|Overall length:||approx. 8000 km|
The Europastraße 40 (E 40) is a European road that extends in an east-west direction, especially through Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia . It begins in Calais on the English Channel in France and ends in Ridder near the border with China in Kazakhstan . With a length of more than 8,000 kilometers, the E 40 is the longest European road.
General and history
In the Central Asian part - that is, in Russia , Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan - the street is also given street names from the Asian Highway Project . These are the Asian Highway 8 , the AH70 , the AH63 and the AH6 .
- In Germany, the E 40 initially runs on the Bundesautobahn 44 near Aachen, then on the A 4 ( Aachen to Olpe ), A 45 (from Olpe to Wetzlar ), A 480 ( Gießener Ring ), A 5 ( Reiskirchen bei Gießen to Hattenbacher Dreieck ), A 7 (Hattenbacher Dreieck to Kirchheim bei Bad Hersfeld ) and again on the A 4 ( Kirchheim to Görlitz ). It runs from west to east through North Rhine-Westphalia , Hesse , Thuringia and Saxony . It follows the Thuringian chain of cities and forms the southern edge of the Saxony triangle between Dresden and Chemnitz. It is always in the northern part of the low mountain range threshold or partly at the transition to the North German lowlands .
- With the federal autobahn 3 ( E 35 ), federal autobahn 7 ( E 45 ) and the federal autobahn 13 / federal autobahn 17 ( E 55 ), it has intersections with other high-ranking European roads in Germany.
- Poland: - 635 km
- Ukraine: - 1,334 km
- Kazakhstan: Atyrau
- A381: Daşoguz
- M39: Shimkent, Taraz
- M39: Bishkek
- along the DK4 / M10 : Radymno - Korczowa / Krakowez - Lemberg
- along the DK77 / M11 : Radymno - Przemyśl - Medyka / Mostyska - Lemberg
In the eastern areas, the development status is sometimes very low - while the road is paved throughout as far as Atyrau in Kazakhstan, it only exists as a gravel road from Maqat to the southeast and only nominally with the development status after the branch in the direction of Aqtau "Unpaved slope". This can be used by all-wheel drive vehicles in good conditions, otherwise rail transport is recommended for this approximately 400 km long section between the Caspian Sea and the Aral Sea . From Kunghirat the road is paved again.
Along the E 40 there are - due to the length of the road - a comparatively large number of World Heritage sites and sites that are of historical importance across Europe, including:
- Old town of Bruges
- Beguinages of Bruges , Ghent and Leuven
- Grand-Place / Grote Markt in Brussels
- Aachen Cathedral
- Cologne cathedral
- Wilhelmsturm (Dillenburg)
- Wetzlar Cathedral
- Historic old town of Wetzlar
- Bad Hersfeld abbey ruins
- The classic Weimar
- The Bauhaus sites in Weimar
- Fürst-Pückler-Park Bad Muskau (Germany and Poland)
- Old town Goerlitz
- Church of Peace in Jauer and Church of Peace in Schweidnitz (Poland)
- Centennial Hall in Wroclaw
- Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp
- Krakow Old Town and Wieliczka Salt Mine
- Old town of Lviv
- Kiev Cathedral of St. Sophia and Kiev Pechersk Lavra
- Bukhara old town
- Samarkand old town