|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||to water|
|County :||to water|
|Height :||222 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||44.99 km 2|
|Residents:||10,248 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||228 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||35447|
|Primaries :||06408, 06401|
|License plate :||GI|
|Community key :||06 5 31 016|
|LOCODE :||DE RKN|
|Community structure:||8 districts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Dietmar Kromm ( independent )|
|Location of the municipality of Reiskirchen in the district of Gießen|
The villages of Reiskirchen, Bersrod and Burkhardsfelden belonged to the Busecker Tal . Giessen is about 8 kilometers west of Reiskirchen. The Hohe Warte nature reserve is also to the west of the village. The Wieseck river , which flows into the Lahn near Gießen, has its source in the Saasen district of Reiskirchen .
Reiskirchen borders in the north on the municipality of Rabenau , in the east on the city of Grünberg , in the southeast on the city of Laubach , in the south on the city of Lich and in the west on the communities Fernwald and Buseck . In the northeast between Saasen and Grünberg is the former Wirberg monastery .
- Saasen , with Bollnbach and Wirberg
The first documentary mention that can be reliably assigned comes from the document book of the Arnsburg Monastery and is dated 1305. A new church was built around 1300, the choir tower of which has been preserved. The current nave of the Evangelical Church in Reiskirchen was built between 1769 and 1771 in a transitional style between late baroque and classicism .
The statistical, topographical and historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse reports on the Buseck Valley in 1830 :
“Busecker Thal (L. Bez. Giessen) area. The Busecker Thal consists of 9 towns: Altenbuseck, Großenbuseck, Albach, Beuern, Bersrod, Burkhardsfelden, Oppenrod, Reißkirchen and Rödchen, which together have 5675 inhabitants. - The foursome and heirs of Buseck came under landgrave jurisdiction in 1332. But they never wanted to be seen as country residents , but as immediate imperial residents. Large disputes arose over this in 1547, and in the settlement made in 1576 the residents recognized the sovereign sovereignty of the landgrave, but the jurisdiction of the von Buseck was recognized by the landgrave as an undisputed imperial fiefdom. In 1706, new controversies caused the imperial Reichshofrath to repeal the settlement and to declare the Busecker valley to be an immediate imperial fiefdom, to penalize those with 50 marks of solder as a penalty, and to transfer the upholding of this resolution to several neighboring imperial estates. The Landgrave then turned to the Imperial Assembly at Regensburg, whereupon the Hesse-Darmstadt House of Hesse-Darmstadt was given jurisdiction, along with fiefdom, as a permanent imperial commission, and the settlement of 1576 was confirmed. In 1827, the Baron von Buseck family ceded the patrimonial jurisdiction to which they were entitled in the Busecker Thal to the state. "
as well as about Reiskirchen:
"Reisskirchen (L. Bez. Giessen) evangel. Parish village; is located on the Chaussee from Giessen to Alsfeld, 2 hours from the first place. The village belongs to the Freiherrl. The von Buseck family, has 98 houses and 590 inhabitants, who, apart from 24 Jews, are Protestant. Quite a lot of canvas is made here. - Reisskirchen, formerly Richoloiskirchen , had its own church as early as 1226. In 1827 the Freiherrl. The von Buseck family ceded the patrimonial jurisdiction they were entitled to in this village to the state. "
An overview of the history of the Reiskirchen community is provided by an exhibition in the shepherd's house , which is used as a local museum and is operated by the Reiskirchen local history association.
On November 8, 1974, the municipality was granted permission by the Hessian Minister of the Interior to use the coat of arms developed by the Hessian State Archives in Darmstadt , the description of which reads "a silver tip covered with a red church tower in a black, reticulated gold stripe ."
In the Saasen district of Reiskirchen there is still a relic from the 1950s: a freezer community , founded when the purchase of freezers was still too expensive for private households.
On December 31, 1970 , the communities of Reiskirchen, Hattenrod , Saasen and Winnerod voluntarily merged to form the new large community of Reiskirchen as part of the regional reform in Hesse . On April 1, 1972, the community was Burkhard Felden voluntarily incorporated . On January 1, 1977, the municipalities of Bersrod , Ettingshausen and Lindenstruth were added by the law to reorganize the Dill district, the districts of Gießen and Wetzlar and the city of Gießen . Local districts with local advisory councils and local mayors have been installed for all of Reiskirchen's formerly independent communities .
Historical forms of names
In existing documents Reiskirchen was mentioned under the following place names (in brackets the year of the mention):
- Richolueschiricha (975) [MGH Diplomata Kings 2,1, Otto II.: Sickel, No. 102] can be identified with Reiskirchen south of Wetzlar. [see. Kellner, St. Bartholomäus, p. 37 f.]
- Richoluiskirchen, de (1238) [Document book of the Arnsburg Monastery 3, No. 27]
- Ricolfiskirchen, in (1305) [Document book of the Arnsburg Monastery 3, no. 339]
- Richolskirchin, de (1319) [Document book of the Arnsburg Monastery 3, No. 495]
- Richelskyrchen (14th century)
- Ryßkirchen, to (1501) [UB Gießen Hs. 556/60 p. 15]
Territorial history and administration
The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Reiskirchen was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:
- 1325: in iurisdictione socket corner: in villa Reiskirchen [document book of the city of Wetzlar 2 No. 326]
- 1508 and later: Holy Roman Empire , Court Busecker Tal ( inheritance of the "Busecker Tal" of the Barons of Buseck ; individual goods belong to the Vogtei Winnerod)
- before 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate of Hesse , Busecker Tal court (the legal disputes over sovereignty did not end until 1726)
- from 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Marburg , Court Busecker Tal
- 1604–1648: Holy Roman Empire, disputed between Landgraviate Hessen-Darmstadt and Landgraviate Hessen-Kassel ( Hessian War )
- from 1604: Holy Roman Empire , Hesse-Darmstadt , Upper Principality of Hesse , Oberamt casting (from 1789), court Busecker Valley
- from 1806: Grand Duchy of Hesse , Upper Duchy of Hesse , Landamt Gießen, Court Busecker Tal
- from 1815: German Confederation , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse , Landamt Gießen, Court Busecker Tal
- from 1821: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District District Gießen (separation between justice ( District Court Gießen ; in 1827 the patrimonial jurisdiction of the Barons zu Buseck passed to the District Court) and administration)
- from 1832: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, Grünberg district
- from 1837: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Gießen
- from 1848: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Gießen district
- from 1852: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Gießen
- from 1867: North German Confederation , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Gießen
- from 1871: German Empire , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Gießen
- from 1918: German Empire, People's State of Hesse , Province of Upper Hesse, District of Gießen
- from 1945: American zone of occupation , Greater Hesse , Darmstadt administrative district, Gießen district
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Darmstadt administrative district, Gießen district
- from 1977: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Darmstadt administrative district, Lahn-Dill district
- from 1979: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Darmstadt district, Gießen district
- from 1981: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Gießen district, Gießen district
Courts since 1803
In the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt , the judicial system was reorganized in an executive order of December 9, 1803. The “Hofgericht Gießen” was set up as a court of second instance for the province of Upper Hesse . The jurisdiction of the first instance was carried out by the offices or registry lords and thus the "Patrimonial Court of the Barons of Buseck" in Grossen-Buseck was responsible for Reiskirchen . The court court was the second instance court for normal civil disputes, and the first instance for civil family law cases and criminal cases. The superior court of appeal in Darmstadt was superordinate .
With the establishment of the Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1806, this function was retained, while the tasks of the first instance were transferred to the newly created regional and city courts in 1821 as part of the separation of jurisdiction and administration. But it was not until 1827 that patrimonial jurisdiction was exercised by the " Landgericht Gießen " on behalf of the barons. As a result of the March Revolution of 1848, with the "Law on the Relationships of the Classes and Noble Court Lords" of April 15, 1848, the special rights of the class were finally repealed.
On the occasion of the introduction of the Courts Constitution Act on October 1, 1879, the previous regional and city courts in the Grand Duchy of Hesse were repealed and replaced by local courts in the same place, as was the case with the higher courts, whose function was now taken over by the newly established regional courts. The districts of the city and regional court of Gießen were merged and now, together with the towns of Allertshausen and Climbach , which previously belonged to the district court of Grünberg , formed the district of the newly created district court of Gießen, which has since been part of the district of the newly established regional court of Gießen . Between January 1, 1977 and August 1, 1979, the court was called "District Court Lahn-Gießen", which was renamed "District Court Gießen" when the city of Lahn was dissolved. In the Federal Republic of Germany, the superordinate instances of the District Court of Gießen, the Regional Court of Gießen , the Higher Regional Court of Frankfurt am Main and the Federal Court of Justice are the last instance.
According to the 2011 census , there were 10,250 inhabitants in Reiskirchen on May 9, 2011. Among them were 312 (3.0%) foreigners, of whom 115 came from outside the EU , 114 from other European countries and 83 from other countries. Of the German residents, 21.3% had a migration background . The inhabitants lived in 4305 households. Of these, 1172 were single households , 1360 couples without children and 1370 couples with children, as well as 348 single parents and 108 shared apartments .
|• 1502:||16 men|
|• 1577:||33 house seats|
|• 1630:||42 men, 3 widows, 9 guardians|
|• 1669:||195 souls|
|• 1742:||2 clergymen / officials, 69 subjects, 26 young men, 8 inmates / Jews|
|• 1800:||304 inhabitants|
|• 1806:||418 inhabitants, 79 houses|
|• 1829:||590 inhabitants, 98 houses|
|• 1867:||661 inhabitants, 124 houses|
|Reiskirchen: Population from 1800 to 2015|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; 1972 :; from 1975 :; 2011 census
From 1972 including the towns incorporated into Hesse as part of the regional reform .
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1830:||466 Protestant 24 Jewish residents|
|• 1961:||1402 Protestant, 236 Roman Catholic residents|
|• 2011:||6170 Protestant (= 60.9%), 1620 Catholic (= 16.0%), 310 free Church (= 3.0%), 230 non-believers (= 2.2%), 1750 other (= 17.3%) residents|
Source: Historical local dictionary;
|• 1961:||Labor force: 195 agriculture and forestry (22.9%), 338 manufacturing (39.6%), 173 trade, transport and communication (20.3%), 148 services and other (17.3%).|
|• 2000:||Employees subject to social security contributions: 2635 people. Thereof manufacturing industry 56.2%, trade, hospitality and transport: 22.8%, business services 7.4%, public and private services 13.2%, other (or anonymized) 0.4%|
|• 2000:||Only marginally employed: 422 people.|
|• 2016:||Employees subject to social security contributions: 2899 people. Thereof manufacturing industry 52.2%, trade, hospitality and transport: 22.3%, business services, public and private services 16.9%, other (or anonymized) 8.6%|
|• 2016:||Only marginally employed: 499 people.|
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
||Parties and constituencies||
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||32.7||10||36.2||14th||40.3||15th||38.6||14th|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||27.8||9||25.0||9||31.2||12||34.6||13|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||9.4||3||15.8||6th||5.4||2||5.5||2|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||-||-||3.3||1||3.6||1||2.2||1|
|CSWU||Christian Social Voting Union||-||-||-||-||3.6||1||3.2||1|
|Voter turnout in%||49.0||44.9||43.4||56.9|
Dietmar Kromm has been mayor of the large community of Reiskirchen since March 15, 2013 (independent). In the runoff election on November 11, 2018, he prevailed against Anja Stark (SPD) with 54.6% of the vote and was thus re-elected.
Culture and sights
The wind orchestra of the Reiskirchen volunteer fire brigade, under the musical direction of Otmar Scheld, who was awarded the Federal Cross of Merit on ribbon for his services on December 23, 2007 by the then Hessian Minister of the Interior, Volker Bouffier , is well known.
Worth mentioning are the TSG Reiskirchen sports clubs, the Reiskirchener TC tennis club with four tennis courts and the Jahnstraße sports field. The bowling club Meteor 85 Reiskirchen plays with the first team in the bowling league.
Economy and Infrastructure
The municipal area covers a total area of 4499 hectares, of which in hectares are:
|Type of use||2011||2015|
|Building and open space||347||347|
|from that||Mining land||0||0|
|from that||Green area||20th||21st|
Reiskirchen is conveniently located on the highways 5 and 480 ("Reiskirchener Dreieck") and on the federal road 49 . A bypass is planned for the B 49 in the south. Mainly due to the level crossing at Reiskirchener Bahnhof, the traffic backs up when the barriers are closed, and since the traffic volume is to increase by 33% by 2020, the bypass is classified in the urgent need category. The cost of the southern bypass is given as around 12 million euros.
On March 22, 2009, the citizens of Reiskirchen, who are entitled to vote, voted in a referendum on whether a resolution by the local council for the southern bypass should be repealed. 66 percent of the voters voted against this proposal with a turnout of 56.6 percent.
There are stops of the Vogelsbergbahn in the districts of Reiskirchen and Saasen .
- Katharine Alexander: Stories from the old rice churches . Local History Association, Reiskirchen 1999
- Karl Glaser: On the history of the Wirberg monastery . In: Invitation to the school celebrations on March 12th, 13th and 14th in the Grand Duke. High school in Giessen. Giessen 1856, pp. 3–16 ( digitized version )
- Gustav Ernst Köhler: The history of Reiskirchen. Part 1. From the beginnings to the Peace of Westphalia . Local History Association, Reiskirchen 1993
- Gustav Ernst Köhler: Wirberg. Castle, monastery, parish . Local History Association, Reiskirchen 1998
- Reiskirchen. Pictures from days gone by . Geiger, Horb am Neckar 1990, ISBN 3-89264-440-3 (old views)
- Literature on Reiskirchen in the Hessian Bibliography
- Search for Reiskirchen (Hessen) in the archive portal-D of the German Digital Library
- Parish portal Reiskirchen. In: website. Reiskirchen community
- Reiskirchen, District of Giessen. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Link catalog on the subject of rice churches at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Reiskirchen, district of Gießen. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of May 24, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Georg Wilhelm Justin Wagner : Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Upper Hesse . tape 3 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt August 1830, OCLC 312528126 , p. 46 ( online at google books ).
- Georg Wilhelm Justin Wagner : Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Upper Hesse . tape 3 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt August 1830, OCLC 312528126 , p. 238 ( online at google books ).
- of communities to form the community "Reiskirchen", district of Gießen on January 6, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 4 , p. 140 , point 166 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.3 MB ]).
- Law on the restructuring of the Dill district, the districts of Gießen and Wetzlar and the city of Gießen (GVBl. II 330–28) of May 13, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 17 , p. 237 ff ., § 6 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1,2 MB ]).
- Karl-Heinz Meier barley, Karl Reinhard Hinkel: Hesse. Municipalities and counties after the regional reform. A documentation . Ed .: Hessian Minister of the Interior. Bernecker, Melsungen 1977, DNB 770396321 , OCLC 180532844 , p. 309 .
- main statute. (PDF; 143 kB) § 5. In: Website. Reiskirchen community, accessed August 2020 .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1872, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730471 , p. 12 ff . ( Online at google books ).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1800 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1800, p. 182 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Wilhelm von der Nahmer: Handbuch des Rheinischen Particular-Rechts: Development of the territorial and constitutional relations of the German states on both banks of the Rhine: from the first beginning of the French Revolution up to the most recent times . tape 3 . Sauerländer, Frankfurt am Main 1832, OCLC 165696316 , p. 6 ( online at google books ).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1806 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1806, p. 222 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Latest countries and ethnology. A geographical reader for all stands. Kur-Hessen, Hessen-Darmstadt and the free cities. tape 22 . Weimar 1821, p. 414 ( online at Google Books ).
- Law on the Conditions of the Class Lords and Noble Court Lords of August 7, 1848 . In: Grand Duke of Hesse (ed.): Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette. 1848 no. 40 , p. 237–241 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 42,9 MB ]).
- Ordinance on the implementation of the German Courts Act and the Introductory Act to the Courts Constitution Act of May 14, 1879 . In: Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine (ed.): Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette. 1879 no. 15 , p. 197–211 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 17.8 MB ]).
- Population by nationality groups: Reiskirchen. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in January 2020 .
- Migration background in%: Reiskirchen. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in January 2020 .
- Households by family: Reiskirchen. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in January 2020 .
- Ph. AF Walther : Alphabetical index of the residential places in the Grand Duchy of Hesse . G. Jonghaus, Darmstadt 1869, OCLC 162355422 , p. 74 ( online at google books ).
- Local elections 1972; Relevant population of the municipalities on August 4, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1972 No. 33 , p. 1424 , point 1025 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.9 MB ]).
- Hessian Statistical Information System In: Statistics.Hessen.
- Religion: Reiskirchen. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in January 2020 .
- Community: Reiskirchen. (PDF; 222 kB) In: Hessisches Gemeindelexikon. HA Hessen Agency GmbH
- Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
- Federal Cross of Merit on Ribbon for Otmar Scheld ( page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Hessian road and traffic administration: B 49, new building of the bypass Reiskirchen and Reiskirchen / Lindenstruth ( page no longer available , search in web archives ), accessed on March 25, 2009
- Municipality of Reiskirchen: Preliminary final result of the referendum March 22, 2009 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) , accessed on March 25, 2009