The Wirberg is a former monastery in the district of Gießen . It is located on the eastern edge of the municipality of Reiskirchen and lies between Saasen and Göbelnrod , about eight kilometers northwest of Grünberg . The church on the Wirberg used to be the Protestant central church for today's Grünberg districts of Göbelnrod, Beltershain , Harbach , Weitershain and Reinhardshain . Today it serves as a place of worship for special occasions.
The name Wirberg comes from Wereberch , which means "defensive mountain". In the first half of the 12th century there was a knight's castle, Burg Wirberg .
Between 1134 and 1148 which was Prämonstratenser - Monastery Wirberg, composed of Prämonstratensers Otto von Cappenberg , who until his death in 1171 provost of the monastery Cappenberg was a so-called double monastery founded. His brother Gottfried von Cappenberg had already appeared as the founder of the Ilbenstadt monastery . The founder of the Wirberg Monastery was Aurelia , the daughter of the knight Manegold von Wirberg, who brought her inheritance as a dowry when she entered the monastery . The patron saints of the monastery were St. Mary and St. Martin. Towards the end of the 13th century, the Wirberg became a pure women's monastery and in 1286 the sisters switched to the order of the Augustinian choir women .
In 1527 the monastery was closed in the course of the Reformation of Hesse and its goods transferred to the University of Marburg . In the Thirty Years' War the rectory was destroyed in 1635 and the church was damaged. After the war it was restored until 1658 and a new rectory was built in 1690. In 1716 the tower of the monastery church collapsed and the nave was destroyed . In place of the ruins , today's church was built on the Wirberg in 1753/54 and consecrated in 1755. This is still used today for weddings and baptisms. In addition, the restored buildings of the facility are now available as a leisure home for youth groups of the Evangelical Church of Hessen Nassaus . In summer the meadows in front of the monastery complex are used as tent camps for youth groups and scouts.
- Carl Glaser: On the history of the Wirberg monastery . In: Invitation to the school celebrations on March 12th, 13th and 14th in the Grand Duke. High school in Giessen . Giessen 1856, p. 3-16 ( Digitalisat ( Memento of 9 June 2007 at the Internet Archive ) [PDF]).
- Norbert Backmund: Monasticon Praemonstratense . tape 1 . Berlin 1983, p. 122-123 .
- Georg Dehio (greeting), Ernst Gall (editing): Hessen ( Handbook of German Art Monuments ). Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1966.
- Analecta Praemonstatensia . Averbode 2002, p. 321 (see the register volume Index generalis for the years 1968 to 1999, developed by Ulrich Leinsle). .
- Wirberg - travel guide of the Premonstratensians. In: Guide of the Premonstratensian Order. 2009, accessed October 3, 2011 .