Coat of arms of Iceland

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Coat of arms of Iceland
Coat of arms of Iceland.svg
Introduced June 17, 1944
Sign holder Bull, eagle, dragon, giant

The coat of arms of Iceland was introduced in 1944.


A first coat of arms of Iceland is known from the "Norwegian times".

It consisted of 12 horizontal stripes in blue and white. Later a red heraldic shield with a silver cod under a crown was used.

The current state coat of arms has existed since June 17, 1944, the day the Republic of Iceland was founded. This day is also a national holiday.


It shows a coat of arms with the Icelandic flag , which stands on a rock slab as a pedestal . This is a reference to the rocky coast of Iceland. It is a red cross with a white border in blue .

In addition are the sign holder the right one gold reinforced bull and a giant in the silver coat with gold lining and gold-black belt leaning on a staff. A red-tongued and gold-armored dragon on the left and a silver, gold-armored red-tongued eagle on the right , as the legendary protectors of Iceland, as described in the Heimskringla saga, are placed above the coat of arms . According to this legend, Harald Blauzahn wanted to conquer Iceland in the 10th century . But four powerful guardian spirits - a giant with an iron rod in the south, a bull in the west, an eagle in the north, a dragon in the east - stood in his way and prevented him from landing with his warships. In heraldry , all four heraldic figures are referred to as land guards (isl .: Landvættir).

Landvættir's "eagle" is not referred to as "örn" (Isl. For "eagle"), but as "gammur", which is the modern Icelandic term for "vulture" - even if there are no vultures in Iceland.


  • Karl-Heinz Hesmer: Flags and coats of arms of the world. History and symbolism of the flags and coats of arms of all states . Bertelsmann Lexikon Verlag, Gütersloh 1992, ISBN 3-570-01082-1 .

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