District of Olpe

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the district of Olpe Map of Germany, position of the Olpe district highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 5 '  N , 7 ° 59'  E

Basic data
State : North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region : Arnsberg
Regional association : Westphalia-Lippe
Administrative headquarters : Olpe
Area : 712.14 km 2
Residents: 133,955 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 188 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : OE
Circle key : 05 9 66
Circle structure: 7 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Westfälische Strasse 75
57462 Olpe
Website : www.kreis-olpe.de
District Administrator : Frank Beckehoff ( CDU )
Location of the Olpe district in North Rhine-Westphalia
Niederlande Belgien Niedersachsen Rheinland-Pfalz Hessen Essen Wuppertal Solingen Remscheid Hagen Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Bochum Dortmund Herne Gelsenkirchen Bottrop Oberhausen Mülheim an der Ruhr Duisburg Kreis Mettmann Düsseldorf Rhein-Kreis Neuss Kreis Heinsberg Mönchengladbach Krefeld Kreis Viersen Kreis Wesel Kreis Kleve Rhein-Erft-Kreis Kreis Düren Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Oberbergischer Kreis Kreis Recklinghausen Kreis Borken Kreis Unna Märkischer Kreis Kreis Olpe Hamm Kreis Soest Kreis Coesfeld Kreis Steinfurt Kreis Warendorf Leverkusen Köln Städteregion Aachen Bonn Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Städteregion Aachen Kreis Euskirchen Münster Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Hochsauerlandkreis Kreis Paderborn Kreis Gütersloh Kreis Höxter Kreis Lippe Kreis Herford Kreis Minden-Lübbecke Bielefeldmap
About this picture

The district of Olpe is located in the southeast of North Rhine-Westphalia in the Sauerland . It belongs to the administrative district of Arnsberg , is part of the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe and belongs to the South Westphalia region . The seat of the district is the city of Olpe , the most populous city is Lennestadt . With approx. 135,000 inhabitants, this district has the lowest population of all districts in North Rhine-Westphalia.


The district of Olpe has an area of ​​approx. 710 km². The diameter in north-south orientation is approx. 36 km, in east-west orientation approx. 38 km. The lowest point in the district of Olpe is in the municipality of Finnentrop northwest of Rönkhausen at 224 m above sea level.

The highest points above sea level in the Olpe district are the mountains:

  • Härdler (City of Lennestadt) 756 m
  • Hohe Hessel (municipality of Kirchhundem) 743 m
  • Wildhöfer (Kirchhundem municipality) 725 m
  • Riesenberg (Kirchhundem municipality) 720 m

Neighboring areas

The district of Olpe borders clockwise in the west, beginning with the districts of Oberbergischer Kreis , Märkischer Kreis , Hochsauerlandkreis and Siegen-Wittgenstein (all in North Rhine-Westphalia) and the district of Altenkirchen (Westerwald) (in Rhineland-Palatinate ).


The Olpe district came into being after the former Duchy of Westphalia passed to Prussia in 1819, after the Bilstein district was dissolved and most of its territory was transferred to the Olpe district and other parts (such as Schönholthausen ) to the Eslohe district .

The first district administrator was Caspar Freusberg . In the 1820s, the district was subdivided into the seven mayorships Attendorn, Bilstein, Drolshagen, Kirchhundem, Olpe, Valbert and Wenden, of which the mayorry Valbert was reclassified into the Altena district in 1832 .

As part of the introduction of the rural community order for the province of Westphalia, the mayor's offices were transferred to offices in the 1840s . The city of Attendorn had been vacant since 1843 and the city of Olpe since 1858. Since then there have been six offices and a total of 21 municipalities in the Olpe district:

Office Communities
Attendorn Rural community of Attendorn and Heroes
Bilstein Elspe , Förde , Kirchveischede and Rahrbach
Drolshagen City of Drolshagen and the rural community of Drolshagen
Kirchhundem Heinsberg , Kirchhundem , Kohlhagen , Lenne , Oberhundem and Saalhausen
Olpe Kleusheim , rural community Olpe and Rhode
Turn Römershagen and Wenden

In pre-industrial times, parts of the Olpe district were the economic center of the Duchy of Westphalia. Especially the sheet metal production around Olpe was of national importance. Other iron industries were also of considerable importance. Of course, these products could not hold their own against industrial competition. Therefore, in the first half of the 19th century, there was a process of deindustrialization and agrarianization. This was associated with above-average numbers of emigrants and emigrants. In the 1860s, industrial sheet metal production developed largely without any continuity in personnel, not least thanks to a railway connection. In addition, mining and other commercial areas were of great importance. There was a significant leather industry until the 20th century.

On December 24, 1930, the municipality of Förde was renamed Grevenbrück .

In contrast to various neighboring districts, the scope of the district of Olpe remained largely unchanged during the municipal reorganization in North Rhine-Westphalia. In 1969, through the law on the reorganization of the district of Olpe , twenty communities of the district were merged with three communities of the Serkenrode ( district of Meschede ) to form seven new municipalities that were free of any office . The six offices of the district were dissolved. At the same time, the district boundary between the Olpe district and the Oberbergisches Kreis was changed by exchanging areas in the Drolshagen / Lieberhausen area . The main part of the municipality of Lenne was incorporated into the town of Schmallenberg in the Hochsauerlandkreis by the Sauerland / Paderborn law on January 1, 1975 .

Population development

year Residents source
1819 023,959
1832 022,820
1871 030,949
1880 034,142
1900 041,179
1910 050,279
1925 059,946
1939 066,479
1950 085,660
1960 093,800
1970 119,800
1980 122,619
1990 130,471
2000 141.207
2010 138.961


Election of the Olper District Assembly in 2014
Turnout: 52.4% (2009: 57.7%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2009
 % p
-1.7  % p
+ 3.6  % p.p.
+1.4  % p
+ 0.1  % p
-3.5  % p
+ 0.3  % p
Allocation of seats in the
Olper District Assembly 2014
A total of 48 seats

District administrators

District House Olpe
District Administrator Term of office
Caspar Freusberg 1817-1836
Adolf Freusberg 1837-1869
Joseph Freusberg 1870-1883
Friedrich Freusberg 1886-1916
Caspar Freusberg 1917-1926
Bernhard Wening 1926-1933
Herbert Evers 1933-1941
Heinrich Otto Spies April 11, 1945 - July 20, 1945
Richard Klewer July 21, 1945 - February 21, 1946
Josef Schrage ( CDU ) June 19, 1946 - October 22, 1953
Josef Metten (CDU) Nov 1, 1953 - July 30, 1966
Helmut Kumpf (CDU) Oct. 4, 1966 - Jan. 27, 1971
Horst Limper (CDU) April 28, 1971 - July 15, 1984
Hanspeter Klein (CDU) Sept. 30, 1984 - Sept. 30, 1999

With the term of office of Hanspeter Klein, the municipal dual leadership in the Olpe district came to an end. His successor, Frank Beckehoff from the Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU), was the senior district director until then and is the first full-time district administrator after the Second World War and thus chairman of the district council and head of the district administration.

District council

Currently there is the following distribution of seats according to parliamentary groups in the district council (as of September 2014):

CDU SPD UWG GREEN FDP Non-attached total
27 11 4th 3 2 1 48

coat of arms

The circular coat of arms is split from silver and gold; in front a black cross in silver, behind in gold two red bars. The cross reminds of the historical affiliation of the district to Kurköln, the back of the coat of arms indicates the centuries-old connection with the house of Fürstenberg.

Member of Parliament

European Parliament

The from Olsberg originating Peter Liese ( EPP ) (since 1994) and Birgit Sippel from Arnsberg (since 2009) are the elected representatives of Olpe in the European Parliament . The constituency includes all cities and municipalities in the districts of Olpe, Hagen , Soest , Siegen-Wittgenstein as well as the Märkisches Kreis and the Hochsauerlandkreis .


Matthias Heider ( CDU ) represents the constituency of Olpe / Märkischer Kreis I in the German Bundestag. He won the direct mandate in 2009. The defeated SPD candidate , Nezahat Baradari , has been a member of the Bundestag since January 2019. From 1994 to 2009 Hartmut Schauerte (CDU) was the people's representative for constituency 150, which includes all the municipalities in the Olpe district and the southern part of the Märkisches Kreis (Halver, Herscheid, Kierspe, Lüdenscheid, Meinerzhagen and Schalksmühle).


In the state elections in North Rhine-Westphalia in 2017 , Jochen Ritter (CDU) was elected to the state parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia as the directly elected candidate from the Olpe constituency with 54.7 percent of the vote . Theodor Kruse (CDU) previously held this position .

Economy and Transport

In the Future Atlas 2016 , the Olpe district was ranked 168th out of 402 districts, municipal associations and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the regions with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix”. In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 138th out of 401.

Rail and bus transport

The Olpe district is served by two railway lines:

the Ruhr-Sieg-Express (RE 16) from Hagen to Siegen via Werdohl and Finnentrop as well
the Ruhr-Sieg-Bahn (RB 91) from Hagen to Siegen via Werdohl and Finnentrop, and
the Biggesee-Express (RB 92) runs from Finnentrop to Olpe, which is operated by the Dreiländerbahn . Diesel traction vehicles of the type LINT27 are used.


The Olpe district is crossed by two federal motorways :

In addition, four lead with the B 54 (Meinerzhagen - Olpe - Kreuztal), B 55 (Bergneustadt - Drolshagen - Olpe - Lennestadt - Eslohe), B 236 (Plettenberg - Finnentrop - Lennestadt - Schmallenberg) and B 517 (Kreuztal - Kirchhundem - Lennestadt) Federal roads through the district area.


There are two special landing sites in the Olpe district :


The district of Olpe is divided into seven district communities , three of which have the status of a central district town .


  1. Attendorn , middle district town (24,264)
  2. Drolshagen (11,783)
  3. Lennestadt , middle district town (25,308)
  4. Olpe , middle district town (24,551)

Other communities

  1. Finnentrop (16,955)
  2. Kirchhundem (11,485)
  3. Call (19609)
Rheinland-Pfalz Hochsauerlandkreis Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Märkischer Kreis Oberbergischer Kreis Attendorn Drolshagen Finnentrop Kirchhundem Lennestadt Olpe Wenden (Sauerland)Municipalities in OE.svg
About this picture

(Population figures as of December 31, 2019)

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the Olpe district was assigned the distinctive mark OE when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today.

Web links

Commons : Kreis Olpe  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )
  2. a b Westfalenlexikon 1832–1835 . In: Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe (Ed.): Reprints for the Westphalian archive maintenance . tape 3 . Münster 1978, p. 97 (reprint of the original from 1834).
  3. U. Kuemmel: History of the Altena district. 1911, accessed on February 2, 2014 (digitized version).
  4. Landgemeinde -ordnung for the Province of Westphalia from October 31, 1841 (PDF; 1.6 MB)
  5. ^ Official Journal for the administrative district of Arnsberg 1843. Retrieved on February 2, 2014 .
  6. ^ Official Journal for the administrative district of Arnsberg 1844. Retrieved on February 2, 2014 .
  7. Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and communities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 238 .
  8. ^ Olpe district: district history. Retrieved January 10, 2020 .
  9. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 336 .
  10. ^ Statistisches Bureau zu Berlin (Ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Prussian state . Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1821 ( digitized version ).
  11. Community Lexicon Westphalia 1887 p. 131.
  12. a b c d e f g Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. olpe.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  13. Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1972.
  14. a b c d State database North Rhine-Westphalia
  15. election results.nrw.de
  16. Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.prognos.com
  17. Future Atlas 2019 | Handelsblatt. Retrieved December 10, 2019 .
  18. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )