Walter Cardinal Kasper (born March 5, 1933 in Heidenheim an der Brenz ) is a retired Curia Cardinal and former President of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity . Before that he was Bishop of Rottenburg-Stuttgart from 1989 to 1999 .
Kasper grew up in Wangen im Allgäu and graduated from high school in Ehingen an der Donau in 1952 . He then studied Catholic theology and philosophy at the Eberhard Karls University in Tübingen , in the Wilhelmsstift Tübingen and at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich . In 1956 he completed his studies and was ordained a priest on April 6, 1957 in Rottenburg . In 1961, after completing a dissertation entitled The Doctrine of Tradition in the Roman School. (Giovanni Perrone, Carlo Passasslia, Clemens Schrader) at the University of Tübingen for Dr. theol. PhD ; In 1964 he completed his habilitation after an assistantship with Hans Küng .
In the same year Kasper received a reputation as a professor of dogmatic theology at the Westphalian Wilhelms University in Muenster and was there in the summer semester 1970 dean of the Catholic Theological Faculty. During his time in Münster, Kasper was one of the founders of the church reform-oriented Freckenhorster Circle and was elected one of its first speakers in 1969. From 1970 Kasper taught dogmatics at the University of Tübingen and was involved in the church dispute over Hans Küng's teaching permit in 1979/80, in which case he spoke out in favor of his exclusion from the faculty. In 1983 he was visiting professor at the Catholic University of America (CUA) in Washington, DC. He was special secretary of the Extraordinary Synod of Bishops in 1985, as well as a member of the Faith and Order Commission of the WCC and the International Commission of Theology in Rome . From 1993 to 2001 he published the third edition of the Lexicon for Theology and Church .
On April 4, 1989, Kasper was elected to succeed Bishop Georg Moser as Bishop of the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart , was appointed by Pope John Paul II on April 17, and was ordained bishop on June 17, 1989 in Rottenburg. The archbishop of Freiburg im Breisgau, Oskar Saier , donated him his episcopal ordination . Co- consecrators were the Mainz bishop Karl Lehmann and Franz Josef Kuhnle , auxiliary bishop in Rottenburg-Stuttgart. His motto is Veritatem in caritate ("truth in charity"). Bishop Kasper was Chairman of the World Church Commission and Deputy Chairman of the Faith Commission of the German Bishops' Conference.
On March 16, 1999, Pope John Paul II appointed Bishop Kasper as secretary of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity . Kasper therefore resigned as Bishop of Rottenburg-Stuttgart with effect from May 31, 1999. When he started working in the service of the Holy See , he received the Vatican citizenship , which is function-related and is usually limited to the duration of the function in the Vatican. Since it can in principle be cumulated, it is acquired in addition to an existing one.
On February 21, 2001, Kasper was accepted into the College of Cardinals by John Paul II as a cardinal deacon with the title diaconia Ognissanti in Via Appia Nuova . In the same year, on March 3, John Paul II appointed him President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, which was responsible for ecumenical issues and religious relations with Judaism . On April 21, 2005 he was welcomed by Pope Benedict XVI. re-elected and 21 February 2011 while maintaining its pro hac vice to the titular church declared Title Diakonie to the rank of cardinal priests charged. Cardinal Kasper was a member of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith , the Congregation for the Oriental Churches , the Apostolic Signature , the Pontifical Council for Legal Texts and the Pontifical Council for Culture until he was 80 .
On July 1, 2010, Pope Benedict XVI. He accepted his resignation from the office of President of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity - after two rejections in 2008 and 2009 - and appointed Basel Bishop Kurt Koch as his successor.
Kasper took part as a cardinal in the conclave that elected Joseph Ratzinger Pope on April 19, 2005. Since he did not turn 80 until after the Sedis vacancy began on February 28, 2013, he was still able to take part in the conclave for the election of Francis' successor .
During his first Angelus prayer, the new Pope Francis said that Kasper was a great theologian and that his book on Mercy had done him very good these days . In his first cardinal consistory on February 21, 2014 , Francis declared that he had found deep theology and carefree thinking in Cardinal Kasper's work. This meant "doing theology on your knees".
- 1990: Catholic University of America , Washington, DC
- 1991: St. Mary's Seminary and University, Baltimore
- 2000: University of Strasbourg
- 2001: Sacred Heart University , Fairfield
- 2002: St. John's University , Jamaica (New York)
- 2002: University of Sofia , Bulgaria
- 2002: University of Notre Dame du Lac , South Bend
- 2003: Catholic University of Leuven
- 2003: Laval University , Québec
- 2003: Philosophical-Theological University of Vallendar
- 2003: Center for Theological and Spiritual Development at the College of Saint Elizabeth (CSE), Morristown
- 2004: Pontifical University of Comillas , Madrid
- 2004: Seattle University
- 2004: Babeș-Bolyai University Cluj , Romania
- 2005: Fordham University , New York
- 2006: University of Durham , United Kingdom
- 2006: Duquesne University , Pittsburgh
- 2007: Uppsala University
- 2007: Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg
- 2007: National University of Kiev-Mohyla Academy , Ukraine
- 2011: Saint Joseph's University , Philadelphia
- 2011: Catholic University of Portugal , Lisbon
The cardinal is a member of the following units of the Roman Curia :
- Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (since 2001)
- Congregation for the Oriental Churches (since 2001)
- Supreme Court of the Apostolic Signature (since 2002)
- Pontifical Council for Legal Texts (since 2004)
- Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue (since 2007)
- Pontifical Council for Culture (since 2001)
- 1985: Heidelberg Academy of Sciences
- 1991: European Academy of Sciences and Arts
- 1995: Academic connection between Alania and Stuttgart in the Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations (CV)
- 1976: Martinus Medal of the Diocese of Rottenburg
- 1987: Federal Cross of Merit, 1st class
- 1995: Grand Cross of the Order of Malta
- 1998: Merit Medal of the State of Baden-Württemberg
- 1999: Boniface medal in gold from the German Bishops' Conference
- 2001: St. Andrew's Cross of the Ecumenical Patriarchate
- 2002: Distinguished Service Award from the Catholic Theological Union, Chicago
- 2002: Order "Stara Planina" of the Republic of Bulgaria
- 2003: Large Staufer Medal in Gold
- 2003: Interfaith Medallion "Peace through Dialogue"
- 2003: Recognition by the German Comenius Society
- 2004: Grand Officer of the Star of Romania
- 2004: Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany with star and shoulder ribbon
- 2005: Anti-Defamation League's Dr. Joseph Lichten Award
- 2006: Theological Prize of the Salzburg University Weeks (for his complete theological works)
- 2007: Saint Eriks plaque from the Archbishop of Uppsala
- 2008: Ring of Honor of the Görres Society (for its ecumenical commitment)
- 2008: Premio Capo Circeo of the Associazione Italia-Germania
- 2008: Premio Internazionale della Pace, della Cultura e della Solidarietà of the Centro Studi G. Donati, Pistoia
- 2009: Protector of the PRO ORIENTE Foundation
- 2011: Lambeth Cross by Archbishop of Canterbury
- 2011: Jesaiah Award from the American Jewish Committee
- 2011: Cardinal Bea Award from the Congregation of our Lady of Sion
- 2011: European Culture Communication Prize 2011 from the Pro Europa Foundation
- 2012: Thomas-a-Kempis honorary stele
- Kardinal-Kasper-Haus nursing home, Wäschenbeuren
- The absolute in history. Philosophy and theology of history in Schelling's late philosophy. Matthias Grünewald Publishing House , Mainz 1965.
- Law and gospel . In: Sacramentum mundi. Theological Lexicon for Practice, Volume 2, 369–373.
- Belief and history. Matthias Grünewald Verlag, Mainz 1970.
- Introduction to Faith. Matthias Grünewald Verlag, Mainz 1972, ISBN 3-7867-0340-X .
- Jesus the christ. Matthias Grünewald Verlag, Mainz 1974, ISBN 3-7867-0464-3 .
- On the theology of Christian marriage. Matthias Grünewald Verlag, Mainz 1977, ISBN 3-7867-0626-3 .
- The God of Jesus Christ. Matthias Grünewald Verlag, Mainz 1982, ISBN 3-7867-0987-4 .
- Living by faith. Catholic adult catechism . Volume 2. Bonn 1995 (collaboration).
- Theology and church. Matthias Grünewald Verlag, Volume 1, Mainz 1987; Volume 2, Mainz 1999.
- Leadership in the Church. New York 2003.
- Sacrament of unity. Eucharist and Church. Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau / Basel / Vienna 2004, ISBN 3-451-28568-1 .
- Paths to unity. Perspectives for the ecumenical movement. Freiburg im Breisgau 2005.
- Where the heart of faith beats. The experience of a lifetime. With Daniel Deckers . Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau / Basel / Vienna 2008, ISBN 978-3-451-29873-8 .
- Catholic Church: Essence - Reality - Mission. Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau / Basel / Vienna 2011, ISBN 978-3-451-30499-6 .
- Mercy: Basic Concept of the Gospel - Key to Christian Life. Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau / Basel / Vienna 2012, ISBN 978-3-451-30642-6 .
- The gospel of the family. The speech to the consistory. Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau 2014.
- The message of Amoris Laetitia. A friendly dispute. Herder, Freiburg / Basel / Vienna 2018, ISBN 978-3-4513-81010 .
A large part of Walter Kasper's work is being re-edited by Herder Verlag in the 18-volume book series Collected Writings . So far (as of March 15, 2013) nine volumes have been published:
- Volume 1: The Doctrine of Tradition in the Roman School. ISBN 978-3-451-30601-3 .
- Volume 2: The Absolute of History. Philosophy and theology of history in Schelling's late philosophy. ISBN 978-3-451-30602-0 .
- Volume 3: Jesus the Christ. ISBN 978-3-451-29155-5 .
- Volume 4: The God of Jesus Christ. ISBN 978-3-451-29803-5 .
- Volume 5: The Gospel of Jesus Christ. ISBN 978-3-451-30605-1 .
- Volume 10: The Liturgy of the Church. ISBN 978-3-451-30610-5 .
- Volume 11: The Church of Jesus Christ - Ecclesiology I. ISBN 978-3-451-29946-9 .
- Volume 12: The Church and its Offices - Ecclesiology II. ISBN 978-3-451-32183-2 .
- Volume 14: Paths to Christian Unity. Writings on ecumenism I. ISBN 978-3-451-30614-3 .
- Literature by and about Walter Kasper in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Walter Kasper in the German Digital Library
- Website of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity
- Cardinal Walter Kasper Foundation
- Entry on Walter Kasper on catholic-hierarchy.org
- Cardinal Walter Kasper. Cardinal Walter Kasper Foundation, accessed March 4, 2018 .
- Ludger Möllers: Cardinal Walter Kasper celebrates his 80th birthday , Schwäbische Zeitung, March 5, 2013.
- Vita Cardinal Kasper. Website of the German Bishops' Conference. Retrieved June 29, 2011 (PDF; 29 KB)
- Hans Werners: A brief look at the beginning of the Freckenhorster circle. (PDF (17.7 kB)) p. 1 f. , accessed March 12, 2016 .
- Hans Küng: Controversial Truth. Memories. Munich 2007, pp. 640–642.
- Cf. u. a. the joint work: Arno Schilson / Walter Kasper, Christology in the present tense. Critical review of new designs. Herder, Freiburg i. Br. 1974
- Rinuncia del Presidente del Pontificio Consiglio per la Promozione dell'Unità dei Cristiani e Nomina del Successore. In: Daily Bulletin. Holy See Press Office , March 3, 2001, accessed March 12, 2016 (Italian).
- REGIONALIA from August 16, 2011: "Mephisto" in St. Peter: world actor Klaus Maria Brandauer plays laudatory for "God's actor" Walter Cardinal Kasper.
- Rinuncia del Presidente del Pontificio Consiglio per la Promozione dell'Unità dei Cristiani e Nomina del Successore. In: Daily Bulletin. Holy See Press Office, July 1, 2010, accessed March 12, 2016 (Italian).
- Swiss bishop replaces German “ecumenical minister” in the Vatican. Koch follows Kasper. In: www.domradio.de. June 30, 2010, accessed March 12, 2016 .
- Mercy: Basic Concept of the Gospel - Key to Christian Life. Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau / Basel / Vienna 2012, ISBN 978-3-451-30642-6
- Pope at the Angelus: St. Peter's Square has dimensions of the world
- Pope: Solidarity with Ukraine and praise for Kasper.
- Nomina di Cardinali Membri delle Congregazioni Romane. In: Daily Bulletin. Holy See Press Office, May 15, 2001, accessed March 12, 2016 (Italian).
- Nomina di Membri del Supremo Tribunale della Segnatura Apostolica. In: Daily Bulletin. Holy See Press Office, June 6, 2002, accessed March 12, 2016 (Italian).
- Nomina di Membri del Pontificio Consiglio per i Testi Legislativi. In: Daily Bulletin. Holy See Press Office, November 20, 2004, accessed March 12, 2016 (Italian).
- Nomina di Membri del Pontificio Consiglio per il Dialogo Interreligioso. In: Daily Bulletin. Holy See Press Office, March 8, 2007, accessed March 12, 2016 (Italian).
- Nomina di Cardinali Membri dei Dicasteri della Curia Romana. In: Daily Bulletin. Holy See Press Office, May 18, 2001, accessed March 12, 2016 (Italian).
Bishop of Rottenburg-Stuttgart
|Edward Idris Cardinal Cassidy||
President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity
|Kurt Cardinal Koch|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Kasper, Walter Cardinal (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German clergyman, bishop and cardinal emeritus|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 5, 1933|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Heidenheim , Germany|