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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Schmallenberg
Map of Germany, position of the city Schmallenberg highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 9 ′  N , 8 ° 17 ′  E

Basic data
State : North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region : Arnsberg
Circle : Hochsauerlandkreis
Height : 400 m above sea level NHN
Area : 303.1 km 2
Residents: 24,852 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 82 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 57392
Primaries : 02971, 02972, 02974, 02975, 02977, 02725
License plate : HSK
Community key : 05 9 58 040
City structure: 22 districts with 83 localities or districts

City administration address :
Unterm Werth 1
57392 Schmallenberg
Website :
Mayor : Bernhard Halbe ( CDU )
Location of the town of Schmallenberg in the Hochsauerland district
Hessen Hamm Kreis Höxter Kreis Olpe Kreis Paderborn Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Kreis Soest Märkischer Kreis Arnsberg Bestwig Brilon Eslohe (Sauerland) Hallenberg Marsberg Medebach Meschede Olsberg Schmallenberg Sundern (Sauerland) Winterbergmap
About this picture
Aerial view of Schmallenberg, old town
Aerial photo from a height of 8,000 m

Schmallenberg is a town in the Hochsauerlandkreis . With 303 square kilometers, it is the largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia and one of the largest cities in Germany .

The trading town on the Lenne was a member of the Hanseatic League in the Middle Ages . There has been evidence of textile trades in the city center since the 15th century. Four hundred years later, the town became the center of the Sauerland textile industry with a focus on hosiery production . This earned Schmallenberg the nickname “ stocking city” . Today, in addition to the textile industry, medium-sized companies predominate, especially in industry and craft. Due to the forest and mountainous location, the timber and tourism industries are also of great importance.

The structure of today's city goes back to the municipal reorganization of 1975. At that time the city of Fredeburg and the city of Schmallenberg as well as a number of other communities were merged to form a new city. Until the municipal reorganization, Schmallenberg belonged to the Meschede district .


Map of the city of Schmallenberg

Geographical location

The town of Schmallenberg is located south of the district town of Meschede on the southern border of the Hochsauerland district . The typical low mountain range of Schmallenberg is characterized in the south by the main ridge of the Rothaargebirge , in the southwest by the Saalhauser Mountains and in the northeast by the Hunau ridge .

The main ridge of the Rothaargebirge forms, starting from the Kahler Asten , the southern city limits. The 840.7  m high summit is about 200 m east of the city limits in the area of ​​Winterberg. The Lenne , the largest river in the city , has its source on the Kahler Asten, also in the Winterberger area . Even those with 831  m above sea level. NN highest point in the city is on the Kahler Asten. The main ridge of the Rothaargebirge forms a section of the Rhine-Weser watershed : north of the main ridge, the waters flow via the Lenne and Ruhr into the Rhine , south of it via Eder and Fulda into the Weser . The Hömberg ( 695.4  m ), Ennest ( 690.5  m ), Albrechtsberg ( 770  m ), Saukopf ( 715.4  m ), Großer Kopf ( 740.3  m ) are some of the highest mountains on the main ridge of the Rothaargebirge of the urban area. The Schmallenberger Höhe ( 668.2  m ) rises south of Schmallenberg between Lenne and Latrop .

The Lenne flows north of the main ridge of the Rothaargebirge around 29.8 km through the urban area in predominantly western directions. It takes on numerous shorter watercourses on the right and left. The most important tributaries of the Lenne in the city are Schwarzes Siepen (5.1 km), Nesselbach (7.4 km), Sorpe (10.3 km), Gleierbach (7.1 km), Grafschaft (6.4 km), Latrop ( 11.0 km) and Uentrop (5.8 km). The Lenne leaves southwest of Hundesossen at an altitude of 324  m above sea level. NN the Schmallenberg city area.

In the west, north of the Lenne, are the eastern foothills of the Saalhauser Mountains . The Ruhr-Lenne watershed in the urban area of ​​the Hunau runs over the corresponding elevations of Hülsberg ( 660.9  m ), Auergang ( 684.1  m ), Ösenberg ( 678.7  m ) and Hohen Hagen ( 642.2  m ) ( 818  m ) to this point. The rivers Wenne (31.1 km), Henne (river) (22.5 km), Valme (19.7 km) and Elpe (18.7 km), which arise north of this watershed in the urban area, flow off in a northerly direction and are direct Tributaries of the Ruhr. The Leiße (13.9 km), a tributary of the Wenne, which rises near Bad Fredeburg , passes at 318  m above sea level. NN the city limits. This is the lowest point in the city.

The southern urban area of ​​the state-approved climatic health resort is part of the Sauerland-Rothaargebirge nature park .


The rocks around Schmallenberg were mainly formed during the Lower and Central Devonian . Rocks from the younger Lower Carboniferous are mainly found in the southwest near Attendorn and Elspe in the Attendorn-Elsper Mulde. The deposits south of the Lenne valley still belonged to the Lower Devonian. The valley ranges of the Grafschafter Baches and the Lenne, running upwards to around Fleckenberg , are made up of rocks from the Middle Devonian.

Geological evolution

In the Devonian Age , an extensive sea covered the Rheno- Hercynian Age (also called the Rheno-Hercynian Zone) and thus also the area of ​​the later Rhenish Slate Mountains , the north-eastern part of which is occupied by the Sauerland. In the Upper Carboniferous during the Variscan Orogeny, enormous forces pressed the originally horizontally deposited rock layers into folds . The folded layers were overprinted by breakage defects during and after the folding . The unfolded mountains were geologically quickly leveled again by the weathering and for a long time were only slightly undulating, hilly flat land.

For about a million years the area of ​​today's slate mountains has been rising again, so that rivers and streams could cut their way to form today's low mountain range. Erosion and weathering by water and frost created today's surface forms. The rivers formed valleys in the softer rock. Visible peaks and steep slopes remained, such as the ridge crowned by peaks, which begins in the west with the Wilzenberg and continues east into the Altastenberg area .


Although the term slate mountains leads to the assumption that a particularly large amount of slate occurs almost everywhere in the Rhenish Slate Mountains , this only applies to a limited extent. Foliated sandy mudstones , sandstones , greywacke , quartzite , limestone and slate are the most common rocks. Roofing slate , a popular building material, is only accessible in limited areas. In the area around Schmallenberg, however, slate is the predominant rock alongside sandstone. The geologist Johannes Wolburg , who investigated the upper Lenne valley in the 1930s, divided the mighty slate trains into Schmallenberger and Fredeburg slate, into Robbeke and Wilzenberger layers and a fifth northern layer that extends beyond the Berghausen - Heiminghausen - Fredeburg - Rehsiepen line . In the Schmallenberg slate he found, among other things, an arm pod (brachiopod) and named the animal Leptostrophia schmallenbergensis after where it was found .

Parts of the Sauerland testify to several phases of volcanic activity during the Devonian period. For example, the Rinsley rock near Saalhausen or the castle rock at Bilstein is a Lower Devonian effusion rock . Layers of volcanic tuff of different thicknesses extend on both sides of the Lenne valley to Lenne and stretch south-east near Werntrop on the south side of the Lenne to Milchenbach and from the Großer Heidkopf near Jagdhaus to Schanze . The oldest of these keratophyr- tuff layers are up to 25 meters thick, while the younger, mostly greenish or beige colored, dense rocks known from Winkhausen, Niedersorpe, Oberkirchen and Lengenbeck are often only a few centimeters, in exceptional cases up to 2 meters are powerful.

Geological structure

The rocks of the Devonian are placed in close special folds and large wrinkles trains that by thrusting be structured and cross-interference. The predominant claystones occurring in the area were converted into slate by the formation of mountains in the Carboniferous, harder rocks such as sandstone or quartzite received a more or less well-developed fracture .

The Sauerland in the upper Lenne region has three major tectonic elements from northwest to southeast : the Latrop-Züschener saddle, the Attendorn-Elsper double trough and the northeast end of the Siegerland main saddle. In the Schmallenberg urban area, individual special saddles and hollows are formed, the fold axes of which radiate fan-shaped to the east and northeast.

Expansion of the urban area

The urban area of ​​Schmallenberg extends over about 22 km in a north-south direction, from the Brabecke forest in the north to the main ridge of the Rothaargebirge at the Großer Kopf south of Latrop. In a west-east direction it stretches for about 25 km from the city limits at Hebbecke in the Saalhauser mountains to the Kahler Asten .

The 303 km² urban area is spread over 59.03% forest area, 30.29% agricultural area, 6.08% traffic area, 3.46% building and open space, 0.53% water area, 0.46% recreational area, 0.76 % Operating area and 0.06% remaining usable area.

In the Middle Ages there was a large number of now desolate settlements.

Neighboring communities

Schmallenberg is located in the south of the Hochsauerlandkreis. Neighboring communities in the Hochsauerlandkreis are Eslohe in the northwest , Meschede and Bestwig in the north and Winterberg in the east . In the south, Schmallenberg borders the town of Bad Berleburg , which is in the Siegen-Wittgenstein district , and in the southwest, it borders on Lennestadt in the Olpe district .

City structure

Schmallenberg (view of the St. Alexander Church )

Since the municipal reorganization, 83 villages of various sizes have belonged to the Schmallenberg urban area. Of the 25,299 residents registered as primary residences (as of December 31, 2013), the core city with 6,119 residents accounts for around a quarter, and Bad Fredeburg with 3,866 just under a sixth. Nine other districts have a population between around 500 and 1,600, 45 districts are smaller than 100 inhabitants.

See also: List of the districts of the city of Schmallenberg

Districts of the city of Schmallenberg

According to the main statute, the city is divided into 22 numbered districts. These districts usually include a former municipality or part of it. Part of the Wormbach community in the north belongs to the Schmallenberg district, while Waidmannsruh now belongs to the Fleckenberg district in the south. Altenhof (municipality Wormbach) was assigned to the Bad Fredeburg district and Menkhausen (Berghausen municipality) to the Dorlar district. In the Bödefeld district, two former municipalities were merged. The city council forms five district committees in six districts (Schmallenberg, Bad Fredeburg, Bödefeld, Grafschaft and Oberkirchen / Westfeld). Local leaders are elected for the remaining sixteen boroughs .


In Schmallenberg there is a typical low mountain range. The climate is shaped by the transition area between the oceanic and continental climates in the Rothaargebirge . In a few years the summers were dry and warm with peaks of over 35 ° C, but sometimes also damp and cool. In winter, in one of the snowiest regions in North Rhine-Westphalia, lows of below −20 ° C were measured.

Monthly average temperatures and precipitation for Schmallenberg (average values ​​for the period 1971-2000)
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature ( ° C ) 0.0 0.5 3.4 6.5 11.3 13.8 16.0 15.8 12.3 8.1 3.4 1.2 O 7.7
Precipitation ( mm ) 123 84 103 78 81 98 98 83 95 94 114 130 Σ 1,181
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Source: Software: Geoklima 2.1

The mean annual temperature in the years 1971-2000 was 7.7 ° C. The annual amount of precipitation in the same period averaged 1181 mm per year. The monthly data can be taken from the climate diagram. In the urban area there is a state-approved Kneipp spa, a state-approved climatic health resort and two state-approved climatic health resorts. There is a national weather station in Westernbödefeld.

Schmallenberg panorama picture


Chapel Auf dem Werth from 1682 and the presumed location of the “Smalen Burg” in the background Grafschaft monastery

This section essentially describes the history of the core town of Schmallenberg. The Schmallenberg district articles mostly contain their own historical sections.

The Schmallenberger Sauerland was settled more than 2000 years ago, as evidenced by the prehistoric weapon finds and the remains of two ring walls on the Wilzenberg . Because of its connection to Leipzig and Cologne, the more than 1000-year-old Heidenstraße , which was around 500 km long and ran through many Schmallenberg towns, was the most important road for the southern Sauerland in the Middle Ages.


In 1072, Benedictine monks built the Grafschaft monastery at the foot of the Wilzenberg. A small ("smale") castle was built on a nearby ridge around 1200 to protect the abbey and against the neighboring county of Arnsberg . The modern name of the city developed from the name of the castle. This castle was evidently based on an open settlement in some form, the church of which was probably built around 1220. The castle belonged to the Archbishop of Cologne, apparently together with the Grafschaft monastery. At first the castle man Johann called Kolve sat on it. The name of the small hamlet of the castle, a Vogthof and a Grafschafter Zehnthof, can be found in the name of the witness Alexander de Smalenburg in 1228.

Founding document of Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden

In 1244 the Archbishop of Cologne decided to team up with the Grafschaft monastery to fortify the settlement. Both shared the cost of the fortification. The location on the ridge, which is surrounded on three sides by the river Lenne , made Schmallenberg considered impregnable. Towards the open north, the city was protected by a Landwehr . Three gates to the north, south and east gave access to the city. The castle remained outside the fortification and thus lost its function. In the same year - it is now assumed that the castle had already fallen into disrepair - the Archbishop of Cologne , Konrad von Hochstaden, granted Schmallenberg city rights in his function as Duke of Westphalia .

Articles of Incorporation

Imprint of the first city seal, 1261

The archbishop's charter and council charter were issued in 1243, according to the charter. A current date, March 3, 1243, only contains the city deed. At that time, the Archdiocese of Cologne implemented the counting of the years with Easter. According to Cologne's calculation, the year 1243 would have included the period from April 12, 1243 (Easter Sunday) to April 2, 1244 (Holy Saturday). The city charter would, assuming the application of the Cologne year counting, assign March 3, 1244.

Structure of the city until around 1800

Replica of the Schmallenberger Pfennig

The city received in addition to fixing a market law , its own jurisdiction and a mint money . Minting in Schmallenberg probably began around 1244 under Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden and ended under Archbishop Siegfried von Westerburg . There are a total of 13 different coin types (known as Schmallenberg Pfennig) from the Schmallenberg mint.

A year before the Schmallenberg parish was first mentioned in a document, a Grafschafter monk took over pastoral care in Schmallenberg in 1261. Since then, the Grafschafter Abbey has tried to occupy the pastorate in Schmallenberg. Because of the influence of the Grafschaft monastery on the spiritual and secular fortunes of the city, there were repeated conflicts between the two adversaries over the course of the next centuries. It was not only about the occupation of the pastor's office, but also about the rights of use in the adjacent forests, pasture, hunting and fishing rights and similar rights.

In 1427, Archbishop Dietrich II von Moers granted the city ​​a special legal status, according to which the citizens could no longer be drawn outside the city by the count before his court.

In the Middle Ages, Schmallenberg was a town of traders and craftsmen. There were businesses in the city as early as 1273 and 1292 . There were several blacksmiths , later hammer smith owners and weapon smiths that can be traced back to this time . In 1416 the town weavers already owned a fulling mill . In 1575 there were three annual markets in Schmallenberg.

Countless feuds ravaged the country in the late Middle Ages. As a result, the defenseless villages around Schmallenberg were gradually abandoned by their inhabitants and became desolate . The refugees went to the protection of the walls of Schmallenberg, where they became citizens after year and day . Because the new citizens retained their property, the urban area expanded significantly during this time. At the beginning of the 16th century, immigration from the surrounding villages to Schmallenberg was complete. The first cases of plague occurred in the vicinity of Schmallenberg at this time . In 1526 almost all of the residents of Gleidorf died of the plague.

Schmallenberg room 1645

In 1608 a major fire destroyed 24 houses and with it a large fraction of all living space in the city. After a flood in 1682, the chapel was built on the Werth on the site of the former "Schmalen Burg". Three years later the first Jews in Schmallenberg were registered in the treasury and tax register of the Duchy of Westphalia . In the years 1732 and 1746 there were two devastating city fires, which completely destroyed the older building structure. In 1787 the "water gate" on the eastern part of the city was demolished. On August 27, 1798, Elector Maximilian of Cologne approved the establishment of the first pharmacy in Schmallenberg.

Schmallenberg 1653

The administration of the city was in the hands of the council elected by the citizens, which consisted of four councilors (senatores) , two warriors (arithmetic clerks or cammerarii or chamberlain) and two community leaders . At the head of the administration were the mayor and his deputy (proconsul) . The mayor had judicial and police powers, represented Schmallenberg's interests in the Westphalian state parliament in Arnsberg and was feudal lord over the Schmallenberg vassals. Every year on St. Kunibert's Day (November 12th) the mayor was elected by the council and two guild masters.

In the years 1789, 1792 and 1793 there were disputes, riots and even bloody fights in the mayoral elections.

In 1307 there were 120 houses in Schmallenberg. According to the historian Albert K. Hömberg , Schmallenberg was divided into four districts in 1515, which were called Aldenbruch, Nygestadt, Luttyke Vyrdel and Gersten Vyrdeln. Despite the rise and fall, war and peace, fires and reconstruction, the external image of the city, whose population remained below 1,000 until the 19th century, did not change significantly in the first 600 years of its existence. For the first time the city grew a little beyond the old development after the walls and gates of the city had been torn down in 1812.

Middle Ages and Early Modern Times

Schmallenberg was a trading town and a member of the Hanseatic League in the Middle Ages . In order to secure it, the city participated in numerous peace alliances in the 14th century and concluded agreements with the surrounding cities of Hallenberg , Medebach and Winterberg for mutual protection. During the Thirty Years' War they helped each other by sending out urban riflemen in the event of imminent danger.

Oldest house in Schmallenberg, anno 1639

In 1444, at the time of the Soest feud , troops of the Archbishop of Cologne took Fredeburg. As a result, the area had only one sovereign, which means that Schmallenberg and Fredeburg were now in the interior of the country and thus lost their function as border fortifications. This had fatal consequences for the security of the city, as the threat of war increased due to developments in weapon technology. However, the Archbishop of Cologne - like other sovereigns - only kept strategically important places on the most modern fortifications. The city itself could not even have the city gates and walls in need of renovation adequately repaired due to the low city income.

Schmallenberg 1724

The threat to Schmallenberg from Hesse in the Thirty Years' War in 1632 was averted because Kaspar von Dorlar called Decker, the Swedish war commissioner, had goods there.

Schmallenberg and its districts Almert , Altenlipe, Arpe , Bad Fredeburg , Bödefeld , Bracht , Dornheim , Ebbinghof , Gellinghausen , Grafschaft , Hanxleden , Holthausen , Lengenbeck , Menkhausen , Mittelorpe , Mönekind , Niederhenneborn , Niedersorpe , Nordenau , Oberkirchen (Schmallenberg) , Obersorpe , Obringhausen , Sögtrop , Westfeld and Astenfeld (executions in Schmallenberg) were affected by the persecution of witches . From 1601 to 1671 135 people were indicted in the witch trials , 121 were executed or died under torture.

In 1673 there was a dispute between the abbot of the monastery Grafschaft Godfried Richardi and the citizens of Schmallenberg over the occupation of the pastorate and pastorate property outside the city. The conflict ended when Landdrost Freiherr Johann Adolf von Fürstenberg sent an ensign with 35 soldiers to Schmallenberg. In 1762, Louis Gabriel Marquis de Conflans took several prisoners in a skirmish near Schmallenberg. In the years of the Seven Years' War, with its frequent billeting of soldiers and oppressive taxes, the situation in Schmallenberg worsened again.

From 1794 the coalition wars influenced life in Schmallenberg. In 1794 the city had to provide 6 recruits for the first time. In May of the next year, 300 Austrian soldiers came to the city. In the following years, the Schmallenbergers had to repeatedly deliver food and clothing to the troops passing through. From September 14th to October 31st, 1797 French infantry quartered with a general in Schmallenberg and in the Amt Fredeburg. The blue riders, Napoleon's elite, camped in Schmallenberg from May 8th to August 27th, 1798. Two days later, on August 29, 900 French infantry men billeted themselves for a day in the city. A year later, 30 people died of consumption in Schmallenberg.

Early 19th century to the end of World War II

Schmallenberg (with city wall that was previously torn down around 1812) drawn in 1815 by Anton Mönig
Schmallenberg train station 1890
Sculpture “Breybalg” by Werner Klenk

At the beginning of the 19th century, from April 26, 1804, French dragoons were again encamped in Schmallenberg for a few months. On September 22nd, 1807, the city of Schmallenberg was separated from the Medebach office and assigned to the Fredeburg office by law for the redistribution of the Duchy of Westphalia .

During the Wars of Liberation , troops stayed several times in the city and in the surrounding area. On November 1, 1813, tsarist troops crossed the city area, some of which were based in the surrounding towns. The Tsarist General Kerna then came to Schmallenberg on November 14, 1813 with infantry and cavalry. After a meal from the Schmallenberger, he then moved on with his companions. In the next few weeks, more troop passes followed. On February 21, 1814, over 1,500 tsarist recruits gathered in the city. They stayed there for two days until more troops arrived. The entire 3,000-strong regiment moved on to Saalhausen on February 23, 1814. In 1815 there was another passage of Saxon troops. Towards the end of the Wars of Liberation, 1,464 soldiers stayed in Schmallenberg and in the Fredeburg office from June 3 to June 7, 1815. After the turmoil of the Napoleonic war, the Duchy of Westphalia and with it Schmallenberg became Prussian in 1816 .

On October 31, 1822, the last devastating city fire destroyed most of the 115 houses. Only 16 houses and the parish church remained. The fire also destroyed the food and feed stored for the winter. Due to this emergency situation, the residents of the neighboring towns helped the Schmallenbergers out with basic foodstuffs, which were later processed into porridge . This one-sided diet is said to have led to the so-called “Breybälgen” . Since then, the Schmallenbergers have been called "De Schmallersken Breybälge" by the residents of the neighboring towns. A sculpture in the historic city center commemorates this event.

After this fire, in connection with the planned reconstruction of Schmallenberg, with the help of Ludwig von Vincke , a significant expansion of the city began. The reconstruction took place in Prussian classicism . Since then, the town center has been formed by two parallel main streets, which are regularly connected by cross streets. The two main streets were made wider to protect against possible fire. In the autumn of 1825, Vincke was convinced of the state of work. Later he wrote to the local building commission that he was extremely pleased that the reconstruction of the city had been carried out according to the agreed functional plans. The well-thought-out planning of the 19th century with adaptation to the local conditions and the townscape characterized by half-timbered houses and slate roofs have earned the inner city the title of “ historic city center ”.

In 1834 the mail collection point, which was set up in 1826, was expanded into a post office. With the introduction of the first rural community order for the province of Westphalia in 1841, the Schmallenberg Office was created . In 1842 a road was built, today's B 236, to Gleidorf and in 1844 to Fleckenberg. In the same year, gardens and meadows were laid out in the north of the city on the site of the former Landwehr, the so-called marshy "loop". In 1849 a road was built to Grafschaft and in 1856 one to Wormbach. In the period after 1850, the Schmallenberg textile industry emerged . On June 1, 1855, the newly founded Stadtsparkasse Schmallenberg began operating at Oststrasse 41.

Schmallenberg 1898

In the spring of 1857 there was an outbreak of scarlet fever and in August of dysentery . According to the city chronicler's records, many children died from the two diseases. In the same year, the Jewish community built its synagogue in what was then Nordstrasse. In 1888 Schmallenberg received a train station with a rail connection to Altenhundem . The railway tracks were moved from Schmallenberg to Wenholthausen in 1911 . On July 16, 1881, the later postal administrator received the first telephone in Schmallenberg. In 1889 an elementary school was built. The new office building (listed part of today's town hall), which was expanded again during the First World War , was ready for occupancy in 1897.

According to the plans of the Aachen cathedral builder Joseph Buchkremer , the parish church was expanded in 1905/06 in the neo-Romanesque style . A Schmallenberg doctor bought the first car in Schmallenberg, an Apolda Piccolo , in 1908 for 3,300 gold marks . In 1910 the city bought a house on Weststrasse and turned it into the first hospital.

Schmallenberg 1910
Memorial stone for the murdered Jews

During the November pogroms in 1938 (also called "Reichskristallnacht" or "Reichspogromnacht") the Schmallenberg synagogue was burned down. Today there is a memorial plaque at this point in Synagogenstrasse, which goes back to an initiative of the German Jewish faith, Hans Frankenthal, who was deported to Auschwitz and returned to Schmallenberg . Some apartments of Schmallenberg's Jewish faith were devastated and destroyed. The Jew Sally Frankenthal was mistreated. Seven male Jews were arrested. 36 stumbling blocks also commemorate the Jewish victims of the Holocaust .

During the Second World War , Schmallenberg was attacked by the American 7th Armored Division with air support on April 7, 1945 during the Ruhr basin , after the villages of Gleidorf and Grafschaft, and occupied on the same day. 72 German soldiers and 11 civilians died in the heavy battle for Schmallenberg. 350 soldiers were captured. 37 houses burned down and 151 were damaged. The attack on Schmallenberg was recorded on 32 millimeter film, presumably by an American soldier.

From the Second World War to the present

In the summer of 1945, the flow of refugees from the east to Schmallenberg began, which was a great burden for the local population in view of the housing and food shortages. 324 families and individuals were evacuated to Schmallenberg from bombed cities during the war. Another 300 had to be accommodated because of the influx.

The condition of the city streets was very bad in the post-war period. Only the main roads were developed. Only the federal road 236 in the area of ​​the town through road and the West, Schützen, Nord, Kirch and Fleckenberger Straße as well as the Unterm Werth road were paved. Bahnhofstrasse alone had an asphalt surface. The other streets in the city were only provided with water-bound ceilings. In 1949, the construction, expansion and repair of roads began.

In 1952, planning began for the construction of a town hall. The Dortmund architect and builder of the Westfalenhalle, Horst Retzki, won first prize in a competition. He was therefore commissioned with the planning. The town hall was then built from early autumn 1953 to September 11, 1954. Four days later, the first federal shooting festival of the Sauerland shooting association began in the town hall . Around 7,000 riflemen, 179 flag delegations and 30 music bands or drum corps took part in the parade on September 16, 1954. In the same year, a vocational school was built for around 2.5 million DM. The move took place on August 30, 1955.

At the invitation of the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe, a number of authors, critics and literary scholars met in the Schmallenberger Stadthalle in 1956. To the surprise of the organizers, the literary talk turned into the sharpest conflict about the role of regional literature in Westphalia in the post-war years. The national press reported on the conflict, which became known as the Schmallenberg Poet Dispute. In 1974 Schmallenberg and Grafschaft received the status of state-approved climatic health resorts.

As part of the local reorganization , the city and office of Schmallenberg were merged with the office of Fredeburg in 1975 to form the current city of Schmallenberg. In July 1991, the Deutsche Bundesbahn stopped operating the single-track branch line Wenholthausen – Schmallenberg on a permanent basis for reasons of economy . In 2001, the Schmallenberger Schützengesellschaft was again the organizer of a federal shooting festival. The 18th federal shooting festival of the Sauerland shooting association took place from September 14th to 16th, 2001. On the last day of the festival, around 10,000 riflemen and 74 music clubs took part in the parade.

Forest area after Hurricane Kyrill

In the same year the construction of the new church tower began. This measure was very controversial in the Schmallenberg population because a modern church tower was to be built. The church tower dispute in Schmallenberg was also carried out in court by a citizens' initiative. It was accompanied by mutual insults in public letters from both the citizens' initiative and the local government. The dispute culminated in the resignation of the church council and the appointment of an outside community administrator by the Archdiocese of Paderborn . The construction of the new tower was therefore delayed. Only in September 2004 was the new church tower consecrated after completion.

The hurricane Kyrill caused on 18./19. January 2007 major damage in the Schmallenberg forests. A year later, the 15th conference of the Board of Trustees for Forest Work and Forest Technology took place on the Rennefeld airfield and its surroundings from June 4th to 7th, 2008 with over 43,000 visitors. In the first year after Kyrill, 515 exhibitors from 23 countries took part in the conference with the topic of forest technology live in storm wood.

At the end of 2011, scientists discovered a pathogen in blood samples from cows from Schmallenberg farms. Due to the origin of the sample, the virus was provisionally designated as Schmallenberg virus . Despite massive protests and rescue attempts, the St. Georg Hospital in Bad Fredeburg was closed due to insolvency proceedings on November 30, 2012. At the beginning of 2013, the Arnsberg Clinic opened a medical care center (MVZ) on the premises of the former St. Georg Hospital. The Schmallenberg Youth Hostel was closed on October 31, 2014.

From April 27th to 30th, 2018, the national music festival of the Volksmusikerbund NRW took place in Schmallenberg and Winterberg. 30,000 visitors came to the 119th German Hiking Day, which took place from July 3 to 8, 2019 in Winterberg and Schmallenberg.


Places in the town of Schmallenberg and the structure of the former municipalities before 1975

The city of Schmallenberg was united on January 1, 1975 with the municipalities of the office of the same name and the office of Fredeburg .

According to the Sauerland / Paderborn law of November 5, 1974, with effect from January 1, 1975, the previously independent communities Berghausen , Freiheit Bödefeld , Bödefeld-Land (except Altenfeld and Valme ), Dorlar , Fleckenberg , city of Fredeburg , Grafschaft , Lenne (except Milchenbach; previously Olpe district ), Oberkirchen , Rarbach and Wormbach in the new town of Schmallenberg. At the same time, the offices of Fredeburg and Schmallenberg were dissolved.


St. Alexander Church
Christ Church

Like the entire Sauerland region of the Electorate of Cologne , whose sovereign was the Archbishop of Cologne until 1803, Schmallenberg has a Catholic character. Until the middle of the 20th century there were few Protestant Christians and Jews.

After the Second World War, many were displaced and refugees from the East evangelical faith in the Schmallenberger Sauerland. In Gleidorf, the first Protestant congregation in the Schmallenberg urban area was founded shortly after 1900. There are 20 Catholic churches and four Protestant churches in Schmallenberg. There has been no synagogue since the November pogroms of 1938. The last burial in the Jewish cemetery took place in 1961.

Today the majority of the population, around 79%, is Catholic, 11% of the population are Protestant and 10% have a different faith or are of no religion.

Inhabitants of Schmallenberg according to denominations
from 1840 to 1964 (core city)
year Catholic Evangelical Jewish
1840 882 5 24
1885 1443 25th 52
1900 1587 58 45
1932 2210 36 52
1948 3023 488 4th
1964 3898 590 1

Population development

House in the historic center of Schmallenberg

The oldest population in Schmallenberg dates back to 1301. At that time, 545 citizens lived in 120 households. By 1900 the population rose to 1690 in the core city. Of these, 789 were men and 901 women. After the Second World War there was an increase in population due to the population movement. In 1946, 356 displaced persons and 324 evacuees were registered for the first time.

Of the 25,992 inhabitants of Schmallenberg on December 31, 2005, 6341 people lived in the city center. In the second largest district, Bad Fredeburg, 4062 inhabitants lived and in Bödefeld, Fleckenberg, Gleidorf and Grafschaft over 1000 inhabitants each. Most of the districts (around two thirds of the 83 districts) have fewer than 150 residents.

Population development from 1818 to 2016 according to territorial status according to the table below. Lower curve: core city; upper curve: today's urban area
Inhabitants of Schmallenberg
year Core city Today's urban area
1818 863
1840 911
1858 1000 10,547
1885 1524
1900 1690
1914 2000
1925 2202
1939 2553 15,944
1946 3432
1948 3530
1950   21,530
1959 4120
1961 4105 21,342
1964 4457
1970 5207 23,657
1974 5225 24,756
1975 24,640
1985 24,956
2000 27.001
2010 6381 26,411
2015 6230 25,508
2016 6173 25,346


Result of the local elections

Until the beginning of the 1990s there were only two parties in the city, the CDU and the SPD . Because of general dissatisfaction with the political landscape in Schmallenberg and after disputes within the Schmallenberg CDU, the Independent Voting Association (UWG) was founded on September 24, 1993. Before the local elections in 2004, some SPD members left their party due to differences of opinion and then founded the Bürgergemeinschaft für Schmallenberg (BfS).

Five parties and groups of voters are currently represented in the city council . In the local elections in 2004, 2009 and 2014, the parties and groups won the following voting shares and number of seats on the city council.

Listed narrow house at the town hall
Voting shares
year CDU SPD Green UWG BfS
2004 62.1 11.3 - 14.9 11.7
2009 59.8 8.4 5.7 14.6 11.4
2014 54.5 10.9 6.8 14.5 13.0
Distribution of seats
year CDU SPD Green UWG BfS
2004 24 4th - 6th 4th
2009 23 3 2 6th 4th
2014 21st 4th 3 5 5

The turnout was 63.4% in 2004, 60.1% in 2009 and 55.2% in 2014.

Results of the state and federal elections

In the last state and federal elections, the parties in Schmallenberg received the following votes:

Political party State election 2005
(second votes)
Bundestag election 2005
(second votes)
Bundestag election 2009
(second votes)
State election 2010
(second votes)
State election 2012
(second votes)
Bundestag election 2013
(second votes)
State election 2017
(second votes)
Bundestag election 2017
(second votes)
CDU 68.6% 57.6% 49.9% 57.2% 48.5% 58.96% 54.37% 49.49%
SPD 20.0% 24.2% 17.2% 21.5% 25.7% 21.03% 20.07% 18.26%
FDP 4.8% 9.5% 18.1% 6.5% 7.8% 5.01% 12.48% 15.37%
The green 3.3% 3.9% 6.3% 7.8% 8.0% 4.98% 3.69% 5.01%
The left (2.1%) 2.9% 4.9% 2.8% 0.9% 3.53% 2.05% 3.87%
PIRATES - - - - 6.0% 1.81% - -
AfD - - - - - - 4.30% 5.63%
Others 1.2% 2.0% 3.6% 4.3% 3.0% 4.68% 3.03% 2.38%

See also: Results of the Reichstag elections in 1932 and 1933 and the state elections in 1947 and 1966 in the Schmallenberg office

Mayor from 1945

Former administrative building as well as the oldest part of today's town hall

On April 10, 1945, three days after the American occupation, Alex Dornseifer became provisional mayor. Richard Dameris took over from him two days later. The military government then installed Klaus Siebenkotten on July 21, 1945, who previously worked for the Neheim-Hüsten city administration. From 1952 to 1994 the Union provided the mayor of the old and new town of Schmallenberg. In 1994 the social democrat Franz Josef Pape was elected mayor. Five years later, the pendulum swung back to the Union, which has since provided the mayor with Bernhard Halbe .

  • Klaus Siebenkotten (mayor and mayor from July 21, 1945 to April 1946)
  • Albert Dameris (mayor and mayor from April 1946 to September 1946; from December 15, 1945 to September 29, 1946, the mayor was chairman of the first city council, appointed by the military government)
  • Willi Wüllner (September 27, 1946 to October 16, 1948, second city council or first elected city councilor)
  • Josef Balzer-Lönzen, SPD (1948–1952, third city council)
  • Paul Falke , CDU (1952–1975, fourth to seventh city council)
  • Paul Falke, CDU (1975–1984, after the municipal reorganization)
  • Otto Schulte, CDU (1984–1989)
  • Rötger Belke-Grobe , CDU (1989–1994)
  • Franz Josef Pape, SPD (1994–1999)
  • Bernhard Halbe , CDU (since 1999)

coat of arms

Schmallenberg coat of arms

The current city coat of arms was first seen in 1335 on the second city seal of the city of Schmallenberg. It is not known whether Schmallenberg already had a coat of arms when the city was founded. In the so-called Arnsberg Collection from 1700 there is a colored drawing with the Schmallenberg coat of arms. The binding establishment of today's city coat of arms (in unchanged form from 1335) was made by a resolution of the city council in 1909.


In silver a red castle with two tin towers and a gate, the gable of which ends in a lily. There is an upright black key in the gate opening.


The key indicates the patronage of the Archdiocese of Cologne. The castle is likely to be the Smalenburg.

Town twinning

Schmallenberg has twinned cities with the French Wimereux (since 1972) and with the English Burgess Hill (since 1988).

Culture, sports and sights


The city of Schmallenberg does not have a permanent theater. There are four theater associations, a theater group and a musical group for children in the city.

Cinema / light works / cultural stage

The Schmallenberg cinema in Bahnhofstrasse was built in 1929 under the name Lichtspiele Schmallenberg and is one of the oldest cinemas of its kind in Germany. After the Second World War, in which the cinema was used as a hospital at times , a fundamental modernization was carried out in 1951. The two projectors, which were ultra-modern at the time, are still in use today. Since it was not possible for economic reasons to keep up with the current developments in the large multiplex cinemas , operations were initially discontinued in 2005. After a one-year renovation phase, the old cinema was finally reopened under the name Lichtwerk under new management. The stage, which is hidden behind the screen during film screenings , is now used regularly again: In addition to the cinema, there are theater and cabaret screenings as well as concerts. The front rows of seats were removed for regular club operations with changing DJs , so that this area is now available as a dance floor . After being converted into a cultural stage, home cinema and event location, the former lighting factory opened under the new name Habbels in May 2017.


Among the nine museums, the 2,200 m² slate mining and local history museum in Holthausen deserves special mention. The museum houses the slate, flora and fauna, textile processing, folklore, printing workshop and art departments. Since 1984 a permanent exhibition has been housed there under the title “Witches' jurisdiction in the Sauerland region of Cologne”. The extent of the witch trials in the Sauerland is documented and various torture tools are shown. The Südwestfälische Galerie has been affiliated since 2009.

A technical museum is housed in the Hesse cutlery factory in Fleckenberg. The cutlery factory was placed under monument protection in 1990 with its almost completely preserved interior. In the court museum, which is located in the district court in Bad Fredeburg, the visitor gets an insight into the history of jurisprudence. In addition to changing special exhibitions, the monastery museum in the Grafschaft monastery shows sacred objects from different centuries on the art and history of the monastery.

Other museums are the SGV Heimatstube in Nordenau, a museum courtyard (Schultenhof) in Winkhausen, the small forest workers' museum Alte Mühle in Latrop and the Kunsthaus Alte Mühle in the city center.


There are 47 music and singing clubs in Schmallenberg. Of these, six drum corps, five music associations, three youth brass orchestras, two hunting horn corps, a minstrel band, a spa and miners' band, a wind orchestra, a mandolin-guitar-accordion group, a town band, fifteen male and six female choirs, a chamber and a children's and Youth choir. The most famous musicians and musicologists include Norbert Abels , Tom Astor , Renate and Werner Leismann and Heinz Schüngeler . There is also its own blues and rock music scene in the Schmallenberg area. The death metal band Dark Millennium comes from Bad Fredeburg. As part of the Regionale 2013, the Bad Fredeburg Academy was converted and expanded into the South Westphalia Music Education Center for over 8 million euros . Over 4600 musicians took part in the regional music festival of the Volksmusikerbund NRW from April 27th to 30th, 2018 in Schmallenberg. A total of 98 orchestras faced the judges at several valuation sites in the city.

Regular events

Schmallenberg week

A street festival lasting several days with music and other events that takes place every two years at the end of August in Schmallenberg is the Schmallenberg Week. The Schmallenberg spring meetings of the Association of Catholic Entrepreneurs have been held annually in Schmallenberg since 1960. Shooting festivals take place in 21 towns every year. Meeting carnival is also celebrated in several districts. There is a carnival parade only in Niederberndorf . Bödefeld delikat is a culinary street festival that has been taking place in Bödefeld every year since 1992. The Schmallenberg Advertising Association has been organizing the largest Schmallenberg Christmas market around St. Alexander Church since 1985 . There are also St. Nicholas and Christmas markets in other districts.


Fallow deer enclosure in Schmallenberg

The Schmallenberg area is one of the 29 important cultural landscape areas in North Rhine-Westphalia. The Wilzenberg ground monument with chapel and Stations of the Cross and Grafschaft Abbey is one of the most valuable features in the classification of a cultural landscape area of ​​importance to the state in North Rhine-Westphalia. The historic town center Schmallenberg as well as the church villages Lenne, Oberkirchen and Wormbach with the parish churches and parsonages and the village development since the late 17th century or from the time after 1945. In addition, the hamlet of Winkhausen and the places Nieder- and Obersorpe with the farms since 17th century. There are also 174 architectural monuments, seven ground monuments and three movable monuments in the urban area.

In addition, many villages in the urban area took part in the national competition “ Our village should be more beautiful ”, from which numerous villages also won awards. Nine villages have received the highest award, “Federal Gold”, in recent years. This is a nationwide unique record. These nine federal gold villages are: Fleckenberg , Grafschaft , Holthausen , Kirchrarbach , Latrop , Niedersorpe , Oberhenneborn , Oberkirchen and Westfeld .


Listed gable house
Historic residential and commercial building

In the historic center of Schmallenberg city tours are offered regularly. The Grafschaft monastery is located in the neighboring district of Grafschaft . The monastery was a Benedictine abbey from 1072 until the secularization in 1804. Not used monastically from the 19th century to the middle of the 20th century, the complex has been home to Borromean women since 1948.

The neighboring Wilzenberg was a pagan cult site of undetermined date. In addition to the remains of a hill fort, classified as a ground monument, there is a pilgrimage chapel from 1633, the 17 m high iron Wilzenberg tower from 1891 and a high summit cross. To the east of Kirchilpe is the hill fort Kirchilpe .

The ruins of Rappelstein Castle are located on a rock, the so-called Rappelstein, in the center of Nordenau. The highest castle in Westphalia , whose original name was Norderna Castle, was built by the noble lords of Grafschaft on the old Heidenstrasse Cologne - Kassel around 1200.

There are Romanesque churches in Berghausen, Lenne and Wormbach . The St. Cyriakus Church in Berghausen was built around 1220. The parish church of St. Vinzentius in Lenne and the church of St. Peter and Paul in Wormbach date from the 13th century. The representation of the twelve signs of the zodiac in the nave of the Wormach church, which is rare in European church painting, and the organ from the 15th century are particularly worth seeing.


The spa park in the core town of Schmallenberg is located between the Grafschaft and the Lenne. In Bad Fredeburg, the Rudolf-Becker-Park borders the Kurhaus.

The Freizeitwelt Sauerland in the center of the city offers over 3,000 m² in a large covered play and fun facility in THIKOS Kinderland, including a climbing wall, a high ropes course, a water playground, a JUMP area and a hologate for children and families.

Nature and landscape protection

See also: List of natural monuments in Schmallenberg and list of landscape protection areas in the Hochsauerlandkreis

The Rauhes Bruch high moor

Since 2008 there have been two landscape plans for the Schmallenberg urban area , in which the areas outside the built-up districts and the scope of a development plan have been designated as landscape protection areas, provided that there is no higher protection status such as a nature reserve (NSG).

The north-west landscape plan covers the north-western part of the Schmallenberg urban area with an area of ​​112.63 km², and the south-east landscape plan covers the south-eastern part of the city area with an area of ​​approx. 190 km². Both landscape plans describe the nature reserves, natural monuments, landscape protection areas and protected landscape components in the urban area. There are a total of 38 nature reserves of various sizes in the city. The nature reserve Hunau - Langer Back - Heidberg is located on the eastern outskirts of Schmallenberg above Bödefeld. The 8,000-year-old raised bogs “Nasse Wiese” and “Rauhes Bruch” as well as a small lake are located in the protected area.


Ski lift in Schmallenberg

In the period from 1978 to 1999, many international and national grass ski championships were held in Schmallenberg. The grass ski junior European championships took place in 1983 and 1988 and the German grass ski championships in 1995 and 1996 at the Schmallenberg ski lift. The FIS Rollerski -Weltcup was conducted in the period from 15 to 17 August 2008. Schmallenberg. The German roller-skiing championship in both disciplines (sprint and pursuit on the flat course) took place from August 21 to 22, 2010.

On September 4th, 2008 Bad Fredeburg was the official 6th stage of the 10th Deutschland Tour. Autocross events take place once a year on a special autocross track in Gleidorf . In 2004, the run for the German Autocross Championship (DMSB) and the championship run of the German Rallyecross Association (DRCV) were held on the track. The annual sporting events in the city include the Hollenlauf in Bödefeld, the Rothaarsteig marathon in Fleckenberg as well as the cycling race around the Wilzenberg and SKS Sauerland marathon for mountain bikers in Grafschaft.

The North Rhine-Westphalia Nordic Center and the Hochsauerland cross-country skiing center are located in Westfeld . The state performance base Biathlon NRW was connected to the biathlon facility in Jagdhaus . The German Youth and Junior Championships Biathlon (DSV), the German Biathlon Cup (DSV) and the National Biathlon Ski Games (DSV) were held on the biathlon facility. The shooting ranges of the facility were closed in 2004.

In the Schmallenberg urban area there is a high ropes course and a climbing hall with indoor high ropes course, nine gyms, two golf, eighteen sports and twenty tennis courts, various riding opportunities, eleven ski lifts and 130 km of cross-country trails (Rothaarsteig trail). There are also around 2,500 km of marked hiking trails; This information can include: Rothaarsteig , Sauerland soaring and the SGV main trails Astenweg , Friedrich Wilhelm Grimme way , Hanseweg , Hunauweg , Rothaarweg , Schieferweg and Wilhelm Münker path and the Waldskulpturenweg (Sauerland Wittgenstein). The Lenneroute and SauerlandRadring cycle paths cross the city. 53 sports clubs are registered in Schmallenberg, offering fishing, badminton, archery, parachuting, aviation , football, golf, handball, martial arts, canoeing, motor sports or motocross, cycling, riding, shooting, swimming, tennis, gymnastics and hiking .

Culinary specialties

Various Sauerland specialties such as pumpernickel pancakes, wild garlic soup, Sauerland spring stew or Potthucke , a potato casserole filled with sausage, are offered in the urban area . In general, hearty dishes such as bockwurst and pumpernickel are typically Sauerland. In addition, typical dishes from the old country like heaven and earth or pill cakes are served. When hiking, the Holzhauerkaffee is sometimes recommended in soot-blackened kettles. The nationally known Schmallenberg cuisine also offers finer specialties such as brown trout, saddle of venison with pumpernickel sauce, Schmallenberg poulard breast or venison steak.


In 1872 the Grobbel Verlag was founded in Bad Fredeburg. The publicist Gerhard Giese founded the Catholic weekly newspaper Neue Bildpost with Wilhelm Adelmann in Bödefeld in 1951 .

A number of authors, critics and literary scholars met in Schmallenberg in 1956 at the second Westphalian Poets' Meeting . The debate among writers and literary scholars about the past and future of literature in Westphalia set a process in motion that led to a fundamental setting of the course in Westphalian literary history. In 1993 the Society for the Promotion of Literature in the Sauerland was founded in Schmallenberg. The company, renamed the Christine Koch Society , is the largest literary association in North Rhine-Westphalia.

Some German-language publications play in Schmallenberg. Friedrich Albert Groeteken , Christine Koch , Hanna Rademacher , Michael Soeder and Paul Tigges were among the well-known authors based in Schmallenberg. Herbert Somplatzki and Kurt Wasserfall live in the city. WOLL Verlag , founded in 2012 , is based in Schmallenberg.

Dialect, Low German

Until the end of the 19th century, Low German was widely used as a colloquial language in the Schmallenberg area . The Schmallenberger or Schmallmereger Platt or Groskoper Platt is a variant of the Sauerland Platt with a specific pronunciation and a distinctive vocabulary of its own. Typical for this flat is the strong role of the "a" and its umlauts "ä" (e.g. "läpen" for running instead of läupen). Also characteristic, instead of the "iu" sounds, are the "öü " sounds, which are reminiscent of Dutch and are very difficult for speakers of other German dialects (for example "Höüs" for house). Under the influence of High German, the importance of this dialect has rapidly declined to this day. As an everyday colloquial language, the Platt no longer has any meaning.

Economy and Infrastructure

Lake Commercial Park
Falke high-bay warehouse in Schmallenberg

Schmallenberg has traditionally been the center of the Sauerland textile industry since the 19th century (largest company: Falke Group ). However, since the development of the textile industry is declining, medium-sized companies dominate. These are mainly located in industry and craft. Significant Schmallenberg companies include Audiotec Fischer GmbH (Car-Hifi: Brax / Helix), Burgbad AG (bathroom furniture manufacturer based in Bad Fredeburg) and Transfluid Maschinenbau GmbH (world market leader in tube processing machines for controlled roll forming technology (incremental)) as well the Feldhaus company (construction and mining company). Due to the wooded location, the timber industry is of great importance. In Bad Fredeburg, for example, there is a woodworking park that offers small and medium-sized companies commercial space. Gastronomy and tourism have a large share in the service sector due to the scenic location and winter sports opportunities.

In 2010 there were 8,286 jobs subject to social security contributions. Of these, 3,306 were in the manufacturing industry, 3,071 in other services, 1,818 in trade, hospitality and transport and 91 in agriculture and forestry. The unemployment rate in June 2014 was 3.7 percent.



Bergdorf LiebesGrün

In the Schmallenberg urban area, around 6,300 beds are available in 432 holiday apartments and houses and 55 guest houses, 32 inns and 28 hotels (16 of which have their own swimming pool) as well as in the holiday home area Bergdorf LiebesGrün. In 2015, the establishments in the urban area with at least ten beds recorded a total of 184,085 guests and 740,335 overnight stays.

Health resorts

There are six state-approved health resorts in the city: Bad Fredeburg, the only Kneipp spa in the Hochsauerland district, is a state-approved Kneipp health resort . Grafschaft is a recognized climatic health resort . The Schmallenberger core town, Nordenau, Ohlenbach and Westfeld are state-approved climatic health resorts .


B 236 tunnel in Schmallenberg


The urban area is developed by a total of 34 km of federal roads, 62 km of state roads, 73 km of district roads and 248 km of municipal roads. In addition to the municipal roads, the city maintains around 400 km of farm roads .

The two federal highways in Schmallenberg are the B 236 and the B 511 . The B 236 leads from Lennestadt via Lenne, Schmallenberg, Gleidorf and Oberkirchen to Winterberg. A large part of it runs through the Lennetal. The historic city center of Schmallenberg, through which the B 236 previously ran, has been tunnelled since 1997 (tunnel length 235 m). The B 511 connects the places Gleidorf on the B 236 and Bremke on the B 55. It runs through Bad Fredeburg and Dorlar.

The next motorway junctions are in Olpe on the A 4 / A 45 and in Meschede on the A 46 .

Rail and bus transport

Schmallenberg station in 1986

From 1888 to 1994 Schmallenberg was connected to the railway network. Regular passenger traffic between Altenhundem and Wenholthausen , with stops in Lenne, Fleckenberg, Schmallenberg, Gleidorf, Fredeburg and Heiminghausen, was discontinued on May 28, 1964. The Altenhundem – Schmallenberg section was dismantled in 1967. The connection from Schmallenberg to Wennemen on the Upper Ruhr Valley Railway remained as a freight line until December 30, 1994. On the embankment between Schmallenberg and Eslohe-Bremke there has been a cycle path since 2006, the so-called Sauerlandradring .

Bus routes run from Schmallenberg to Altenhundem , Eslohe , Meschede and Winterberg, among others . Most of the lines are operated by Busverkehr Ruhr-Sieg GmbH (BRS). In Schmallenberg the tariff of the Verkehrsgemeinschaft Ruhr-Lippe (VRL) applies .

Bus traffic is sometimes severely restricted on weekends and in smaller places. This is why an association has been operating several citizen bus lines in the city since November 2, 2004 . The citizen bus is used in areas where there is no bus route or where there is only limited bus traffic. The localities Wormbach, Felbecke, Dorlar, Berghausen, Bad Fredeburg and Kirchilpe are served.

"LenneSchiene" project

As part of the Regionale 2013 Südwestfalen funding program, Schmallenberg is participating in the “LenneSchiene” project , along with seven other municipalities that are connected by the course of the Lenne and the railway (including Iserlohn , Altena , Finnentrop and Lennestadt ). The problems that have arisen from the interaction between river and rail, landscape, town, industry and traffic are still visible in many places. The aim is to let the Lenne-Schiene become a living axis again and to increase the quality of life of the citizens. The “LenneSchiene” project of the 8 municipalities was launched in July 2010 in a joint council meeting. Of the total of 84 measures, 13 were implemented by 2013.

air traffic

Rennefeld Airport

The Schmallenberg-Rennefeld airfield from 1954, classified as a special landing site , is located between Schmallenberg and Werpe. The nearest commercial airport is the Siegerlandflughafen . The major airports of Paderborn-Lippstadt and Dortmund are about 70 and 90 km away . The international airport Cologne / Bonn is around 122 km away.


The most important daily newspapers in Schmallenberg are the Westfalenpost and the Westfälische Rundschau . The newspapers, which both belong to the WAZ Group , each have an editorial office and a joint office in Meschede . The Westfalenpost also has another editorial office in Schmallenberg. In addition, the free “ Sauerlandkurier ” appears on Wednesdays and Sundays , the local editorial office and office of which is also located in the city center.

The entire Hochsauerlandkreis is the transmission area of Radio Sauerland , a local radio station that can be received in the Schmallenberger Sauerland and in the municipality of Eslohe (Sauerland) via the antenna frequency 89.1 MHz. The television and radio studio of West German Radio responsible for Schmallenberg is the WDR studio in Siegen . The station has a regional office in Arnsberg .

Public facilities

town hall
City hall and wave pool

Authorities and institutions

The Schmallenberg District Court and the Schmallenberg Police Station are located in Bad Fredeburg. The city administration (town hall), the city hall (capacity 1,500 seats or 2,500 standing places), the employment agency , the post office and the Schmallenberg GmbH, which is responsible for tourism, are located in Schmallenberg. The city maintains the volunteer fire brigade and 18 fire stations . The fire brigade is divided into two fire engines and 16 fire fighting groups . The city of Schmallenberg is responsible for the Sparkasse Mitten im Sauerland . The Sparkasse has a main office and Volksbank Bigge-Lenne eG has its headquarters and main office in the city center.

Swimming pools

With the Sauerlandbad in Bad Fredeburg, the wave pool in Schmallenberg and the indoor pool in Bödefeld, there are three public swimming pools in Schmallenberg.

Hospitals / specialist clinics

In addition to two specialist clinics in Bad Fredeburg, there is also a youth clinic in Holthausen. The Kloster Grafschaft Specialist Hospital , a pulmonary clinic, is located in Grafschaft.

Martinswerk Dorlar

Martinswerk Dorlar is an independent organization for child and youth welfare and a member of the Diakonisches Werk . It was created from 1932 from a Protestant youth home in Dorlar . This youth home, the Martinshof , was further built up and expanded by its founder Pastor Friedel Birker after the end of the Second World War.

In 1951 the Church of St. Petri was consecrated. In the same year the Heidhof was built . This was followed by the construction of the La Fontanella children's and recreation home in San Nazzaro / Ticino (1953), the Martin Luther House (1954), the Maria Martha House (1954) and St. Michaelshaardt (1964) residential homes, as well as the staff residence Hedwig House (1968). In 1969 planning began for the children's village, which was completed in 1972. In 1985 the Martinsschule opened , in 1989 the Twismecke house . In 1998 the houses in Berghausen and Gleidorf were acquired.

Activities abroad started in Iceland in 1997 and then continued in Scotland, Corsica (2000) and Romania (2001).

Social work St. Georg

The St. Georg welfare organization is a social service company that provides help for people with mental or psychological disabilities in North Rhine-Westphalia. The headquarters of the St. Georg Westfalen-Süd gGmbH and the headquarters of the St. Georg Bauen und Wohnen GmbH and the Bad Fredeburg boarding school are located in Schmallenberg. In addition, the social welfare organization operates a contact and advice center for outpatient living as well as the day care center for encounter and work (Tabea).

Education and Research

School center in Schmallenberg


The city of Schmallenberg has seven primary schools (in Bad Fredeburg, Berghausen / Dorlar, Bödefeld, Fleckenberg, Gleidorf, Oberkirchen and Schmallenberg-Kernstadt), a secondary school (in Schmallenberg-Kernstadt), a secondary school (in Bad Fredeburg) and a grammar school (in Schmallenberg -Kernstadt) and a special school (in Dorlar). In the 1950s, a vocational school was built in the city center and the farmers 'college of the German Farmers' Association was set up in what is now the South Westphalia music education center. Both schools were moved to other locations in the 1960s.

On October 1, 2019, a new nursing school of the DRK educational institute for health professions opened on the premises of the former St. Georg Hospital in Bad Fredeburg.

Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology

Fraunhofer Institute

Schmallenberg has been the seat of the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology (IME) since 1959 . Because of the experiments on rats carried out there in the past, the locals jokingly call it the “rat castle”. The institute works in the field of applied ecology . The competencies of the IME lie in environmental chemistry, environmental simulation, environmental and food analysis, cryobanking, ecology and ecotoxicology, mathematical modeling as well as risk assessment and communication. By working on projects on behalf of the authorities and providing appropriate advice, the institute has a significant influence on environmental policy decisions.


Main article: List of personalities from the city of Schmallenberg

In the city of Schmallenberg or its predecessor cities and communities, personalities as diverse as the artists Thomas Astan , Tom Astor , Renate and Werner Leismann , politicians such as Carl Johann Ludwig Dham , Albert Falke , Josef Schüttler , and theologians such as Franziskus Hennemann and Heinrich Schauerte became the founder of the order Theresia Albers and numerous other people were born. The writers Christine Koch , Hanna Rademacher , the priest Friedrich Albert Groeteken and the builder Michael Spanner worked and lived in the city area .

On August 29, 1953, at the age of 90, factory owner Sophie Stecker was granted honorary citizenship, and Paul Falke was granted honorary citizenship in 1977 on his 25th anniversary as mayor. In addition, several citizens received the ring of honor or the medal of merit of the city of Schmallenberg.


  • Alfred Bruns, Marita Völnicke, and Reinhold Weber: Architectural and art monuments of the city of Schmallenberg. Volume 2. Churches, chapels, crosses, holy houses, wayside shrines. F. W. Becker GmbH (2002)
  • Alfred Bruns: Schmallenberg heads . Published by the Schmallenberg-Holthausen Slate Mining Museum. Slate Mining Museum Schmallenberg-Holthausen 1985, ( Publications of the Slate Mining Museum on State History 6 (recte 7), ZDB -ID 2293376-1 )
  • Franz Arnold Dahm: Chronica Schmallenbergensis I (1787–1822) , Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, 19th to 24th edition, 1969–1970
  • Dr. Clemens Dham: Chronica Schmallenbergensis II (1840–1858) , Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, 25th to 30th edition, 1971–1972
  • Bruno Ermecke: Beginnings, first and early mentions of the Schmallenberg districts , Heimat- und Geschichtsverein Schmallenberger Sauerland (ed.), 2013
  • Friedrich Albert Groeteken: History of the parish town of Schmallenberg. , o. O. 1958
  • Peter Ilisch : The monetary system in the southern Sauerland - A contribution by the Stadtsparkasse to the 750th anniversary of the city of Schmallenberg , Stadtsparkasse Schmallenberg (ed.), 1994
  • Tobias A. Kemper: "... the still growing blooming youth as a hideous example ...". Child witch trials in Oberkirchen (Duchy of Westphalia). In: SüdWestfalen Archive, volume 4/2004. Pp. 115-136.
  • Peter Kracht: Sauerland, Siegerland and Wittgensteiner Land , Münster, ISBN 3-402-05497-3 , pp. 200–203
  • Jochen Krause: Signs on the way, Schmallenberger stories from town and country , publisher Volksbank Schmallenberg, 1994
  • Horst Müller: A foray through the geological past of the city of Schmallenberg , Geological State Office NW, Krefeld, from Schmallenberger Heimatblätter 45./46. Edition, 1976
  • Karl Eugen Mummenhoff : The townscape of Schmallenberg , Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, 33rd / 34th edition, 1973
  • City of Schmallenberg (Hrsg.): Citizens and their city , Westphalian printing, Dortmund 1964
  • City of Schmallenberg (ed.): Contributions to the history of the city of Schmallenberg 1244–1969 . Schmallenberg 1969.
  • Schützengesellschaft Schmallenberg 1820 eV (Ed.): Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, April 1965 (first edition) to today (2008) (PDF; 919 kB).
  • Heinz Stoob : Schmallenberg, Westphalian city atlas, Historical Commission for Westphalia, W. Grösschen publishing house, Dortmund 1975, ISBN 3-8087-0216-8
  • Helga Tröster: History and Fate of the Jews in Schmallenberg , Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, 55th edition, 1983-85
  • Landesbildstelle Westfalen and the literature commission for Westphalia, (Ed.) Vol. 1, The Schmallenberger Dichterstreit 1956 , Münster 2000, sound certificate .
  • Manfred Wolf: The beginnings of the city of Schmallenberg , Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, 63rd edition 1996/1997
  • Schützengesellschaft Schmallenberg, Schützenbruderschaft Grafschaft (Ed.): Low German dictionary for Schmallenberg and Grafschaft , 160 pages, printed by: Stadt Schmallenberg, 2005


  • Delta-Production, Gunther Dudda, Schmallenberg-Bad Fredeburg: The conquest of Schmallenberg on April 7, 1945 (12 min.), 1997
  • Gunther Dudda, Schmallenberg: The Ruhrkesselschlacht 1945 (100 min.) Excerpt from Schmallenberg

Web links

Commons : Schmallenberg  - album with pictures, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Schmallenberg  - Sources and full texts
Wikivoyage: Schmallenberg  - Travel Guide

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )
  2. a b c Topographic map 1: 25,000
  3. a b c State Surveying Office NRW
  4. a b Horst Müller: A foray through the geological past of the city of Schmallenberg, p. 14, Geological State Office Krefeld, Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, 45./46. Edition, 1976
  5. a b Johannes Wolburg: The Devonian in the area of ​​the upper Lenne , p. 31, Prussian Geological State Institute , issue 151, Berlin, 1933
  6. Carl-Josef Fretter: Vom Werden und Wesen des Hochsauerlandes - An attempt to tell geological history , from contributions to the history of the city of Schmallenberg 1244–1969, p. 159 ff., Schmallenberg, 1969
  7. State Office for Information and Technology; As of December 31, 2008
  8. Population figures in Schmallenberg by district, as of December 31, 2013 (PDF; 130 kB)
  9. ^ City of Schmallenberg, main statute (PDF; 30 kB); accessed on August 24, 2014
  10. ^ Geoklima website
  11. ^ Carl Haase: Schmallenberg in the context of the history of the German city, p. 20, from contributions to the history of the city of Schmallenberg 1244–1969, Schmallenberg, 1969
  12. ^ A b Carl Haase: Schmallenberg in the context of the history of the German city, p. 21
  13. Frenn: Wiethoff: From Schmallenberg's Past, Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, p. 1, 58th edition, 1991
  14. ^ Johannes Bauermann : Die Schmallenberger Urkunden, p. 6, from contributions to the history of the city of Schmallenberg 1244–1969, Schmallenberg, 1969
  15. ^ Walter Hävernick : The Cologne Pfennig in the 12th and 13th Centuries - Period of the Territorial Pfennig Coin, Schmallenberg, pp. 73–75, Georg Olms Verlag, 1930
  16. ^ Peter Berghaus : The medieval coinage of the Archbishops of Cologne in Schmallenberg and other mints of the Sauerland, p. 34, from contributions to the history of the city of Schmallenberg 1244–1969, Schmallenberg 1969
  17. ^ A b Carl Haase: Schmallenberg in the context of the history of the German city, p. 24
  18. Mayor's office Schmallenberg - see listed hammer owner (owner or even just manager of a hammer mill) and Wappenschmiedt (armourer), in the official address book for Rhineland-Westphalia 1833
  19. Günter Becker: The late medieval desert events in South Sauerland , Geographical Commission for Westphalia (ed.), 1977, in commemorative publication 40 Years of Geographical Commission for Westphalia, Volume I, p. 255 ff., Contributions to Special State Research, Münster ( online version ( Memento of the original from October 5, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this note .; PDF; 1.3 MB) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  20. ^ Frenn Wiethoff: From Schmallenberg's Past, Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, p. 1, 58th edition, 1991
  21. Jochen Krause: Signs on the way, Schmallenberger stories from town and country, p. 238
  22. Helga Tröster: History and Fate of the Jews in Schmallenberg, p. 55
  23. ^ Heinz Stoob: Schmallenberg, Westfälischer Städteatlas, Faltbogen, S. 3, Verlag W. Grösschen, Dortmund 1975
  24. ^ Frenn Wiethoff: From Schmallenberg's Past, Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, p. 2, 58th edition, 1991
  25. ^ Franz Arnold Dahm: Chronica Schmallenbergensis I Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, p. 3 ff., 19th edition, 1969
  26. ^ Klaus Siebenkoten: Schmallenberg, the face of a city in the past and present, p. 219, from contributions to the history of the city of Schmallenberg 1244–1969, Schmallenberg, 1969
  27. ^ Carl Haase: Schmallenberg in the context of the history of the German city, p. 26
  28. ^ Map: Westphalian cities of the Hanseatic League,
  29. Groeteken p. 21f
  30. ^ Alfred Bruns: Die Oberkirchener Hexenprotokoll , in: Hexen- Jurisdiction in the Electoral Cologne Sauerland, documentation for the exhibition Schieferbergbau- Heimatmuseum Schmallenberg- Holthausen , 1984, pp. 24-87. Rainer Decker: The social background of the witch persecution in the Oberkirchen court in 1630 , in: ibid., Pp. 91–118. Rainer Decker: The great witch hunt in the office of Fredeburg around 1630 , in: Schmallenberger Sauerland. Almanach 1993, pp. 96-98.
  31. Monumenta Monasterii Grafschaftensis. Memories from the history of the county monastery. Translation by Manfred Wolf, Münster, published by the savings and loan association Schmallenberg, 1975
  32. Jochen Krause: Signs on the way, Schmallenberger stories from town and country, p. 245
  33. ^ Franz Arnold Dahm: Chronica Schmallenbergensis I Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, pp. 1 ff., 20th edition, 1969
  34. ^ Franz Arnold Dahm: Chronica Schmallenbergensis I Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, p. 7 ff., 22nd edition, 1969
  35. Sign next to the “Breybalg” sculpture in Schmallenberg
  36. ^ Heinz Stoob: Grundrissbild und Stadtentwicklung von Schmallenberg, p. 42, from contributions to the history of the town of Schmallenberg 1244–1969, Schmallenberg, 1969
  37. Letter No. 2587 of November 3, 1825 from the Oberpräsident Vincke to the Schmallenberg Building Commission, original in the Schmallenberg City Archives
  38. a b Dr. Clemens Dahm: Chronica Schmallenbergensis II, Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, p. 14 ff., 26./27. Edition, 1971
  39. ^ Frenn Wiethoff: From Schmallenberg's Past, Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, p. 4, 58th edition, 1991
  40. Sauerlandkurier dated January 13, 2008 ( Memento of the original dated February 3, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  41. ^ Klaus Siebenkoten: Schmallenberg, the face of a city in the past and present, p. 225, from contributions to the history of the city of Schmallenberg 1244–1969, Schmallenberg, 1969
  42. Hans Frankenthal - A Jew from Schmallenberg in the Sauerland reports ( Memento from February 3, 2008 in the Internet Archive ), published in the Westfalen-Post, Olpe issue from December 21, 2001
  43. ^ Josef Wiegel: Documentary about the conquest of Schmallenberg on April 7, 1945, Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, p. 3, 63rd edition, 1996/97; The US Army in Schmallenberg . April 8, 1945
  44. ^ Klaus Siebenkoten: Schmallenberg, the face of a city in the past and present, p. 228, from contributions to the history of the city of Schmallenberg 1244–1969, Schmallenberg, 1969
  45. ^ City of Schmallenberg (ed.): Citizens and their city, p. 15
  46. Horst Retzki. In: arch INFORM ; Retrieved December 14, 2009.
  47. ^ City of Schmallenberg (ed.): Citizens and their city, p. 37
  48. ^ Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, 57th edition 2000/01, p. 64
  49. ^ History , accessed on September 6, 2017.
  50. ^ Schmallenberger Dichterstreit,
  51. ^ Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, 57th edition 2000/01, p. 73
  52. History of the KWF-Tagungen ( Memento of the original from January 20, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved January 5, 2012 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  53. ^ The West: The Schmallenberg Youth Hostel is closing, accessed on June 25, 2014 on December 4, 2014
  54. , accessed on July 13, 2019.
  55. WDR - Corina Wegler: 30,000 visitors to the German Hiking Day in Sauerland , accessed on July 13, 2019
  56. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 335 f .
  57. a b Peter Kracht Sauerland, Siegerland and Wittgenstein, Munster, ISBN 3-402-05497-3 , p 200
  58. ^ Helga Tröster: History and fate of the Jews in Schmallenberg, Schmallenberger Heimatblätter, p. 76, 55th edition, 1983-85
  59. ^ City of Schmallenberg: Citizens and their city, p. 7, 1964
  60. ^ City of Schmallenberg (ed.): Citizens and their city, p. 6 ff.
  61. ^ Carl Haase: Schmallenberg in the context of the history of the German city, p. 26f
  62. Groeteken, Friedrich Albert : History of the parish town of Schmallenberg, o. O. 1958 = history of the parishes of the dean's office Wormbach in the Meschede district in the Archdiocese of Paderborn, Volume II, 4th part p. 12
  63. Martin Bünermann, Heinz Köstering: The communities and districts after the municipal territorial reform in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1975, ISBN 3-555-30092-X , p. 131 f .
  64. All 83 locations, including before 1975. Data from 1998 as of December 31st. Sources: City of Schmallenberg, from 2005 LDS-NRW
  65. Bruno Ermecke: Beginnings, first and early mentions of the Schmallenberg districts, 2013, p. 133
  66. ^ Population figures Schmallenberg 2010 , accessed on February 9, 2016.
  67. Population figures Schmallenberg 2015 , accessed on February 9, 2016.
  68. Population figures Schmallenberg 2016 , accessed on March 4, 2017.
  69. Page no longer retrievable , search in web archives: KDVZ municipal election 2004  ( page no longer accessible , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / 2Template: Toter Link /  
  70. KDVZ municipal election 2009 ( Memento of the original from September 4, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  71. 2014 local elections
  72. State elections 2005 (PDF) ( Memento of the original of October 24, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  73. Bundestag election 2005 (PDF) ( Memento of the original from October 24, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  74. Bundestag election 2009  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  75. KDVZ state election 2010  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  76. KDVZ state election 2012
  77. Bundestag election 2013
  78. State election 2017
  79. 2017 Bundestag election
  80. In the 2005 state elections, the PDS and WASG competed separately. Together they received 2.1% of the vote.
  81. Werner Haeser: History of the Stadtsparkasse Schmallenberg 1955-1992 , p. 190, Stadtsparkasse Schmallenberg (ed.)
  82. ^ City of Schmallenberg (ed.): Citizens and their city, p. 65
  83. a b History of the Schmallenberg Cinema ( Memento of the original from October 9, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on the Lichtwerk website , accessed on October 3, 2010  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  84. 80 years and no end ... ( Memento of the original from May 5, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. : Contribution to the history of cinema on the occasion of the 80th anniversary on the Lichtwerk website , accessed on October 3, 2010  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  85. Culture program ( Memento of the original from October 11, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. des Lichtwerk, accessed on October 3, 2010  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  86. Club program ( Memento of the original from June 10, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. des Lichtwerk, accessed on October 3, 2010  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  87. , accessed on May 20, 2017.
  88. ^ Schmallenberg blues and rock music scene , accessed on April 27, 2018.
  89. - Laura Handke: Landesmusikfest in Schmallenberg a complete success , accessed on July 13, 2019
  90. ^ Schmallenberg Week
  91. BKU JOURNAL 1_2009
  92. Significant and state-relevant cultural landscape areas in North Rhine-Westphalia
  93. Freizeitwelt-Sauerland accessed on October 3, 2019
  94. ^ Hochsauerlandkreis, Lower Landscape Authority of the Hochsauerlandkreis (ed.): Landscape plan Schmallenberg Northwest, 2008.
  95. ^ Hochsauerlandkreis, Lower Landscape Authority of the Hochsauerlandkreis (ed.): Landscape plan Schmallenberg Südost, 2008.
  96. Nasse Wiese nature reserve
  97. Austrian Ski Association - Winners panel  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed October 21, 2012@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  98. German Roller Ski Championships accessed on August 27, 2010  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  99. German National Library: Jos. Grobbel GmbH & Co. KG accessed on October 25, 2019
  100. lucky in life from December 28, 2010 retrieved on August 8, 2020
  101. Kathrin Heinrichs at the Literature Summit - New Crime Plays in Schmallenberg on September 11, 2013 ( Memento of the original from December 20, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved December 20, 2014  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  102. ^ Margit Kruse: Who is murdering in the Hochsauerland ?, GMEINER-Verlag, 2015, ISBN 978-3-8392-1780-1
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  106. ^ City of Schmallenberg: Tourism - figures, facts, data
  107. Accommodation in travel in North Rhine-Westphalia 2014 and 2015 (establishments with at least ten beds), p. 29 (PDF) ( Memento of the original from February 21, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link became automatic used and not yet tested. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  108. Autobahn-Online
  109. Website of the LenneSchiene project ( Memento of the original from November 18, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved September 20, 2011 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  110. ^ Homepage of the Martinswerk Dorlar ( Memento from March 20, 2008 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on March 15, 2008
  111. Homepage of the St. Georg welfare organization
  112. Homepage of the town of Schmallenberg ( Memento of the original from October 21, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  113. , accessed on July 7, 2016.
  114. ^ Educational Institute for Health Professions Meschede-Schmallenberg, accessed on December 8, 2019.
  115. Fraunhofer IME homepage
This version was added to the list of articles worth reading on April 27, 2008 .