Ed.): District of Höchstadt ad Aisch. Past and present . Verl. F. Authorities and Wirtschaft Hoeppner, Aßling-Munich 1970, DNB 457004320 , p. 86-92 .
- Franz Krug (ed.): The district of Erlangen-Höchstadt . Publishing house for authorities a. Wirtschaft, Hof (Saale) 1979, ISBN 3-921603-00-5 , p. 129-144 .
- Wolf-Armin von Reitzenstein : Lexicon of Franconian place names. Origin and meaning . Upper Franconia, Middle Franconia, Lower Franconia. CH Beck, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-406-59131-0 , p. 105 .
- Pleikard Joseph Stumpf : Höchstadt . In: Bavaria: a geographical-statistical-historical handbook of the kingdom; for the Bavarian people . Second part. Munich 1853, p. 590-591 ( digitized version ).
- Hoechstadt website
- Höchstadt adAisch in the Topographia Franconiae of the University of Würzburg , accessed on September 27, 2019.
- Höchstadt an der Aisch: Official statistics of the LfStat
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Mayor. Municipality of Höchstadt an der Aisch, accessed on August 19, 2020 .
- Community of Höchstadt an der Aisch in the local database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on September 27, 2019.
- W.-A. v. Reitzenstein, p. 105.
- Max Döllner : History of the development of the city of Neustadt an der Aisch up to 1933. Ph. C. W. Schmidt, Neustadt a. d. Aisch 1950, OCLC 42823280 ; New edition to mark the 150th anniversary of the Ph. C. W. Schmidt publishing house, Neustadt an der Aisch 1828–1978. Ibid 1978, ISBN 3-87707-013-2 , p. 426.
- Max Döllner : History of the development of the city of Neustadt an der Aisch up to 1933. Ph. C. W. Schmidt, Neustadt a. d. Aisch 1950, OCLC 42823280 ; New edition to mark the 150th anniversary of the Ph. C. W. Schmidt publishing house, Neustadt an der Aisch 1828–1978. Ibid 1978, ISBN 3-87707-013-2 , p. 243.
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 484 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 711 and 712 .
- Please enter either wayback - or webciteID - or archive-is - or archiv-url parameters
- Institute for Municipal Data Processing in Bavaria (AKDB) ( Memento from June 4, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Entry on the coat of arms of Höchstadt an der Aisch in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- Lots of room for Spix in Höchstadt. Retrieved April 22, 2019 .