Giessen administrative district
|coat of arms||map|
|Administrative headquarters :||to water|
|Residents:||1,048,646 (December 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||195 inhabitants per km²|
|District President :||Christoph Ullrich (CDU)|
|Address of the regional council:||Landgraf-Philipp-Platz 1–7
|Location of the administrative district of Giessen in Hesse|
The administrative district of Gießen is one of the three administrative districts in Hesse and coincides with Central Hesse . Established in 1981, it is the youngest and smallest in terms of area in Hesse.
The Gießen administrative district is legally dependent without its own legal personality . The authority of the administrative district, the regional council Gießen , is the authority of the general state administration of the state of Hesse in the middle level (§ 1 Abs. 1 Mittelstufengesetz). The administrative district is divided into five districts with three special status cities belonging to the district (cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants, to which tasks of the district have been assigned for their area to be performed by urban authorities):
cities and communes
The regional centers of Gießen , Marburg and Wetzlar are the special status cities in the administrative district of Gießen, a total of 101 cities and municipalities belong to the administrative district.
The Gießen administrative district was founded on January 1, 1981 by the Hessian state government under Prime Minister Holger Börner (SPD) (law on the reorganization of the administrative districts and state planning of October 15, 1980). Alongside Darmstadt and Kassel, it is the third administrative district in Hessen . From 1945 to 1968 there were already three administrative districts in Hesse (Darmstadt, Kassel and Wiesbaden ). In 1968, however, the Wiesbaden administrative district was dissolved and its area was assigned to the Darmstadt administrative district.
In the course of the district reform , which was completed in 1979, the structure of the state middle authorities was reorganized, and as a result, the Gießen administrative district was created in 1981. The districts of Gießen, Lahn-Dill-Kreis, Limburg-Weilburg, Marburg-Biedenkopf and Vogelsbergkreis were assigned to him. With the exception of the Marburg-Biedenkopf district (formerly Kassel district), these previously belonged to the Darmstadt district.
Authority and responsibilities
The administrative authority of the administrative district is the regional council of Gießen . It is a middle instance and bundling authority between the state of Hesse and the local authorities. As such, the regional council assumes the responsibilities of almost all departments of the state administration. It is headed by the district president appointed by the state government . Its headquarters are in Giessen, in the center of the former labor and land registry office on Landgraf-Philipp-Platz. A total of 101 cities and municipalities with over a million people can be found in the direct sphere of action of the Gießen Regional Council. In addition, there are Hesse-wide responsibilities in many areas.
Twelve employees were responsible for the development in 1981, today around 1,300 generalists and specialists from over 60 professions work closely together in seven specialist departments. Due to the operation Safe Future of the Hessian state government, the regional council had to cut around 24 percent of its jobs by 2008.
The tasks of the regional council are diverse and include the following areas:
- Interior and occupational safety
- ( Municipal supervision , public safety and order , fire protection , disaster control , rescue service and air rescue , civil defense , immigration law, occupational safety)
- Regional planning, construction, economy, traffic
- (Regional planning, land-use planning, building supervision, housing, trade and traffic, (general traffic matters, passenger and goods traffic, BAföG matters, planning approval procedures, trade and craft law)
- Water (groundwater protection, water supply, runoff conditions, hydrology, area-related planning, flood protection, ecology, wastewater), waste (waste management, waste prevention), immission control (system approval, air pollution control, system safety, noise abatement), mountain supervision, genetic engineering, radiation protection
- Rural area
- (Agriculture, market structure), quality assurance, plant protection service, forests and nature conservation (landscape planning, nature conservation data, species protection, fishing - as the upper fisheries authority, the authority operates the water information center Lahnfenster Hessen, protected areas, landscape maintenance and development), veterinary services and consumer protection)
- (Social and funding matters, state welfare office, law for the severely disabled, parental allowance, supervision and care supervision, resettlers, medical service, health care, care professions)
- Refugee affairs, initial reception center and integration
(Rechtsangelegenheiten, Sozialleistungen, Integration, Sozialbetreuung, Ehrenamt, Standorte, Medizin, Ankunftszentrum)
Regional planning and regional assembly in Central Hesse
As the higher state planning authority according to state planning law, the regional council is responsible for the overarching, regional and comprehensive planning for the Central Hesse region . Support the regional planning is the regional assembly Mittelhessen . It currently consists of 31 members who are elected by the district assemblies and city council assemblies of the districts of Gießen, Lahn-Dill, Limburg-Weilburg, Marburg-Biedenkopf and Vogelsberg as well as the cities of Gießen, Marburg and Wetzlar. The regional assembly decides on the regional plan and any deviations from it, and it also gives its opinion on prohibitions of planning and measures contrary to regional planning regulations, regional planning procedures, the state development plan, regionally significant specialist planning and other questions of regional planning in the region.
- 1981–1987 Knut Müller ( SPD )
- 1987–1989 Tilman Pünder ( CDU )
- 1989–1991 Alois Rhiel (CDU), 2003–2009 Minister for Economics, Transport and Regional Development for the State of Hesse
- 1991–1999 Hartmut Bäumer ( Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen ), Germany's first “green” government president
- 1999–2009 Wilfried Schmied (CDU)
- 2009–2015 Lars Witteck (CDU)
- Since 2015: Christoph Ullrich (CDU)
In 2010, the district president Lars Witteck (CDU) applied for the Gießen district to be renamed the Central Hesse district because this would strengthen the citizens' regional awareness. Witteck said that the renaming could be a nice gift on the occasion of the 30th anniversary in 2011. On November 30, 2010 it became known that the Hessian Ministry of the Interior had rejected the application for reasons of terminological consistency - the other two administrative districts are also named after their administrative cities.
The Hessian State Archives in Marburg keep the written records of the Gießen Regional Council .
- Gießen Regional Council, Press Office (Ed.): 1981–2006 25 years Gießen Regional Council. Self-published, Giessen 2006, without ISBN
- Steffen Gross: 30 years Gießen Regional Council ( memento from January 14, 2011 on WebCite ). In: Wetzlarer Neue Zeitung , January 12, 2011, archived on January 14, 2011
- Erhard Goltze: For the region's independence . In: Gießener Anzeiger, January 14, 2011, archived on January 14, 2011 ( Memento from January 14, 2011 on WebCite )
- Wolfram Ahlers: Gießen Regional Council turns 30: Central Hesse freed from its subordinate role . In: Rhein-Main-Zeitung , January 23, 2011
- Website of the regional council Gießen
- Literature from and about Gießen administrative district in the catalog of the German National Library
- Facebook page regional council Gießen ( https://www.facebook.com/rp.giessen )
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Regional Bipin the European Union. Eurostat, 30 March 2017, accessed 22 August 2018 .
- [Hess.] Law on the middle level of administration and the State Welfare Association of Hesse dated May 7, 1953 (GVBl. P. 93).
- Gießen regional council: Central Hesse regional assembly , accessed on October 19, 2012
- District President wishes to be renamed to RP Mittelhessen. In: Gießener Allgemeine Zeitung. October 27, 2010, archived from the original on October 19, 2012 ; Retrieved October 19, 2012 .
- Wiesbaden does not want a "regional council of Central Hesse". In: Gießener Anzeiger. November 30, 2011, archived from the original on October 19, 2012 ; Retrieved October 19, 2012 .
- HStAM inventory 501 (Gießen Regional Council) In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen).
Flyer regional council from A to Z ( https://rp-giessen.hessen.de/presse/publikationen )