World day of prayer
The World Day of Prayer ( WGT , also known as: World Day of Prayer for Women ) is the largest ecumenical grassroots movement of women. Her motto is: "Pray informed - act praying". The World Day of Prayer is celebrated in over 120 countries in ecumenical services. On site, women of different denominations prepare the design and implementation of the services together. Every year women from another country in the world write the order of worship for the World Day of Prayer. The World Day of Prayer takes place on the first Friday in March.
The ecumenical service for the World Day of Prayer
The ecumenical service for the World Day of Prayer is prepared on site by women of different denominations. All men, women and children are invited to its celebration. World Day of Prayer takes place worldwide on the first Friday in March. The order of worship is drawn up beforehand by women from a certain country and translated into the respective national language by those responsible at the national level in the other countries. The women bring their own hopes and fears, joys and worries, wishes and needs as well as their own cultural diversity into the texts and prayers of the divine service order.
The International World Day of Prayer Committee declares on World Day of Prayer: "The World Day of Prayer is a worldwide movement of Christian women from many traditions who come together every year to celebrate a common day of prayer and which in many countries unites a permanent community of prayer and service."
The exchange and the visible fellowship of all Christian women in the world have been the common concern of the World Day of Prayer from the beginning. That is why the prayers and texts of this day are proposed and written every year by women from another country. The women involved reflect the basis of their country and represent the different Christian denominations from which they come. International World Prayer Day Conferences are held every four to five years. Representatives from all regions come together there. It will be decided which countries will prepare the next services on which topics.
The last International World Day of Prayer Conference took place in Brazil in August 2017. It had over 200 participants from all over the world. At the World Prayer Day services, collections are collected as a sign of global solidarity; each National Committee is responsible for using the collection. Most of the funds collected at the ecumenical services on the first Friday in March in Germany will be used for women's projects all over the world.
History of the World Day of Prayer
As early as 1887, there were days of prayer, which were brought into being by the women's mission organizations in the USA and Canada. In 1897, the first interdenominational "Day of Humiliation and Prayer" was celebrated jointly by women engaged in the US domestic mission. Women from six denominations took part. The order of worship was drawn up alternately by the various denominations. In the years that followed, the date of the day of prayer changed frequently. From 1907 it became simply the Day of Prayer for Home Missions , the "Day of Prayer for the Inner Mission". In 1912, women serving on the U.S. Outer Mission established an interdenominational day of prayer. At the “Interdenominational Conference” in Philadelphia, the women's organizations were recommended to always celebrate this common day of prayer for the external mission at the same time (the first week of January of the year). The response to these days of prayer was still muted at that time. Finally, in January 1926, the executive committee of the Union of Women's Work for External Mission suggested that a world day of prayer be established. The first world day of prayer was celebrated on March 4, 1927. The first WGT committee came into being and also a fixed date: the first Friday in Passion.
In Germany, Methodists held the World Day of Prayer for the first time in 1927 . In 1947 the first ecumenical world prayer day service with American women took place in Berlin on the initiative of the Methodist Luise Scholz. In 1948 Antonie Nopitsch, founder of the Bavarian Mothers' Service in Stein near Nuremberg, got to know the World Day of Prayer at the women's pre-conference of the Ecumenical Council and on a trip to the USA. A year later, the liturgy for the World Day of Prayer Service was printed in stone. 10,000 copies were sent across Germany. From 1952, the Evangelical Women's Aid in Potsdam printed the liturgy for the World Prayer Day services in the GDR.
The range of denominations that took part in the World Day of Prayer grew steadily. In 1970 the Roman Catholic women's associations also joined.
In 1956 it was the prayer of the Sioux Indians that was prayed on the World Day of Prayer in 134 countries. In 2011, the order of worship for the World Day of Prayer for women from Chile came. For 2012, women from Malaysia wrote the divine service regulations on the subject of "Stand up for justice". In 2013, the World Day of Prayer for women from France came.
Public criticism of the divine service texts was expressed above all when the liturgy - as in 1994 - had been drawn up in Palestine itself or in a country neighboring the State of Israel . The allegation was that Israel was solely responsible for injustice and human rights violations in the Middle East conflict . For example, in the run-up to the World Day of Prayer in 2003, which was developed by Lebanese Christians, women theology students from Berlin wrote an open letter and spoke of the fact that the liturgy from Lebanon contained unilateral accusations of blame on Israel and thus represented “quite open anti-Semitism”. Theology professor Peter von der Osten-Sacken thereupon criticized the students for hastily applying the term anti-Semitism: “With the accusation of anti-Semitism, if only to prevent inflationary and ultimately ineffective use, one should in fact circumvent it carefully and only then raise it if it is sufficiently well founded and thus made clear in what sense it is being used. ”Nonetheless, von der Osten-Sacken essentially shared the students' criticism of the divine service texts. For example, there is a passage, the content of which, when thought through to the end, “would result in the termination, dissolution or elimination of the State of Israel.” Accordingly, the German Coordination Council of the Societies for Christian-Jewish Cooperation did not speak of anti-Semitism, but described the worship liturgy as simply “ hostile to Israel ”and as a burden for the Christian-Jewish relationship. Anti-Israel, for example, is that the suffering of the Palestinians in the Lebanese refugee camps is blamed on Israel alone, without taking into account that Lebanon is forcing the refugees in the camps to isolate them and systematically preventing integration. The German World Prayer Day Committee defended itself by pointing out that the anti-Semitism allegation was a "manslaughter argument". Susette Menzendorf regretted that the World Prayer Day Committee had not faced the discussion: "The refusal of the World Prayer Day Committee to correct the one-sided attribution of guilt to Israel ... is ultimately a refusal to deal with one's own prejudices."
Organization in Germany
The non-profit organization World Prayer Day of Women - Deutsches Komitee eV in 90547 Stein is active as the German representative of the international world prayer day movement. The committee consists of twelve church women's associations and organizations from nine different denominations. These are:
- Office for pastoral care for women in the German dioceses
- Working Group of Mennonite Congregations in Germany (AMG)
- Association of Old Catholic Women in Germany
- Association of Evangelical Free Churches in Germany
- Federal Association of Community Officers and Religious Teachers iK in the Dioceses of the Federal Republic of Germany
- The Salvation Army
- Evangelical Brethren Union - Herrnhuter Brothers Congregation
- Evangelical Women in Germany V.
- Women's work of the Evangelical Methodist Church
- Catholic women's community in Germany
- Catholic German Women's Association
- Commission of the Orthodox Church in Germany
Topics and countries
|1932||British India||Remain strong in prayer|
|1934||South African Union||Prayer for the peace of Jerusalem|
|1935||Netherlands||Carry each other's burden ( Gal 6,2 EU )|
|1936||Chile||Peace on earth for the people on whom his good pleasure rests ( Lk 2.14 EU )|
|1937||Africa||Son of the living God|
|1938||New Zealand||The Church - One World Community|
|1939||United States||Let's put our love into action - to make it come true|
|1940||England||By being quiet and hoping you would be strong ( Isa 30:15 EU )|
|1941||Shanghai ( China )||Your kingdom come ( Mt 6.10 EU )|
|1942||French refugees , German refugees||I am the way ( Joh 14,6 EU )|
|1943||United States||That they are all one - they in us ( Joh 17:21 EU )|
|1944||Unknown||One bear the other's burden|
|1945||England , Wales , Northern Ireland||The Church universal|
Central African Republic
(French Equatorial Africa)
|What would bring you peace ( Lk 19.42 EU )|
|1947||British India||Prepare the way of the Lord in the desert ( Isa 40,3 EU )|
|1948||Unknown||The Lord's Prayer - The World in Prayer|
|1949||China||The Lord keeps you ( Ps 121,5 EU )|
|1950||Japan||Faith for our time|
|1951||Germany||Love drives out fear|
female farm tenants, migrant workers and Indian women
|Christ is our hope|
|1953||Africa||Walk as children of light ( Eph 5,8 EU )|
|1954||India||So that they have life ( Joh 10,10 EU )|
|1955||Buenos Aires ( Argentina )||Abide in me ( Joh 15,4 EU )|
|1956||United States||Love drives out fear|
|1957||Hungary||One flock, one shepherd|
|1958||Australia||The bread of life ( Joh 6,35 EU )|
|1959||United Arab Republic||I believe Lord ( Joh 9,38 EU )|
|1960||Canada||We are God's co-workers|
|1961||United States||Lead the changing times: Be grateful in everything ( 1 Thess 5:18 EU )|
|1962||Uruguay||Because God loved the world so much ( John 3:16 EU )|
|1963||South Korea||In all of this we overcome far through the one who loved us|
|1964||France , Switzerland (World Council of Churches)||Lord, teach us to pray ( Lk 11.1 EU )|
|1965||United States||What does the Lord ask of us? ( Wed 6.8 EU )|
|1966||Scotland||You are my witnesses ( Isa 43,10 EU )|
|1967||Tonga||There will be no end to his empire ( Lk 1.33 EU )|
|1968||Ceylon||One bear the burden of the other ( Gal 6,2 EU )|
|1969||Africa||Let us become one in Christ|
|1970||Egypt , India , Jamaica , Philippines , United States||Courage to live|
|1971||Jamaica||Changed people change the world|
|1972||Europe||Live from joy|
|1973||New Zealand||Awake in our time|
|1974||Japan||Build on peace|
|1975||Egypt||Live from unity|
|1976||Mexico , Union of South American Nations||Learn from life|
|1977||German Democratic Republic||Love becomes action|
|1978||Canada||Living in the spirit of community|
|1979||East Africa||Grow spiritually|
|1980||Thailand||Responsible for freedom|
|1981||United States||Our earth God's creation|
|1982||Ireland||People of God - in prayer and action|
|1983||Caribbean||Becoming new in Christ - living as new people|
|1984||Sweden||Hope in Christ - source of life|
|1985||India||Pray for peace - do peace|
|1987||Executive Committee of the International WGT Committee||Come, rejoice - 100 years of the World Day of Prayer|
|1989||Burma (Myanmar)||Jesus, teach us to pray|
|1990||Czechoslovakia||Our hope - justice for all|
|1991||Kenya||On the road together|
|1992||Germany , Austria , German-speaking Switzerland||Live in wisdom with creation|
|1993||Guatemala||Bring healing as God's people|
|1994||Palestine||Walk - see - act|
|1995||Ghana||The earth - a house for all people|
|1996||Haiti||Called to answer by God|
|1997||South Korea||Grow - like a seed to a tree|
|1998||Madagascar||Fihavánana! Who are my neighbors|
|1999||Venezuela||God's tender touch|
|2000||Indonesia||Talitha kumi - young woman, get up!|
|2001||Samoa||Learn from one another - pray together - act together|
|2002||Romania||Challenged to reconciliation|
|2003||Lebanon||Holy Spirit fill us|
|2004||Panama||Women shape the future in faith|
|2005||Poland||Let us be light|
|2006||South Africa||sign of time|
|2007||Paraguay||United under God's tent|
|2008||Guyana||God's wisdom gives new understanding|
|2009||Papua New Guinea||We are many, but one in Christ|
|2010||Cameroon||All that has breath, praise God ( Ps 150.6 EU )|
|2011||Chile||How many breads do you have? ( Mt 15.34 EU )|
|2012||Malaysia||Stand up for justice|
|2013||France||I was a stranger - you welcomed me ( Mt 25.35 EU )|
|2014||Egypt||Water currents in the desert|
|2015||Bahamas||Do you understand my love? ( Joh 13,12 EU )|
|2016||Cuba||Take in children and you take me in|
|2017||Philippines||What is fair?|
|2018||Suriname||God's creation is very good! ( Gen 1.31 EU )|
|2019||Slovenia||Come on, everything is ready! ( Lk 14.15–24 EU )|
|2020||Zimbabwe||Get up, take your mat and walk around!|
|2021||Vanuatu||Build on a Strong Foundation ( Mt 7.24-27 EU )|
|2022||England , Wales , Northern Ireland||I know the plans I have for you ( Jer 29.11 EU )|
|2023||Taiwan||I have heard about your faith ( Eph 1.15–19 EU )|
|2024||Palestine||I beg you… bear with one another in love ( Eph 4.1–3 EU )|
|2025||Cook Islands||I made you wonderful ( Ps 139.14 (1-18) EU )|
|2026||Nigeria||I will give you rest: come ( Mt 11 : 28-30 EU )|
- Elfriede Dörr: World Day of Prayer as a place of learning. Approaches to ecumenical prayer through the World Women's Day of Prayer. With a preface by Margot Käßmann , Forum Systematik 34, W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 2009, ISBN 3-17020-715-6 .
- Ulrike Bechmann : World Day of Prayer for Women , in: Dictionary of Feminist Theology. Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh 2001, pp. 575-577.
- Ulrike Bechmann: World Women's Day of Prayer . In: Walter Kasper (Ed.): Lexicon for Theology and Church . 3. Edition. tape 10 . Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau 2001, Sp. 1076 .
- Helga Hiller: Ecumenism of women. KlensVerlag, Düsseldorf 1999, ISBN 3-87309-173-9 .
- World Day of Prayer Germany
- World Day of Prayer Austria
- World Day of Prayer Switzerland
- World Day of Prayer Liechtenstein
- Guiding Principles for World Day of Prayer; Decided at the 11th International WGT Conference in Toronto 2007. (pdf, 142 kB) In: weltgebetstag.de. 2007, archived from the original .
- Praying informed - acting in prayer. Leaflet for the World Day of Prayer, published by the World Day of Prayer for Women - Deutsches Komitee e. V. (Status: 08/2012)
- Questions and answers on the German World Prayer Day website ( Memento from January 30, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- International WGT Conference 2007: Guidelines for the World Day of Prayer. (pdf, 142 kB) In: weltgebetstag.de. 2007, accessed November 24, 2019 .
- Organization. In: weltgebetstag.de. Retrieved November 24, 2019 .
- Your collections and donations strengthen women worldwide! In: weltgebetstag.de. Retrieved November 24, 2019 .
- Joyce Archibald: A History of the World Day of Prayer. In: World Day of Prayer - Scotland. September 30, 2019, accessed November 24, 2019 .
- Pray informed - "act in prayer", leaflet for the World Day of Prayer, published by the World Day of Prayer for Women - Deutsches Komitee eV (status: 11/2009)
- Helga Hiller: Ecumenism of women . KlensVerlag, Düsseldorf 1999, ISBN 3-87309-173-9 , p. 51
- Helga Hiller: Ecumenism of women. KlensVerlag, Düsseldorf 1999, ISBN 3-87309-173-9 , p. 52
- Helga Hiller: Ecumenism of women. KlensVerlag, Düsseldorf 1999, ISBN 3-87309-173-9 , p. 63
- Helga Hiller: Ecumenism of women. KlensVerlag, Düsseldorf 1999, ISBN 3-87309-173-9 , p. 82
- Informed Prayer - Praying Acting. Leaflet for the World Day of Prayer, published by the World Day of Prayer for Women - Deutsches Komitee eV (Status: 11/2009)
- World map on the German World Prayer Day website
- Quoted in Susette Menzendorf: "Criticism of Israeli politics is not anti-Semitism". An analysis of the controversy surrounding the World Prayer Day Liturgy 2003. In: Encounters. Zeitschrift für Kirche und Judentum 4/2003, pp. 8–17, here p. 8.
- Peter von der Osten-Sacken: Accusation of anti-Semitism against the World Prayer Day Liturgy 2003: Opinion. In: haGalil . January 22, 2003, accessed November 24, 2019 .
- Quoted from Helmut Frank: Controversy about the liturgy. Is World Day of Prayer Anti-Israel? In: Sunday paper. Evangelical weekly newspaper for Bavaria 9/2003, March 2, 2003, pp. 4–5, here p. 4.
- Susette Menzendorf: "Criticism of Israeli politics is not anti-Semitism". An analysis of the controversy surrounding the World Prayer Day Liturgy 2003. In: Encounters. Zeitschrift für Kirche und Judentum 4/2003, pp. 8–17, here p. 17.