|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Arnsberg|
|Height :||200 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||193.72 km 2|
|Residents:||73,456 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||379 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||59755, 59757, 59759, 59821, 59823|
|Primaries :||02931, 02932 , 02935 , 02937|
|License plate :||HSK|
|Community key :||05 9 58 004|
|LOCODE :||DE ARN|
|City structure:||15 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Ralf Paul Bittner ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Arnsberg in the Hochsauerland district|
Arnsberg ( large city in the Sauerland in North Rhine-Westphalia and the seat of the district government of the Arnsberg district . The city was the district town of the Arnsberg district until the municipal reorganization in 1975 and has since been part of the Hochsauerland district . The structure of today's city also goes back to the municipal reorganization. At that time Neheim-Hüsten , Arnsberg and a number of other communities were merged into a new city.) is a
The city is located in the north of the Rhenish Slate Mountains in the Ruhr Valley . This river has a major impact on the city. In the urban area the smaller rivers Röhr and Möhne flow into the Ruhr. The main settlement areas of the city are in the valleys of these rivers. The large Ruhr loop, which encloses the old town of Arnsberg on two sides, is particularly characteristic. The river valleys are bordered by mostly wooded elevations. The heights of the Arnsberg Forest Nature Park rise immediately to the north of the urban area , while the foothills of the Sauerland-Rothaargebirge Nature Park run in the south . The urban area of the city of Arnsberg lies at an altitude of 146 to 448 meters above sea level. It is 193.39 square kilometers. With 121.10 square kilometers, 63 percent of the area is forest area. 18 percent of the total area of Arnsberg is used for agriculture, settlement and traffic areas also make up 18 percent.
View over Arnsberg from the Ehmsendenkmal
From a geological point of view, Arnsberg lies on an eastern branch of the Remscheid-Altenaer saddle. Within the urban area, the rock formations come predominantly from the Pennsylvania . You can see Namur slate and Grauwacken very well on the Ruhr-Uferweg, if you start on the eastern slope of the Lüsenberg and move towards the southeast. Here the very strongly folded layers of earth descend at an angle of about 45 degrees to the east-north-east. If you walk from here about 1.5 kilometers to the southwest to the west bank of the Ruhr below the Parkhotel, you can see that the same types of rock have been folded in exactly the opposite direction.
A good one kilometer north of it, coming from west-south-west, an approximately one kilometer wide wedge with Kulm slab limestone from the Mississippium pushes northeast and ends about two kilometers east of the northern Ruhr loop. On this layer lies the Arnsberger Schlossberg, from which one has a sweeping view over the double loop of the Ruhr.
On the road to Rumbeck , for example on the south-eastern edge of the city of Arnsberg, you can see the various older Ruhr terraces very well. The highest and oldest terrace gravel are up to 100 meters above today's river level. Several remains of it can be found on the spur south of the Lüsenberg. Three younger terraces are located north of Rumbeck, 40 to 50 meters, 25 meters and 15 meters above the current valley floor.
Expansion of the urban area
The north-south diameter of the city of Arnsberg is about 13 kilometers, the east-west diameter about 24 kilometers. The city extends from east to west essentially along the Ruhr. The easternmost part of the city is Oeventrop, the westernmost Vosswinkel.
The city borders in the north on the communities Ense , Wickede (Ruhr) and Möhnesee and the city Warstein , in the east on the city Meschede , in the south on the city Sundern and in the west on the cities Balve and Menden .
The city of Arnsberg consists of the following districts (residents - as of December 31, 2019)
In the analysis between 1961 and 1990, July was on average the warmest month in Arnsberg. It reaches average values of 16.2 ° C. Precipitation was greatest in Arnsberg in June and December. During these months it was an average of 103 liters per square meter.
The annual mean temperature in Arnsberg was 8.4 ° C and there is an average annual rainfall of 1029 liters per square meter.
In the 11th century, Count Bernhard II von Werl built the old castle on the Rüdenberg . Count Friedrich the Arguable had a second castle built on the opposite Adlerberg (Aarberg) towards the end of the century. The building was first mentioned in 1102. In that year it was destroyed for the first time by Archbishop Friedrich I of Cologne , as Count Friedrich had sided with Emperor Heinrich IV during the investiture dispute . In addition to the Counts of Arnsberg, the Rüdenbergers on the Rüdenburg and the noble lords of Arnsberg, two other medieval noble families, are known in the immediate vicinity.
This actual Arnsberg Castle became the nucleus of the later city. The fact that the counts moved their headquarters to Arnsberg and gradually referred to themselves as the Counts of Arnsberg was beneficial for the development . A settlement developed under the protection of this castle. In 1114 the first 14 free families placed themselves under the protection of the lord of the castle. The old town was fortified as early as the second half of the century. Today's so-called bell tower formed the southern gate tower.
In 1166, under the rule of Count Heinrich I, the castle was conquered again by Henry the Lion's troops after the Count's murder of his brother. As a result, Count Heinrich I founded the Premonstratensian Monastery of Wedinghausen (1170/1173) some distance from the city. The monastery church was also the parish church for the settlement.
The population of Arnsberg grew comparatively quickly, so that another settlement was built below the bell tower from the beginning of the 13th century. Both had about 1000 residents together. In 1238 a new wall ring enclosed both settlement areas and the Wedinghausen monastery. Despite the fortification measures, the city was conquered and cremated in 1366 during a feud between Count Gottfried IV and Count Engelbert III. from the mark .
Count Gottfried IV. Was the last Count of Arnsberg, because he sold his county to the Elector of Cologne in 1368 , which strengthened the archbishopric there in its efforts to create a closed Rhenish-Westphalian territory. At the time of the Electorate of Cologne, the city was the residence of the Archbishops of Cologne in the Duchy of Westphalia and the meeting place for the regional assembly . In addition, the city with the seat of the Oberfreistuhl was a center of early modern justice ( Feme ). There rules were also issued for the other free chairs in Westphalia. But these efforts came to an end with the Soest feud between 1444 and 1449.
Belonging to the Hanseatic League , whose Westphalian third was led by Dortmund, speaks for a certain economic and political importance . Soest, the second city, named in 1554, in addition to Arnsberg, Attendorn, Brilon, Lippstadt, Rüthen and Werl as its neighboring towns. Arnsberg, in turn, was subject to six cities, namely Allendorf , Balve , Eversberg , Greventun and Hirschberg and the seven freedoms, Bödefeld, Freienohl, Hachem, Hagen, Hüsten, Langenscheid and Sundern.
Old market with Maximilian fountain, House to the Crimea and bell tower
Ehmsendenkmal ("Whisper House")
Early modern age
Economic development, and with it urban development, has remained strictly limited since the beginning of the electoral rule. For centuries the population was well below 2000 people. A city fire in 1600 also had a negative effect, which destroyed the entire city except for eleven houses. The city archive was also lost. After the fire, the town charter was reconstructed. During the Thirty Years' War the city threatened to be captured several times. The first unsuccessful attempt was made in 1634 by Eberhard Beckermann , who was born in Arnsberg and was in the Swedish service at the time. Last but not least, the salvation of the city was attributed to Saint Norbert von Xanten . A Norbertus procession has been held every year since 1646 as thanks.
The Premonstratensian Monastery in Wedinghausen remained a spiritual center during the early modern period and experienced a growing importance again in the course of the Counter Reformation. The establishment of the Laurentianum grammar school in 1643 was significant for the city. The city itself expanded only slowly and, apart from a few buildings such as the Landsberger Hof , remained characterized by half-timbered structures .
In the time of witch persecution from 1621 onwards, witch commissioner Heinrich von Schultheiß led the witch trials in Arnsberg. He was also involved in founding the grammar school. The mayor of Arnsberg, Henneke von Essen, was also affected by the witch trials. He did not confess under torture and died in prison on August 14, 1631.
In the first centuries of the Electoral Cologne rule, the residence function remained relatively weak. That only changed when, at the end of the 16th century, the castle was converted into a representative palace in several construction phases. This was destroyed by cannon fire during the Seven Years' War in 1762 and has been in ruins ever since. The city itself was also largely destroyed. This ended the short wedding as a royal seat, although Arnsberg continued to be the political center of the Duchy of Westphalia. In this context, a penitentiary was built in 1784 from the stones of the destroyed castle. In 1799, parts of the city were again affected by fire. A plan for reconstruction then provided for a modified development. The narrow streets were replaced by wider streets.
In 1794 Arnsberg became a refuge for the Cologne Cathedral Chapter, who had fled from the troops of the French Republic . Parts of the cathedral treasure, in particular the Dreikönigsschrein, were kept in Wedinghausen Monastery until 1804. In 1801, the cathedral chapter elected the Austrian Archduke Anton-Viktor as the new archbishop and last elector. Politically, however, this choice no longer played a role. In the course of the dissolution of the Old Empire and the end of the spiritual states, the city fell to the Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt in 1802 . During this time Arnsberg was a garrison and government town. Together with the former Duchy of Westphalia, the city fell to Prussia in 1816 . Since then it has belonged to the province of Westphalia . It became the district town and seat of the district president of Arnsberg. A significant increase in the population began as early as the Hessian era. This made an expansion of the urban area necessary. During this time the construction of today's Jäger- und Bergstraße began. This created around 32 new houses.
In connection with the influx of Prussian civil servants, a completely new district in the style of Schinkel- oriented Prussian classicism was created on the basis of older plans in the first half of the 19th century . In addition to a Protestant church, this included a casino as a meeting place for the new urban elite. A total of 75 new residential buildings were built between 1817 and 1830 between the Wedinghausen monastery and the older town. The old town was again badly damaged by a major fire in 1847 and then rebuilt. In a further expansion phase, the city crossed the Ruhr in the first half of the 19th century and another city expansion was built around the district court .
Without any significant industrial development, however, further population growth remained limited. The city was an administrative and official city. A certain change took place with the connection to the railway network , when a main railway workshop for the repair of locomotives and wagons was built in Arnsberg. With several hundred employees, it was for a long time the largest company in the city and also employed skilled workers. The associated immigration led to further city extensions and buildings. The founding of the Ruhrwerke (today De Medici) had a similar effect after the turn of the 20th century.
The political behavior in the city of Arnsberg (before the municipal reorganization) was strongly influenced in the 19th century by the social and denominational contrast between Catholic, mostly petty or lower-middle-class locals on the one hand and the immigrant, often Protestant elite of the higher Prussian officials on the other other side influenced.
The first conflicts between the two camps can already be identified in the pre-March period. During the revolution of 1848/1849 , the Catholic natives of the lower classes (alongside the Protestant youth) were largely on the side of the Democrats . The educated groups close to the state were conservative or represented moderate liberalism .
In the second half of the 19th century, and especially since the Kulturkampf , the overwhelming number of Catholic residents converted to political Catholicism ( German Center Party ). The Protestant bourgeoisie, on the other hand, voted for either the Liberals or Conservatives, depending on the situation . Even if one of the most important early Social Democrats , Wilhelm Hasenclever , was born in Arnsberg, the SPD could not gain a foothold here until the end of the Empire . Reasons were u. a. the anti-social democratic attitude of the railway administration, the relatively low degree of industrialization and the close integration of the Catholic workers in the Catholic milieu . In 1905 the city of Arnsberg and later also Neheim-Hüsten took part in the AG Ruhr-Lippe-Eisenbahnen .
Only in the course of the November Revolution of 1918/1919 was a socialist camp able to establish itself, which split into supporters of the SPD and the KPD during the crisis years of the Weimar Republic . Taken together, it was surprisingly strong in comparison with other Sauerland communities, especially in view of the economic and social structure. This development was to a large extent at the expense of the Center Party.
Political and social conflicts had hardly played a role during the German Empire, but this changed after 1918. In the first years after the war, here, as in Neheim, there were inflation riots and the first strikes . In addition, after the murder of Walther Rathenau, the political camps of the republicans and the anti-republicans clashed palpably.
Compared to other communities in the Sauerland, Arnsberg showed early beginnings and soon local political successes of the extreme right, which had been gathering in the NSDAP since the mid-1920s . This group benefited in part from the declining ability of the Catholic and socialist camps to bond. The collapse of the bourgeois camp, supported by the relatively large number of Protestants, was particularly beneficial.
A particular burden, which contributed to the radicalization of political life, was the closure of the main railway workshop in 1926. As a result, Arnsberg was the only town in Westphalia with a decreasing population for a few years.
After the National Socialist seizure of power , numerous officials from the center and the SPD were removed from their posts in the various authorities and replaced by compliant members of the NSDAP. As in all of Germany, opponents of the regime and, above all, the Jewish population were exposed to the reprisals of the new rulers. Local society was brought into line, partly voluntarily or by coercion. In the 1930s, Arnsberg became a garrison town . A POW camp was set up in a former camp of the Reich Labor Service during the war.
During the Second World War , Arnsberg was from Sep. 1940 to April 1945 repeatedly attacked by bombers and later also by fighter-bombers at low altitude. As on May 17, 1943, after the bombing of the Royal Air Force (RAF) to the Möhnetalsperre (→ Operation Chastise ) whose dam broke, it came in Möhnetal to a tidal wave (→ Möhne disaster ) of up to 12 meters high. The flood destroyed many buildings in Neheim, where there were also casualties among the civilian population. The dead in the forced labor camp Möhnewiesen were particularly numerous . In spring 1945 the main target in the city was the Arnsberg railway viaduct , which was attacked seven times from February 9 to March 19, 1945. In the reports US Strategic Bombing Surveys (USSBS, inventory of strategic bombing) of October 10, 1945, 1818 bombs on the viaduct are mentioned under the item Railway Viaduct at Arnsberg Germany . On March 19, the viaduct was destroyed with only 18 bombs. British Avro Lancaster bombers dropped six “ Grand Slam ” bombs, at 10 tons the largest and heaviest bomb type used in the war so far, and twelve “ Tallboys ” each weighing 5.4 tons . Between April 10 and 12, 1945, the United States Army occupied the city with almost no battle.
After the Second World War, the city continued to grow. Partly from former refugee camps ( Gierskämpen ) or settlement areas (Schreppenberg) new city quarters with an independent character emerged. Arnsberg and Neheim became locations of the Belgian armed forces in Germany during the Cold War . a. the 4th Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval , which were housed in the Reigersvliet quarter, the former hunter barracks . In addition to the garrison buildings, housing estates were built for the soldiers' families. After the political change, the troops were withdrawn and, after a period of vacancy, most of the military facilities were demolished; in their place there was a residential development.
Until the end of the Duchy of Westphalia, the settlement of non- Catholic residents was only possible in exceptional cases. Only when the area was taken over, first by the Hessians and later by Prussia, Protestants and Jewish residents were added to a significant extent . These had synagogues in Arnsberg , Hüsten and Neheim until the Reichspogromnacht in 1938. The number of Protestants initially increased sharply in the government town of Arnsberg with its numerous immigrant officials from the Protestant territories of the new sovereigns in the first decades of the 19th century.
A little later the number of non-Catholic residents also grew in dynamic industrial locations such as Neheim, Hüsten or Oeventrop. Of course, the Catholic denomination continued to dominate in these communities. In 1912 there were 82 percent Catholics and almost 17 percent Protestants in Arnsberg. In Neheim there were slightly more than 87 percent Catholics and almost 12 percent Protestants, in Hüsten there were 90 percent Catholics and just under 8 percent Protestants. In other places without major immigration, such as Vosswinkel, there were still exclusively Catholics in 1912. In 1902, the theological training institute and missionary institution Kloster Oeventrop was founded in Oeventrop . This existed as such until 1969.
This denominational structure only changed significantly after the Second World War, when refugees and displaced persons immigrated to smaller towns.
While in May 1987 92.2 percent of the 74 091 inhabitants at that time still professed one of the two so-called public law religions, at the end of December 2013 it was only 79.2 percent. 20.8 percent were non-denominational or belonged to other religions
There was a Catholic parish in each of the districts. In the larger towns, new communities were founded after the Second World War due to the increase in population. Protestant communities emerged in Arnsberg and Neheim as early as the 19th century, Hüsten and Oeventrop followed later. In 1975 the Norbertus Church was built due to the increase in population .
There are three mosques in Arnsberg . The Al-Rahma Mosque, the Yeni Mosque and the Ahl Sunna Mosque are located in Neheim and Hüsten. The Yeni Mosque was founded in 1977, making it one of the first Muslim communities in the Hochsauerlandkreis. She belongs to the Turkish-Islamic Union of the Institute for Religion . The Al-Rahma Mosque was founded in 2000 and is operated by an Islamic-Arab association. The Ahl Sunna Mosque has existed since 2002 and is operated by a Moroccan cultural association.
Jewish communities with synagogues , schools, cemeteries and other facilities existed in Arnsberg and Neheim since the 19th century. As a result of the persecution of the Jews triggered by the National Socialists and the Holocaust , Jewish life actually came to an end. The Jewish cemetery still exists in Arnsberg today. In 1985, the former synagogue in Neheim was restored by private investors. Today the original color scheme and the partly German, partly Hebrew quotations from the Bible are visible again. The synagogue has been owned by the Neheimer Hunters Association since 2001. Memorial plaques and stumbling blocks commemorate the Jewish victims of the Holocaust .
On July 26, 1860, part of the community of Müschede was reclassified to Arnsberg.
In the course of the municipal reorganization in North Rhine-Westphalia , the cities of Arnsberg and Neheim-Hüsten as well as the municipalities of Bachum, Breitenbruch, Bruchhausen (Ruhr), Herdringen, Holzen, Müschede, Niedereimer, Oeventrop (Sauerland), Rumbeck, Uentrop were added on January 1, 1975 , Vosswinkel and Wennigloh united to form the current city of Arnsberg. In addition, the city of Arnsberg lost its function as a district town.
Population development of Arnsberg
Arnsberg only had a few hundred inhabitants in the Middle Ages and early modern times . The population grew only slowly and fell again and again due to the numerous wars, epidemics and famine. Numerous residents died when the plague broke out in 1472 and 1635/36 and during the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). Only with industrialization in the 20th century did population growth accelerate. In 1900 there were only 8,500 people living in the town; in 1965 there were already 23,000.
On January 1, 1975, the towns of Arnsberg (22,112 inhabitants 1974) and Neheim-Hüsten (35,535 inhabitants 1974) as well as twelve rural communities came together to form the new town of Arnsberg with 81,049 inhabitants - a historic high. Since 1976 the population has been below the 80,000 mark. On June 30, 2005, the official population for Arnsberg was 76,303 according to an update by the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics North Rhine-Westphalia (only main residences and after comparison with the other state offices).
The following overview shows the population of Arnsberg by area. Up to 1835 it is mostly an estimate, then census results (¹) or official updates from the State Statistical Office. From 1871, the information relates to the local population , from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to the population at the location of the main residence . Before 1871, the number of inhabitants was determined according to inconsistent survey procedures.
¹ census result
Places in the area of today's city of Arnsberg 1871–1974
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the demographic development of the municipalities and cities in the area of today's city of Arnsberg mainly depended on non-agricultural employment opportunities. In addition to the development of the authorities in the old town of Arnsberg, commercial operations in particular played a decisive role. Especially in Neheim and Hüsten, the industrial development during the empire caused considerable immigration movements.
To a lesser extent, this also applies to smaller industrial communities such as Oeventrop. The population also increased in places where there was the possibility of commuting (such as Herdringen). Where this possibility (such as in Niedereimer) was limited, the population development remained limited. Overall, however, the area of today's city of Arnsberg (thanks to the industrial development there) was one of the areas with a comparatively strong increase in population for the (Catholic) Sauerland.
- until 1939: State Statistical Office of North Rhine-Westphalia : Municipal statistics for the State of North Rhine-Westphalia. Population development 1871–1964 . Düsseldorf 1964.
- 1961 and 1970: Federal Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 330 .
- 1974: Martin Bünermann, Heinz Köstering: The communities and districts after the municipal territorial reform in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1975, ISBN 3-555-30092-X , p. 127 f .
Other places in the area of today's city of Arnsberg 1961–1974
- 1961 and 1970: Federal Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 330 .
- 1974: Martin Bünermann, Heinz Köstering: The communities and districts after the municipal territorial reform in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1975, ISBN 3-555-30092-X , p. 127 f .
coat of arms
|Blazon : "In blue, a gold-armed silver eagle."|
|Justification of the coat of arms: The right-looking gold-armored silver eagle on a red field was initially the coat of arms of the Counts of Arnsberg. When the city was founded, it was also used as a badge by the city itself. As such, the coat of arms appears for the first time in 1154 on a seal of Count Heinrich I. The Arnsberg eagle is one of the oldest coats of arms in Germany. It can be proven for the first time on a municipal seal from 1278. The original red color of the shield was in the 17th century under the aegis of Electors from the house of Wittelsbach exchanged for the wittelsbachisch-Bavarian blue. After the municipal reorganization on January 1, 1975, the council of the new town of Arnsberg decided on January 14, 1976 to keep the previous Arnsberg coat of arms in consideration of its historical significance.|
The election on May 25, 2014 resulted in the following:
V = change from previous city council election
Results of the local elections from 1975
The list only includes parties and voter communities that received at least 1.95 percent of the votes in the respective election (figures in percent).
- 1Greens: 1984 and 1989 The Greens , from 1994 Alliance 90 / The Greens
- 2 1989: additionally: REP: 2.8%
Mayor of the new city of Arnsberg
|2018–||Ralf Paul Bittner||SPD|
After the Second World War , the political landscape of the first half of the 1920s was effectively restored (bourgeoisie, the Catholic milieu that gathered in the CDU, and social democracy). Until the end of the old town of Arnsberg, the Union clearly dominated. It was only after the merger to form the new city of Arnsberg that the political weight shifted at times. In the 1980s and 1990s, with the help of the Greens, the social democrat Alex Paust was repeatedly elected mayor. Not least for reasons beyond the local area, the pendulum swung back to the Union, which, with Hans-Josef Vogel, provided the mayor until August 31, 2017, when Vogel was appointed district president in Arnsberg. The election of a new mayor took place on February 4, 2018. Since there was no absolute majority here, a runoff election took place on February 18, 2018, which Ralf Paul Bittner from the SPD won with 55 percent of the vote.
Arnsberg is twinned with Bexley in Great Britain, Fos-sur-Mer in France, Deventer in the Netherlands, Alba Iulia in Romania, Olesno in Poland and Caltagirone in Italy. The partnership with the city of Alba Iulia dates back to 1974. This makes it the oldest town twinning between a German and a Romanian city and one of the first between a West German commune and a city in what was then known as the Eastern Bloc . Relations were intensified especially after the political change and the decline of the Romanian economy after 1989. A development association was formed that carried out numerous transports with various goods, which were scarce in Romania at the time, to Alba Iulia. During the Cold War, the old town of Neheim sponsored the Germans who were expelled from the former Rosenberg after the Second World War. After 1989 this connection was transformed into a town twinning with today's Polish city of Olesno. There is also a support association in Arnsberg to support this city.
Culture and sights
Drama and operas were performed in the Wedinghausen Monastery and the Laurentianum grammar school as early as the 17th and 18th centuries. In addition, today's knight's hall in the old town hall was used by wandering showmen. However, an independent theater building was not built until the 20th century. The Sauerland Theater was originally built in 1968 mainly as an auditorium for the surrounding schools. In the longer term, the function as a venue for theater, opera, music performances and events of all kinds became more important. In addition, the Herdringen open-air theater has existed since the 1950s . This is supported by a citizens' association that stages one play for adults and one for children every year. The Kulturschmiede was created by converting an old forge in the old town of Arnsberg into a diverse cultural event location. In addition to cabaret and music events, the avant-garde Teatron Theater regularly performs there .
In addition to various special exhibitions, the Sauerland Museum shows exhibits on the general history and the natural and cultural history of the Hochsauerland district. Based on the importance of the lighting industry in Neheim, the Museum for Light and Lighting has shown the development of this branch of industry. The facility goes back to the company history collection of the former Kaiser Leuchten company. No viewing is currently possible. In the historic Fresekenhof in Neheim there is a permanent exhibition on the life of Franz Stock . In addition, there is an exhibition in the Wedinghausen Monastery on monastery life up to the current shape of the complex.
Art and literature
The Arnsberg Art Association has its headquarters in the Arnsberg district, right on Neumarkt . The Sepia artist group also has an exhibition building in a half-timbered house directly behind the bell tower. In Neheim, the artist community Der Bogen has its domicile in the new building of artwork on the site of the former Kaiserwerke.
Since 1965 international writers' meetings have taken place in Neheim-Hüsten, from which the International Short Story Colloquium , which took place until 1994, emerged . A literary society organizes readings and lectures.
The nucleus of the city is Arnsberg Castle . This was first the castle of the Counts of Arnsberg and was later expanded into a representative castle by the Cologne electors. After being destroyed in the Seven Years' War it is a ruin. Below the castle is the old customs station and later Tollpöstchen chapel .
On the other side of the Ruhr valley is the so-called Old Castle . This system is only preserved in small remnants.
In the old town there are numerous, mostly half-timbered town houses as well as some buildings of electoral dignitaries such as the Weichs'schen Hof or the Dückerschen Hof . The landmark of Arnsberg is the bell tower and the St. Georg town chapel .
In addition to some wall areas, a number of towers have been preserved from the city fortifications. These include the so-called Limps Tower and the Green Tower.
Immediately below this is the old town hall on the Alter Markt with the Maximilian fountain . The Landsberger Hof is not far away . Once built for an elector's mistress, the building now houses the Sauerland Museum. The so-called Old Government is one of the buildings that shape the cityscape . Originally built as a penitentiary at the end of the 18th century, the building served as a garrison and later as the seat of the district government. Today it is the seat of the administrative court.
The Protestant Church of the Resurrection and the former civil casino on Neumarkt are located in the historic local government complex . This is part of the neo-classical style building from the early 19th century.
In the Wedinghausen Monastery area , the Hirschberger Tor is the entrance gate to the Laurentianum Arnsberg grammar school , which stands next to the Catholic provost church of St. Laurentius and the remains of the former Wedinghausen Monastery (today the city archive). Behind it begins the Eichholz forest with the Ehmsendenkmal . The former spa hotel , which was built at the beginning of the 20th century and now serves as a retirement home, is a defining feature of the cityscape with its tower .
- Today's Herdringen Castle was built between 1844 and 1853 as a successor to an older complex in the English Tudor style. The castle is surrounded by an English-style park.
- The St. Petri Church, Hüsten was only built in 1866, but it goes back to older predecessor buildings. The Romanesque core of the tower dates from the 12th century.
- The office buildings and workers' houses of the former Hüstener union are essentially the last visible remains of an important iron industrial company that existed until the 1960s.
- The parish church of St. Johannes Baptist in Neheim was built during the economic rise of the city between 1892 and 1913 on the site of an older previous building in the form of a brick basilica. Due to its dimensions, the building is also known as the Sauerland Cathedral .
- The Neheimer Glockenspiel is a donation from the Schützenbruderschaft St. Johannes Baptist from 1607 on its 400th anniversary in 2007 to the city of Arnsberg and in particular to the citizens and visitors of the Neheim district.
- The Theodorus Chapel on the cemetery Neheimer Möhne let Franz Egon von Fürstenberg-Stammheim 1835 as grave chapel for his late father in the form of building of a Greek temple.
- The former synagogue in Neheim has been restored. Today the original color scheme and the partly German, partly Hebrew quotations from the Bible are visible again.
- The Höllinghofen lock (at Voßwinkel) is a water lock, which was rebuilt after a fire 1765th It was rebuilt in the 19th century in the historicist-romantic style by the cathedral builder Ernst Friedrich Zwirner .
- In Neheim there are some former Burgmann houses, whose origins go back to the 14th century. This includes the Drostenhof , which was largely given its current shape around 1700. The Fresekenhof was rebuilt in 1688 on the remains of a previous building. The same applies to the Burgmannshof Gransau . The massive ground floor was built on older precursors in the 17th century, and a half-timbered floor was added later.
- The Oelinghausen monastery was a Premonstratensian monastery founded in 1174 . The Gothic chapel is important with numerous remarkable works of art.
- The Rumbeck Premonstratensian Monastery was built around 1190. The Gothic monastery church is remarkable . It is considered to be one of the earliest hall churches in Westphalia.
- The former pilgrimage chapel Rodentelgen in Bruchhausen goes back to the 15th century.
- The Vosswinkel wild forest is located in the Vosswinkel district . In this extensive facility, visitors can observe the life of the wild animals native to the Sauerland in their natural environment. In addition, the institution is involved through its Waldakademie Voßwinkel e. V. in environmental education.
- In Neheim there is the Bremers Park (named after the inventor Hugo Bremer ) and the Bröckelmanns Park (named after the manufacturer Bröckelmann)
- In the Arnsberg district, another park was created around the historic garden shed in the Twiete with the community gardens. A separate association takes care of the organization of events, among other things.
In the city of Arnsberg there are 15 urban, six Catholic and three (closed) Jewish cemeteries.
Some cemeteries in Arnsberg are of historical importance and worth seeing because of their layout and the design of the tombs. This applies to the Eichholzfriedhof in the Arnsberg district, whose beginnings date back to the 19th century. Numerous elaborately designed tombs reflect the history of the urban population. The same applies to the Möhnefriedhof in the Neheim district. The victims of the Möhne disaster of 1943 are commemorated there. After a relocation due to the construction of the motorway, the Theodorus Chapel , built in the Greek style, is now located on it . The old cemetery in Hüsten with only a few preserved monuments now serves as a park. For a long time, Jews from the surrounding areas were also buried in the Jewish cemetery in Hüsten . The Jewish cemetery on Seltersberg can also look back on a long history. The dead of the Jewish community have been buried here since 1847. During the time of National Socialism , it should be leveled and sold as building land. After the Second World War it was rebuilt and restored. Today a commemoration ceremony takes place there every year on the anniversary of the Reichspogromnacht . There is also a Jewish cemetery in the Neheim district . This was badly damaged by the Möhne disaster. In Oeventrop there is a military cemetery mainly for the soldiers who fell during the battle for the Ruhrkessel.
In many parts of the city, schools and 97 sports clubs (including six company sports associations) use a number of sports fields and sports halls. The Große Wiese stadium in the Hüsten district is also used as a venue for larger sporting events . The 9th World Gymnastics Championships took place in the circular gym from June 1st to 4th, 2011 .
Arnsberg has three airfields for air sports. These are the Arnsberg-Menden airfield for motorized aviation and the two glider airfields Oeventrop Ruhrwiesen and Arnsberg Ruhrwiese. This was inaugurated on August 12, 1956 with a national flight day.
The bathing landscape in Arnsberg has been in motion for several years. The municipal indoor swimming pools in Hüsten (Berliner Platz, now demolished) and Arnsberg (new use is still pending) had to close in favor of the central leisure pool, Nass in Hüsten. Also in favor of the central Bad Nass , some teaching pools in the districts were closed in favor of the swimming learning centers Herdringen, Voßwinkel and Arnsberg-Sauerstraße. When trying to use geothermal energy for the new leisure pool, a brine source was found when drilling. The water is used for a thermal brine park with a graduation tower and brine bubbler. The Neheim open-air swimming pool and the Arnsberg open-air swimming pool (stork's nest) are only partially subsidized by municipal funds and are run by private associations and initiatives.
- The Arnsberg Week with the Ruin Festival was launched to finance and maintain the Arnsberg castle ruins.
- The Arnsberg International Art Summer has been held annually since 1996 and has a specific theme each year. In the Summer of Art 2004, at the roundabout which was created national highway 7 -standing European flower . With its 25 acrylic spheres illuminated from the inside, it symbolizes the diverse population of the European Union . The crooked flower stalks are supposed to represent the often difficult paths of the individual states within the Union.
- There has been a Christmas market on the Neumarkt in Arnsberg for several years. It is supplemented by the Christmas market for good deeds on the Steinweg, which is organized by various initiatives and groups to support social, cultural or similar projects. In addition to the Christmas market in Arnsberg, there are similar events in the other larger parts of the city.
- The Hüstener Kirmes is one of the largest and most traditional folk festivals in the region. The origin goes back over 1000 years.
- The International Sauerland Cheese Market and the Hüstener Herbst are mainly events for local retailers.
- Shooting festivals in all parts of the city
- Session carnival is also celebrated in almost all parts of the city. A carnival parade called the Lindworm of Joy is only available in the Arnsberg district on the day before Rose Monday.
- Christmas concerts in the Sauerland Theater
- The Dies Internationalis has been an event that has been taking place on the market square in Neheim for almost thirty years. The numerous migrant groups represented in the city present their local culinary specialties. There are also cultural performances such as dance and music on a stage. The event is intended to contribute to the acceptance of cultural differences in an entertaining way.
Economy and Infrastructure
Before the municipal reorganization in 1973, the old town of Arnsberg was initially a residence and in the 19th and 20th centuries an administrative town, shaped by authorities and courts. It was not until the railroad that industry arrived in the form of a main railway workshop. This existed from 1870 to the mid-1920s. The private secondary sector, however, remained underdeveloped. It was not until the turn of the century that an important producer of cardboard boxes ( Feldmühle ) established itself . Just could after the Second World War with the Kleinschnittger works a small car factory established.
The districts that have been united with Arnsberg since 1973 are completely different. Neheim , Hüsten and partly Oeventrop were already determined industrially in the 19th century. From the 1830s to the 1960s, Hüsten initially had a puddle mill founded by Josef Cosack , then a rolling mill and finally a large mining company ( Hüstener union ). A subsidiary was located in the Bruchhausen district . This also included a chemical company that eventually became the property of Evonik Degussa ( Perstorp for some time ). The city of Neheim was a center of the metalworking industry (city of lights) . The Kaiser-Leuchten company was one of the leading light manufacturers . In Oeventrop there was a glass industry and wood processing companies. In Müschede , the early industrial Sophienhammer weathered the challenge of industrialization and developed into the important iron processing company Julius Cronenberg oH .
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, other places were still strongly influenced by agriculture or, such as Herdringen , Vosswinkel or Rumbeck, were associated with industrial development as commuter locations. In the urban area of today's city of Arnsberg, mining hardly played a role in modern times. The mining of antimony at the Caspari colliery near Uentrop was of a certain importance only temporarily .
Today, some of these economic structural differences between the districts have worn off. A metal industrial structure, which is often medium-sized, is characteristic of the city as a whole.
Today's economic structure
The new town of Arnsberg, which has been in existence since the 1970s, is not only an administrative center, but also an economic center of the Hochsauerland district. The paper producing and converting industry is still important. This includes Wepa , which is one of the market leaders in the manufacture of hygiene paper. The Reno de Medici company (formerly Feldmühle) manufactures folding boxboard.
Despite the competition, especially from the Far East, the lighting and electronics industry and their suppliers play a central role. The company BJB is a leading manufacturer of electrical components (especially for the lighting industry) with eight branches (2006) in the Americas, Europe and Asia. Trilux , ELPRO and Bankamp Leuchten are companies primarily in the field of lighting production. Arnsberg is also the seat of the German branch of the EGLO Leuchten group . Cloer, a manufacturer of electrical appliances , also belongs to this area .
The metalworking industry is just as important, with Wesco as a manufacturer of household goods in particular or Berndes as a manufacturer of high-quality cooking utensils. A&E Keller is an automotive supplier. Various metal processing companies belong to the Julius Cronenberg oH group of companies.
The wood processing industry is represented by the company Sauerländer Chipplatte and the Pfleidererwerk (formerly Duropal) as manufacturers of wood composite panels. Sauerländer chipboard processes regional raw materials into components for interior doors and is the market leader in clamping technology throughout Germany. The Selecta company primarily manufactures equipment for banks and savings banks as well as cruise ships.
There are also Umarex as a manufacturer of sports and police weapons (brand: Walther ), Schroth-Gurte as a manufacturer of restraint systems for cars and airplanes; the chemical plant Perstorp (formerly Evonik Degussa ), the company DESCH Antriebstechnik as a manufacturer of drive elements, Dallmer (sanitary technology, building drainage ) , Imperial (part of the Miele group ) as a producer of high-quality household appliances, the manufacturer of cutting machines Gebr. Graef or the company Meta Regalbau . In addition to various smaller printing companies, the company Interprint exists as a manufacturer of decor papers, which has 1150 employees with foreign branches. There is also an RWE regional agency . From here, the power supply for 35 municipalities is organized and controlled.
The city of Arnsberg booked a total of 165,687 overnight stays in 2007. The guests stayed an average of 3.2 days. Package tours were booked 1,512 times in 2007 and 13,200 visitors were taken through the city. The RuhrtalRadweg and the Sauerland-Waldroute , which lead through Arnsberg, are particularly successful in Arnsberg's tourist offer . In addition to the Sauerland forest route, there are numerous other hiking routes in Arnsberg, including the 12 km long Kurfürstlicher Thiergarten Arnsberg, which opened in 2011 . The city tours, some of which are general and some of which are themed, are also very successful. Other special offers are the events in the Wildwald Voßwinkel , the execution of a knight's meal , the Arnsberg pub night and the Arnsberg Christmas market .
Arnsberg has three stations ( Arnsberg (Westf) , Oeventrop , Neheim-Hüsten ) on the Upper Ruhr Valley Railway . The stops are served by the hourly lines RE 17 Hagen - Warburg (- Kassel) and RE 57 Dortmund - Winterberg / Brilon. Both lines complement each other in the common section Fröndenberg - Bestwig to a half-hourly offer. In addition, the Neheim-Hüsten – Sundern railway line between Neheim-Hüsten and Sundern , which runs across the city of Arnsberg, has been registered to reactivate local rail transport for the public transport requirement plan of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
The urban area is accessed by a city bus system. The operator is Regionalverkehr Ruhr-Lippe GmbH. The neighboring communities are connected by express and regional bus lines that are licensed by Regionalverkehr Ruhr-Lippe GmbH, Busverkehr Ruhr-Sieg GmbH and VGBreitenbach .
The federal highway 7 and the highways 445 (Werl – Arnsberg) and 46 (Heinsberg – Bestwig) are important road connections. The following junctions are located on the A46 in the city: Neheim, Neheim-Süd, Hüsten, Arnsberg-Altstadt and Arnsberg-Ost.
The entire length of the Arnsberg urban area in the Ruhr Valley is made accessible by the Ruhr Valley Cycle Path. This is to be supplemented in the future between Arnsberger Altstadt and Voßwinckel by the RadeXpressweg Arnsberg, which is to be more geared to the needs of commuters.
The Arnsberg-Menden airfield has been located near Vosswinkel on the municipal border with Wickede- Echthausen since 1970 . The airfield is mainly used for business traffic. In addition, the Luftsportklub Arnsberg e. V. a flight school. It was operated by the Hochsauerlandkreis until 2000, and the private Arnsberg-Menden airport company is now responsible. There is also the Arnsberg Ruhrwiese glider airfield in the Arnsberg district and the Oeventrop-Ruhrwiesen glider airfield in the Oeventrop district .
As a residential and later government city, Arnsberg was also a media location. The printing works and the Herken publishing house were established in the 18th century. Between 1766 and 1819 he published the Arnsberger Intellektivenblatt, the first regularly published newspaper in the Duchy of Westphalia. In the 19th century there were several printing presses, mainly for the production of official gazettes, forms, etc. Some also turned to the publication of newspapers (Arnsberger Zeitung) . Local newspapers also existed in Neheim (Neheimer Zeitung) and Hüsten in the 19th century. The largest readership in the first decades of the 20th century was the (Catholic) Centralvolksblatt, which was published in Werl and also had editorial offices in the Arnsberg area. The party newspapers published abroad, for example by the Social Democrats or Communists, also had editorial offices or correspondents in the government city.
After the Second World War, today's press landscape essentially developed. The market for daily newspapers is almost exclusively shared by the (formerly social-democratic) Westfälische Rundschau and the (formerly Christian-oriented) Westfalenpost . Today both belong to the WAZ group and operate offices and local editorial offices in the Arnsberg and Neheim districts.
In addition to some advertising papers with editorial offices or local editorial offices in the city area (Arnsberger Post, Wochenanzeiger and Sauerlandkurier), there are local online services such as Dorfinfo.de and Blickpunkt-Arnsberg-Sundern.de , which also publish free press information from local institutions, associations and citizens. The Arnsberger Post is the oldest free advertising paper in Germany.
In addition, Arnsberg is the seat of the Strobel Verlag .
Arnsberg was already the seat of the most important officials of the Duchy of Westphalia and the meeting place of the state parliament during the electoral period. Under Hessian rule the city became the seat of government. The Prussians built on this when they made Arnsberg the seat of the administrative district of Arnsberg in 1816. Numerous special and sub-authorities were affiliated. This still includes the land surveying office or the state veterinary examination office. In addition, the city became the capital of the Arnsberg district. After the Arnsberg district was dissolved in 1975, Arnsberg is the seat of a branch of the Hochsauerland district.
Since the 19th century there have been repeated efforts to relocate the seat of government to the Ruhr area. So far, however, this has failed for various, not least financial, reasons. A new situation arose with the decision of the state government by Jürgen Rüttgers to reduce the number of administrative districts as part of an administrative structural reform. The new state government no longer pursues this goal, so Arnsberg remains the seat of the district government.
As a result of the administrative structural reform, the state forestry office in Arnsberg in Obereimer was renamed the Arnsberg Forest teaching and experimental forestry office. The forest office is one of two special forest offices in the country, alongside the national park forest office in the Eifel. Both forest offices are entrusted with special tasks, in Arnsberg these are the tasks of teaching, through the Forest Education Center (FBZ) in Neheim-Hüsten and the youth forest home in Obereimer, as well as research and the like. a. by the forest genebank NRW. The forestry office has also been assigned a number of priority tasks, some functional units of the head office are still located in Arnsberg, but the headquarters of the state operations are still Münster . The relocation of the headquarters of the forest and wood company to Arnsberg, originally planned as part of the restructuring of the state administration, is no longer being pursued by the current state government.
Since July 1, 2009, the competence center for integration of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (former state office Unna-Massen ) has been located in Arnsberg .
After the old towns and communities merged to form the new town of Arnsberg, the town hall of Neheim-Hüsten became the headquarters of the town administration. There are city offices in the districts of Neheim, Alt-Arnsberg, Hüsten and Oeventrop.
Arnsberg has been the seat of important courts since the Middle Ages. The open-air negotiating place of the Oberfreistuhl, one of the most important femish courts in Westphalia, can still be visited today. There was also a municipal court and the electoral court court. The place of execution, called "Galgenberg", was located on the Schreppenberg. A memorial stone has commemorated her since 1929.
In the Hessian and Prussian times, Arnsberg was the seat of a court court and, for a time, a higher regional court. After a restructuring in the 19th century, Arnsberg remained the seat of a regional court . There is also a district court and courts for special tasks. These include the Arnsberg Administrative Court and the Arnsberg Labor Court . The Arnsberg Public Prosecutor's Office is also located here.
Business associations and unions
In Arnsberg the Chamber of Commerce and Industry Arnsberg, Hellweg-Sauerland , the Chamber of Crafts South Westphalia , the retail trade association, the hotel and restaurant association and the business association Westphalia-Mitte e. V. has a seat. In addition, some trade unions, such as the DGB or IG Metall, are represented with offices.
The city of Arnsberg is responsible for 32 schools. The number of pupils to be supervised was 8,716 in the 2014/15 school year. The forecast for the 2020/21 school year is 6,976, 31.1% less than in the 2014/15 school year.
There are numerous primary schools in many districts, including secondary schools in the larger ones. Since 2014 there has been a secondary school each in Arnsberg and Neheim , and secondary schools and high schools in Arnsberg, Neheim and Hüsten. The most traditional is the Laurentianum grammar school, founded in the 17th century . There is also a Catholic grammar school in Arnsberg, the Mariengymnasium Arnsberg . In Neheim there is the Franz-Stock-Gymnasium and the also Catholic St.-Ursula-Gymnasium. The school-based educational offer is supplemented by the Sauerland-Kolleg Arnsberg , which includes an evening secondary school, an evening grammar school and a college in which adults can acquire their Abitur or vocational diploma in a full-time day school. There are also four special schools and other secondary schools, such as the Realschule am Eichholz . There are also several public vocational colleges and the school of the Arnsberg Chamber of Crafts. The Chamber of Commerce and Industry (IHK) also acts as an educational institution for vocational education and training. In addition, Arnsberg has a study center at the Distance University in Hagen . A municipal adult education center is responsible for adult education. The musical education center of the Hochsauerlandkreis is located in the converted Hotel zur Krone .
Today's city of Arnsberg has three hospital locations. The Marienhospital in Arnsberg was for a long time a completely municipal facility. It was founded in the middle of the 19th century. It was initially located in the old town before the hospital moved to its current location on Lüsenberg in 1913. The Karolinenhospital in Hüsten was founded in 1870 by Caroline von Fürstenberg and her husband. Even today, the respective Freiherr von Fürstenberg is chairman of the board of trustees. The Neheimer St. Johannes-Hospital goes back to the poor-sick-support association. This, supported mainly by the city's economic citizens, had the first hospital built in 1858.
The three hospitals in today's city of Arnsberg have merged into the new Arnsberg Clinic since 2011. The three hospitals work closely together. In addition to general supply, each house specializes in certain areas. In Arnsberg there is a urology department and an isolation ward for infectious diseases. Hüsten is responsible for obstetrics and Neheim has geriatric and psychiatric departments.
In October 2010, the city council decided to officially merge the three hospitals into a “Klinikum Arnsberg”. The merger was completed in 2011. The new clinic has more than 700 beds. With 1500 employees it is one of the largest employers in the city.
Personalities as diverse as the artists Fritz Cremer , Günter Wewel , Udo Wollmeiner , politicians like Dieter-Julius Cronenberg , Franz Müntefering , Wilhelm Hasenclever and theologians like Eduard Stakemeier and Franz Stock were born in the city of Arnsberg or its predecessor cities and communities . The industrial pioneers Friedrich Wilhelm Brökelmann , Josef Cosack or Noah Wolff , the historian Johann Suibert Seibertz , the politicians Friedrich Merz , Max König and numerous other people worked and lived in the city area .
- Uwe Haltaufderheide: The architectural monuments of the city of Arnsberg. Collection period 1980–1990 . City of Arnsberg - The City Director - Lower Monument Authority, Arnsberg 1990, ISBN 3-928394-01-0 .
- Heinz Stoob , Wilfried Ehbrecht (ed.): Westphalian city atlas. Vol I, 2. Subband. Großerchen, Dortmund 1975, ISBN 3-8087-0202-8 . (Publications of the Historical Commission for Westphalia. Vol 36)
- Heinz Stoob: City folder Arnsberg . Dortmund-Altenbeken 1975, ISBN 3-89115-329-5 .
- Arnsberger Heimatbund (Ed.): 750 years of Arnsberg. On the history of the city and its citizens . Arnsberg 1988, ISBN 3-87793-025-5 .
- Karl Féaux de Lacroix : History of Arnsberg . Stein, Arnsberg 1895. (Reprint: Stein, Werl 1983, ISBN 3-920980-05-0 ) Digitized
- Hermann Herbold: The urban development of Arnsberg . 3 vols. Arnsberg 1967–1972.
- Mathias Werner Hüser: Chronicle of the city of Arnsberg: made in 1820. Arnsberg, 1820 digitized
- Klaus Offenberg (Red.): 200 years of the Arnsberg State Forestry Office. 1803-2003 . Forestry documentation center of the state forest administration NRW, Arnsberg 2003, ISBN 3-9809057-0-5 . (Series of publications of the State Forestry Administration of North Rhine-Westphalia. Vol 16)
- Uwe Kirst: Art by hand. Classicist and half-timbered architecture can be found pretty close together in Arnsberg. In: The time . No. 11/1986.
- Catholic Academy Schwerte / City of Arnsberg (ed.): Building culture in Arnsberg - architecture and regional identity. Schwerte / Arnsberg 2013, ISBN 978-3-00-043715-1 [v. a. Pp. 32–83]
- Sources on medieval city history. In: Codex Juris Municipalis Germaniae Medii Aevi. Enke, Erlangen 1863. (Reprint: Grüner, Amsterdam 1968).
- Jürgen Schulte called Holbein: "And one day the swastika was on the bell tower ...". The rise of National Socialism in the city of Arnsberg (1918–1934). Siegen, Carl Böschen Verlag 2000, ISBN 3-932212-25-8 .
- Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 . ( Help on this )
- from the land use plan of the city of Arnsberg, status 2010
- Franz Lotze (Ed.): Collection of geological guides. Volume 39.Sauerland . edited by Hermann Schmidt and Werner Pleßmann, Berlin 1961, pp. 36f, 60–62.
- https://www.arnsberg.de/informationen/EWO_Entwick_2000_bis_2019_HWI_NWI_nach_Stadtteile.pdf (PDF; 36 kB)
- 775 years Arnsberg celebrates its birthday. With the counts, electors, Hesse and Prussia. Tourist office Arnsberg e. V., archived from the original on September 10, 2014 ; accessed on May 16, 2016 .
- Heinrich Gottfried Gengler: Regesten and documents on the constitutional and legal history of German cities in the Middle Ages. Erlangen 1863, pp. 55-57 .
- Bernhard Gurk: The Hanseatic League and Westphalia. A departure for Europe , Wartberg, 2000, p. 100.
- See Kühlwetter: The Arnsberg Statute Law, a preliminary treatise. Berlin, 1835 (digitized version)
- Horst Conrad, Gunnar Teske (Ed.): Sterbzeiten. The Thirty Years War in the Duchy of Westphalia. Münster 2000, p. 227f.
- cf. in addition: Katrin Liebelt: The social structure of the royal seat of Arnsberg in the 17th century. Dortmund 1996, ISBN 3-925227-38-5 .
- Destruction of Arnsberg Castle on Wikisource , contemporary report
- detail: Michael Gosmann: Refuge between times (1794–1803) Cologne Cathedral Treasures in Arnsberg. Arnsberg 1994, ISBN 3-928394-11-8 .
- Hermann Herbold: The urban development of Arnsberg from 1800 to 1850. Arnsberg 1967.
- see: Jens Hahnwald: Social Democracy in Arnsberg 1918–1929. In: Heimatblätter Arnsberg. Volume 30/2009 pp. 41-53.
- Eisenbahnfreunde Werl: The history of the RLK . accessed on January 17, 2018
- revolution in Arnsberg. ( Memento of November 13, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) according to: Allgemeine Volkszeitung. 280/1918 11/28
- cf. Jürgen Schulte called Hobein: "And one day the swastika was on the bell tower ...": the rise of National Socialism in the city of Arnsberg (1918–1934). Siegen 2000, ISBN 3-932212-25-8 .
- as an example of the harmonization and change processes of institutions during the Nazi era: Eckard Kotthaus (Red.): The higher schools in Arnsberg in the Third Reich. Everyday school life at the state grammar school Laurentianum and at the municipal high school for girls (1933 to 1945). Arnsberg 2001.
- Werner Bühner: Bombs on Arnsberg: 1940-1945 . Becker, Arnsberg 1995, ISBN 3-930264-04-8 . (Urban history series of publications on the city of Arnsberg 21)
- Helmuth Euler: When Germany's dams broke. The truth about the bombing of the Möhne-Eder-Sorpe dams in 1943. Motorbuchverlag, Stuttgart 1975, ISBN 3-87943-367-4 .
- cf. Werner Philipps: History of the Protestant Parish Arnsberg. Arnsberg 1975.
- Ahmet Arslan: Muslim communities in the Cologne Sauerland. In: Harm Klueting (Ed.): The Duchy of Westphalia. Vol. 2.2 Münster, 2012 p. 1085f.
- cf. Michael Gosmann (Ed.): Jews in Arnsberg. A documentation. Arnsberg 1991, ISBN 3-928394-05-3 .
- Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and communities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 210 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 330 .
- Main statutes of the city (PDF; 40 kB)
- Hans Horstmann: Cologne and Westphalia. The interaction of the national emblems . In: Münster (= Cologne, Westphalia 1180–1980. Regional history between the Rhine and Weser . Volume 1 ). 1981, p. 212 .
- Directories of the the local elections for the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (LDS NRW) from 1975 to 2009
- Elective profile of the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics NW ( Memento from August 19, 2009 in the Internet Archive ), online version , accessed on July 16, 2020.
- 1999 election results (PDF; 5.9 MB), webshop.it.nrw.de, accessed on July 16, 2020.
- 2004 election results (PDF; 7.0 MB), webshop.it.nrw.de, accessed on July 16, 2020.
- 2009 election results (PDF; 3.5 MB), webshop.it.nrw.de, accessed on July 16, 2020.
- cities on the Arnsberg website
- Art Association Arnsberg e. V.
- Homepage of the association
- From: The cemetery guide - cemeteries of the city of Arnsberg. Mammut Verlag, 2010, pp. 5-6.
- Karl Föster: The Jewish cemetery. In: Michael Gosmann (Ed.): Jews in Arnsberg - A Documentation - Arnsberg 1991, pp. 87-92.
- Representation on the site of the Neheimer Heimatbund ( Memento from March 20, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
- see report template 45/2013 of April 9, 2013 of the city of Arnsberg
- Gymnastics World Championships 2011 accessed on June 5, 2011
-  accessed on July 29, 2015
- from the 2007 annual report of the Arnsberg Tourist Office
- Wolfram Blanke, Torsten Kapteiner, Jochen Otterbach: Kurfürstlicher Thiergarten Arnsberg. Sauerland 2012/1: 35–38.
- cf. Hans Wevering: When in Arnsberg "newspaper was made." In: Heimatblätter. Journal of the Arnsberger Heimatbund. Vol. 2005 pp. 28-32.
- Arnsberger Post. at the top of the first page
- summary: Heiko M. Kossow: The government location Arnsberg. In: Heimatblätter Arnsberg. Vol. 30/2009, pp. 79-83.
- Competence Center for Integration
- Homeland sheets of the Arnsberger Heimatbund. 7/1986 p. 33f.
- Education 2015/16, table in Appendix D to Chapters 1.1 and 1.4
- Minutes of the council meeting of October 5, 2010 ( Memento of September 3, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- The West May 27, 2011